4 GIS – eligibility criteria Party to the Kyoto Protocol; AAUs calculated and recorded in accordance with relevant guidelines and decisions; National system for the estimation of emissions and removals of all greenhouse gases in place; National registry; Most recent required inventory submitted annually; Supplementary information concerning adjustments and recalculations as required submitted.
5 Hungarys AAU potential Total assigned amount units: 542 million Commitment period reserve: 395 million Emission trends (low): 432 million Emission trends (high): 443 million JI reserve: 10 million Available AAU: 89 million GIS pilot phase: 10 million GIS 2 nd phase: million Source: Feiler, MoEW, Hungary
6 National Climate Change Policy National Climate Strategy: determines the objectives, priorities, tasks and instruments related to research and measures about domestic impacts, mitigation and adaptation National Climate Programme (NCP): –main measures to implement Hungarys commitments under the UNFCCC and the Kyoto Protocol –necessary adaptation measures to domestic impacts –research priorities connected to domestic impacts and to the cost-efficient reduction of emissions NCP priority areas on GHG emission reductions: –Energy efficiency in the domestic sector –Energy efficiency in the public sector –Renewable energy use in micro, small and medium scale –Emission reduction in the transport sector
7 Legal framework Act LX of 2007 on the implementation framework of the UNFCCC and the Kyoto Protocol –defines the crucial elements of the treasury asset management of Kyoto units; –The Kyoto units can be used: to offset GHG emissions occurring in Hungary; to generate ERUs for JI projects implemented in Hungary; to trade under International Emission Trading. Government Decree 323/2007. (XII. 11.) Korm. on the implementation of Act LX of 2007 –Objecives of the GIS –Conditions for the sale of AAUs –Contract regarding the sale of AAUs –Support conditions and types in the GIS –Conditions for & decisions over applications –Aid contracts –Monitoring and verification
8 Project selection Hard greening: all activities supported by the Scheme should result in emission reduction Focus on areas with the highest cost-benefit ratio Focus on areas where support can create enabling environment Climate additionality and legal additionality Carbon effectiveness calculation considers post-Kyoto period
9 CO2 emissions CO2 emissions by final energy end-users in Hungary, 2004 Source: Novikova, Dr. Ürge-Vorsatz, based on ODYSSEE (2007)
10 Mitigation potential Estimated potential for CO2 mitigation in EITs at a sectoral level in different cost categories in 2030 Source: Novikova, Dr. Ürge-Vorsatz, based on IPCC (2007) Cost categories (US$/tCO2eq)
11 Proposed areas – National CC Policy residential and public sectors renewable energy use for smaller to larger heating systems; Other measures of energy conservation, energy efficiency and promotion of the use of renewable energy; Biogas production and its utilization for transport; Activities for reductions of non-CO2 emissions; Development and utilization of environmental technologies that promote energy efficiency improvements, energy conservation and enhanced use of renewable energy resources.
12 Proposed areas – GIS: residential sector Retrofit of existing buildings –Exchange of windows and doors –Improvement of the thermal envelope –Condensing boilers –Solar protection –Balanced ventilation systems with heat recovery –Sunspaces – additional glazing of existing loggias and balconies Applications of renewable energy sources –Solar thermal collectors –Biomass burners –Heat pumps Construction of new low energy buildings
13 GIS windows Program window emission reduction activities which are easy to execute in large numbers, using standard procedures emission reductions are easily verifiable –house insulation –public lighting modernization –passive house construction –Renewable energy, energy efficiency and energy saving projects primarily in the domestic and public sector Project window large size unique or/and complex GHG reduction projects operations similar to those of Joint Implementation, with a streamlined procedure ISO based emission reduction verification procedure
14 Procedural framework GIS contract signature: Buyer Govt. Hungarian Min. of Env. and Water (MoEW) AAU => Buyer Purchase price => GIS fund Calls for GIS applications approved and published In cooperation with MoEW Climate and Energy Unit Evaluation and contracting disbursement Implementation (post- completion disbursement) Implementation (advance payment) disbursement verification monitoring
15 Monitoring & Verification Verification 1. Small projects, easy to establish emission reductions: reporting by the beneficiary of the project with documentation and random verification by the GIS Management Office 2. Large, complex projects: third party verification according to ISO standard Monitoring Internationally renowned auditing firm to audit investments and use of the revenues Auditor to prepare annual reports and final report Buyers will have full and unrestricted access to all relevant data, information and documentation
16 Summary Strong governmental commitments –Advanced status of legislation High standards of transparency and fiscal credibility –Monitoring framework Operational efficiency –Low administrative costs (up to 5%) Hard greening –Verification of emission reductions Buyer tailored approach –Priorities of buyers are considered and accomodated