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Japan Customs experience in Pre- arrival examination Customs and Tariff Bureau Ministry of Finance.

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Presentation on theme: "Japan Customs experience in Pre- arrival examination Customs and Tariff Bureau Ministry of Finance."— Presentation transcript:

1 Japan Customs experience in Pre- arrival examination Customs and Tariff Bureau Ministry of Finance

2 Pre-arrival Declaration Document examination Import Declaration Import permission Import Permission Document examination Departure Oversea Port Store Cargoes or Containers in Customs Area (including container yards) Arrival Japanese Port Pre-arrival examination Regular Import Declaration 1.Pre-arrival Examination system 1.Pre-arrival Examination system * Before import permission, some import declarations may undertake cargo inspection.

3 2.Effects of Customs procedures 2.Effects of Customs procedures 1991 : Pre-Arrival Examination Revised Kyoto Convention (1999) General Annex Chapter 3 (Clearance and other formalities) Standard 25 National legislation shall make provision for the lodging and registering or checking of the Goods declaration and supporting documents prior to the arrival of the goods. In principle, import declaration may be filed to Customs only after the arrival of goods to the bonded warehouse. In principle, import declaration may be filed to Customs only after the arrival of goods to the bonded warehouse. Since 1991, Customs accepts import declaration and relevant documents for preliminary examination. Since 1991, Customs accepts import declaration and relevant documents for preliminary examination. - conductocumentary examination before the arrival of goods - conduct documentary examination before the arrival of goods -Notified whether documentary examinations and/or physical inspections are required or not before the arrival of goods Benefit to customs Benefit to importers Facilitated release of goods for those not requiring examinations/inspections upon arrival Facilitated release of goods for those not requiring examinations/inspections upon arrival

4 Usage rate (in 2010) 3.History of pre-arrival examination 3.History of pre-arrival examination Sea cargoesAir cargoes 36%52% Why did we introduce pre-arrival examination? -needs of effectively coping with the increasing volume of trade with limited human and financial resources -request from the private sector to further expedite the movement of goods trial introduced in 1991(gradually improved)

5 4.Explanation of pre-arrival examination in Japan Customs 4.Explanation of pre-arrival examination in Japan Customs Type of cargo coveredall types of imported cargo Documents to be submittedpre-arrival declaration (same form as general import declaration form ) Timing of submissionany time after B/L is issued foreign exchange rate is announced Switch to import declarationThe pre-arrival declaration will be treated as a formal import declaration under certain conditions

6 pre-arrival examination =merely change the timing of the import declaration Only using the existing facilities and resources of each Member with minimum costs for legislation and training of officials No requirement of legal nor organizational change IT infrastructure not prerequisite 5.Implementation cost of pre-arrival examination 5.Implementation cost of pre-arrival examination

7 6. Import Lead Time Reduction by Pre-Arrival Examination (sea cargo)

8 7. Import Lead Time Reduction by Pre-Arrival Examination (air cargo)

9 Thank you for your attention More information : arr_exam_jpn_e.doc


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