2 Where does tragedy come from? The Greek philosopher Aristotle first defined “tragedy” in his book Poetics written in about 330 B.C.
3 Aristotle’s definition of tragedy had SIX parts: Plot(Dramatic Structure)CharacterThoughtDiction (delivery)Spectacle(visual demonstration)Melody (music, rhythm, & rhyme)
4 What Defines Shakespearean Tragedy? A Tragic HeroThe Tragic Flaw or HamartiaReversal of FortuneCatharsis (emotion)Restoration of Social OrderWho remembers this place?
5 What makes each of these figures a tragic hero? The Tragic HeroThe tragic hero is someone we, as an audience, look up to—someone superior.The tragic hero is a character that the audience can identify withThe tragic hero features a fatal flaw that exposes his/her weakness.What makes each of these figures a tragic hero?
6 Tragic Flaw The hero is nearly perfect The hero has one flaw or weaknessWe call this the ‘tragic flaw’, ‘fatal flaw’, or hamartia.Ex: Pride
7 Reversal of FortuneThe ‘fatal flaw’ brings the hero down from his/her elevated state.(example from this year’s curriculum?)Renaissance audiences were familiar with the ‘wheel of fortune’ or ‘fickle fate’.What goes up, must come down.Cycle of life
8 Catharsis We get the word ‘catharsis’ from Aristotle’s katharsis. ‘Catharsis’ is the audience’s purging of emotions through pity, fear, anger, etc.The spectator is purged as a result of watching the hero fall.This is why we cry during movies!
9 Restoration of Social Order Tragedies include:a private element (within a family or small group)a public element (society or governmental order)The play cannot end until society is, once again, at peace.