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A Free sample background from www.powerpointbackgrounds.com Slide 1 PHYTOSANITARY CAPACITY EVALUATION AS A TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE AND IPPC IMPLEMENTATION.

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Presentation on theme: "A Free sample background from www.powerpointbackgrounds.com Slide 1 PHYTOSANITARY CAPACITY EVALUATION AS A TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE AND IPPC IMPLEMENTATION."— Presentation transcript:

1 A Free sample background from Slide 1 PHYTOSANITARY CAPACITY EVALUATION AS A TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE AND IPPC IMPLEMENTATION EVALUATION TOOL PCE ECF

2 A Free sample background from Slide 2 PCE - AIMS *INITIALLY DEVELOPED BY NEW ZEALAND PRIMARILY INTENDED AS A TOOL TO ASSIST COUNTRIES TO MODERNIZE THEIR PHYTOSANITARY SYSTEM *OTHER POTENTIAL USES: * IPPC IMPLEMENTATION TOOL *MUTUAL RECOGNITION TOOL

3 A Free sample background from Slide 3 MODERNIZATION DEVELOPMENT OF THE CAPACITY TO MEET THE INTERNATIONAL PHYTOSANITARY OBLIGATIONS OF A COUNTRY IN AN EFFICIENT AND SUSTAINABLE MANNER DEVELOPMENT OF THE CAPACITY TO MEET THE INTERNATIONAL PHYTOSANITARY OBLIGATIONS OF A COUNTRY IN AN EFFICIENT AND SUSTAINABLE MANNER

4 A Free sample background from Slide 4 PCE RATIONALE THE CONTEMPORARY NEEDS OF A NATIONAL PHYTOSANITARY SYSTEM CAN BE ESTIMATED BY A MEASURE OF ITS CAPACITY TO MEET THE INTERNATIONAL OBLIGATIONS OF THE COUNTRY IN AN EFFICIENT AND SUSTAINABLE MANNER THIS CAN BE MEASURED THROUGH AN INVENTORY OF THE FUNCTIONS AND RESOURCES THAT MUST BE AVAILABLE TO COMPLY WITH EACH ISPM AND WITH THE MAJOR CATEGORIES OF ACTIVITIES OF A PHYTOSANITARY SYSTEM

5 A Free sample background from Slide 5 1.COUNTRY BACKGROUND INFORMATION 1.COUNTRY BACKGROUND INFORMATION 2.PHYTOSANITARY LEGISLATION 3.INSTITUTIONAL ISSUES 4.PEST DIAGNOSTIC CAPABILITIES 5.PEST RISK ANALYSIS 6.SURVEILLANCE 7.EXOTIC PEST RESPONSE 8.INSPECTION SYSTEMS 9.EXPORT CERTIFICATION PCE – PRESENT CATEGORIES

6 A Free sample background from Slide 6 SECTIONS IN EACH CATEGORY 1. NORMS OF REFERENCE 2. QUESTIONAIRE 3. SELF IMPROVEMENT 4. IDENTIFICATION OF STRENGTHS AND HIGH-PRIORITY WEAKNESSES 5. IDENTIFICATION OF REQUIRED ACTIONS

7 A Free sample background from Slide 7 PCE STRATEGY SELF DIAGNOSTIC REVERSION OF THE TRADITIONAL ROLE OF THE INTERNATIONAL CONSULTANTS (MORE FACILITATORS) VS. NATIONAL CONSULTANTS (MORE EXPERTS) INTERNATIONAL SUPPORT INTERNATIONAL SUPPORT FAO- OFFICER SPECIALIST INTERNATIONAL CONSULTANTS NATIONAL GROUP NATIONAL EXPERTS NATIONAL TEAM REPRESENTATION OF THE NATIONAL SYSTEM

8 A Free sample background from Slide 8 CLASSIFICATION OF THE OUTCOMES OF PCE A.NATURE OF THE LIMITING FACTOR -LEGISLATION (L) -DOCUMENTED PROCEDURES AND TRAINING (P) -INFRASTRUCTURE AND EQUIPMENT (E) B.KIND OF ASSISTANCE REQUIRED -NATIONAL COORDINATION -TECHNICAL COOPERATION -INFRASTRUCTURE AND EQUIPMENT INVESTMENTS

