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1 John E. Lamb, Sr. Agribusiness Specialist, Agriculture and Rural Development Department World Bank, Washington, DC Food Safety and Agricultural Health.

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Presentation on theme: "1 John E. Lamb, Sr. Agribusiness Specialist, Agriculture and Rural Development Department World Bank, Washington, DC Food Safety and Agricultural Health."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 John E. Lamb, Sr. Agribusiness Specialist, Agriculture and Rural Development Department World Bank, Washington, DC Food Safety and Agricultural Health Action Plans STDF Workshop on SPS Capacity Evaluation Tools Geneva--March 31, 2008

2 2 The context Changes in effective demand Changes in effective demand

3 3 The context Changes in effective demand Changes in effective demand Rise of efficient consumer response Rise of efficient consumer response

4 4 The context Changes in effective demand Changes in effective demand Rise of efficient consumer response Rise of efficient consumer response Shifting channels of distribution Shifting channels of distribution

5 5 The context Changes in effective demand Changes in effective demand Rise of efficient consumer response Rise of efficient consumer response Shifting channels of distribution Shifting channels of distribution Industry consolidation Industry consolidation

6 6 The context Changes in effective demand Changes in effective demand Rise of efficient consumer response Rise of efficient consumer response Shifting channels of distribution Shifting channels of distribution Industry consolidation Industry consolidation Globalization of sourcing and marketing Globalization of sourcing and marketing

7 7 The context Changes in effective demand Changes in effective demand Rise of efficient consumer response Rise of efficient consumer response Shifting channels of distribution Shifting channels of distribution Industry consolidation Industry consolidation Globalization of sourcing and marketing Globalization of sourcing and marketing Competition between value/supply chains Competition between value/supply chains

8 8 The context Changes in effective demand Changes in effective demand Rise of efficient consumer response Rise of efficient consumer response Shifting channels of distribution Shifting channels of distribution Industry consolidation Industry consolidation Globalization of sourcing and marketing Globalization of sourcing and marketing Competition between value/supply chains Competition between value/supply chains Changes in procurement systems Changes in procurement systems

9 9 The context Changes in effective demand Changes in effective demand Rise of efficient consumer response Rise of efficient consumer response Shifting channels of distribution Shifting channels of distribution Industry consolidation Industry consolidation Globalization of sourcing and marketing Globalization of sourcing and marketing Competition between value/supply chains Competition between value/supply chains Changes in procurement systems Changes in procurement systems Reversal of decline in real food prices Reversal of decline in real food prices

10 10 Why should the World Bank and other donors worry about standards? Protection of the food supply, plant and animal health, and environment Protection of the food supply, plant and animal health, and environment

11 11 Why should the World Bank and other donors worry about standards? Protection of the food supply, plant and animal health, and environment Protection of the food supply, plant and animal health, and environment Regulation of internal commerce Regulation of internal commerce

12 12 Why should the World Bank and other donors worry about standards? Protection of the food supply, plant and animal health, and environment Protection of the food supply, plant and animal health, and environment Regulation of internal commerce Regulation of internal commerce Facilitation of orderly, arms-length trade Facilitation of orderly, arms-length trade

13 13 Why should the World Bank and other donors worry about standards? Protection of the food supply, plant and animal health, and environment Protection of the food supply, plant and animal health, and environment Regulation of internal commerce Regulation of internal commerce Facilitation of orderly, arms-length trade Facilitation of orderly, arms-length trade Contribution to economic growth Contribution to economic growth

14 14 Why should the World Bank and other donors worry about standards? Protection of the food supply, plant and animal health, and environment Protection of the food supply, plant and animal health, and environment Regulation of internal commerce Regulation of internal commerce Facilitation of orderly, arms-length trade Facilitation of orderly, arms-length trade Contribution to economic growth Contribution to economic growth Danger of crowding out, especially small producers and SMEs, but sometimes entire industries Danger of crowding out, especially small producers and SMEs, but sometimes entire industries

15 15 What functions do public standards play in this scenario? They determine the official rules of the game They determine the official rules of the game

