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UNIDO SPS-RELATED CAPACITY EVALUATION AND NEEDS ASSESSMENT TOOLS A BRIEF OVERVIEW STDF SPS Capacity Evaluation Workshop 31 st March 2008 Gerardo Patacconi.

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Presentation on theme: "UNIDO SPS-RELATED CAPACITY EVALUATION AND NEEDS ASSESSMENT TOOLS A BRIEF OVERVIEW STDF SPS Capacity Evaluation Workshop 31 st March 2008 Gerardo Patacconi."— Presentation transcript:

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2 UNIDO SPS-RELATED CAPACITY EVALUATION AND NEEDS ASSESSMENT TOOLS A BRIEF OVERVIEW STDF SPS Capacity Evaluation Workshop 31 st March 2008 Gerardo Patacconi Chief Productivity, Quality and Enterprises Upgrading Unit Trade Capacity-Building Branch UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION

3 Introduction Demands and Channels of Communications UNIDO Capacity Evaluation and Needs Assessments Tools UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION Context-Specific Needs Assessment Trade Related Challenges Surveys at the Enterprise Level Key Export Sectors Supply-Side constraints – UNIDO Competitiveness Analysis Tool Analysis of Quality Infrastructure Constraints Analysis of developing countries product refusals/notifications

4 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION No.4 Introduction

5 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION No.5

6 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION No.6

7 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION No.7 UNIDO uses a holistic approach to make SPS and TBT compliance measures effective in developing countries. The SPS related technical assistance activities involve support to: Agro-business value chains/enterprises Governments and trade, business and industrial associations, Standards and Conformity Assessment infrastructure. With respect to the standards and conformity assessment infrastructure, UNIDO has contributed setting up and upgrading it in several developing countries in the last 40 years. Introduction

8 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION No.8 To respond to: growing demand for greater coherence and to the Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness, UNIDO is increasingly cooperating with and associating other bilateral and multilateral organizations in the needs assessment and project development and implementation process such as the WTO, ITC, UNCTAD, STDF, World Bank etc. Introduction

9 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION No.9 We have established strategic partnerships with international standards, measurement, accreditation and research organizations, including: International Organization for Standardization (ISO), International Laboratory Accreditation Cooperation (ILAC), International Accreditation Forum (IAF), International Bureau of Weights and Measures (BIPM) and International Organization of Legal Metrology (OIML) World Associations of Industrial and Technological Research Associations WAITRO…… In addition, UNIDO is a founding member of the Joint Committee on Coordination of Assistance to Developing Countries in Metrology, Accreditation and Standardization (JCDCMAS). Introduction

10 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION No.10 US$ 181 million over the period. As one of the top providers of TRTA, with emphasis on TBT and SPS matters, UNIDO implemented national and regional projects amounting to about US$ 181 million over the period. In order to respond to the Doha Development Agenda UNIDO has been refining its needs assessment and project development, implementation and monitoring tools to respond more effectively to a growing demand for technical assistance by developing countries. Introduction

11 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION No.11 These tools are based on accumulated expertise and knowledge of challenges and opportunities of developing countries in the process of integration in the MTS with regards to their: Supply-capacity; Ability to comply with growing market demands in terms of standards and conformity assessment; Capacity to access national, regional and international markets 3Cs approach UNIDO 3Cs approach.

12 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION No.12 Products must conform to requirements of clients and markets CONFORMITY with standards Rules for trade must be equitable and customs procedures harmonized CONNECTIVITY to markets Countries must have marketable products to trade COMPETITIVITY of productive capacities 3Cs approach UNIDO 3Cs approach.

13 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION No.13 Supply side development (UNIDO) Industrial policy and supportive institutional structure Investment and technology transfer SME development and access to finance Cluster and export consortia development Productivity and quality Industrial Upgrading, sectoral technology support Cleaner Production, energy efficiency Standards & Conformity Assessment/Compliance (UNIDO) Development and harmonization of standards Development of testing services, PT Schemes Certification (products and enterprise systems) Metrology/Calibration chain Accreditation schemes Integration in to the MTS (WTO, UNCTAD, ITC, WB…) Market access and linkages with buyers/markets WTO rules, negotiations Trade facilitation (customs, documentation) Infrastructure (transport, ports) Compete Conform Connect UNIDO TCB - Key Focus Areas

14 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION No.14 Demand and Channels of Communication

