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The Commonwealth Fund 2005 International Health Policy Survey of Sicker Adults in Six Countries Cathy Schoen, Robin Osborn, Phuong Trang Huynh, Michelle.

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Presentation on theme: "The Commonwealth Fund 2005 International Health Policy Survey of Sicker Adults in Six Countries Cathy Schoen, Robin Osborn, Phuong Trang Huynh, Michelle."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Commonwealth Fund 2005 International Health Policy Survey of Sicker Adults in Six Countries Cathy Schoen, Robin Osborn, Phuong Trang Huynh, Michelle M. Doty, and Jennifer A. Fenley November 2005 THE COMMONWEALTH FUND Support for this research was provided by The Commonwealth Fund. The views presented here are those of the authors and not necessarily those of The Commonwealth Fund or its directors, officers, or staff. Additional copies of this and other Commonwealth Fund publications are available online at To learn about new Fund publications when they appear, visit the Funds Web site and register to receive alerts. Commonwealth Fund pub. no. 871.

2 THE COMMONWEALTH FUND Adults with Health Problems 2005 International Health Policy Survey Telephone survey of sicker adults ages 18 and older in Australia, Canada, Germany, New Zealand, the U.K., and the U.S. Adults met at least one of the following criteria: –Self reported health status is fair or poor –Serious illness in the past 2 years –Hospitalized or had major surgery in the past 2 years One-fourth to one-third of adults net screened as sicker Final samples: 702 Australia, 751 Canada, 1,503 Germany, 704 New Zealand, 1,770 United Kingdom, and 1,527 United States Conducted by Harris Interactive and subcontractors from March 2005 to June Commonwealth Fund International Health Policy Survey

3 THE COMMONWEALTH FUND Adults with Health Problems Characteristics of Sicker Adults in Survey Percent who:AUSCANGERNZUKUS Rate health as fair or poor Have any of 6 chronic illnesses, doctor diagnosis Saw 4 or more doctors in the past 2 years Use 4 or more prescriptions regularly Hospitalized, other than normal pregnancy in past 2 years Had major surgery in past 2 years Commonwealth Fund International Health Policy Survey

4 Hospital Stay and Discharge Experiences

5 THE COMMONWEALTH FUND Adults with Health Problems Did Doctors and Nurses Involve You as Much as You Wanted in Care Decisions? Base: Hospitalized in past 2 years 2005 Commonwealth Fund International Health Policy Survey Percent NOT involved as much as would like

6 THE COMMONWEALTH FUND Adults with Health Problems Were Risks Explained Before a Hospital Procedure in an Understandable Way? Percent said risks were NOT explained 2005 Commonwealth Fund International Health Policy Survey Base: Hospitalized in past 2 years

7 THE COMMONWEALTH FUND Adults with Health Problems Failure to Discuss Medications Used Before Hospitalized on Discharge Percent of patients with new prescription who said prior medications were not reviewed at discharge 2005 Commonwealth Fund International Health Policy Survey

8 THE COMMONWEALTH FUND Adults with Health Problems Deficiencies in Transition Planning When Discharged from the Hospital Percent who reported when discharged: AUSCANGERNZUKUS Did NOT receive instructions about symptoms to watch and when to seek further care Did NOT know who to contact with questions about condition or treatment Hospital did NOT make arrangements for follow-up visits % any of the above Base: Hospitalized in past 2 years 2005 Commonwealth Fund International Health Policy Survey

9 THE COMMONWEALTH FUND Adults with Health Problems Readmitted to a Hospital or Went to ER as a Result of Complications After Discharge Base: Hospitalized in past 2 years Percent readmitted or ER visit due to complications 2005 Commonwealth Fund International Health Policy Survey

10 Safety: Medication, Medical, and Diagnostic Test Errors

11 THE COMMONWEALTH FUND Adults with Health Problems Developed Infection While in the Hospital Base: Hospitalized in past 2 years Percent 2005 Commonwealth Fund International Health Policy Survey

12 THE COMMONWEALTH FUND Adults with Health Problems Medical Mistake or Medication Error in Past Two Years Percent reporting either mistake or medication error 2005 Commonwealth Fund International Health Policy Survey

13 THE COMMONWEALTH FUND Adults with Health Problems Medical Mistake or Medication Error Occurred Outside the Hospital Percent saying error occurred outside the hospital 2005 Commonwealth Fund International Health Policy Survey Base: Experienced medical mistake or medication error

