Presentation on theme: "Identifying Author’s Purpose and Perspective World Lit DD"— Presentation transcript:
1Identifying Author’s Purpose and Perspective World Lit DD
2Authors write for many different reasons: To informTo PersuadeTo Entertain
3Author’s Purpose: To Inform A piece that INFORMS might:Teach about history, science or other subjectsReport an eventDescribe facts
4Author’s Purpose: To Persuade Remember that to persuade means to convince.Commercials on TV try to persuade or convince you toDO or BUY somethingA piece that PERSUADES might:Argue for or against an ideaConvince people to do orbuy somethingTell people how to actOffer the best solution to a problem
5Author’s Purpose: To Entertain Remember that entertain means to make people enjoy something.A piece that ENTERTAINS might:Tell you about things you are already interested inMake people laughTell a personal storyPut words together into a poem
6You will be using this form to help you identify Author’s Purpose and Perspective There are 4 main parts to this activity.These will be explained on the next 4 slides
7Identify the GENRE Novel Letter Science Fiction Biography Articles Genre is a fancy way of describing what kind of text something is.For example:NovelLetterNovelShort StoryMysteryArticleBiographyScience FictionPoetryFictionNon-FictionDiaryLetterScience FictionBiographyArticlesMysteryPoetry
8Identify the GENRE Let’s say you read one of the texts below: What kind of GENRE is it?Article
9Identify the Author’s PURPOSE Once you have read the text you must decide why you think the AUTHOR wrote the piece.Ask yourself if he or she was trying to:Inform you about somethingPersuade you or someone else to do somethingEntertain you or help you appreciate or enjoy somethingFor LEVEL 4 you need to look for evidence in the text to support the answer you gave. Copy a passage that really shows the Author’s Purpose
10Identify the MAIN IDEA THAT is the MAIN IDEA! Ask yourself: “What is the most important idea in this text?”What is the ONE thing the author really wants me to know?THAT is the MAIN IDEA!The MAIN IDEA is NOT a summary of the whole text that you read. Try to keep your main idea to 1 or 2 short sentences.
11Identify the Author’s PERSPECTIVE The Author’s Perspective is:What the Author thinks about the MAIN IDEAFor Example, if the MAIN IDEA is about Putting animals in zoos,Does the author think it is a GOOD thing or BAD thing? What is his or her opinion?Once you have the MAIN IDEA you can figure out the Author’s Perspective!For LEVEL 4 you need to look for evidence in the text to support the answer you gave. Copy a passage that really shows what the Author thinks!
12Example Let’s abandon Zoos To Persuade Zoos might seem like a good thing, but really they are not.ArticleHe thinks that it isn’t fair or right to keep animals in zoos“Instead of supporting zoos we should support groups that work to preserve animal’s natural habitats.”Use “quotes” from the text to provide evidence!He says “How could we think that keeping animals in cages for entertainment is a good and decent thing?”S. Metzler –Shaw Heights Middle School, 2010
13Now you are READY to Identify Author’s Purpose and Perspective! For your first assignment pick a text that isNON-FICTION (this means that it is TRUE)Read a text and then fill in all the boxes on your paperYou can always come back and watch the Power Point again if you need help!