9 A Free sample background from Slide 9 PCE AS A TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE TOOL INVOLVES THE SELF-DIAGNOSTIC OF NATIONAL WEAKNESSES AND THE IDENTIFICATION OF PRIORITIES BY A NATIONAL GROUP OF EXPERTS WITH VALIDATION A THE NATIONAL LEVEL, THEREBY PROMOTING NATIONAL AWARENESS AND CONSENSUS INVOLVES THE SELF-DIAGNOSTIC OF NATIONAL WEAKNESSES AND THE IDENTIFICATION OF PRIORITIES BY A NATIONAL GROUP OF EXPERTS WITH VALIDATION A THE NATIONAL LEVEL, THEREBY PROMOTING NATIONAL AWARENESS AND CONSENSUS REVERT THE ROLE OF THE INTERNATIONAL CONSULTANT TO BE A FACILITATOR WITH EXPERTISE RATHER THAN AN EXPERT IN DIAGNOSTIC REVERT THE ROLE OF THE INTERNATIONAL CONSULTANT TO BE A FACILITATOR WITH EXPERTISE RATHER THAN AN EXPERT IN DIAGNOSTIC

10 A Free sample background from Slide 10 *PCE FOCUSES THE ATTENTION OF THE NATIONAL EXPERTS ON THE IMPORTANT ISSUES AND FACILITATES THE ANALYSIS *CONTRIBUTE TO MINIMIZING THE VARIATION AMONG THE JUDGMENTS OF EXPERTS FACING THE SAME SITUATION

11 A Free sample background from Slide 11 PCE CAN BE USED AS A CROSS DISCIPLINARY STRATEGIC TOOL IN RELATION WITH THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE SPS/WTO

12 A Free sample background from Slide 12 PLANT PROTECTION ANIMAL HEALTH FOOD SAFETY LEGISLATION RISK ANALYSIS SURVEILLANCE CERTIFICATION INSPECTION DIAGNOSTIC INSTITUTIONAL EXOTIC PEST SYSTEMIC VISION SIMETRYS ANS ASIM. STRATEGIC PLAN N.A.P.-LOGICAL FRAME PROJECT PORTFOLIO INTERDISCIPLINARY ANALISIS DISCIPLINARY ANALYSISDISCIPLINARY ANALYSIS THEMATIC ANALYIS NATIONAL GROUP NATIONAL TEAM REGIONAL ANALYSIS CRONOGRAM

13 A Free sample background from Slide 13 PCE AS A DIAGNOSTIC AND IPPC IMPLEMENTATION EVALUATION TOOL OUTCOMES OF THE PCE APPLICATION IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES ( ) IN CLOSE COOPERATION IPPC/FAO-TCP RESULTS FROM 30 COUNTRIES IN: RESULTS FROM 30 COUNTRIES IN:AFRICAASIA, SOUTH AMERICA (ANDEAN AND CARICOM REGIONS), EUROPE

14 A Free sample background from Slide 14 PRIORITIES/CATEGORY/MODULE 1rst2nd3rd4th5th INSTITUTIONAL LEGISLATION EXPORT CERTIFICATION DIAGNOSTIC CAPACITY EXOTIC PEST RESPONSE PEST RISK ANALYSIS INSPECTION PEST SURVEILLANCE PEST FREE AREAS L = LEGAL FRAMEWORK AND INSTITUTIONAL ISSUES P= DOCUMENTED PROCEDURES, AND TRAINING E= FACILITIES AND EQUIPMENT

15 A Free sample background from Slide 15 PRIORITIES/CATEGORY/MODULE 1rst2nd3rd4th5th INSTITUTIONAL L LEGISLATION L EXPORT CERTIFICATION L,PL,P DIAGNOSTIC CAPACITY L,PL,P EXOTIC PEST RESPONSE L PEST RISK ANALYSIS L INSPECTION L,PL,P PEST SURVEILLANCE P PEST FREE AREAS P L = LEGAL FRAMEWORK AND INSTITUTIONAL ISSUES P= DOCUMENTED PROCEDURES, AND TRAINING E= FACILITIES AND EQUIPMENT

