2Voting Requirements to Vote: 18 years of age, resident of the state, citizen of the United States, registered.Polling Place: where the vote is heldabsentee ballot: a ballot to vote for a registered voter who is unable or unwilling to attend the official polling place.Who is in charge of running elections?
3Election Day Coverage Returns: Votes from each precinct is counted. exit polls: Polls taken from voters as they leave polling place.Allows analysts to make predictions.How can it influence the outcome of an election?Push polls: a technique used by campaigns to influence voters under the disguise of a poll.
4AVOID APATHY Apathy: Lack of concern or care The 2000 presidential race came down to 500 votes in Florida.
5Types of ElectionsGeneral Election: 1st Tuesday after the 1st Monday in November on even dated years.Why?Special Elections: special circumstances can lead to elections outside of the general election.run-off- in case of no decisionrecall- a vote to remove an elected official from office.
6What do you vote for?Initiative: Citizens can propose laws to be placed on the ballot through petitions.Proposition: Citizen proposed law which has been placed on a ballot.Referendum: Citizens can “refer” a law passed by their legislature to placed on the ballot (check by the people).Presidential Elections (61%-High) v. Mid-Term Elections (48%-High)
7Campaigns Billions of dollars every election ($5.8 Billion) canvassing, phone calls, advertisingWhat is the purpose of spending money in a campaign?
8Campaign Finance Reform FECA- Federal Election Campaign Act- created to regulate campaign finance.public disclosurelimit on hard money: money given exactly to a candidate.limited PAC (political action committees)- organization that campaigns for or against candidates, initiatives, or legislation.
9Campaign Finance Reform Buckley v. Valeo: government could set limits on campaign contributions.soft money: money given directly to the party and not designated to a specific candidate.McCain-Feingold Act- limited soft money.Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission: Found that McCain-Feingold violated the first amendment, and allows for corporations and unions to give unrestricted soft money.