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Good Practice in SPS-related Technical Cooperation

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Presentation on theme: "Good Practice in SPS-related Technical Cooperation"— Presentation transcript:

1 Good Practice in SPS-related Technical Cooperation
Fruit Fly Vapour Heat Disinfestation for Vietnam fresh fruit: an example of technical cooperation experiences with JICA ( ) Dr. Nguyen Huu Dat PEQ II, Plant Protection Department, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam On behalf of VN Plant Protection Department , may I extend our warmest thanks to all meeting organizers and warmest greetings too to all distinguished participants to this important event. The title of the presentation today is: Fruit Fly Vapour Heat Disinfestation for Vietnam fresh fruit: an example of technical cooperation experiences with JICA ( )

2 Structure of Presentation
I. Introduction to project II. Process of project implementation III. Outcomes of the project IV. Lessons learnt With such a structure of presentation: I….II….III….IV…., I expect it will convey the full commitment and determination on whether the project could really strengthen phytosanitary capacity in general, and fruit market access in particular, for VN and then I will summerise what the lessons to be learned.

3 I. Introduction The reason why we selected the project
Practical demand for assistance Project purpose Firstly, we come to the introduction. The followed introduction part includes 3 items: The reason why we proceeded the project ? Whether the project reflects a really practical demand for assistance and what is the Project purpose.

4 The reason why Plant quarantine system and technical skills of Vietnam quarantine staff were not sufficiently developed to meet the challenges of international trade requirements. Training needed to be able to access export markets. As a member nation of such regional and international organizations as Asia and Pacific Plant Protection Commission (APPPC) and ASEAN, Vietnam is becoming more active in international trade of agricultural products including tropical fruits. One of the key factors in promoting tropical fruit trade is to protect plants in other countries from pest they do not have and to improve disinfestation service and accordingly meet disinfestation requirements set by importing countries. However, plant quarantine system and technical skills of quarantine staff are not sufficiently developed to meet with the challenges of international trade. As a result, a lot of potentials for exporting fruit and increasing added value to those agricultural products have not been realized.

5 Practical demand for assistance
VietNam requested the Government of Japan to provide technical assistance in fruit fly disinfestation of fresh fruit A JICA-funded (Japan International Cooperation Agency) project was proposed In this context, to harmonize the plant quarantine system in Vietnam with international standards, Plant Protection Department, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development of Vietnam requested the Government of Japan to provide technical assistance in fruit fly disinfestations on fresh fruits.

6 Lift Japanese ban on imports of Vietnamese dragon fruit
Project purpose Vietnamese staff is capable of applying disinfestation technique of fruit flies that complies with international standard to improve Vietnamese dragon fruits’ access to international market. Vietnamese staff trained to be capable of applying disinfestation technique of fruit flies that complies with international standard to improve access of Vietnamese dragon fruit to international market. Leading to Vietnamese staff is capable of applying disinfestation technique of fruit flies that complies with international standard to improve Vietnamese dragon fruit’s access to international market. Lift Japanese ban on imports of Vietnamese dragon fruit

7 II. Process of project implementation Duration of Project
3 years: March 2005 until end of February 2008 Site of Project Post-Entry Quarantine Centre No. II under Plant Protection Department (PPD) of Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD) The 3-year project was starting from March 2005 and finishing by the end of February 2008 at PEQC2

8 Hylocereus costaricensis Selenicereus megalanthus
Identification of target commodity Dragon fruit Followed these implemented work: Determination of target commodity. That’s for dragon fruit; dragon fruit is a commun name of such a red skin and white flesh pitahaya; it’s a kind of very typical and commercialized growing fresh fruit in South Vietnam as its picture being shown in the screen. Hylocereus costaricensis Hylocereus undatus Selenicereus megalanthus

9 Genus Bactrocera of family Tephritidae
Identification of target pests Genus Bactrocera of family Tephritidae Secondly, target pests were identified. 03 Fruit Fly species need to be used Vapor Heat Treatment to be desinfested as an obligatory requirement before export dragon fruit to japan. B.correcta B.dorsalis B.cucurbitae

10 Series of experiments implemented
Improvement of rearing methods for fruit flies based on previous project work (CARD) Various machine performance tests conducted Experiments on how to avoid fruit injury Experiments to develop heat disinfestation treatment for dragon fruit (e.g. hot water dipping tests, susceptibility tests, small and large scale mortality tests) Data storage system developed and utilized Then, we implemented the following works:

11 III. Outcomes of the Project
Evaluation team recognized project results as excellence. Project achieved its objectives – expect that the import ban on Vietnamese dragon fruit to Japanese market will be lifted in December 2008 Availability of skilled staff Vietnamese staff continue to build on project success and further develop capacity to meet the challenges ahead for market access.