16 16 What functions do public standards play in this scenario? They determine the official rules of the game They determine the official rules of the game They give primacy to good science They give primacy to good science

17 17 What functions do public standards play in this scenario? They determine the official rules of the game They determine the official rules of the game They give primacy to good science They give primacy to good science They strive to ensure transparency They strive to ensure transparency

18 18 What functions do public standards play in this scenario? They determine the official rules of the game They determine the official rules of the game They give primacy to good science They give primacy to good science They strive to ensure transparency They strive to ensure transparency They control entry to foreign markets They control entry to foreign markets

19 19 What functions do public standards play in this scenario? They determine the official rules of the game They determine the official rules of the game They give primacy to good science They give primacy to good science They strive to ensure transparency They strive to ensure transparency They control entry to foreign markets They control entry to foreign markets They serve to limit the spread of pests, disease, invasive species They serve to limit the spread of pests, disease, invasive species

20 20 What functions do public standards play in this scenario? They determine the official rules of the game They determine the official rules of the game They give primacy to good science They give primacy to good science They strive to ensure transparency They strive to ensure transparency They control entry to foreign markets They control entry to foreign markets They serve to limit the spread of pests, disease, invasive species They serve to limit the spread of pests, disease, invasive species They protect consumers, agriculture and the environment They protect consumers, agriculture and the environment

21 21 What functions do public standards play in this scenario? They determine the official rules of the game They determine the official rules of the game They give primacy to good science They give primacy to good science They strive to ensure transparency They strive to ensure transparency They control entry to foreign markets They control entry to foreign markets They serve to limit the spread of pests, disease, invasive species They serve to limit the spread of pests, disease, invasive species They protect consumers, agriculture and the environment They protect consumers, agriculture and the environment They are designed mainly to mitigate health risk, but also serve to limit risks to the economy They are designed mainly to mitigate health risk, but also serve to limit risks to the economy

22 22 What functions do private standards (i.e. requirements) play? They determine the commercial rules of the game They determine the commercial rules of the game

23 23 What functions do private standards (i.e. requirements) play? They determine the commercial rules of the game They determine the commercial rules of the game They convey information on the requirements and expectations of particular end-markets (consumer segments and those who serve) They convey information on the requirements and expectations of particular end-markets (consumer segments and those who serve)

24 24 What functions do private standards (i.e. requirements) play? They determine the commercial rules of the game They determine the commercial rules of the game They convey information on the requirements and expectations of particular end-markets (consumer segments and those who serve) They convey information on the requirements and expectations of particular end-markets (consumer segments and those who serve) They do recognize good science, but give primacy to the consumer and business They do recognize good science, but give primacy to the consumer and business

25 25 What functions do private standards (i.e. requirements) play? They determine the commercial rules of the game They determine the commercial rules of the game They convey information on the requirements and expectations of particular end-markets (consumer segments and those who serve) They convey information on the requirements and expectations of particular end-markets (consumer segments and those who serve) They do recognize good science, but give primacy to the consumer and business They do recognize good science, but give primacy to the consumer and business They control access to domestic and foreign channels of distribution and end-markets, not always transparently They control access to domestic and foreign channels of distribution and end-markets, not always transparently

26 26 What functions do private standards (i.e. requirements) play? They determine the commercial rules of the game They determine the commercial rules of the game They convey information on the requirements and expectations of particular end-markets (consumer segments and those who serve) They convey information on the requirements and expectations of particular end-markets (consumer segments and those who serve) They do recognize good science, but give primacy to the consumer and business They do recognize good science, but give primacy to the consumer and business They control access to domestic and foreign channels of distribution and end-markets, not always transparently They control access to domestic and foreign channels of distribution and end-markets, not always transparently They are mainly a private good, enhancing profits to supply/value chain participants, while reducing commercial, reputational and legal risk They are mainly a private good, enhancing profits to supply/value chain participants, while reducing commercial, reputational and legal risk

