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Water in a Rural Setting Water as a human need: how can it be obtained? Open water: ponds, rivers: problems in delivery, quantity available, drought etc. Groundwater: what sources? How can this be accessed safely? Conditions to sustain supply.
Underground water is a useful source
Water Table: what is it? How can we use it? Capillary Action of Water (as found in the Zone of Aeration) Approximate Level of Water Table Gravel Fractured Rock
An unconfined aquifer is underground water confined between impermeable strata and the surface
This is just a device to ease the lifting of water: there is no means for protecting the water from surface contamination, not only animals but children can fall in. It is definitely NOT SAFE.
Force Pump Handle Rising main Pump rod Pump cylinder
Pump rod Pump cylinder Plunger Handle Plunger & Pumprod
Cylinder Pump rod Rising main Plunger Foot valve
Priming of Suction Pump Bucket Priming water Plunger Cylinder Check valve Suction pipe