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GIS-Based Land Administration Supporting Poverty Alleviation

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Presentation on theme: "GIS-Based Land Administration Supporting Poverty Alleviation"— Presentation transcript:

1 GIS-Based Land Administration Supporting Poverty Alleviation
Brent A. Jones, PE, PLS ESRI Industry Manager Survey/Cadastre/Engineering

2 GIS for Land Administration
All elements of land administration benefit from GIS Cadastre Land Registration Surveying & Mapping Valuation Planning Development Land Management Land Information Systems Spatial Data Infrastructures . . .GIS is the Technology Platform

3 GIS Provides the Platform Modeling the Land Information Environment
Providing An Integrative (Geospatial) Framework Analytic Methods Advanced Visualization . . . Providing Many Tools and Methods . . . And Comprehensive Information Management

4 GIS Provides Centralized Data Management Leveraging the value of data throughout the Enterprise. . .
Benefits Standardized Workflows Standardized Data Structures Eliminated Data Duplication Leverages More Applications Lowers Cost

5 Integrating Imagery Leveraging the Imagery throughout the Enterprise. . .
High Resolution Imagery Change Detection Data Adjustment - Raster to Vector - Vector to Raster

6 GIS Analysis and Reporting
Supporting transparency and public reporting . . . 6

7 Integrating and Managing Land Information
Land Information Systems Integrating and Managing Land Information Integrated Land Management BLM Property Valuation Germany Tax Mapping Canada Land Claim Registration USAID-Timor Leste Analyzing Transactions National Data Portal Oil & Gas Leases

8 GIS provides advanced analysis and visualization . . .
Planning GIS provides advanced analysis and visualization . . . Land Use Suitability Montana Urban Design San Jose, California Urban Planning California Web Based Suitability North Carolina 3D Zoning Portland, Oregon Urban Redevelopment Bakersfield, California Virtual City Bangkok Online Community Planning U.K. Regional Planning Puerto Rico Arizona

9 Louisville/Jefferson County
Integrating GIS and Valuation Systems Modeling trends, improving revenue projections Louisville/Jefferson County Snohomish County Footer 9 9

10 Specialized Cadastral Workflow Cadastral Editor provides new data structures for survey data
Benefits Incremental updates in accuracy Integration of Surveyors work Standardized procedures Perform Survey Create Subdivision Plan Submit to Agency Fit into Cadastre Build Parcels and other Cadastral Elements Least Squares Adjustment Adjust other GIS Layers Cadastral Fabric Geodatabase Parcel Data Model (Survey Accuracy) . . . Supporting Complex Workflows

11 Land Administration Data Flow
Leveraging the benefits of centralized data Field Survey Map Scan & Vectorise Photogrammetry GPS survey CAD data Quality & Integrity Structure & Topology Cadastral Fabric Versions & Transactions History & Archiving Database Replication Capture Manage Standards Requirements Workflow Geodatabase Disseminate Quality Process Cadastral Maps Data products Metadata Land Information Services Associate related data Analysis & Reports Visualization & Modelling Cartographic design Map production Web Mapping Data Transactions Portals & Search NSDIs E-commerce

12 MultiCadastre Solution from International Land Systems, Inc.
Comprehensive multi-level solution for creating and maintaining seamless integrated cadastral data for legal, fiscal, planning, technical, mineral, vineyard and other types of cadastral records. Low total cost of software resulting from OEM of ESRI technologies Fully supported, open and interoperable system based on industry leading COTS software ILS MultiCadastre is a comprehensive multi-level solution for creating and maintaining seamless integrated cadastral data for legal, fiscal, planning, technical, mineral, vineyard and other types of cadastral records. ILS MultiCadastre is based on ESRI technology (ArcGIS Desktop, ArcGIS Server) for spatial data management and integrates with ILS LRS Framework and satellite products (ILS DSS, ILS Cashier) for non-spatial data management. ESRI technology (ArcGIS Desktop, ArcGIS Server) for spatial data management while also integrating with ILS LRS Framework and satellite products (ILS DSS, ILS Cashier) for non-spatial data management

