Presentation on theme: "US Regulatory Process FCC Equipment Authorization Program Karen Rackley Chief, Technical Rules Branch Federal Communications Commission Office of Engineering."— Presentation transcript:
US Regulatory Process FCC Equipment Authorization Program Karen Rackley Chief, Technical Rules Branch Federal Communications Commission Office of Engineering and Technology Policy and Rules Division
April 23, 2003 US Regulatory Process 2 About the FCC The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) is an independent United States government agency, directly responsible to Congress. The FCC was established by the Communications Act of 1934 and is charged with regulating interstate and international communications by radio, television, wire, satellite and cable. The FCC's jurisdiction covers the 50 states, the District of Columbia, and U.S. possessions.
April 23, 2003 US Regulatory Process 3 Organization The FCC is directed by five Commissioners appointed by the President and confirmed by the Senate for 5-year terms, except when filling an unexpired term. The President designates one of the Commissioners to serve as Chairperson. None of the Commissioners can have a financial interest in any Commission-related business.
April 23, 2003 US Regulatory Process 4 Office of Engineering and Technology OETs Mission Manage the spectrum and provide technical leadership to create new opportunities for innovative, competitive technologies and services for the American public FCC Laboratory Columbia, MD (40 km NE of DC)
April 23, 2003 US Regulatory Process 5 OETs Principal Functions Spectrum Management Technical Research and Analysis Network Reliability and Technology Authorization of Service Equipment Authorization Experimental Licensing Technical Education
April 23, 2003 US Regulatory Process 6 Federal Communications Commission Federal Communications Commission (FCC) regulates the private sector telecommunications industry, in the public interest Establishes technical regulations for transmitters and other equipment to minimize their potential for causing interference to radio services. Administers an authorization program to ensure that equipment reaching the market complies with the technical requirements.
April 23, 2003 US Regulatory Process 7 FCC Regulations Title 47 of the Code of Federal Regulations Transmitter specifications Radio Services EMC specifications Telephone Terminal Equipment Test Methods Equipment Authorization Requirement Marketing and Importation Rules
April 23, 2003 US Regulatory Process 8 How are regulations made? Administrative Procedures Act (APA- 5 USC 553) Requires all US government agencies to give the public the opportunity to comment on any regulations that will affect them. Proposal Comments and Reply Comments and Reply Comments Final Rule (Report & Order) Final Rule (Report & Order) FCC Rule Making Process
April 23, 2003 US Regulatory Process 9 Standards for RF Equipment Incidental Radiator Unintentional Radiator Intentional Radiator Licensed Transmitters
April 23, 2003 US Regulatory Process 10 Incidental Radiators Generate radio frequency energy during the course of its operation although the device is not intentionally designed to generate or emit radio frequency energy. (§15.13) Manufacturers of these devices must employ good engineering practices to minimize the risk of harmful interference. Examples: DC motors mechanical light switches
April 23, 2003 US Regulatory Process 11 Unintentional Radiators Part 15, Subpart B – Any device that intentionally generates RF energy, but does not intentionally radiate that energy Examples: Digital devices (computers, data processing equipment, etc.), Radio receivers that tune between MHz, TV interface devices (VCRs, cable terminal devices, etc.)
April 23, 2003 US Regulatory Process 12 Intentional Radiators Part 15, Subpart C – Lists frequency bands and types of operation permitted. Examples: Cordless Telephones Remote Switches, door controls, alarms Wireless Local Area Network (WLAN)
April 23, 2003 US Regulatory Process 13 Licensed Radio Services Transmitters that require either an individual license or a blanket authorization are subject to requirements of a specific radio service. General Mobile Radio Services (non-cellular) Personal Mobile Services Broadcast Radio Services Microwave Radio Services Maritime and Aviation Radio Services
April 23, 2003 US Regulatory Process 14 Telephone Terminal Regulations 47 CFR Part 68 – Telephone Terminal Equipment (TTE) Public Switched Telephone Network (PSTN) Private Line Interfaces Analog Interfaces Digital Interfaces
April 23, 2003 US Regulatory Process 15 Example – Spread Spectrum A number of telecom products, such as cordless telephones, have taken advantage of Spread Spectrum Spread spectrum technology was originally developed for military applications FCC first established provisions for Part 15 unlicensed spread spectrum devices in 1985 Little activity in first few years Then it started to grow!
April 23, 2003 US Regulatory Process 16 Equipment Authorization Program The FCC currently has four equipment approval programs Verification Supplier Declaration of Conformity (SDoC) (Part 68) Declaration of Conformity (DoC) Certification The product approval requirement is specified in the rule part under which equipment operates All four programs involve the use of the private sector to varying degrees
April 23, 2003 US Regulatory Process 17 Verification (Self-approval) Verification (Self-approval) Certification (Approved by FCC or TCB) Certification (Approved by FCC or TCB) DoC (Self-approval using an accredited lab) DoC (Self-approval using an accredited lab) Equipment Authorization Program The type of approval is specified in the rules for the particular type of device SDoC (Part 68) (Self-approval Database by ACTA) SDoC (Part 68) (Self-approval Database by ACTA) Minimum Maximum
April 23, 2003 US Regulatory Process 18 Why Use the Private Sector? Speed at which technology is changing and shorter product life cycles require faster product approvals The private sector has the technical expertise and ability to certify equipment. Increase the resources performing conformity assessment Efficiencies in designing and approving product in the same geographic location Reduce uncertainty and delay in obtaining certification
April 23, 2003 US Regulatory Process 19 What is a TCB? A Telecommunication Certification Body is a Certification Body that has been accredited to ISO/IEC Guide 65 by a recognized Accrediting Organization and designated by the FCC to approve equipment subject to certification. A TCB has certain rights and responsibilities (equitable treatment of applicants, audit through sampling of equipment on market) Foreign entities may become a TCB in accordance with the terms of a government-to-government Mutual Recognition Agreement/Arrangement.
April 23, 2003 US Regulatory Process 20 Certification Options Prepare Test Report and Application FCC GRANTFCC GRANT Label Product and Instructions in User Manual Market Product Test and Evaluate Product to Determine Compliance Submit Application to FCC Submit Application to TCB
April 23, 2003 US Regulatory Process 21 Private Certification Bodies FCC Equipment Authorization Application Trend
April 23, 2003 US Regulatory Process 22 What is an MRA? Mutual Recognition Agreement/Arrangement (MRA) Mutually agree to accept test results and product approvals Use of harmonized technical standards is not part of an MRA
April 23, 2003 US Regulatory Process 23 United States and MRAs The US Government has agreed to participate in three separate MRAs: European Union MRA Asian Pacific Economic Co-operation Tel MRA (APEC) Inter-American Commission for Telecommunications (CITEL MRA)
April 23, 2003 US Regulatory Process 24 Identification of Players Regulatory Authority (RA) Federal Communications Commission (FCC) Designating Authority (DA) National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Accreditation Body (Phase 1) National Voluntary Lab Accreditation Program (NVLAP) & American Association of Lab Accreditation (A2LA) AB (Phase 2)American National Standards Institute (ANSI)
April 23, 2003 US Regulatory Process 25 Summary Rulemaking process is open to all interested parties Opportunity to appeal decisions made by the regulatory authority Decisions are made by a five member independent Commission Rules provide for flexibility and innovation Use of the private sector: Development of technical standards Development of measurement procedures Conformity Assessment
April 23, 2003 US Regulatory Process 26 Information On Line OET Info on line (Orders, Public Notices, etc.) FCC Rules and Regulations General FCC Information
April 23, 2003 US Regulatory Process 27 Thanks! Thanks!