Presentation on theme: "Good Practice in SPS-related Technical Cooperation"— Presentation transcript:
1 Good Practice in SPS-related Technical Cooperation Fruit Fly Vapour Heat Disinfestation for Vietnam fresh fruit: an example of technical cooperation experiences with JICA ( )Dr. Nguyen Huu DatPEQ II, Plant Protection Department,Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Ho Chi Minh City, Viet NamOn behalf of VN Plant Protection Department , may I extend our warmest thanks to all meeting organizers and warmest greetings too to all distinguished participants to this important event.The title of the presentation today is: Fruit Fly Vapour Heat Disinfestation for Vietnam fresh fruit: an example of technical cooperation experiences with JICA ( )
2 Structure of Presentation I. Introduction to projectII. Process of project implementationIII. Outcomes of the projectIV. Lessons learntWith such a structure of presentation: I….II….III….IV…., I expect it will convey the full commitment and determination on whether the project could really strengthen phytosanitary capacity in general, and fruit market access in particular, for VN and then I will summerise what the lessons to be learned.
3 I. Introduction The reason why we selected the project Practical demand for assistanceProject purposeFirstly, we come to the introduction. The followed introduction part includes 3 items: The reason why we proceeded the project ? Whether the project reflects a really practical demand for assistance and what is the Project purpose.
4 The reason whyPlant quarantine system and technical skills of Vietnam quarantine staff were not sufficiently developed to meet the challenges of international trade requirements.Training needed to be able to access export markets.As a member nation of such regional and international organizations as Asia and Pacific Plant Protection Commission (APPPC) and ASEAN, Vietnam is becoming more active in international trade of agricultural products including tropical fruits. One of the key factors in promoting tropical fruit trade is to protect plants in other countries from pest they do not have and to improve disinfestation service and accordingly meet disinfestation requirements set by importing countries.However, plant quarantine system and technical skills of quarantine staff are not sufficiently developed to meet with the challenges of international trade. As a result, a lot of potentials for exporting fruit and increasing added value to those agricultural products have not been realized.
5 Practical demand for assistance VietNam requested the Government of Japan to provide technical assistance in fruit fly disinfestation of fresh fruitA JICA-funded (Japan International Cooperation Agency) project was proposedIn this context, to harmonize the plant quarantine system in Vietnam with international standards, Plant Protection Department, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development of Vietnam requested the Government of Japan to provide technical assistance in fruit fly disinfestations on fresh fruits.
6 Lift Japanese ban on imports of Vietnamese dragon fruit Project purposeVietnamese staff is capable of applying disinfestation technique of fruit flies that complies with international standard to improve Vietnamese dragon fruits’ access to international market.Vietnamese staff trained to be capable of applying disinfestation technique of fruit flies that complies with international standard to improve access of Vietnamese dragon fruit to international market.Leading toVietnamese staff is capable of applying disinfestation technique of fruit flies that complies with international standard to improve Vietnamese dragon fruit’s access to international market.Lift Japanese ban on imports of Vietnamese dragon fruit
7 II. Process of project implementation Duration of Project 3 years: March 2005 until end of February 2008Site of ProjectPost-Entry Quarantine Centre No. II under Plant Protection Department (PPD) of Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD)The 3-year project was starting from March 2005 and finishing by the end of February 2008 at PEQC2
8 Hylocereus costaricensis Selenicereus megalanthus Identification of target commodityDragon fruitFollowed these implemented work:Determination of target commodity. That’s for dragon fruit; dragon fruit is a commun name of such a red skin and white flesh pitahaya; it’s a kind of very typical and commercialized growing fresh fruit in South Vietnam as its picture being shown in the screen.Hylocereus costaricensisHylocereus undatusSelenicereus megalanthus
9 Genus Bactrocera of family Tephritidae Identification of target pestsGenus Bactrocera of family TephritidaeSecondly, target pests were identified. 03 Fruit Fly species need to be used Vapor Heat Treatment to be desinfested as an obligatory requirement before export dragon fruit to japan.B.correctaB.dorsalisB.cucurbitae
10 Series of experiments implemented Improvement of rearing methods for fruit flies based on previous project work (CARD)Various machine performance tests conductedExperiments on how to avoid fruit injuryExperiments to develop heat disinfestation treatment for dragon fruit (e.g. hot water dipping tests, susceptibility tests, small and large scale mortality tests)Data storage system developed and utilizedThen, we implemented the following works:
11 III. Outcomes of the Project Evaluation team recognized project results as excellence.Project achieved its objectives – expect that the import ban on Vietnamese dragon fruit to Japanese market will be lifted in December 2008Availability of skilled staffVietnamese staff continue to build on project success and further develop capacity to meet the challenges ahead for market access.