16 A Free sample background from Slide 16 PRIORITIES/CATEGORY/MODULE 1rst2nd3rd4th5th INSTITUTIONAL LL LEGISLATION LL EXPORT CERTIFICATION L,PL,PL DIAGNOSTIC CAPACITY L,PL,PL EXOTIC PEST RESPONSE LP PEST RISK ANALYSIS LP INSPECTION L,PL,PP PEST SURVEILLANCE PP PEST FREE AREAS PP L = LEGAL FRAMEWORK AND INSTITUTIONAL ISSUES P= DOCUMENTED PROCEDURES, AND TRAINING E= FACILITIES AND EQUIPMENT

17 A Free sample background from Slide 17 PRIORITIES/CATEGORY/MODULE 1rst2nd3rd4th5th INSTITUTIONAL LLL LEGISLATION LLP EXPORT CERTIFICATION L,PL,PLE DIAGNOSTIC CAPACITY L,PL,PLE EXOTIC PEST RESPONSE LPP PEST RISK ANALYSIS LPP INSPECTION L,PL,PPP PEST SURVEILLANCE PPP PEST FREE AREAS PPP L = LEGAL FRAMEWORK AND INSTITUTIONAL ISSUES P= DOCUMENTED PROCEDURES, AND TRAINING E= FACILITIES AND EQUIPMENT

18 A Free sample background from Slide 18 PRIORITIES/CATEGORY/MODULE 1rst2nd3rd4th5th INSTITUTIONAL LLLL LEGISLATION LLPL EXPORT CERTIFICATION L,PL,PLEL,PL,P DIAGNOSTIC CAPACITY L,PL,PLEP,EP,E EXOTIC PEST RESPONSE LPPP PEST RISK ANALYSIS LPPE INSPECTION L,PL,PPPP PEST SURVEILLANCE PPPP,EP,E PEST FREE AREAS PPPP L = LEGAL FRAMEWORK AND INSTITUTIONAL ISSUES P= DOCUMENTED PROCEDURES, AND TRAINING E= FACILITIES AND EQUIPMENT

19 A Free sample background from Slide 19 PRIORITIES/CATEGORY/MODULE 1rst2nd3rd4th5th INSTITUTIONAL LLLLL LEGISLATION LLPLL EXPORT CERTIFICATION L,PL,PLEL,PL,PE DIAGNOSTIC CAPACITY L,PL,PLEP,EP,EL,P,EL,P,E EXOTIC PEST RESPONSE LPPPP PEST RISK ANALYSIS LPPEL,PL,P INSPECTION L,PL,PPPPE PEST SURVEILLANCE PPPP,EP,EP PEST FREE AREAS PPPPP L = LEGAL FRAMEWORK AND INSTITUTIONAL ISSUES P= DOCUMENTED PROCEDURES, AND TRAINING E= FACILITIES AND EQUIPMENT

20 A Free sample background from Slide 20 MAIN LIMITING FACTORS PRIORITY ORDER 1.PROMOTE PUBLIC AND POLITICAL AWARENESS 2.REVIEW AND UPGRADE NATIONAL LEGISLATION 3.IMPROVEMENT OF INSTITUTIONAL ASPECTS (SUSTAINABILITY) 4.DEVELOP REGULATORY FRAMEWORK 5.IMPLEMENT OPERATIONAL AND MANAGEMENT PROCEDURES 6.TRAINING AND IMPROVEMENT OF TECHNICAL SKILLS 7.IMPROVEMENT OF INTERNATIONAL/REGIONAL PARTICIPATION 8.IMPROVEMENT OF INFRASTRUCTURE AND EQUIPMENT

21 A Free sample background from Slide 21 TRADITIONAL vs MODERN TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE NEEDS 1.RECOGNITION OF THE NATIONAL SYSTEM 2.IMPROVEMENT OF NATIONAL LEGISLATION 3.IMPROVEMENT OF INSTITUTIONAL ASPECTS (SUSTAINABILITY) 4.IMPROVEMENT OF INTERNATIONAL/REG. PARTICIPATION 5.IMPROVEMENT OF TECHNICAL SKILLS 6.IMPROVEMENT OF INFRASTRUCTURE BEFORE SPS AFTER SPS NO MORE WHITE ELEPHANTS?

