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Brent A. Jones, PE, PLS ESRI Industry Manager Survey/Cadastre/Engineering GIS-Based Land Administration Supporting Poverty.

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Presentation on theme: "Brent A. Jones, PE, PLS ESRI Industry Manager Survey/Cadastre/Engineering GIS-Based Land Administration Supporting Poverty."— Presentation transcript:

1 Brent A. Jones, PE, PLS ESRI Industry Manager Survey/Cadastre/Engineering GIS-Based Land Administration Supporting Poverty Alleviation

2 GIS for Land Administration Cadastre Land Registration Surveying & Mapping ValuationPlanningDevelopment Land Management Land Information Systems Spatial Data Infrastructures All elements of land administration benefit from GIS...GIS is the Technology Platform

3 GIS Provides the Platform Modeling the Land Information Environment... Providing Many Tools and Methods... And Comprehensive Information Management Providing An Integrative (Geospatial) FrameworkAn Integrative (Geospatial) Framework Analytic MethodsAnalytic Methods Advanced VisualizationAdvanced Visualization

4 Benefits Standardized WorkflowsStandardized Workflows Standardized Data StructuresStandardized Data Structures Eliminated Data DuplicationEliminated Data Duplication Leverages More ApplicationsLeverages More Applications Lowers CostLowers Cost GIS Provides Centralized Data Management Leveraging the value of data throughout the Enterprise...

5 High Resolution Imagery Change DetectionChange Detection Data AdjustmentData Adjustment - Raster to Vector - Vector to Raster Integrating Imagery Leveraging the Imagery throughout the Enterprise...

6 GIS Analysis and Reporting Supporting transparency and public reporting...

7 Land Information Systems Oil & Gas Leases National Data Portal Integrating and Managing Land Information Integrated Land Management BLM Land Claim Registration USAID-Timor Leste Tax Mapping Analyzing Transactions Property Valuation Germany Canada

8 Planning Regional Planning Puerto Rico Online Community PlanningU.K. Land Use Suitability Montana 3D Zoning Portland, Oregon Web Based Suitability North Carolina Urban Design San Jose, California Urban Redevelopment Bakersfield, California Virtual City Bangkok Arizona Urban Planning California GIS provides advanced analysis and visualization...

9 Footer9 Snohomish County Louisville/Jefferson County IntegratingGIS and Valuation Systems Integrating GIS and Valuation Systems Modeling trends, improving revenue projections

10 Specialized Cadastral Workflow Cadastral Editor provides new data structures for survey data Workflow Benefits Incremental updates in accuracyIncremental updates in accuracy Integration of Surveyors workIntegration of Surveyors work Standardized proceduresStandardized procedures Cadastral Fabric Geodatabase Parcel Data Model (Survey Accuracy) Perform Survey Create Subdivision Plan Submit to Agency Fit into Cadastre Build Parcels and other Cadastral Elements Least Squares Adjustment Adjust other GIS Layers... Supporting Complex Workflows

11 CaptureManage ProcessDisseminate Geodatabase Land Administration Data Flow Leveraging the benefits of centralized data Field Survey Map Scan & Vectorise Photogrammetry GPS survey CAD data Field Survey Map Scan & Vectorise Photogrammetry GPS survey CAD data Quality & Integrity Structure & Topology Cadastral Fabric Versions & Transactions History & Archiving Database Replication Quality & Integrity Structure & Topology Cadastral Fabric Versions & Transactions History & Archiving Database Replication Associate related data Analysis & Reports Visualization & Modelling Cartographic design Map production Associate related data Analysis & Reports Visualization & Modelling Cartographic design Map production Cadastral Maps Data products Metadata Land Information Services Cadastral Maps Data products Metadata Land Information Services Web Mapping Data Transactions Portals & Search NSDIs E-commerce Web Mapping Data Transactions Portals & Search NSDIs E-commerce Standards Quality RequirementsWorkflow

12 MultiCadastre Solution from International Land Systems, Inc.. Comprehensive multi-level solution for creating and maintaining seamless integrated cadastral data for legal, fiscal, planning, technical, mineral, vineyard and other types of cadastral records. ESRI technology (ArcGIS Desktop, ArcGIS Server) for spatial data management while also integrating with ILS LRS Framework and satellite products (ILS DSS, ILS Cashier) for non-spatial data management Fully supported, open and interoperable system based on industry leading COTS software Low total cost of software resulting from OEM of ESRI technologies

13 MultiCadastre Components Specialized solutions leveraging GIS technology MultiCadastre Editor – Capture, integrate and present cadastral and relevant background data – Based on ArcEditor MultiCadastre Map – Single user, file based version of MultiCadastre Editor – Based on ArcView MultiCadastre Server – Data storage, access and maintenance of cadastral background and relevant data – Based on ArcGIS Server MultiCadastre Web – Web based access to cadastral and relevant background data – Based on ArcGIS Server MultiCadastre Mobile (future) – Mobile cadastral data capture - Based on ArcGIS Mobile

14 The Importance of Cadastre Security and capital to help alleviate poverty Formalizing Land Ownership/Occupation is the first step in providing land tenure security and unlocking the capital in land for the poor - Stability & Security - Accumulation of Wealth - Pass Property onto Heirs - Collateral - Many more...

