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Çağlar Özden Development Economics Research Group The World Bank Comments on Gender and Determinants of International Migration from Rural Mexico by Richter.

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Presentation on theme: "Çağlar Özden Development Economics Research Group The World Bank Comments on Gender and Determinants of International Migration from Rural Mexico by Richter."— Presentation transcript:

1 Çağlar Özden Development Economics Research Group The World Bank Comments on Gender and Determinants of International Migration from Rural Mexico by Richter & Taylor

2 Moral of the Story….

3 Men Are From Mars, Women Are From Venus!!!

4 Moral of the Story…. Men get his sense of self from achievement Women get her sense of self from relationships And we need an economist to remind us!!

5 Main Points There are different propensities to migrate Work experience, network effects, border control (as deterrent) are stronger for women!!!

6 Questions Selection effects: Maybe a two-stage estimation strategy – using data on what people do after they migrate Decision to marry/have children Not in the estimation Also a selection effect Time Series Dimension of the Data Different Methodology

7 Çağlar Özden Development Economics Research Group The World Bank Comments on Impact of Aging in OECD Countries on International Nursing Migration by Lowell & Dumas

8 Moral of the Story….

9 Doom!!! War of the Worlds The Angry Red Planet The Day Mars Invaded Earth Invaders from Mars Mars Attacks!

10 Moral of the Story…. There is a looming shortage of nurses given the current patterns of aging and migration.

11 Moral of the Story…. And we need an economist to remind us that is not as clear !!

12 Main Comments There are no adjustment mechanisms – price/wage, quantity or policy Main Assumptions: Current nurse to population ratio - for each age group - reflect an equilibrium Current foreign born/native nurse population ratios are also at equilibrium Were these numbers identical in 1990, 1995, 2000?

13 Main Comments How is it possible that countries with similar economic conditions have such different equilibrium levels?? Different wages Regulatory restrictions on quantity, wage or both Different healthcare technologies (e.g. doctor/nurse ratio or nurse responsibilities)

14 Main Comments New YorkNew York 60,000 Los AngelesLos Angeles 54,070 VancouverVancouver 34,205 LondonLondon 48,764 www.payscale.com Between 1990-2000 real wages did not increase. Wages increased twice the rate of inflation between 2001-5 and 200,000 new nurses entered the profession.


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