12 Submission of technical report
Visit of Vietnamese officials to Japan in April 2008. Technical report for lifting the ban submitted to Japanese Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries. Mortality test Injury test Small scale mortality test   Small scale injury test Large scale mortality test Large scale injury test Preparation of technical report Technical report for lifting the ban submitted to Japanese Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, on April 2008, was proceeded by vietnamese counterpart.

13 Import ban expected to be lifted
Official meeting between two countries   (Discussion on plant quarantine regulations) General evaluation by JICA and MAFF Import ban on Vietnamese dragon fruit to Japan is expected to be lifted in December 2008 Public hearing (Collection of public opinions on lifting import ban of fruit) Amendment of regulations By a very good evaluation from both JICA and MAFF of Japan evaluation team, Import ban on Vietnamese dragon fruit to Japan is expected to be lifted in December 2008 Commencement of Export    (Dispatch of Japanese plant quarantine inspector)

14 Investment in commercial facility
Investment in commercial Vapor Heat Treatment (VHT) facility. Expected to be fully operational by December 2008. Investment in commercial Vapour Heat Treatment (VHT) facility, with construction finished by early December 2008.

15 IV. Lessons to be learned
1. Government priority 2. Human resource development 3. Provision and management of equipment 4. Contribution of Vietnamese Government 5. Impact of the US Notification on Irradiation 6. Ways in which the impact of technical assistance can be maximized on trade performance 7. Lessons for other products and countries 8. Maintenance capabilities after end of project 9. Awareness raising 10. Difficulties and advantages I will introduce the Lessons to be learned under 10 headings below

16 1. Government priority Official meetings between our 2 countries were made by both high and mid level officials Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development of Viet Nam requested the Government of Japan to provide technical assistance in fruit fly disinfestations on fresh fruit * Official meetings between our 2 countries were made by both high and mid level officials during project preparation period * At that time, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development of Viet Nam requested the Government of Japan to provide technical assistance in fruit fly disinfestations on fresh fruit

17 2. Human resource development
Japanese experts provided on-site training for Vietnamese staff 12 persons trained in 2005 and 2006, and 8 persons trained in Japan government dispatched excellent experts to be in duties in VN: 1 permanently, and 3 with the 5 month working each per year They provided on-site training for Vietnamese staff 12 persons trained in 2005 and 2006, and 8 persons trained in

18 Overseas training 3 Vietnamese lab analysts attended technical training in Okinawa, Japan in 2005, 2006 and 2007 (4 months)

19 Study tours Two study tours to Japan for 6 Vietnamese managers to learn about Plant Quarantine Administration (2005 and 2006)

20 The importance of their duties
Commitment and performance of Vietnamese and Japanese counterparts. Japanese scientists worked diligently and actively, and treated very expeditiously all potential problems during experiments and implementation. Vietnamese staff quickly learnt all theories, techniques and practices taught by Japanese facilitators. Both Vietnam and Japan counterparts realized their best all of the importance of their duties. Japanese scientists worked diligently and actively, and treated very EXPEDITIOUSLY all potential problems during experiments and implementation. Vietnamese staff quickly learnt all theories, techniques and practices taught by Japanese facilitators. They both worked collectively, cooperatively and with a disciplinary spirit.

21 3. Provision and management of equipment
Modern machines and equipment provided Value of US$891,551 (total project budget was US$2.3 m)

22 Transportation: many hard works
Transportation of imported equipments from the port to the Quarantine Centre (PEQC II) Transportation of imported equipments from the port to the PEQC II only occurred during after midnight because of traffic jam. We had to break most of the lab walls to move in some big machines and equipments and then rebuilt to current states in very short time.

23 Installation of machinery made by Sanchu Experts
Experts from the Sellers stayed in VN for several months to install the machines together with VN workers

24 Classification of every equipment
Equipment management Classification of every equipment Good Equipment management Machinery and equipment handed to VN were labeled with proper coding and recorded test operational performance

25 Studying how to select the correct method
Equipment management Studying how to select the correct method M and E were properly operated to suitable function under technician guidance

26 Clean and maintain after use
Equipment management Clean and maintain after use cleaned after use, put away in right place and maintained according to recommendation

27 Servicing generators regularly
Equipment management Servicing generators regularly With a power generator using in case of electricity failure, we have it serviced regularly according to maintenance schedule.