15 Elements of Property Title Organized, managed, accessible land records... Transparency Public Recognition Recognition by Authorities Stable Occupancy Address

16 Parties OwnersOwners TenantsTenants MortgagorsMortgagors TrusteesTrustees AttorneysAttorneys othersothers Property Physical DescriptionPhysical Description Cadastral SurveyCadastral Survey ParcelsParcels BuildingsBuildings ImprovementsImprovements ApartmentsApartments Rights OwnershipOwnership LeaseholdLeasehold ServitudeServitude RestrictionRestriction EncumbranceEncumbrance SaleSale HeirHeir othersothers Title Elements of Property Title...The Union of All Elements which constitute Ownership...

17 Registry of Property and Ownership Rights LegalDocumentation Survey & Mapping Data Cadastral Survey Office Title/ Deed Deed PID# ArcGIS Server Index Map #12:04401 Application for Registration ArcGIS Server Integrating Registry & Cadastral Systems with GIS Linking and Leveraging Data in Parallel Systems Rights & Restrictions – Identified & Transparent

18 Population – 23 MillionPopulation – 23 Million 93 people/km 293 people/km 2 GDP $690 per capitaGDP $690 per capita Presidential republicPresidential republic Capital – AccraCapital – Accra –Population 2 Million Ashiaman, Tema – Project AreaAshiaman, Tema – Project Area –Population 250,000 Ashiaman, Tema Ghana Land Titling and Registration Case Study of Ongoing GIS-Based Land Registration Project

19 Conditions in Ghana Informal settlements

20 Conditions in Ghana Informal settlements

21 Conditions in Ghana Entrepreneurial culture

22 Conditions in Ghana Entrepreneurial culture

23 Conditions in Ghana Active, optimistic society

24 Traditional Title Process Results Under utilized, overly complex system 80% of clients involved in pilot had given up on existing registration process due to time and costs80% of clients involved in pilot had given up on existing registration process due to time and costs 100% of those who had continued process had not seen any results100% of those who had continued process had not seen any results Average years in process – 10+Average years in process – Too expensive and too long for typical Ghanians

25 Project Team ESRI Business Partners Opportunity InternationalOpportunity International –Serving as a trusted broker –First of a kind dimension to microfinance International Land Systems (ILS)International Land Systems (ILS) SAMBUS (ESRI in-country Distributor)SAMBUS (ESRI in-country Distributor) Trimble NavigationTrimble Navigation CIDG – Corporate Initiatives Development GroupCIDG – Corporate Initiatives Development Group

26 Project Objectives Develop a bottom-up approach to land registration Practical ImplementationPractical Implementation –Build a process for cost and time effective land registration/titling for the poor Microfinance focus – entrepreneurial poorMicrofinance focus – entrepreneurial poor Client-centric focus – demand drivenClient-centric focus – demand driven Work with Government to avoid duplicationWork with Government to avoid duplication... Leverage new technology as the foundation for prosperity

27 Our New Methodology Streamlined approach to land registration Use consolidated onsite interview,Use consolidated onsite interview, survey and document review process –Go to the clients Leverage TechnologyLeverage Technology –GIS –GPS –Titling software –Imagery –Video, Audio, etc. Use data to derive a para-legal title certificateUse data to derive a para-legal title certificate –Provisional Title is part of law –Paralegal title conforms to provisional title parameters Pre-approved approach Pre-approved approach –Registrar to issue provisional titles based on paralegal certificate

28 Technology ESRI ArcGIS Server based system ArcGIS Server-based ILS MultiCadastre Software manages all data and documentsArcGIS Server-based ILS MultiCadastre Software manages all data and documents –Property documents –Photographs –Video Very low cost per userVery low cost per user

29 Land Claim Survey in Timor Leste An example from USAID… Newest country in Asia 1 million people 100,000 internally displaced persons (IDPs) 15,000 km square 70% infrastructure destroyed (1999) Source: Nick Thomas & Kim Glenn, ARD

30 Land Claim Survey in Timor Leste An example from USAID… Using GIS and Mobile Technology to identify and record land property claims Ongoing maintenance of records to support a future land title registration system ArcGIS is underlying land information management system Source: Nick Thomas & Kim Glenn, ARD