13 MultiCadastre Components Specialized solutions leveraging GIS technology
MultiCadastre Editor – Capture, integrate and present cadastral and relevant background data – Based on ArcEditor MultiCadastre Map – Single user, file based version of MultiCadastre Editor – Based on ArcView MultiCadastre Server – Data storage, access and maintenance of cadastral background and relevant data – Based on ArcGIS Server MultiCadastre Web – Web based access to cadastral and relevant background data – Based on ArcGIS Server MultiCadastre Mobile (future) – Mobile cadastral data capture - Based on ArcGIS Mobile MultiCadastre Editor – Capture, integrate and present cadastral and relevant background data – Based on ArcEditor MultiCadastre Map – Single user, file based version of MultiCadastre Editor – Based on ArcView MultiCadastre Server – Data storage, access and maintenance of cadastral background and relevant data – Based on ArcGIS Server MultiCadastre Web – Web based access to cadastral and relevant background data – Based on ArcGIS Server MultiCadastre Mobile (future) – Mobile cadastral data capture - Based on ArcGIS Mobile

14 The Importance of Cadastre Security and capital to help alleviate poverty
Formalizing Land Ownership/Occupation is the first step in providing land tenure security and “unlocking” the capital in land for the poor - Stability & Security - Accumulation of Wealth - Pass Property onto Heirs - Collateral - Many more. . . Notes: Font: Arial, Size: 8, Text: Wrap

15 Elements of Property Title Organized, managed, accessible land records. . .
Transparency Public Recognition Recognition by Authorities Stable Occupancy Address Notes: Font: Arial, Size: 8, Text: Wrap

16 Elements of Property Title
Elements of Property Title The Union of All Elements which constitute Ownership. . . Parties Owners Tenants Mortgagors Trustees Attorneys others Property Physical Description Cadastral Survey Parcels Buildings Improvements Apartments Title Rights Ownership Leasehold Servitude Restriction Encumbrance Sale Heir others

17 Rights & Restrictions – Identified & Transparent
Integrating Registry & Cadastral Systems with GIS Linking and Leveraging Data in Parallel Systems Application for Registration Rights & Restrictions – Identified & Transparent Legal Documentation Survey & Mapping Data Registry of Property and Ownership Rights Title/ Deed Cadastral Survey Office PID# ArcGIS Server ArcGIS Server Index Map #12:04401

18 Ghana Land Titling and Registration Case Study of Ongoing GIS-Based Land Registration Project
Population – 23 Million 93 people/km2 GDP $690 per capita Presidential republic Capital – Accra Population 2 Million Ashiaman, Tema – Project Area Population 250,000 Ashiaman, Tema

19 Conditions in Ghana Informal settlements 19

20 Conditions in Ghana Informal settlements 20

21 Conditions in Ghana Entrepreneurial culture 21

22 Conditions in Ghana Entrepreneurial culture

23 Conditions in Ghana Active, optimistic society 23

24 . . . Too expensive and too long for typical Ghanians
Traditional Title Process Results Under utilized, overly complex system 80% of clients involved in pilot had given up on existing registration process due to time and costs 100% of those who had continued process had not seen any results Average years “in process” – 10+ . . . Too expensive and too long for typical Ghanians

25 Project Team ESRI Business Partners
Opportunity International Serving as a trusted broker First of a kind dimension to microfinance International Land Systems (ILS) SAMBUS (ESRI in-country Distributor) Trimble Navigation CIDG – Corporate Initiatives Development Group

26 . . . Leverage new technology as the foundation for prosperity
Project Objectives Develop a bottom-up approach to land registration Practical Implementation Build a process for cost and time effective land registration/titling for the poor Microfinance focus – entrepreneurial poor Client-centric focus – demand driven Work with Government to avoid duplication . . . Leverage new technology as the foundation for prosperity

27 Our New Methodology Streamlined approach to land registration
Use consolidated onsite interview, survey and document review process Go to the clients Leverage Technology GIS GPS Titling software Imagery Video, Audio, etc. Use data to derive a para-legal title certificate “Provisional Title” is part of law Paralegal title conforms to provisional title parameters Pre-approved approach Registrar to issue provisional titles based on paralegal certificate