12 Submission of technical report Visit of Vietnamese officials to Japan in April 2008.Technical report for lifting the ban submitted to Japanese Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries.Mortality testInjury testSmall scale mortality test Small scale injury testLarge scale mortality testLarge scale injury testPreparation of technical reportTechnical report for lifting the ban submitted to Japanese Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, on April 2008, was proceeded by vietnamese counterpart.
13 Import ban expected to be lifted Official meeting between two countries (Discussion on plant quarantine regulations)General evaluation by JICA and MAFFImport ban on Vietnamese dragon fruit to Japan is expected to be lifted in December 2008Public hearing(Collection of public opinions on lifting import ban of fruit)Amendment of regulationsBy a very good evaluation from both JICA and MAFF of Japan evaluation team,Import ban on Vietnamese dragon fruit to Japan is expected to be lifted in December 2008Commencement of Export (Dispatch of Japanese plant quarantine inspector)
14 Investment in commercial facility Investment in commercial Vapor Heat Treatment (VHT) facility.Expected to be fully operational by December 2008.Investment in commercial Vapour Heat Treatment (VHT) facility, with construction finished by early December 2008.
15 IV. Lessons to be learned 1. Government priority2. Human resource development3. Provision and management of equipment4. Contribution of Vietnamese Government5. Impact of the US Notification on Irradiation6. Ways in which the impact of technical assistance can be maximized on trade performance7. Lessons for other products and countries8. Maintenance capabilities after end of project9. Awareness raising10. Difficulties and advantagesI will introduce the Lessons to be learned under 10 headings below
16 1. Government priorityOfficial meetings between our 2 countries were made by both high and mid level officialsMinistry of Agriculture and Rural Development of Viet Nam requested the Government of Japan to provide technical assistance in fruit fly disinfestations on fresh fruit* Official meetings between our 2 countries were made by both high and mid level officials during project preparation period* At that time, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development of Viet Nam requested the Government of Japan to provide technical assistance in fruit fly disinfestations on fresh fruit
17 2. Human resource development Japanese experts provided on-site training for Vietnamese staff12 persons trained in 2005 and 2006, and 8 persons trained inJapan government dispatched excellent experts to be in duties in VN: 1 permanently, and 3 with the 5 month working each per yearThey provided on-site training for Vietnamese staff12 persons trained in 2005 and 2006, and 8 persons trained in
18 Overseas training3 Vietnamese lab analysts attended technical training in Okinawa, Japan in 2005, 2006 and 2007 (4 months)
19 Study toursTwo study tours to Japan for 6 Vietnamese managers to learn about Plant Quarantine Administration (2005 and 2006)
20 The importance of their duties Commitment and performance of Vietnamese and Japanese counterparts.Japanese scientists worked diligently and actively, and treated very expeditiously all potential problems during experiments and implementation.Vietnamese staff quickly learnt all theories, techniques and practices taught by Japanese facilitators.Both Vietnam and Japan counterparts realized their best all of the importance of their duties.Japanese scientists worked diligently and actively, and treated very EXPEDITIOUSLY all potential problems during experiments and implementation.Vietnamese staff quickly learnt all theories, techniques and practices taught by Japanese facilitators.They both worked collectively, cooperatively and with a disciplinary spirit.
21 3. Provision and management of equipment Modern machines and equipment providedValue of US$891,551 (total project budget was US$2.3 m)
22 Transportation: many hard works Transportation of imported equipments from the port to the Quarantine Centre (PEQC II)Transportation of imported equipments from the port to the PEQC II only occurred during after midnight because of traffic jam. We had to break most of the lab walls to move in some big machines and equipments and then rebuilt to current states in very short time.
23 Installation of machinery made by Sanchu Experts Experts from the Sellers stayed in VN for several months to install the machines together with VN workers
24 Classification of every equipment Equipment managementClassification of every equipmentGood Equipment managementMachinery and equipment handed to VN were labeled with proper coding and recorded test operational performance
25 Studying how to select the correct method Equipment managementStudying how to select the correct methodM and E were properly operated to suitable function under technician guidance
26 Clean and maintain after use Equipment managementClean and maintain after usecleaned after use, put away in right place and maintained according to recommendation
27 Servicing generators regularly Equipment managementServicing generators regularlyWith a power generator using in case of electricity failure, we have it serviced regularly according to maintenance schedule.