15 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION No.15 With regards to the demand for advisory services and technical assistance, UNIDO projects are developed through communications received via different channels, among them: Government requests for TBT/SPS-related TRTA to cover legal framework, institutional and human capacity and physical infrastructures; Requests by business associations such as national/sectoral industrial associations, chambers of commerce and industry, trade groups, clusters or local institutions such as standards bodies, certifiers, inspection bodies, laboratories; Identification of new standards or conformity assessment procedures which might have a significant impact on developing countries export or import; Request for action to overcome problems when products are banned to export due non compliance; or Assistance required in the process of bilateral, regional or multilateral trade negotiations. Demand and Channels of Communication

16 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION No.16 Donors are associated with the project development process from the initial phase. UNIDO allocates seed money either: to carry out the initial needs assessment Or to contribute to trouble-shooting actions tackling urgent problems and requests. The UNIDO methodology for needs assessment involves both desk research and field work and it is supported by the UNIDO field representation system covering over 70 countries through UNIDO national/regional offices/desks and technical networks which include: National Cleaner Production Centres, Technology Centres, Investment and Partnership Promotion Offices and Units Sub-Contracting Exchanges. Demand and Channels of Communication

17 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION No.17 EXAMPLES

18 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION No.18 Project fundedDebt-for-Development Swap agreement (2001) 6.4 million Project funded utilising a Debt-for-Development Swap agreement (2001) between Italy and Egypt ( 6.4 million) and linked to an Italian Initiative for trade facilitation called the green corridor producers assisted Egyptian producers assisted and traceability manual/scheme implemented through over 100 pack-houses and linkages with Italian/European Importers established National Database on traceability/pesticides post-harvest Investment needs assessed post-harvest Investment needs assessed implemented T. A. component implemented by UNIDO (~US$2.6 million) used for co-financing Financial Assistance Facility (~US$4.6 million) used for co-financing the acquisition of know-how and technology for implementing the Traceability System compatible with EU Directive. EXAMPLE EGYPT : Traceability of agro-industrial products for the European Market

19 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION No.19

20 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION No.20 Scope 16/09/2006 Inas Nureldin Accessible for everyone Easy to use Providing up do date information on the approved pesticides use Decreasing the misuse of unapproved products Increasing transparency Saving time and risk for food exporting companies Serving as a guide for CPP selection by farmers Improving compliance with GlobalGAP National pesticide database for Egypt EXAMPLE EGYPT : Traceability of agro-industrial products for the European Market

21 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION No.21 EXAMPLE EPAs - Economic Partnership Agreements: QUALITY AND UPGRADING PROGRAMMES PRIORITIES: FOOD INDUSTRY REGIONRequest Received Upgrading & Modernization Programme Quality ProgrammeDraft Terms of Reference prepared CARIBBEAN XXXX CENTRAL AFRICA XXXX EAST & SOUTHERN AFRICA XXXX SOUTHERN AFRICA (SADC Group) XXX WEST AFRICA XXX PACIFIC XX

22 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION No.22 Laboratories accredited to ISO/IEC in Sri Lanka through Microbiology (2); Chemical Testing (2); Garment/Textile (1); Metrology (1); Rubber testing (1); Food Testing (1) Budget: US$ 3.1 million Donor: Norway International buyers are now accepting the Sri Lanka laboratory certificate (testing cost reductions between 31% and 79% depending on the test): EXAMPLE : EXAMPLE : INTEGRATED INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT SUPPORT PROGRAMME FOR SRI LANKA

23 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION No.23 Productive Capacities and Quality Promotion Food safety, productivity and quality promotion 68 pilot enterprises prepared for ISO 9001 National and regional Quality awards Training of journalists in consumerism and product quality Standards and Conformity Assessment Harmonization of standards for export products Harmonization of testing procedures, reg. database on labs Upgrading of 50 laboratories, 24 for international accreditation Regional accreditation scheme Training of 16 Lab. auditors Training of 40 ISO 9001 auditors UEMOA Phase 2: ( 6.0 million) UEMOA Upgrading: ( 11.0 million) EXAMPLE EXAMPLE UNIDO/EU - UEMOA Programme Budget: 14.0 million Donor: EU In cooperation with: Microbiology Laboratory in Côte dIvoire recently received COFRAC ISO/IEC accreditation for food testing (Sept. 2007) EXPORT BAN LIFTED