27 27 What functions do private standards (i.e. requirements) play? They determine the commercial rules of the game They determine the commercial rules of the game They convey information on the requirements and expectations of particular end-markets (consumer segments and those who serve) They convey information on the requirements and expectations of particular end-markets (consumer segments and those who serve) They do recognize good science, but give primacy to the consumer and business They do recognize good science, but give primacy to the consumer and business They control access to domestic and foreign channels of distribution and end-markets, not always transparently They control access to domestic and foreign channels of distribution and end-markets, not always transparently They are mainly a private good, enhancing profits to supply/value chain participants, while reducing commercial, reputational and legal risk They are mainly a private good, enhancing profits to supply/value chain participants, while reducing commercial, reputational and legal risk Yet they do serve public purposes by helping to mitigate the spread of pests and diseases Yet they do serve public purposes by helping to mitigate the spread of pests and diseases

28 28 Food safety and Agricultural Health Standards Technical and Commercial Requirements (identity, quality, condition, presentation, etc) Environ. Standards Social Standards Supply Chain Management A hierarchy of standards has emerged Service

29 29 What has the World Bank been doing in this area? Serious WB engagement began about 5 years back, with the launch of the Initiative to Mainstream Standards in Bank Operations Serious WB engagement began about 5 years back, with the launch of the Initiative to Mainstream Standards in Bank Operations K:222955~pagePK:148956~piPK:216618~theSitePK:239071,00.html

30 30 What has the World Bank been doing in this area? Serious WB engagement began about 5 years back, with the launch of the Initiative to Mainstream Standards in Bank Operations Serious WB engagement began about 5 years back, with the launch of the Initiative to Mainstream Standards in Bank Operations This arose within the trade department (PREM), which was charged with trade capacity-building This arose within the trade department (PREM), which was charged with trade capacity-building

31 31 What has the World Bank been doing in this area? Serious WB engagement began about 5 years back, with the launch of the Initiative to Mainstream Standards in Bank Operations Serious WB engagement began about 5 years back, with the launch of the Initiative to Mainstream Standards in Bank Operations This arose within the trade department (PREM), which was charged with trade capacity-building This arose within the trade department (PREM), which was charged with trade capacity-building More recently the initiative has been mostly taken over by the agriculture and rural development department (ARD) and the Regions More recently the initiative has been mostly taken over by the agriculture and rural development department (ARD) and the Regions

32 32 What has the World Bank been doing in this area? Serious WB engagement began about 5 years back, with the launch of the Initiative to Mainstream Standards in Bank Operations Serious WB engagement began about 5 years back, with the launch of the Initiative to Mainstream Standards in Bank Operations This arose within the trade department (PREM), which was charged with trade capacity-building This arose within the trade department (PREM), which was charged with trade capacity-building More recently the initiative has been mostly taken over by the agriculture and rural development department (ARD) and the Regions More recently the initiative has been mostly taken over by the agriculture and rural development department (ARD) and the Regions IBRD/IDA provides about $170 million in annual loan and grant funding for agri-food standards IBRD/IDA provides about $170 million in annual loan and grant funding for agri-food standards K:222955~pagePK:148956~piPK:216618~theSitePK:239071,00.html

33 33 IFC is also involved IFC is also involved in environmental, health, safety, and social standards IFC is also involved in environmental, health, safety, and social standards IFC activities cut across sectors, but include agribusiness IFC activities cut across sectors, but include agribusiness Closely tied to what private sector calls CSR, or the triple bottom line of financial, social and environmental sustainability Closely tied to what private sector calls CSR, or the triple bottom line of financial, social and environmental sustainability

34 34 Bank involvement in mainstreaming standards takes various forms Support for Global Public Partnerships (GPPs), e.g. STDF Support for Global Public Partnerships (GPPs), e.g. STDF

35 35 Bank involvement in mainstreaming standards takes various forms Support for Global Public Partnerships (GPPs), e.g. STDF Support for Global Public Partnerships (GPPs), e.g. STDF Economic and Sector Work (ESW), e.g. Food Safety and Agricultural Health Standards: Challenges and Opportunities for Developing Countries Economic and Sector Work (ESW), e.g. Food Safety and Agricultural Health Standards: Challenges and Opportunities for Developing Countries