22 A Free sample background from Slide 22 THE ROLE OF NPPO IN THE NATIONAL PHYTOSANITARY SYSTEM AND THE FACILITATION OF SAFE TRADE PRODUCTIONPROCESSINGTRADE PRODUCTION – COMMERCIALIZATION CHAIN NPPO EXPORT MARKET ACCESS IMPORTS EXPORT CERTIFICATIONIMPORT VERIFICATION PHYTOSANITARY IMPROVEMENT MA MEF STATE GOVT. CUSTOMS RESEARCH EDUCATION PRODUCERSCONSUMERS IMPORTERS AND EXPORTERS PROFESSIONALS NATIONAL ECONOMIC POLICY FREE-TRADE WTO- IPPC FOREIGN AFFAIRS PORT AUTH.

23 A Free sample background from Slide 23 LEGISLATION GENERAL OBSOLECENCE IN RELATION WITH SPS/WTO AND NRT-IPPC COUNTRY OBLIGATIONS AND NPPO FUNCTIONS NOT ADDRESSED IN THE ACTS LACK OF LEGAL POWERS TO SEIZE AND SEARCH NO OBLIGATION FOR THE CUSTOMS TO REPORT WITH NPPO LACK OF SPECIFIC MANDATE TO PERFORM PRA FRAGMENTATION OF THE AUTHORITY (FUNCTIONS SCATTERED AMONG SEVERAL ORGANIZATIONS)

24 A Free sample background from Slide 24 LEGISLATION (Cont) LACK OF PROVISIONS FOR AN EMERGENCY EXOTIC PEST RESPONSE FUND LACK OF PROVISIONS FOR AN EMERGENCY EXOTIC PEST RESPONSE FUND LACK OF PROVISIONS FOR PARTICIPATION OF THE PRIVATE SECTOR LACK OF PROVISIONS FOR PARTICIPATION OF THE PRIVATE SECTOR NO PREVISIONS FOR ACCREDITATION NO PREVISIONS FOR ACCREDITATION OVERLAPPING OF THE NATIONAL AND SUB- NATIONAL AUTHORITIES OVERLAPPING OF THE NATIONAL AND SUB- NATIONAL AUTHORITIES LACK OF SPECIFICATION ABOUT THE PROCEDURES FOR THE ADOPTION OF PHYTOSANITARY REQUIREMENTS LACK OF SPECIFICATION ABOUT THE PROCEDURES FOR THE ADOPTION OF PHYTOSANITARY REQUIREMENTS PENALTIES AND FEES RATHER WEEK PENALTIES AND FEES RATHER WEEK

25 A Free sample background from Slide 25 INSTITUTIONAL ISSUES FRAGMENTATION OF THE AUTHORITY, (BETWEEN MINISTRIES, INSIDE THE MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE, BETWEEN THE NATIONAL AND SUB-NATIONAL GOVs) FRAGMENTATION OF THE AUTHORITY, (BETWEEN MINISTRIES, INSIDE THE MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE, BETWEEN THE NATIONAL AND SUB-NATIONAL GOVs) LACK OF COST RECOVERY POLICIES LACK OF COST RECOVERY POLICIES SALARIES NOT ENOUGHT COMPETITIVE SALARIES NOT ENOUGHT COMPETITIVE NPPOs ORGANIZED by PRODUCT AND NOT by FUNCTIONS AND PROGRAMS NPPOs ORGANIZED by PRODUCT AND NOT by FUNCTIONS AND PROGRAMS LACK OF REGULAR TRAINING PROGRAMS LACK OF REGULAR TRAINING PROGRAMS

26 A Free sample background from Slide 26 Institutional Issues (cont) LACK OF A SPECIAL UNIT IN CHARGE OF INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS LACK OF A SPECIAL UNIT IN CHARGE OF INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS LACK OF TRAINED MANAGERS IN CHARGE OF NATIONAL PROGRAMS LACK OF TRAINED MANAGERS IN CHARGE OF NATIONAL PROGRAMS SERVICES UNDERSTAFFED – MULTITASKING (INSPECTORS CONDUCT PRA, PERFORM PEST DIAGNOSTIC IN LABS AND DO INSPECTIONS AT THE POINTS OF ENTRY) SERVICES UNDERSTAFFED – MULTITASKING (INSPECTORS CONDUCT PRA, PERFORM PEST DIAGNOSTIC IN LABS AND DO INSPECTIONS AT THE POINTS OF ENTRY) NO DIFFERENTIATION BETWEEN SCIENTIFIC AND MANAGEMENT STAFFING PATTERNS NO DIFFERENTIATION BETWEEN SCIENTIFIC AND MANAGEMENT STAFFING PATTERNS