24 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION No.24 EXAMPLE EXAMPLE Enhancing the Capacities of the Tanzanian Quality Infrastructure and TBT/SPS Compliance Systems for Trade Budget: US$ 2.0 million Donor: Switzerland (SECO) Education tool on food safety for secondary- school students focus on coffee and cashew nuts quality chains

25 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION No.25 Barrier to Trade Survey Study on SPS Compliance for Exports Standards (PSQCA) Standards development Certification Body (Systems) Consumer affairs Product certification Metrology (NPSL) Lab upgrading, international accreditation Product Testing (MFD, PCSIR, etc): Fisheries, Food, Leather, Textile Lab upgrading, PT participation International accreditation Accreditation (PNAC) Organizational strengthening, international recognition National accreditation scheme Training of auditors Setting-up of PT schemes Quality/Hygiene (Private sector, FPCCI, etc.) Fish/food Management systems Good practices Compliance with market requirements Pilot certifications HACCP, ISO 9001, 14001, SA 8000) Pilot traceability systems Boat hygiene Icing Landing Sites Inspection Auction Hall Processors Traceability Budget: 5.0 million Donor: EU EXAMPLE EXAMPLE Pakistan TRTA PROGRAMME

26 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION No.26 World Bank - UNIDO Report on Pakistan's agro-based exports and Sanitary and Phytosanitary compliance EXAMPLE EXAMPLE Pakistan TRTA PROGRAMME

27 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION No.27 EXAMPLE EXAMPLE Trade Capacity Building for Ghana - Support to the Ghana Bureau of Standards (GSB) - restructuring into modern service-oriented structure - standard-setting - promotion/training of new standards - establishment of a national traceability scheme - and for the institutionalization of consumer protection - Establishment of a national traceability system for horticultural products - Develop systems certification capability of GSB - Upgrading testing and calibration laboratories - Upgrading the Plant Protection and Regulatory Services Directorate (PPRSD) as an EU Competent Authority in the field of horticulture Budget: US$ 2.7 million Donor: Switzerland (SECO)

28 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION No.28 EXAMPLE EXAMPLE Mozambique: Support for Enhancement of Capacity for Food Safety and and Quality Assurance System for Trade Budget: US$ 2.2 million Donor: Switzerland Food Safety: Establish a food safety system that is compliant with international requirements with special focus on the public institutions Quality Infrastructure: Develop and implement the required technical infrastructure (standard setting, laboratories infrastructure/product certification, accreditation of laboratories, metrology/calibration of testing laboratory equipment) suitable for product compliance with market entry requirements for Cashew nuts Honey Edible oil seeds Fruits and vegetables Fish products

29 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION No.29 Cambodia Formulation and publication of Cambodian national standards, for domestic and export products Development of ISO 9001, ISO and HACCP certification services, reinforcing the Dept. of Industrial Standards of Cambodia (ISC) Accredited Product Certification scheme established at the Dept. of Industrial Standards of Cambodia (ISC) TBT enquiry point, standards library and documentation centre with facilities for acquisition and dissemination of information established at the Dept. of Industrial Standards of Cambodia (ISC) Lao PDR Formulation and publication of Lao national standards, for domestic and export products Development of ISO 9001 and ISO certification services, reinforcing the Division of Standards and Quality Development of HACCP certification services, reinforcing the Dept. of Food and Drugs (DFD), Ministry of Health TBT enquiry point, standards library and documentation centre with facilities for acquisition and dissemination of information established and staff trained at the Division of Standards & Quality (DSQ) Vietnam Product certification scheme for CE marking and other IEEE requirements Compliance capacity for EU traceability, EUREPGAP, GVP and GTP Upgraded Vietnam Metrology Center National proficiency scheme launched and BOA staff trained in specialised areas Budget: US$ 2.5 million Donor: Norway EXAMPLE EXAMPLE MEKONG (Cambodia, Lao PDR, Vietnam) Trade Capacity Building in the Mekong Delta Countries of Cambodia, Lao PDR and Vietnam, through Strengthening Institutional and National Capacities Related to Standards, Metrology, Testing and Quality (SMTQ)

30 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION No.30

31 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION No.31 Organizational and regulatory framework for fish industry improved, service capacity for fish inspection strengthened Testing laboratories locally available and internationally recognized In-plant group training carried out in 17 factories for 950 staff and critical mass of expertise provided to processing plants in GHP, HACCP, ISO 9000 Quality control upgraded at all levels EU ban (1999( lifted by the end of 2000 and new market in US openedEU ban (1999( lifted by the end of 2000 and new market in US opened