31 GIS for Cadastre, Valuation & Address Management Lithuanias State Enterprise Centre of Registers (SECR) Responsible for Real Property Cadastre and Register, Address Register, and Register of Legal Entities.Responsible for Real Property Cadastre and Register, Address Register, and Register of Legal Entities. Performs real estate valuation for taxation purposesPerforms real estate valuation for taxation purposes SECR uses ESRIs GIS technology for Computer Assisted Mass Appraisal (CAMA) and to update, manage and distribute cadastral and real estate information for:SECR uses ESRIs GIS technology for Computer Assisted Mass Appraisal (CAMA) and to update, manage and distribute cadastral and real estate information for: –2 million land parcels –700,000 buildings –500,000 engineering constructions and utilities.

32 Integrated Land Registry and Cadastral Information System Turkey – General Directorate of Land Registry and Cadastre (GDLRC) Responsible for all cadastre and land registration in TurkeyResponsible for all cadastre and land registration in Turkey ESRI GIS enables full integration of cadastral and land registry systemsESRI GIS enables full integration of cadastral and land registry systems Automated workflow management tools model cadastral laws and business processesAutomated workflow management tools model cadastral laws and business processes Business benefits:Business benefits: –Operational efficiencies –Increased customer satisfaction –Improved data quality and consistency

33 Unified Information System for Cadastre and Property Register Bulgarian Agency of Geodesy, Cartography and Cadastre and the Registers Agency Unifying operations across agenciesUnifying operations across agencies ESRI GIS is the integrating information systemESRI GIS is the integrating information system Business benefit – all users have access to the same property informationBusiness benefit – all users have access to the same property information

34 Municipal Revenue Generation Through Property Taxation - Hargeisa, Somaliland Project Partners:Project Partners: UN HABITATUN HABITAT UNDPUNDP European CommissionEuropean Commission Source: Jan Turkstra, UN HABITAT ESRI & UN HABITAT 100 Cities GIS Program

35 Source: Jan Turkstra, UN HABITAT Acquisition of geo-referenced Quickbird imageryAcquisition of geo-referenced Quickbird imagery On-screen digitizing of all buildings and other features such as main roads, rivers, airports, etc.On-screen digitizing of all buildings and other features such as main roads, rivers, airports, etc. Field data collection using handheld computers with GPSField data collection using handheld computers with GPS Integration of spatial and attribute data to form the geodatabaseIntegration of spatial and attribute data to form the geodatabase GIS-Based Property Survey Hargeisa, Somaliland Survey cost: $0.82/property In future, $0.68/property

36 Source: Jan Turkstra, UN HABITAT Development of a property classification schema using the Property DatabaseDevelopment of a property classification schema using the Property Database More equitable tax rates based on property characteristicsMore equitable tax rates based on property characteristics Significant returns on investmentSignificant returns on investment Sustainable business modelSustainable business model The Business Case for Using GIS Hargeisa, Somaliland Investment of US$48,500 for property survey– revenue of US$440,000 in first year Previous: 15,850 properties = $145,000 per annum Now: 59,000 properties = $440,000 per annum New tax revenue: $710,000 per annum

37 Source: Rosario Gusti de Perez and Ramon Perez Used GIS to understand the geographic and social landscape of Barrio PetareUsed GIS to understand the geographic and social landscape of Barrio Petare Analyzing Urban Poverty Caracas, Venezuela

38 Source: Rosario Gusti de Perez and Ramon Perez Site Analysis of the Environment Caracas, Venezuela Analysis of the social and environmental factors that affect urban povertyAnalysis of the social and environmental factors that affect urban poverty Identify and understand the complexities of Barrio PetareIdentify and understand the complexities of Barrio Petare

39 Source: Rosario Gusti de Perez and Ramon Perez Community Participation to Identify Alternatives Caracas, Venezuela Scenario 1 – Proposal for a North-South axisScenario 1 – Proposal for a North-South axis Scenario 2 – Proposed succession of inroad penetrationsScenario 2 – Proposed succession of inroad penetrations

40 GIS Adds Value GIS leverages data for many uses... Urban PlanningUrban Planning –Slum upgrading –Sanitation –Transportation –Safety –Flood zones –Hazardous areas –Illegal occupation Health & Human ServicesHealth & Human Services –Access to facilities –Illness tracking/Mapping –Managed care Spatial Data InfrastructuresSpatial Data Infrastructures Many, Many more....Many, Many more.... Children Out Of School Ethiopia Humanitarian Aid Darfur ReconstructionIraq Opium Cultivation Afghanistan

41 Brent A. Jones, PE, PLS ESRI Industry Manager Survey/Cadastre/Engineering GIS-Based Land Administration Supporting Poverty Alleviation Thank You!


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