36 36 Bank involvement in mainstreaming standards takes various forms Support for Global Public Partnerships (GPPs), e.g. STDF Support for Global Public Partnerships (GPPs), e.g. STDF Economic and Sector Work (ESW), e.g. Food Safety and Agricultural Health Standards: Challenges and Opportunities for Developing Countries Economic and Sector Work (ESW), e.g. Food Safety and Agricultural Health Standards: Challenges and Opportunities for Developing Countries Knowledge Products (KP), e.g. Guide for Assessing and Responding to Needs for National Agrifood Laboratory Improvement (late FY08) Knowledge Products (KP), e.g. Guide for Assessing and Responding to Needs for National Agrifood Laboratory Improvement (late FY08)

37 37 Bank involvement in mainstreaming standards takes various forms Support for Global Public Partnerships (GPPs), e.g. STDF Support for Global Public Partnerships (GPPs), e.g. STDF Economic and Sector Work (ESW), e.g. Food Safety and Agricultural Health Standards: Challenges and Opportunities for Developing Countries Economic and Sector Work (ESW), e.g. Food Safety and Agricultural Health Standards: Challenges and Opportunities for Developing Countries Knowledge Products (KP), e.g. Guide for Assessing and Responding to Needs for National Agrifood Laboratory Improvement (late FY08) Knowledge Products (KP), e.g. Guide for Assessing and Responding to Needs for National Agrifood Laboratory Improvement (late FY08) Analytical and Advisory Assistance (AAA), e.g. technical assistance to Malaysias MAFC and EPU Analytical and Advisory Assistance (AAA), e.g. technical assistance to Malaysias MAFC and EPU

38 38 Bank involvement in mainstreaming standards takes various forms Support for Global Public Partnerships (GPPs), e.g. STDF Support for Global Public Partnerships (GPPs), e.g. STDF Economic and Sector Work (ESW), e.g. Food Safety and Agricultural Health Standards: Challenges and Opportunities for Developing Countries Economic and Sector Work (ESW), e.g. Food Safety and Agricultural Health Standards: Challenges and Opportunities for Developing Countries Knowledge Products (KP), e.g. Guide for Assessing and Responding to Needs for National Agrifood Laboratory Improvement (late FY08) Knowledge Products (KP), e.g. Guide for Assessing and Responding to Needs for National Agrifood Laboratory Improvement (late FY08) Analytical and Advisory Assistance (AAA), e.g. technical assistance to Malaysias MAFC and EPU Analytical and Advisory Assistance (AAA), e.g. technical assistance to Malaysias MAFC and EPU Support for Public Private Partnerships (PPP), e.g. Trade Standards Practitioners Network Support for Public Private Partnerships (PPP), e.g. Trade Standards Practitioners Network

39 39 Considerable research has been supported as well Studies on specific challenges relating to standards in general and food/agricultural health in particular Studies on specific challenges relating to standards in general and food/agricultural health in particular

40 40 Considerable research has been supported as well Studies on specific challenges relating to standards in general and food/agricultural health in particular Studies on specific challenges relating to standards in general and food/agricultural health in particular Cost of compliance Cost of compliance

41 41 Considerable research has been supported as well Studies on specific challenges relating to standards in general and food/agricultural health in particular Studies on specific challenges relating to standards in general and food/agricultural health in particular Cost of compliance Cost of compliance Strategies for maintaining or restoring smallholder participation in profitable value/supply chains Strategies for maintaining or restoring smallholder participation in profitable value/supply chains

42 42 Considerable research has been supported as well Studies on specific challenges relating to standards in general and food/agricultural health in particular Studies on specific challenges relating to standards in general and food/agricultural health in particular Cost of compliance Cost of compliance Strategies for maintaining or restoring smallholder participation in profitable value/supply chains Strategies for maintaining or restoring smallholder participation in profitable value/supply chains Best practices in assessing investment needs in national agri-food laboratory systems for food safety and for plant/animal health Best practices in assessing investment needs in national agri-food laboratory systems for food safety and for plant/animal health