28 Technology ESRI ArcGIS Server based system
ArcGIS Server-based ILS MultiCadastre Software manages all data and documents Property documents Photographs Video Very low cost per user

29 Source: Nick Thomas & Kim Glenn, ARD
Land Claim Survey in Timor Leste An example from USAID… Newest country in Asia 1 million people 100,000 internally displaced persons (IDPs) 15,000 km square 70% infrastructure destroyed (1999) Source: Nick Thomas & Kim Glenn, ARD

30 Source: Nick Thomas & Kim Glenn, ARD
Land Claim Survey in Timor Leste An example from USAID… Using GIS and Mobile Technology to identify and record land property claims Ongoing maintenance of records to support a future land title registration system ArcGIS is underlying land information management system Source: Nick Thomas & Kim Glenn, ARD

31 GIS for Cadastre, Valuation & Address Management Lithuania’s State Enterprise Centre of Registers (SECR) Responsible for Real Property Cadastre and Register, Address Register, and Register of Legal Entities. Performs real estate valuation for taxation purposes SECR uses ESRI’s GIS technology for Computer Assisted Mass Appraisal (CAMA) and to update, manage and distribute cadastral and real estate information for: 2 million land parcels 700,000 buildings 500,000 engineering constructions and utilities.

32 Integrated Land Registry and Cadastral Information System Turkey – General Directorate of Land Registry and Cadastre (GDLRC) Responsible for all cadastre and land registration in Turkey ESRI GIS enables full integration of cadastral and land registry systems Automated workflow management tools model cadastral laws and business processes Business benefits: Operational efficiencies Increased customer satisfaction Improved data quality and consistency

33 Unified Information System for Cadastre and Property Register Bulgarian Agency of Geodesy, Cartography and Cadastre and the Registers Agency Unifying operations across agencies ESRI GIS is the integrating information system Business benefit – all users have access to the same property information

34 Municipal Revenue Generation Through Property Taxation - Hargeisa, Somaliland
Project Partners: UN HABITAT UNDP European Commission ESRI & UN HABITAT 100 Cities GIS Program Source: Jan Turkstra, UN HABITAT

35 GIS-Based Property Survey Hargeisa, Somaliland
Acquisition of geo-referenced Quickbird imagery On-screen digitizing of all buildings and other features such as main roads, rivers, airports, etc. Field data collection using handheld computers with GPS Integration of spatial and attribute data to form the geodatabase Survey cost: $0.82/property In future, $0.68/property Source: Jan Turkstra, UN HABITAT

36 The Business Case for Using GIS Hargeisa, Somaliland
Investment of US$48,500 for property survey– revenue of US$440,000 in first year Development of a property classification schema using the Property Database More equitable tax rates based on property characteristics Significant returns on investment Sustainable business model Previous: 15,850 properties = $145,000 per annum Now: 59,000 properties = $440,000 per annum New tax revenue: $710,000 per annum Source: Jan Turkstra, UN HABITAT

37 Analyzing Urban Poverty Caracas, Venezuela
Used GIS to understand the geographic and social landscape of Barrio Petare Source: Rosario Gusti de Perez and Ramon Perez

38 Site Analysis of the Environment Caracas, Venezuela
Analysis of the social and environmental factors that affect urban poverty Identify and understand the complexities of Barrio Petare Source: Rosario Gusti de Perez and Ramon Perez

39 Community Participation to Identify Alternatives Caracas, Venezuela
Scenario 1 – Proposal for a North-South axis Scenario 2 – Proposed succession of inroad penetrations Source: Rosario Gusti de Perez and Ramon Perez

40 GIS Adds Value GIS leverages data for many uses. . .
Reconstruction Iraq Urban Planning Slum upgrading Sanitation Transportation Safety Flood zones Hazardous areas Illegal occupation Health & Human Services Access to facilities Illness tracking/Mapping Managed care Spatial Data Infrastructures Many, Many more Opium Cultivation Afghanistan Humanitarian Aid Darfur Children Out Of School Ethiopia 40

41 GIS-Based Land Administration Supporting Poverty Alleviation
Thank You! Brent A. Jones, PE, PLS ESRI Industry Manager Survey/Cadastre/Engineering


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