14 THE COMMONWEALTH FUND Adults with Health Problems Incorrect Lab/Diagnostic Test or Delay in Receiving Abnormal Test Results Percent reporting either lab test error in past two years 2005 Commonwealth Fund International Health Policy Survey

15 THE COMMONWEALTH FUND Adults with Health Problems Any Error: Medical Mistake, Medication Error, or Test Error in Past Two Years Percent 2005 Commonwealth Fund International Health Policy Survey

16 THE COMMONWEALTH FUND Adults with Health Problems Patients Reporting Any Error by Number of Doctors Seen in Past Two Years Percent 2005 Commonwealth Fund International Health Policy Survey

17 Access

18 THE COMMONWEALTH FUND Adults with Health Problems Cost-Related Access Problems Percent in past year due to cost: AUSCANGERNZUKUS Did not fill prescription or skipped doses Had a medical problem but did not visit doctor Skipped test, treatment or follow-up Percent who said yes to at least one of the above Commonwealth Fund International Health Policy Survey

19 THE COMMONWEALTH FUND Adults with Health Problems Out-of-Pocket Medical Costs in the Past Year Percent 2005 Commonwealth Fund International Health Policy Survey AUS CAN GER NZ UK US

20 THE COMMONWEALTH FUND Adults with Health Problems Access to Doctor When Sick or Need Medical Attention Percent AUS CAN GER NZ UK US 2005 Commonwealth Fund International Health Policy Survey AUS CAN GER NZ UK US

21 THE COMMONWEALTH FUND Adults with Health Problems Difficulty Getting Care on Nights, Weekends, Holidays Without Going to the ER Percent saying very difficult or somewhat difficult 2005 Commonwealth Fund International Health Policy Survey

22 THE COMMONWEALTH FUND Adults with Health Problems Went to the ER for Condition that Could Have Been Treated by Regular Doctor if Available Percent 2005 Commonwealth Fund International Health Policy Survey

23 THE COMMONWEALTH FUND Adults with Health Problems Help Line Use Percent who reported:AUSCANGERNZUKUS Called help line for medical advice in the past 2 years Advice was definitely or somewhat helpful (Base: used help line) Commonwealth Fund International Health Policy Survey

24 THE COMMONWEALTH FUND Adults with Health Problems Waited More than Four Weeks to See a Specialist Doctor Percent 2005 Commonwealth Fund International Health Policy Survey Base: Saw or needed to see a specialist

25 THE COMMONWEALTH FUND Adults with Health Problems Waiting Time for Elective or Non-Emergency Surgery Percent 2005 Commonwealth Fund International Health Policy Survey Base: Needed non-emergency or elective surgery AUS CAN GER NZ UK US

26 Patient–Doctor Communication, Care Coordination, Patient Choice

27 THE COMMONWEALTH FUND Adults with Health Problems Length of Time with Regular Doctor Percent:AUSCANGERNZUKUS Has regular doctor Less than 2 years years or more No regular doctor Commonwealth Fund International Health Policy Survey

28 THE COMMONWEALTH FUND Adults with Health Problems Care Coordination Percent saying in the past 2 years: AUSCANGERNZUKUS Test results or records not available at time of appointment Duplicate tests: doctor ordered test that had already been done Percent who experienced either coordination problem Commonwealth Fund International Health Policy Survey

29 THE COMMONWEALTH FUND Adults with Health Problems Coordination Problems by Number of Doctors Percent 2005 Commonwealth Fund International Health Policy Survey * Either records/results did not reach doctors office in time for appointment OR doctors ordered a duplicate medical test

30 THE COMMONWEALTH FUND Adults with Health Problems Missed Opportunity to Engage Patients on Choice and Quality Percent who said:AUSCANGERNZUKUS Did NOT have a choice of surgeons Did NOT have any quality information about the surgeon Commonwealth Fund International Health Policy Survey Base: Had major surgery in the past 2 years

31 THE COMMONWEALTH FUND Adults with Health Problems Top Two Most Important Types of Information About Surgeons Percent:AUSCANGERNZUKUS Experience with specific conditions Outcomes of specific surgery or treatment Patient satisfaction ratings Training Commonwealth Fund International Health Policy Survey Base: Had major surgery in the past 2 years

32 Chronic Illness and Appropriateness of Care

33 THE COMMONWEALTH FUND Adults with Health Problems Did Not Receive Counseling About Exercise and Diet in Past Year 2005 Commonwealth Fund International Health Policy Survey Base: Adults with chronic health condition