43 43 Considerable research has been supported as well Studies on specific challenges relating to standards in general and food/agricultural health in particular Studies on specific challenges relating to standards in general and food/agricultural health in particular Cost of compliance Cost of compliance Strategies for maintaining or restoring smallholder participation in profitable value/supply chains Strategies for maintaining or restoring smallholder participation in profitable value/supply chains Best practices in assessing investment needs in national agri-food laboratory systems for food safety and for plant/animal health Best practices in assessing investment needs in national agri-food laboratory systems for food safety and for plant/animal health Comparison of responses from different source countries to changes in EU aflatoxin tolerances Comparison of responses from different source countries to changes in EU aflatoxin tolerances

44 44 Other types of research Value-chain studies: groundnuts from Senegal; shrimp from Nicaragua; Nile perch from Kenya; shrimp, asparagus and edamame from Thailand Value-chain studies: groundnuts from Senegal; shrimp from Nicaragua; Nile perch from Kenya; shrimp, asparagus and edamame from Thailand

45 45 Other types of research Value-chain studies: groundnuts from Senegal; shrimp from Nicaragua; Nile perch from Kenya; shrimp, asparagus and edamame from Thailand Value-chain studies: groundnuts from Senegal; shrimp from Nicaragua; Nile perch from Kenya; shrimp, asparagus and edamame from Thailand Subsector studies: fresh vegetables from Kenya; fisheries from Senegal; ethnic foods from Jamaica; horticultural products from India Subsector studies: fresh vegetables from Kenya; fisheries from Senegal; ethnic foods from Jamaica; horticultural products from India

46 46 What about SPS Action Planning? Country-level SPS assessments: Country-level SPS assessments: 5 countries (Zambia, Kenya, Niger, Uganda, Pakistan) 5 countries (Zambia, Kenya, Niger, Uganda, Pakistan) 1 region (Commonwealth of Independent States) 1 region (Commonwealth of Independent States)

47 47 What about SPS Action Planning? Country-level SPS assessments: Country-level SPS assessments: 5 countries (Zambia, Kenya, Niger, Uganda, Pakistan) 5 countries (Zambia, Kenya, Niger, Uganda, Pakistan) 1 region (Commonwealth of Independent States) 1 region (Commonwealth of Independent States) Five SPS Country Action Plans to date Five SPS Country Action Plans to date Vietnam Vietnam Laos Laos Armenia Armenia Moldova Moldova Tanzania Tanzania

48 48 What about SPS Action Planning? Country-level SPS assessments: Country-level SPS assessments: 5 countries (Zambia, Kenya, Niger, Uganda, Pakistan) 5 countries (Zambia, Kenya, Niger, Uganda, Pakistan) 1 region (Commonwealth of Independent States) 1 region (Commonwealth of Independent States) Five SPS Country Action Plans to date Five SPS Country Action Plans to date Vietnam Vietnam Laos Laos Armenia Armenia Moldova Moldova Tanzania Tanzania One Regional SPS Action Plan One Regional SPS Action Plan CIS countries CIS countries

49 49 Typical content of an SPS Action Plan

50 50 Lessons Learned 1. No one size fits all

51 51 Lessons Learned 1. No one size fits all 2. Each country has a unique SPS risk profile

52 52 Lessons Learned 1. No one size fits all 2. Each country has a unique SPS risk profile 3. Countries also have different risk preferences

53 53 Lessons Learned 1. No one size fits all 2. Each country has a unique SPS risk profile 3. Countries also have different risk preferences 4. The history of the SPS infrastructure matters

54 54 Lessons Learned 1. No one size fits all 2. Each country has a unique SPS risk profile 3. Countries also have different risk preferences 4. The history of the SPS infrastructure matters 5. Resource endowments and political leverage among and within Ministries vary greatly

55 55 Lessons Learned 1. No one size fits all 2. Each country has a unique SPS risk profile 3. Countries also have different risk preferences 4. The history of the SPS infrastructure matters 5. Resource endowments and political leverage among and within Ministries vary greatly 6. Donor preferenceseven fadscan distort

