Presentation on theme: "Trade & Environment prof. Bjørn Lomborg www.lomborg.org."— Presentation transcript:
Trade & Environment prof. Bjørn Lomborg
Background for Environmental Concern n Need to remove our myths –Doomsday is not neigh –Thus, we dont have to act in desperation n Essential information necessary to make the best possible decisions –There is only one bag of money but many good uses
Are things really getting better? n We have more leisure time, greater security and fewer accidents, more education, more amenities, higher incomes, fewer starving, more food and a healthier and longer life. –Both for the industrialized and developing world
Calories for developed and developing countries, FAO 2001
Resources - is there enough?
Oil, Consumption Time Simon et al & EIA 1997, 1999, 2000
Prices on Raw Materials, Economist 2001
Pollution - are we undermining welfare?
Particles and SO 2 in London, Brimblecombe 1977, Laxen & Thomsen 1987, Elsom 1997 SO 2 Smoke
And the developing world? n Pollution has a tendency to get first worse with economic growth, then better n Thus, both growth and environment Income per capita, 1985 PPP$ World Bank 1992, Shafik 1994 Particles, g/m 3
Trade and the concern for the Environment n Concern easily becomes first world protectionism –Air pollution is a form of comparative advantage n Pollution of poverty –Focus on poverty alleviation –Doesnt mean no concerns but important to focus on need for free market access n Especially for agriculture and textiles
The worth of the 21 st century with focus on different concerns IPCC 2000