27 A Free sample background from Slide 27 DOCUMENTED PROCEDURES LACK OF DOCUMENTED PROCEDURES AND MANAGERS FOR LACK OF DOCUMENTED PROCEDURES AND MANAGERS FOR –SURVEILLANCE –PEST LISTING –PRA –EXPORT CERTIFICATION –INSPECTION –PEST DIAGNOSTIC –EXOTIC PEST RESPONSE –PFA, PLACES AND SITES LACK OF OPERATIONAL MANUALS LACK OF OPERATIONAL MANUALS LACK OF INTERNAL AUDIT SYSTEMS LACK OF INTERNAL AUDIT SYSTEMS LACK OF COMPUTERIZED SYSTEMS LACK OF COMPUTERIZED SYSTEMS

28 A Free sample background from Slide 28 FACILITIES AND EQUIPMENT INSPECTION FACILITIES AT POINTS OF ENTRY INSPECTION FACILITIES AT POINTS OF ENTRY LABORATORY FACILITIES AND EQUIPMENT LABORATORY FACILITIES AND EQUIPMENT INCINERATORS AND SCANNING EQUIPMENT INCINERATORS AND SCANNING EQUIPMENT LIBRARY LIBRARY CUMPUTER SYSTEMS (NET) CUMPUTER SYSTEMS (NET) GLASHOUSES AND SCRENHOUSES GLASHOUSES AND SCRENHOUSES

29 A Free sample background from Slide 29 CONCLUSIONS PCE RESULTS SHOWS THAT DEVELOPING COUNTRIES SUFFER INTRINSIC DIFFICULTIES IN THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE IPPC AND ASSOCIATED STANDARDS. PCE RESULTS SHOWS THAT DEVELOPING COUNTRIES SUFFER INTRINSIC DIFFICULTIES IN THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE IPPC AND ASSOCIATED STANDARDS. THE TRADITIONAL TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS ARE NOT THE MOST ADEQUATE TOOLS TO RESOLVE THOSE DIFFICULTIES THE TRADITIONAL TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS ARE NOT THE MOST ADEQUATE TOOLS TO RESOLVE THOSE DIFFICULTIES

30 A Free sample background from Slide 30 ADDITIONALLY, AND DUE TO THE LACK OF SPECIFIC ISPMs UNDER IPPC (DIFFERENTIAL SITUATION WITH CODEX AND OIE), IPPC MEMBERS NEARLY ALWAYS NEED TO JUSTIFY THEIR PHYTOSANITARY MEASURES THROUGH PRA THE COMBINED EFFECT OF THE SPECIAL DIFFICULTIES TO IMPLEMENT GENERIC ISPMs AND THE LACK OF SPECIFIC ISPMs UNDER THE IPPC SEEMS TO BE PROVOKING A DOMINO EFFECT ON CERTAIN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES, WITH THE FINAL RESULT BEING A REDUCTION IN THEIR ABILITY TO COMPETE GLOBALLY

31 A Free sample background from Slide 31 DOMINO EFFECT NO SURVEILLANCE NO PEST LISTING NO PEST CATEGORIZATION NO PEST RISK ANALYSIS LACK OF SCIENTIFIC JUSTIFICATION FOR PHYTOSANITARY REQUIREMENTS

32 A Free sample background from Slide 32 What next? PCE is a useful diagnostic and strategic planning tool: PCE is a useful diagnostic and strategic planning tool: –Keep PCE updated –Generalize its use to other phytosanitary TA programs beyond the TCP/FAO. –Expand its applications to food safety and animal health. Develop new additional TA tools Develop new additional TA tools – Legislation guidelines – Computerized information management procedures. Coordinate inter-agency TA programs Coordinate inter-agency TA programs

33 A Free sample background from Slide 33


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