32 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION No.32

33 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION No.33 UNIDO CAPACITY EVALUATION AND NEEDS ASSESMENT TOOLS UNIDO CAPACITY EVALUATION AND NEEDS ASSESMENT TOOLS 1. Context specific needs assessment

34 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION No.34 a) government policy and regulatory framework (TBT/SPS, bilateral); b) institutional capacity specifically in the quality-related institutions dealing with Standards, Metrology, Testing and Quality (SMTQ); c) sector(s)/value chains; and d)d) enterprises. The desk research involves the review of available diagnostic studies: UNIDO competitiveness/technology studies (global/regional/country/macro/sectoral/value-chain/product) DTIS (Diagnostic Trade Integration Study) PRSPs (Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers) done Export Development Strategies, as well as any specific needs evaluations and technical assessment done previously by UNIDO or other institutions. UNIDO CAPACITY EVALUATION AND NEEDS ASSESMENT TOOLS UNIDO CAPACITY EVALUATION AND NEEDS ASSESMENT TOOLS 1. Context specific needs assessment Based on the request for the formulation of a project, UNIDO undertakes context-specific desk research as well as a preparatory/needs assessment missions to clearly identify the challenges at the level of:

35 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION No.35 The preparatory assistance often involves assessment of: Relevant legal and institutional framework SMTQ institutions in the country Collection of baseline data on the quality of targeted products, Quality and quantity of services provided by the relevant testing laboratories and other service providers (sustainability), Value-chain analysis of the sectors identified as strategic or requiring support; Diagnostic of group of enterprises and service providers Needs of conformity to standards (ISO 22000, GlobalGAP…... and Buyers demand UNIDO CAPACITY EVALUATION AND NEEDS ASSESMENT TOOLS UNIDO CAPACITY EVALUATION AND NEEDS ASSESMENT TOOLS 1. Context specific needs assessment

36 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION No.36 UNIDO CAPACITY EVALUATION AND NEEDS ASSESMENT TOOLS UNIDO CAPACITY EVALUATION AND NEEDS ASSESMENT TOOLS Trade Related Challenges Surveys at the enterprise level

37 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION No.37 UNIDO has developed a methodology for enterprise-level surveys on Trade Related Challenges Faced by Exporters aimed to: Qualify and quantify the problems exporters in developing countries are facing in the regional and international trade environment, by: 1.Identifying common trade barriers related to: Supply side, Standards and conformity assessment Integration into the multi-lateral trading system 2.And reviewing the possibilities of overcoming these obstacles through Trade Related Technical Assistance and Capacity Building (TRTA/CB)[1] [1] For example please refer to : or UNIDO CAPACITY EVALUATION AND NEEDS ASSESMENT TOOLS UNIDO CAPACITY EVALUATION AND NEEDS ASSESMENT TOOLS 2-2. Trade Related Challenges Surveys at the enterprise level

38 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION No.38 the survey aims to: Explore the nature and extent of challenges to the trade capacity of exporters in the respective country. Determine the factors associated with standards compliance across sub-sectors. Assess the impact of technical standards and regulations on the value of export sales. Identify mechanisms through which export performance could be enhanced. UNIDO CAPACITY EVALUATION AND NEEDS ASSESMENT TOOLS UNIDO CAPACITY EVALUATION AND NEEDS ASSESMENT TOOLS 2-2. Trade Related Challenges Surveys at the enterprise level

39 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION No.39 Armenia, Bahrain, Cambodia, Jordan, Guinea, Ghana, Kenya, Lao PDR, Lebanon, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Vietnam, and also initiated in Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Libya, Maldives, and Nepal Based on the methodology developed, pilot surveys were carried out in various countries (including Armenia, Bahrain, Cambodia, Jordan, Guinea, Ghana, Kenya, Lao PDR, Lebanon, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Vietnam, and also initiated in Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Libya, Maldives, and Nepal) from different geographical areas, on different levels of economic development and having different economic structures. UNIDO CAPACITY EVALUATION AND NEEDS ASSESMENT TOOLS UNIDO CAPACITY EVALUATION AND NEEDS ASSESMENT TOOLS 2-2. Trade Related Challenges Surveys at the enterprise level