34 THE COMMONWEALTH FUND Adults with Health Problems Missed Opportunities to Engage Patient in Care Percent saying doctor:*AUSCANGERNZUKUS Does NOT give you clear instructions Does NOT make goals and plans clear Does NOT tell you about treatment choices or ask your opinions * Doctor only sometimes, rarely, or never Commonwealth Fund International Health Policy Survey Base: Adults with chronic disease

35 THE COMMONWEALTH FUND Adults with Health Problems Prescription Medications Percent saying doctor:* AUSCANGERNZUKUS Does NOT review all medications taking, including prescribed by other doctors Does NOT explain side effects Commonwealth Fund International Health Policy Survey Base: Adults with chronic disease on regular medications * Doctor only sometimes, rarely, or never.

36 THE COMMONWEALTH FUND Adults with Health Problems Doctor Gives You Plan for Self-Management Base: Adults with chronic disease Percent given self-management plan 2005 Commonwealth Fund International Health Policy Survey

37 THE COMMONWEALTH FUND Adults with Health Problems Doctors Office Has a Nurse Regularly Involved in Care Management Base: Adults with chronic disease Percent have nurse involved 2005 Commonwealth Fund International Health Policy Survey

38 THE COMMONWEALTH FUND Adults with Health Problems Received Recommended Care for Chronic Condition Percent received recommended care: AUSCANGERNZUKUS Hypertension* Diabetes** * Blood pressure and cholesterol checked. ** Hemoglobin A1c and cholesterol checked, and feet and eyes examined Commonwealth Fund International Health Policy Survey

39 THE COMMONWEALTH FUND Adults with Health Problems Adults with Hypertension Who Received Recommended Care, by Self-Management Plan and/or Nurse Involvement Includes blood pressure and cholesterol checked 2005 Commonwealth Fund International Health Policy Survey Percent

40 THE COMMONWEALTH FUND Adults with Health Problems Adults with Diabetes Who Received Recommended Care, by Self-Management Plan or Nurse Involvement Includes Hemoglobin A1c and cholesterol checked, and feet and eyes examined 2005 Commonwealth Fund International Health Policy Survey * Sample size too small for subgroups for Australia, Canada, and New Zealand. Percent

41 THE COMMONWEALTH FUND Adults with Health Problems Adults with Hypertension or Diabetes Who Received Recommended Care by Self-Management Plan or Nurse Involvement 2005 Commonwealth Fund International Health Policy Survey Includes blood pressure and cholesterol for hypertension; Hemoglobin A1c and cholesterol checked, and feet and eyes examined for diabetes Percent

42 Overall Views of the Health Care System

43 THE COMMONWEALTH FUND Adults with Health Problems Views of the Health Care System in Six Nations Percent saying:AUSCANGERNZUKUS Only minor changes needed Fundamental changes needed Rebuild completely Commonwealth Fund International Health Policy Survey

44 THE COMMONWEALTH FUND Adults with Health Problems Care Experiences Reported by Adults with Positive or Negative System Views Percent 2005 Commonwealth Fund International Health Policy Survey Any medical, medication, or lab error Coordination problems Access problem due to cost Waited 6 days or more for appointment

45 Summary and Implications Medical Errors: High rates in multiple areas –Majority occur outside the hospital –Highest rates with complex care Coordination: Failures to coordinate and integrate care across sites of care put patients at risk Chronic Care: Gaps in engaging patients and use of teams to help manage care Choice: Lack of information undermines choice as a driver of quality Access: Wide variations across countries –Lack of timely access affects quality and efficiency –U.S. an outlier on cost barriers –Germany overall positive access experiences THE COMMONWEALTH FUND

46 Potential of Cross-National Exchange Opportunities to learn from country initiatives –Similar approaches in different systems –Different approaches to similar problems Multiple examples Models for managing chronic illnesses Use of IT and adoption of EHRs Primary care reforms Incentives to improve quality Distinct country patterns often reflect insurance and unique system designs – and their impact –Cross-national comparisons of positive as well as negative experiences can inform policy Patient experiences offer unique perspective THE COMMONWEALTH FUND

47 Acknowledgments With appreciation to: Harris Interactive Co-Authors: Kinga Zapert and Jordan Peugh Survey Development and Field Work: Harris Interactive and Affiliates Co-Funders: The Health Foundation and the German Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care THE COMMONWEALTH FUND


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