56 56 Lessons Learned 1. No one size fits all 2. Each country has a unique SPS risk profile 3. Countries also have different risk preferences 4. The history of the SPS infrastructure matters 5. Resource endowments and political leverage among and within Ministries vary greatly 6. Donor preferenceseven fadscan distort 7. Buy-in for the analytics, the recommendations, and follow-through is very important

57 57 Lessons Learned 1. No one size fits all 2. Each country has a unique SPS risk profile 3. Countries also have different risk preferences 4. The history of the SPS infrastructure matters 5. Resource endowments and political leverage among and within Ministries vary greatly 6. Donor preferenceseven fadscan distort 7. Buy-in for the analytics, the recommendations, and follow-through is very important 8. Market-orientation, business-like operations, and a plan for sustainability are all critical too

58 58 Questions requiring further work How to strike the proper balance between global, regional and domestic challenges and opportunities? How to strike the proper balance between global, regional and domestic challenges and opportunities?

59 59 Questions requiring further work How to strike the proper balance between global, regional and domestic challenges and opportunities? How to strike the proper balance between global, regional and domestic challenges and opportunities? How to use risk assessment in a methodical way to make SPS decisions, not just for agri-food trade, but also for domestic food safety, agricultural health and environmental protection? How to use risk assessment in a methodical way to make SPS decisions, not just for agri-food trade, but also for domestic food safety, agricultural health and environmental protection?

60 60 Questions requiring further work How to strike the proper balance between global, regional and domestic challenges and opportunities? How to strike the proper balance between global, regional and domestic challenges and opportunities? How to use risk assessment in a methodical way to make SPS decisions, not just for agri-food trade, but also for domestic food safety, agricultural health and environmental protection? How to use risk assessment in a methodical way to make SPS decisions, not just for agri-food trade, but also for domestic food safety, agricultural health and environmental protection? How to define, disseminate and encourage application of best practices in cost/benefit, cost effectiveness and cost utility analysis for and across developing countries? How to define, disseminate and encourage application of best practices in cost/benefit, cost effectiveness and cost utility analysis for and across developing countries?

61 61 Questions requiring further work How to strike the proper balance between global, regional and domestic challenges and opportunities? How to strike the proper balance between global, regional and domestic challenges and opportunities? How to use risk assessment in a methodical way to make SPS decisions, not just for agri-food trade, but also for domestic food safety, agricultural health and environmental protection? How to use risk assessment in a methodical way to make SPS decisions, not just for agri-food trade, but also for domestic food safety, agricultural health and environmental protection? How to define, disseminate and encourage application of best practices in cost/benefit, cost effectiveness and cost utility analysis for and across developing countries? How to define, disseminate and encourage application of best practices in cost/benefit, cost effectiveness and cost utility analysis for and across developing countries? How to balance the desire for better technical analysis with the twin realities of limited resources and strong pressure groups that might distort decisions? How to balance the desire for better technical analysis with the twin realities of limited resources and strong pressure groups that might distort decisions?

62 62 Questions requiring further work How to strike the proper balance between global, regional and domestic challenges and opportunities? How to strike the proper balance between global, regional and domestic challenges and opportunities? How to use risk assessment in a methodical way to make SPS decisions, not just for agri-food trade, but also for domestic food safety, agricultural health and envrionmental protection? How to use risk assessment in a methodical way to make SPS decisions, not just for agri-food trade, but also for domestic food safety, agricultural health and envrionmental protection? How to define, disseminate and encourage application of best practices in cost/benefit, cost effectiveness and cost utility analysis for and across developing countries? How to define, disseminate and encourage application of best practices in cost/benefit, cost effectiveness and cost utility analysis for and across developing countries? How to balance the desire for better technical analysis with the twin realities of limited resources and strong pressure groups that might distort decisions? How to balance the desire for better technical analysis with the twin realities of limited resources and strong pressure groups that might distort decisions? How to improve the policy dialogue and rule-making process in client countries? How to improve the policy dialogue and rule-making process in client countries?