40 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION No.40 TOP 4 PROBLEMS: Price Competition (internal and external) tests certificates (recognition of local labs) Trade facilitation (affecting import/export) Tariffs LOST ORDERS 42% of respondents (food processors) lost orders in the last few years due to barriers to trade EXAMPLE: UNIDO BT SURVEY of 100 food exporters 2004 (new 2007)

41 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION No.41 STANDARDS AND TESTING Tests and certificates from local labs:52% Access to standards information29% Compliance with standards (import)15% ADMINISTRATIVE AND BUREAUCRATIC OBSTACLES (TRADE FACILITATION) Irregular additional payments I/E:46% Custom formalities37% Improper administrative practices31% EXAMPLE: UNIDO BT SURVEY of 100 food exporters 2004 (new 2007)

42 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION No.42 UNIDO CAPACITY EVALUATION AND NEEDS ASSESMENT TOOLS UNIDO CAPACITY EVALUATION AND NEEDS ASSESMENT TOOLS 3. Key Export Sectors Supply-Side constraints – UNIDO Competitiveness Analysis Tool

43 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION No.43 Since 2004, UNIDO has been building up a competitiveness analysis programme to help countries identify: Sectors and products with competitive potential Supply-driven obstacles affecting their export growth. UNIDO CAPACITY EVALUATION AND NEEDS ASSESMENT TOOLS UNIDO CAPACITY EVALUATION AND NEEDS ASSESMENT TOOLS Key Export Sectors Supply-Side constraints – UNIDO Competitiveness Analysis Tool UNIDOs approach in the competitiveness analysis programme is to build the institutional capacity of national counterparts through: Awareness raising, Training, Transfer of databases and methodologies, Creation and supervision of specialised inter-institutional units in key Ministries and Chambers.

44 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION No.44 Nation-wide assessment of trade and industry competitiveness. It positions the country in the international industrial scene and analyses the factors that drive national manufacturing growth; Value chain analysis of key strategic sectors. It identifies high value-added stages in the production process and the conditions under which a country can benefit from specialisation. It also analyses the potential markets for export; Product analysis methodology for trade negotiations. It gives negotiators an objective tool to identify potential winning and vulnerable products in trade agreements; Cost and transactions of doing business. It presents the framework conditions that influence investment decisions in key strategic sectors (e.g. labour and other industrial costs, infrastructure and logistics, laws and regulations, institutional arrangements, incentives in industrial zones, trade agreements, etc.); Industrial Observatory. It gives on-line access to all indicators of trade and industry competitiveness (both national and sectoral) to benchmark a countrys performance against main competitors, role models and global threats. UNIDO CAPACITY EVALUATION AND NEEDS ASSESMENT TOOLS UNIDO CAPACITY EVALUATION AND NEEDS ASSESMENT TOOLS Key Export Sectors Supply-Side constraints – UNIDO Competitiveness Analysis Tool

45 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION No.45 UTEPI Ecuador has produced Industrial Competitiveness Reports in 2004 and 2006; Cost and transactions of doing business in 2004 and 2005 (2008 updated on-line); and value-chain studies in Pineapple, Lime-Lemon, Cocoa[1] (i.e. Orange, and Palm oil; UTEPI Paraguay has published the Industrial Competitiveness Report 2007, and is about to launch the cost and transaction of doing business in Paraguay Value chain studies have been completed in Leather and Soya. UNIDO has developed an exchange programme to strengthen inter- institutional cooperation and information sharing among assisted countries. [1] See for example; UNIDO CAPACITY EVALUATION AND NEEDS ASSESMENT TOOLS UNIDO CAPACITY EVALUATION AND NEEDS ASSESMENT TOOLS Key Export Sectors Supply-Side constraints – UNIDO Competitiveness Analysis Tool

46 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION No.46 UNIDO CAPACITY EVALUATION AND NEEDS ASSESMENT TOOLS UNIDO CAPACITY EVALUATION AND NEEDS ASSESMENT TOOLS 4- Analysis of Quality Infrastructure Constraints

47 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION No.47 Specific DCs Conformity Assessment Problems Poor physical facilities/infrastructure Inefficient institutional set up (Standards and conformity assessment functions, if existent, are scattered among too many institutions) Labs established (even with donor support) are neither sustainable, nor related to demand Donation of equipment with poor planning, training, and lacking adequate local physical infrastructure/staff, absorption capacity UNIDO CAPACITY EVALUATION AND NEEDS ASSESMENT TOOLS UNIDO CAPACITY EVALUATION AND NEEDS ASSESMENT TOOLS 4- Analysis of Quality Infrastructure Constraints

