 # Rules For Significant Digits

## Presentation on theme: "Rules For Significant Digits"— Presentation transcript:

Rules For Significant Digits
Digits from 1-9 are always significant. Zeros between two other significant digits are always significant One or more additional zeros to the right of both the decimal place and another significant digit are significant. Zeros used solely for spacing the decimal point (placeholders) are not significant.

All non-zero digits are always significant.
EXAMPLES # OF SIG. DIG. 453 kg 3

Zeros between 2 significant digit are significant.
EXAMPLES # OF SIG. DIG. 5057 L 4

Additional zeros to the right of decimal and a significant digit are significant.
EXAMPLES # OF SIG. DIG. 5.00 3 5 2.0010

Placeholders are not significant
EXAMPLES # OF SIG. DIG. 0.007 1 5000 1

Multiplying and Dividing
RULE: When multiplying or dividing, your answer may only show as many significant digits as the multiplied or divided measurement showing the least number of significant digits. We look to the original problem and check the number of significant digits in each of the original measurements: Example: When multiplying cm x 3.10 cm x cm = cm3

Multiplying and Dividing
We look to the original problem and check the number of significant digits in each of the original measurements: 22.37 shows 4 significant digits. 3.10 shows 3 significant digits. 85.75 shows 4 significant digits. Our answer can only show 3 significant digits because that is the least number of significant digits in the original problem.

Multiplying and Dividing
First solve Problem: 13.7 x 2.5 = 34.25 Next - determine # of significant digits: 2 significant Digits Next – Round off answer to the number of significant digits: 34

RULE: When adding or subtracting your answer can only show as many decimal places as the measurement having the fewest number of decimal places. We look to the original problem to see the number of decimal places shown in each of the original measurements. Example: When we add 3.76 g g g = g