28 4. Contribution of Vietnamese Government
FY ,638,107 VND (41,228 USD) FY ,043,299 VND (17,894 USD) FY ,000,000 VND (18,653 USD) Contribution of Vietnam Government up to 78,000 USD for the whole project

29 Laboratory refurbishment
Equipment for 8 labs Operation of equipment Upgrade existing electricity and water systems in 8 labs to accommodate new equipment For the responsibilities of : Refurbishment of eight (8) laboratories with internal electricity and water system for new equipment And making them in functional and ready for the project

30 Fruit supply Supply of fruit in adequate condition for testing
Technical procedures followed so that fruit delivered to labs met requirements for injury and mortality tests

31 Other logistic arrangements
Generator establishment and activation Recruitment of electricity technician for daily in-lab electric surveillance Generator establishment and Recruitment of one electricity technician for daily in-lab electric surveillance

32 5. Impact of the US Notification on Irradiation
Since July 2007, Vietnamese Plant Protection Department working with APHIS-USDA to advance pre-clearance programme for irradiated dragon fruit to United States market. Several dragon fruit production areas approved to produce for United States market. Traceability system (PUC) established for fruit exports to United States. Will also be used for Japanese and other markets.

33 6. Ways in which the impact of technical assistance can be maximized on trade performance
Build on achievements of related technical assistance projects, and promote linkages The dragon fruit pest list – developed under New Zealand project – used as main reference to draft the Pest Risk Assessment (PRA) for APHIS. The draft PRA for dragon fruit by APHIS-USDA was in turn used to determine the target pests for the JICA project research. The fruit fly pest determination from the JICA project was used to discuss and agree with APHIS-USDA to finalize the quarantine fruit fly pest list and PRA for Vietnamese dragon fruit (2008). Ensured experience and results of other projects used in this project - The dragon fruit pest list – developed under New Zealand project – used as main reference to draft the Pest Risk Assessment (PRA) for APHIS. - The draft PRA for dragon fruit by APHIS-USDA was in turn used to determine the target pests for the JICA project research. - The fruit fly pest determination from the JICA project was used to discuss and agree with APHIS-USDA to finalize the quarantine fruit fly pest list and PRA for Vietnamese dragon fruit (2008).

34 7. Lessons for other products and countries
Using the equipment, facilities, knowledge developed under the JICA project, Vietnamese staff continue research to apply the same VHT method to other fruit (mango, milk apple) for Japanese market ( ). The final technical report for VHT of dragon fruit submitted not only to Japan (April 2008) but also to Chinese Taipei (Sep. 2008) and New Zealand (planned in 2009). Vietnamese staff provide training for plant quarantine inspectors in Cambodia on fruit fly rearing and VHT techniques (Oct. 2008) under a new JICA project.

35 8. Maintenance capabilities after end of project
Vietnamese staff continue to build on success and further develop capacity to meet the challenges ahead for market access by ourselves. Project sustainability ensured through funding from annual governmental budget: over 700 million Vietnamese Dong (USD 45,000) allocated for fiscal year 2008 (budget support from JICA ended in Feb. 2008). Staff continue to build on success and further develop capacity to meet the challenges ahead for market access by ourselves. Sustainability of the project could be assumed responsibility by our yearly governmental budget, allocated up to more than 700 millions VND quivalent to USD 45,000 for the fiscal year 2008, to continue project after JICA budget support finished

36 9. Awareness raising Information exchange and dialogue with stakeholders Private sector, university researchers, etc. participated in annual joint coordinating committee meetings held every year during project implementation. Stakeholders participated in final project evaluation by JICA, MAFF, MARD. Commercial interest and investment – expected to be completed at time when the ban is lifted by Japan. Government officials, university and research institute members, growers and related commercial stake-holders invited to all planning meetings and final evaluation. As a result, commercial investment occurred immediately after project was seen to be successful.

37 10. Difficulties and advantages
Differences in timing of Vietnamese and Japanese fiscal years – administrative challenges. Time to develop annual plans of project activities generally coincided with the end of Vietnamese fiscal year and the time when Vietnam counterparts had to draw up final financial balance-sheets. Mis-match between the 2 vietnamese and japan fiscal year.

38 Advantages Timely decision-making and support from MARD, Plant Protection Department and leadership from other related organization for solving problems when they occurred. Planned experiments for each year were implemented smoothly as scheduled. Timely decision-making and support from MARD, Plant Protection Department and leadership from other related organization for solving problems when they occurred. Therefore, the planned experiments for each year were implemented smoothly as scheduled.

39 Thank you for your kind attention and…

40 … and Welcome to VietNam Kết thúc phần báo cáo.


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