28 4. Contribution of Vietnamese Government FY ,638,107 VND (41,228 USD)FY ,043,299 VND (17,894 USD)FY ,000,000 VND (18,653 USD)Contribution of Vietnam Government up to 78,000 USD for the whole project
29 Laboratory refurbishment Equipment for 8 labsOperation of equipmentUpgrade existing electricity and water systems in 8 labs to accommodate new equipmentFor the responsibilities of :Refurbishment of eight (8) laboratories with internal electricity and water system for new equipmentAnd making them in functional and ready for the project
30 Fruit supply Supply of fruit in adequate condition for testing Technical procedures followed so that fruit delivered to labs met requirements for injury and mortality tests
31 Other logistic arrangements Generator establishment and activationRecruitment of electricity technician for daily in-lab electric surveillanceGenerator establishment andRecruitment of one electricity technician for daily in-lab electric surveillance
32 5. Impact of the US Notification on Irradiation Since July 2007, Vietnamese Plant Protection Department working with APHIS-USDA to advance pre-clearance programme for irradiated dragon fruit to United States market.Several dragon fruit production areas approved to produce for United States market.Traceability system (PUC) established for fruit exports to United States. Will also be used for Japanese and other markets.
33 6. Ways in which the impact of technical assistance can be maximized on trade performance Build on achievements of related technical assistance projects, and promote linkagesThe dragon fruit pest list – developed under New Zealand project – used as main reference to draft the Pest Risk Assessment (PRA) for APHIS.The draft PRA for dragon fruit by APHIS-USDA was in turn used to determine the target pests for the JICA project research.The fruit fly pest determination from the JICA project was used to discuss and agree with APHIS-USDA to finalize the quarantine fruit fly pest list and PRA for Vietnamese dragon fruit (2008).Ensured experience and results of other projects used in this project- The dragon fruit pest list – developed under New Zealand project – used as main reference to draft the Pest Risk Assessment (PRA) for APHIS.- The draft PRA for dragon fruit by APHIS-USDA was in turn used to determine the target pests for the JICA project research.- The fruit fly pest determination from the JICA project was used to discuss and agree with APHIS-USDA to finalize the quarantine fruit fly pest list and PRA for Vietnamese dragon fruit (2008).
34 7. Lessons for other products and countries Using the equipment, facilities, knowledge developed under the JICA project, Vietnamese staff continue research to apply the same VHT method to other fruit (mango, milk apple) for Japanese market ( ).The final technical report for VHT of dragon fruit submitted not only to Japan (April 2008) but also to Chinese Taipei (Sep. 2008) and New Zealand (planned in 2009).Vietnamese staff provide training for plant quarantine inspectors in Cambodia on fruit fly rearing and VHT techniques (Oct. 2008) under a new JICA project.
35 8. Maintenance capabilities after end of project Vietnamese staff continue to build on success and further develop capacity to meet the challenges ahead for market access by ourselves.Project sustainability ensured through funding from annual governmental budget: over 700 million Vietnamese Dong (USD 45,000) allocated for fiscal year 2008 (budget support from JICA ended in Feb. 2008).Staff continue to build on success and further develop capacity to meet the challenges ahead for market access by ourselves.Sustainability of the project could be assumed responsibility by our yearly governmental budget, allocated up to more than 700 millions VND quivalent to USD 45,000 for the fiscal year 2008, to continue project after JICA budget support finished
36 9. Awareness raisingInformation exchange and dialogue with stakeholdersPrivate sector, university researchers, etc. participated in annual joint coordinating committee meetings held every year during project implementation.Stakeholders participated in final project evaluation by JICA, MAFF, MARD.Commercial interest and investment – expected to be completed at time when the ban is lifted by Japan.Government officials, university and research institute members, growers and related commercial stake-holders invited to all planning meetings and final evaluation.As a result, commercial investment occurred immediately after project was seen to be successful.
37 10. Difficulties and advantages Differences in timing of Vietnamese and Japanese fiscal years – administrative challenges.Time to develop annual plans of project activities generally coincided with the end of Vietnamese fiscal year and the time when Vietnam counterparts had to draw up final financial balance-sheets.Mis-match between the 2 vietnamese and japan fiscal year.
38 AdvantagesTimely decision-making and support from MARD, Plant Protection Department and leadership from other related organization for solving problems when they occurred.Planned experiments for each year were implemented smoothly as scheduled.Timely decision-making and support from MARD, Plant Protection Department and leadership from other related organization for solving problems when they occurred.Therefore, the planned experiments for each year were implemented smoothly as scheduled.