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Page 1 Overviews of Social Protection: Lesson Learned from Thailand By Suwanee Khamman Deputy Secretary – General, NESDB, Thailand.

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Presentation on theme: "Page 1 Overviews of Social Protection: Lesson Learned from Thailand By Suwanee Khamman Deputy Secretary – General, NESDB, Thailand."— Presentation transcript:

1 Page 1 Overviews of Social Protection: Lesson Learned from Thailand By Suwanee Khamman Deputy Secretary – General, NESDB, Thailand

2 Scope of Presentation 1. Current Economic Crisis 2. Social Impact of The Crisis : Policy Response Crisis : Lessoned Learned Crisis : Stimulus Packages Social Protection 4. The Crisis as an Opportunity : Further Priorities for Sustainable Dev.

3 Overview of the impact of the world economic crisis on Thailand World economic crisis* Economic impact Social impact Lower export Shrinking tourism industry Lower consumption Lower price of agricultural product Financial institutions in G7 continue to collapse until Q1/ Stock and bond unresponsive to the Rescues Plan Bill Lacking liquidity in the world market Biggest depression in U.S., Japan, E.U. in 70 years Stable oil and agricultural product price until Q2 of 2009 Lower consumption and employment Reduced overtime payment/Salary Layoff Unemployment among recent graduates Unemployment Return to homeland Social problem

4 1997 CRISIS : SOCIAL PROTECTION 1. Civil servant pension fund 2. Social security fund (based on Social Security Act 1990) 3. Fund based on Labor Protection Act Workmens Compensation fund - provident fund - Severance Pay - Employee Welfare Fund Social Security/Social InsuranceSocial Service+Social AssistanceSocial Safety Nets 1. Unemployment Mitigation Plan 2. World Bank : SIP - public work - social investment fund 3. ADB - unemployment + labor - education - health 4. Miyazawa Plan - employment - Improve QoL/ reduce social impact - support infrastructure for future development 1. Compulsory Education Act 1998 NEA 1998 (6 years-12 years) 2. Primary Health Care Health for all 2001 (?) 3. Assistance Provided for specific groups - Women - Children (milk + meals) - elderly (health + cash) - disability - unemployed - HW/AIDS Impact of Crisis on Human Dev. Poverty (rural /urban), health, education and HRD, social relation, Women and children etc.

5 First economic stimulus package (13 January 09) 37,464.5 Million baht 37,464.5 Million baht Programs for restoring and boosting economic confidence 1. Subsidy for the cost of living 2. Prolong the 5-measure 6-month program 11, million baht 3. Construction and development of agricultural reservoir 2,000 million baht 4. Construction of village road 1,500 million baht 4. Tong fah commodity fair 1,000 million baht 5. Promotion of tourism 1,000 million baht 6. construction of small reservoir 760 million baht 4. Food industry and SME 500 million baht 5. Promotion of country image 25 million baht Programs for restoring and boosting economic confidence 1. Subsidy for the cost of living 2. Prolong the 5-measure 6-month program 11, million baht 3. Construction and development of agricultural reservoir 2,000 million baht 4. Construction of village road 1,500 million baht 4. Tong fah commodity fair 1,000 million baht 5. Promotion of tourism 1,000 million baht 6. construction of small reservoir 760 million baht 4. Food industry and SME 500 million baht 5. Promotion of country image 25 million baht 56,005.6 Million baht 56,005.6 Million baht Programs for generating income and developing the quality of life and social security 1.Free education for 15 years 19,001 million baht 2. Sufficiency economy for community 15,200 million baht 3.Income allowances for the elderly 9,000mb. 4.Capacity building for the unemployed 6,900 million baht 5. Fringe benefits for the village health volunteers 3,000 million baht 6. Housing for lower ranking police officers 1,808.8 million baht 7. Improving the sanitarium in the rural area 1,095.8 million baht Programs for generating income and developing the quality of life and social security 1.Free education for 15 years 19,001 million baht 2. Sufficiency economy for community 15,200 million baht 3.Income allowances for the elderly 9,000mb. 4.Capacity building for the unemployed 6,900 million baht 5. Fringe benefits for the village health volunteers 3,000 million baht 6. Housing for lower ranking police officers 1,808.8 million baht 7. Improving the sanitarium in the rural area 1,095.8 million baht 116,70 0 Million baht Shaping the future Review the past Objective : Aims Increase purchasing power and reduce living expense income and improvement of life quality

6 Water System/ Agricultures 238,515 Mil-Baht Public Infrastructure 837,642 Mil-Baht Tourism 8,506 Mil-Baht Creative Economy 17,585 Mil-Baht Education 53,969 Mil-Baht Public Health 10,441 Mil-Baht Community 91,708 Mil-Baht Water Management Technology & Standard Improvement for Agricultural Sector Transport & Logistics Image Revival Tourism Marketing Creative Tourism Products Standard Improvement Tourism Site Recovery Cultural Heritage Conservation and Restoration Arts and Cultural Town Creative Product Promotion Thai Handcraft Promotion Thai Software Industry Promotion Design Industry and R&D Promotion Learning Community Building Quality and Standard Improvement on Education and Learning System Intellectual Infrastructures Improvement plan and Center of Education in sub-region and region Alternative Energy Telecommu- nication Natural Resources Education Public Health Science & Technology Social Security Quality Improvement on Teachers and Education Reform Production and Strengthening Capacity of Medical and Health Care Staff Research and development of medical technology Program 1.43 Tri-Baht Sub- Program Stimulus Package II Development Programs for 5 Provinces in Southern Thailand Investment Programs for Job Creation and Income Generation in Communities Impact of Crisis on Human Dev. enhance national competitiveness/ generate employment

7 7 Sufficiency Economy Philosophy The 11 th National Economic and Social Development Plan Major Concept of Social Protection Challenges Sustainable Dev. : Discussion points Harmonization of Health insurance scheme Linkage of cash transfer and Pension System Decentralization-Community capacity building Result and Expectation of SP1-2 as foundation for long term Dev. Plan New Social Architecture The Reform Agenda For The 11 th Nesdp( ) Accessibility of target Population Mechanism: public-private- people sector collaborations Affordable and Sustainable International org.. Central Gov. Provincial Gov. Set up early warning system

8 8 Philosophy of Sufficiency Economy Reasonableness Self-immunity The Middle Path Moderation Knowledge condition ( know, prudence, care ) life / economy / social / environment progress in balance, stable and sustainable way Integrity condition (honesty, diligent, conscious, sharing,perseverance) Lead to

9 9 Self- immunity at Community Level Self- supporting at Individual Level Self-sufficiency at National Level * Increase income * Cut excessive expenditures * Lead a life with morality * Create local networks * Set up network database * Run business with caution Create international networks * Cooperate with Multinational Cooperation * Strengthen the group s capacity Self-help Co- operation Application of Sufficiency Economy at All Levels

10 . (Human Quality) (Social Quality) / / 10 / / / / (SP2)

11 Sustainable health financing & Health insurance System Income security & Social Safety nets Community – Based Social Protection Medical Saving Pension system Cash transfer Decentralization Community empowerment Sustainable Development Discussion points Sustainable Development Discussion points Appropriate Dynamic Equitable sustainable Incentive Compatible Cost- effective

12 db.go.th THANK YOU

13 13 International org.. Central Gov. Provincial Gov. Community Strengthen Local Authority Office Risk Management Set up early warning system -International Crime -Illigal Migration -Drugs Request for Risk Management Cooperate


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