48 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION No.48 Specific DCs Conformity Assessment Problems Lack of funding Lack of demand Low-level of manufacturing due to focus on commodities Exposed to barriers to trade especially SPS measures Poor and uneven quality of local products National quality infrastructure lacks credibility, and tests and certificates by local laboratories are not recognized in export countries. UNIDO CAPACITY EVALUATION AND NEEDS ASSESMENT TOOLS UNIDO CAPACITY EVALUATION AND NEEDS ASSESMENT TOOLS 4- Analysis of Quality Infrastructure Constraints

49 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION No.49 To reduce the risk that domestic markets become a dumping ground for sub-standard and unsafe products. To ensure protection of the environment and achieve higher social responsibility. To improve consumer safety related activities (availability of testing facilities, particularly microbiological and chemical testing laboratories and legal metrology). To facilitate trade, access to export markets, and generate hard currency. To increase custom revenue generation. Why a CA Infrastructure is Necessary for DCs UNIDO CAPACITY EVALUATION AND NEEDS ASSESMENT TOOLS UNIDO CAPACITY EVALUATION AND NEEDS ASSESMENT TOOLS 4- Analysis of Quality Infrastructure Constraints

50 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION No.50 To overcome risk of rejection of products in export markets due to lack of conformity (TBS and SPS). To prevent unscrupulous traders from taking advantage of a poor QC infrastructure, an enforced legal system for inspection and custom control is necessary. To allow integration of producers/traders in the global economy To help the private sector to solve quality, compliance and certification problems hampering its aspiration to gain access to export markets and avoid multiple testing. Why a CA Infrastructure is Necessary for DCs UNIDO CAPACITY EVALUATION AND NEEDS ASSESMENT TOOLS UNIDO CAPACITY EVALUATION AND NEEDS ASSESMENT TOOLS 4- Analysis of Quality Infrastructure Constraints

51 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION No.51 In its efforts to contribute to make the Aid for Trade initiative a success for Africa, UNIDO elaborated a questionnaire to identify the gaps and assess the specific needs of African countries in the field of quality infrastructure[1]: Quality promotion, Metrology, Accreditation, Standardisation Conformity assessment To allow better elaboration of trade capacity building projects at the national and sub-regional levels. [1] See for example: UNIDO CAPACITY EVALUATION AND NEEDS ASSESMENT TOOLS UNIDO CAPACITY EVALUATION AND NEEDS ASSESMENT TOOLS Analysis of Quality Infrastructure Constraints

52 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION No.52 The UNIDO survey of the existing situation of quality infrastructures was the basis for the elaboration of an Action Plan for Africa to: Address the weaknesses of the infrastructure Build trade capacity in African countries Improve the prospects of economic development on the continent. Standards Compliance and Conformity Assessment for the Development of Sustainable Trade in Africa The findings of this survey and the proposed UNIDO action plan were presented and discussed during the Standards Compliance and Conformity Assessment for the Development of Sustainable Trade in Africa Expert Group Meeting organized jointly with the African Union (AU) and held in Tunis in February UNIDO CAPACITY EVALUATION AND NEEDS ASSESMENT TOOLS UNIDO CAPACITY EVALUATION AND NEEDS ASSESMENT TOOLS 4- Analysis of Quality Infrastructure Constraints

53 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION No.53 Building up on the initial survey, which covered 32 African Countries, UNIDO is currently updating the already received data while expanding at the same time the scope as well as the geographic coverage - Besides Africa, the current survey includes Asia, the Pacific Island States as well as the Arab region. In particular the survey aims to: Assess the priority needs for quality infrastructure upgrading Advocate more effective technical assistance Develop tailored projects for countries and sub-regions UNIDO CAPACITY EVALUATION AND NEEDS ASSESMENT TOOLS UNIDO CAPACITY EVALUATION AND NEEDS ASSESMENT TOOLS 4- Analysis of Quality Infrastructure Constraints