63 63 Where is this going within the Bank? Not going away soon Not going away soon

64 64 Where is this going within the Bank? Not going away soon Not going away soon Discussions around agri-food standards currently center on Aid for Trade, Regulatory Management, Doing Business in Agriculture Discussions around agri-food standards currently center on Aid for Trade, Regulatory Management, Doing Business in Agriculture

65 65 Where is this going within the Bank? Not going away soon Not going away soon Discussions around agri-food standards currently center on Aid for Trade, Regulatory Management, Doing Business in Agriculture Discussions around agri-food standards currently center on Aid for Trade, Regulatory Management, Doing Business in Agriculture Perceived need to maintain a balance between public and private, improve understanding of respective roles, improve coordination Perceived need to maintain a balance between public and private, improve understanding of respective roles, improve coordination

66 66 Where is this going within the Bank? Not going away soon Not going away soon Discussions around agri-food standards currently center on Aid for Trade, Regulatory Management, Doing Business in Agriculture Discussions around agri-food standards currently center on Aid for Trade, Regulatory Management, Doing Business in Agriculture Perceived need to maintain a balance between public and private, improve understanding of respective roles, improve coordination Perceived need to maintain a balance between public and private, improve understanding of respective roles, improve coordination Desire to increase attention to domestic quality, food safety, agricultural health, and environmental protection Desire to increase attention to domestic quality, food safety, agricultural health, and environmental protection

67 67 Where is this going within the Bank? Not going away soon Not going away soon Discussions around agri-food standards currently center on Aid for Trade, Regulatory Management, Doing Business in Agriculture Discussions around agri-food standards currently center on Aid for Trade, Regulatory Management, Doing Business in Agriculture Perceived need to maintain a balance between public and private, improve understanding of respective roles, improve coordination Perceived need to maintain a balance between public and private, improve understanding of respective roles, improve coordination Desire to increase attention to domestic quality, food safety, agricultural health, and environmental protection Desire to increase attention to domestic quality, food safety, agricultural health, and environmental protection Felt need to improve methods of dealing with multiple risks, identifying tradeoffs, and improving regulatory mgt. Felt need to improve methods of dealing with multiple risks, identifying tradeoffs, and improving regulatory mgt.

68 68 Where is this going within the Bank? Not going away soon Not going away soon Discussions around agri-food standards currently center on Aid for Trade, Regulatory Management, Doing Business in Agriculture Discussions around agri-food standards currently center on Aid for Trade, Regulatory Management, Doing Business in Agriculture Perceived need to maintain a balance between public and private, improve understanding of respective roles, improve coordination Perceived need to maintain a balance between public and private, improve understanding of respective roles, improve coordination Desire to increase attention to domestic quality, food safety, agricultural health, and environmental protection Desire to increase attention to domestic quality, food safety, agricultural health, and environmental protection Felt need to improve methods of dealing with multiple risks, identifying tradeoffs, and improving regulatory mgt. Felt need to improve methods of dealing with multiple risks, identifying tradeoffs, and improving regulatory mgt. Next major ESW likely to be Guide for Investment Analysis, Planning and Implementation in National Agri- food Analytical and Control Infrastructure (FY09) Next major ESW likely to be Guide for Investment Analysis, Planning and Implementation in National Agri- food Analytical and Control Infrastructure (FY09)

69 69 Summing up our future directions 1)Risk analysis

70 70 Summing up our future directions 1) 1)Risk analysis 2)Regulatory management (RIA, stakeholder consultation, rule- making)

71 71 Summing up our future directions 1) 1)Risk analysis 2) 2)Regulatory management (RIA, stakeholder consultation, rule- making) 3)Improving food and agricultural health policies, regulations and their application in domestic markets

72 72 Summing up our future directions 1) 1)Risk analysis 2) 2)Regulatory management (RIA, stakeholder consultation, rule- making) 3) 3)Improving food and agricultural health policies, regulations and their application in domestic markets 4)Private sector involvement

73 73 Summing up our future directions 1)Risk analysis 2)Regulatory management (RIA, stakeholder consultation, rule- making) 3)Improving food and agricultural health policies, regulations and their application in domestic markets 4)Private sector involvement


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