54 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION No.54 UNIDO CAPACITY EVALUATION AND NEEDS ASSESMENT TOOLS UNIDO CAPACITY EVALUATION AND NEEDS ASSESMENT TOOLS 4- Analysis of Quality Infrastructure Constraints LABNET provides access and dissemination of laboratory and activity information to its users. LABNET is under the umbrella of the UNIDO, and its primary function would be to provide information to the laboratories and the persons associated with the laboratories. The LABNET is covering the testing and calibration laboratories from all fields of science and have a wide database to cover all laboratories both accredited and non-accredited from all regions of the globe. Facilitate information to industry / trade on testing / calibration and product specific information LABNET Vision Provide access and dissemination of laboratory and activity information Share experience with respect to laboratory design, management, development, maintenance, capabilities Interaction and response in various issues related to PT, CRM, traceability, trade related issues Avenue for promotion / sourcing of laboratory and related services PARTNERS UNIDO, WAITRO, Vinta Labs, India

55 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION No.55 UNIDO CAPACITY EVALUATION AND NEEDS ASSESMENT TOOLS UNIDO CAPACITY EVALUATION AND NEEDS ASSESMENT TOOLS 5- Analysis of developing countries product refusals/notifications

56 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION No.56 Starting from the analysis of product refusals/notifications for developing countries originated by: 1-The United States Food and Drug Administration (US-FDA), 2-European Union Rapid Alert System for Food and Feed (EU- RASFF) and 3-Japan (Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare) UNIDO worked out an enhanced classification of Non-Tariff Measures (NTMs)/Non-Tariff Barriers (NTBs) to trade. UNIDO CAPACITY EVALUATION AND NEEDS ASSESMENT TOOLS UNIDO CAPACITY EVALUATION AND NEEDS ASSESMENT TOOLS 5- Analysis of developing countries product refusals/notifications

57 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION No.57 The classification was developed in the context of the Multi-Agency Support Team established by the Group of Eminent Persons on Non-Tariff Barriers (MAST) through the SPS/TBT Sub-Groups with the participation of several international organizations (Codex Alimentarius, FAO, ITC, OECD, UNCTAD, WTO, US-ERS, and US-ITC) led by OECD and UNIDO. UNCTAD, UNIDO and ITC in cooperation with other MAST members (IMF, FAO, OECD, WTO, WB) launched in 2007 a Pilot Project on Collection and Quantification of Non-Tariff Measures (NTMs) Database (UNCTAD-DITC Draft, 18 July 2007). UNIDO CAPACITY EVALUATION AND NEEDS ASSESMENT TOOLS UNIDO CAPACITY EVALUATION AND NEEDS ASSESMENT TOOLS 5- Analysis of developing countries product refusals/notifications

58 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION No.58 Aimed at developing a systematic methodology of definition and collection of Non-Tariff Measures (NTMs) the project covers nine pilot countries ( Brazil, Chile, India, Kenya, Mozambique, Philippines, Switzerland, Thailand and Zambia ). The objective is to initiate a country level data collection on NTMs that will help MAST to draw up an analytical framework to carry out a multi-agency effort in data collection process and prepare studies on the impact assessment of NTMs. UNIDO CAPACITY EVALUATION AND NEEDS ASSESMENT TOOLS UNIDO CAPACITY EVALUATION AND NEEDS ASSESMENT TOOLS 5- Analysis of developing countries product refusals/notifications

59 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION No.59 CHALLENGES IN ACCESSING MARKETS - Food Safety Requirements FDA IMPORT REFUSALS for the African Countries by Sub-region UNIDO ANALYSIS of Import Refusals, Source:US Food and Drug Administration Fishery/Seafood 717 refusals January 2005 – December 2006

60 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION No.60 Aid for Trade: UNIDOs Main Contribution Aid for Trade: UNIDOs Main Contribution Bringing back missing elements Supply Capacity Development Agro-industry development - Capacity upgrading, productivity development (Process technology, cleaner production, quality management) Development of advisory capacity for enterprises to meet requirements Cluster development; Export consortia support Business partnerships for investment, sub-contracting, trade Conformity Infrastructure Establish access to and harmonization of standards & technical regulations Establishment of legal & regulatory frameworks Upgrading of laboratories for conformity assessment, product certification Training of auditors for ISO 9001, ISO 14001, ISO22000, ISO/IEC 17025…. Pilot activities at enterprise level for on-the-job training of institutional service providers

61 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION No.61 CONCLUSIONS CHALLENGES Developing industrial/productive capacities Access to Investment & Technology Upgrading to become competitive Linking to Value Chains – SME Cluster and Export Consortia Meeting Quality/Safety requirements within TBT/SPS regime AID FOR TRADE Re-iterates support for Supply Capacity & Conformity Ensuring inter/agency cooperation Involving Private sector as an Actor

62 Thank You for your attention!

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