Presentation on theme: "Toll collection system in the Republic of Slovenia Lado Prah Managing Director."— Presentation transcript:
Toll collection system in the Republic of Slovenia Lado Prah Managing Director
Basic facts about SLOVENIA Area: sq. km Population: GDP per capita: (2005) Settlements: cca Capital: Ljubljana, inhabitants Motorway:465 km Public road - total: km Local road: km AADT: vehicles per day
5th European Corridor: Trieste (I) – Koper – Ljubljana – Budapest (H) 386 km in Slovenia 10th European Corridor: Villach (A) – Tunnel Karavanke - Ljubljana – Zagreb (HR) – Thessalonica (G) 177 km in Slovenia Network integration into TEN
Cronology of the toll collection in the Republic of Slovenia 1970 Start of Motorway construction in Slovenia 1970 – 1972The first constructed Motorway section: Vrhnika – Postojna, length 32 km, closed toll system – km of Motorways were constructed, partly closed and partly open toll system – km of Motorways were constructed, mixed toll system (closed – open). 1996Start of the electronic toll collection system without a stop (ABC).
Slovenia has been constructing motorways since In 24 years (1970 – 1994), before the beginning of the implementation of the National Motorway Construction Programme, a total of 198 km of four – and two – lane motorways were built. From to , a total of 370 km of four – and two – lane motorways were built and handed over to traffic. Since 31st of December 2006 a total of 465 km of four lane motorways and expressways, 3.5 km of two – lane motorway (Karavanke Tunnel) and 130 km of access roads to them are managed by DARS. Chronology of the Motorway Construction
Situation Closed toll system – 109 km/23% Open toll system – 278 km/60% Non-tolled – 78 km/17%
Existing tolling system 26 toll stations, 181 toll lanes 4 vehicle classes, measured and declared characteristics Payment means: cash, petrol and credit cards, monthly passes, 2 types of DARS contact-less cards, ABC-EFC system Pre-payment and post-payment mode for DARS cards and ABC-EFC system On sections with open toll system the value of collected toll is 10% lower than on those with closed toll system. Only 75% of traffic on motorways and expressways is tolled (due to the open toll collection system, and partly non-tolled network). Approx. 150 mio EUR of toll is collected per year. 99% of motorway user are tolled (approx. 1% of violators).
Category I (R1): two axled vehicles with a maximum height above the front axle of less than 1.3 m. Category II (R2): vehicles with two or more axles, 1.3 m or more in height above the front axle, which maximum weight doesn't exceed 3.5 tonnes. Category III (R3): vehicles with two or three axles, 1.3 m or more in height above the front axle and maximum permitted weight over then 3.5 tonnes. Category IV (R4): vehicles with three or more axles, 1.3 m or more in height above the front axle and gross weight of more then 3.5 metric tonnes. Toll classes Categories:
EFC system, based on mikrowave link 2,45 GHz First installation in 1995 (Toll station Torovo) For personal vehicles (R1) only 33% of all toll transactions 41% of R1 transactions OBU in use transactions per day Extension on heavy vehicles in preparation Main characteristics of existing EFC:
Main characteristics of existing EFC (2): Fast (35) and combined (72) lanes Possibility of vehicle diversion from fast to combined lane Reversible central lanes- because of traffic direction changes, especially in the summer
TRANSPORTER Use of: Toll tickets DARS contact-less cards ABC OBU (2,45 GHz) Use of: Toll tickets DARS contact-less cards ABC OBU (2,45 GHz) Use of: Toll tickets Contact-less cards TRANSPORTER Use of: Toll tickets Contact-less cards TRANSPORTER Payment means: Cash Credit and petrol cards Vehicles > 3,5 tonnes Vehicles < 3,5 tonnes Payment means in existing system
Implementation of EFC free flow system Guidelines and activities are defined by governmental Action plan for introduction of EFC in free flow with conditions of interoperability in the European Union. Final vision: Completely closed system in free traffic flow where user pays on the principle of actually covered kilometers. Implementation of EFC free flow system with DSRC technology: Everything is prepared for upgrading existing ABC system for all vehicles up to the end of year 2007 and later on for implementation of a new EFC free flow system.
Toll portals Contact points Main characteristics of EFC in free flow: Toll portals (charge points) between entries Technology: DSRC 5,8 GHz; RFID 900 MHz Equipment: Communication equipment Video Enforcement Clasification System EFC free flow system
Implementation of EFC free flow system Passive electronic tag RFID 900 MHz Pre-paymentPre-payment OBU DSRC 5,8 GHZ Pre-paymentPost-paymentPre-paymentPost-payment Vehicles < 3,5 tonnes Payment means on distribution points
Implementation of EFC free flow system Payment means distribution points OBU DSRC 5,8 GHZ Contract Vehicles > 3,5 tonnes Pre-paymentPre-payment Post-paymentPost-payment
Summary Present situation: In Slovenia, toll has been collected since We have a mixture of open and closed toll system, in part of the road network we do not collect toll. A lot of foreign vehicles, specific traffic conditions during summer period EFC (ABC) is very reliable but it has out of date frequency 2,45 GHz. Its used only for the first vehicle category (personal cars); Its not consistent with EU directive.
Future course of system development: Gradual transition to EFC in (free flow system) with DSRC technology for all vehicle categories; later on some solutions with satellite tehnology will be added and combined with DSRC system. Transition from open to closed system on the whole motorway network. Introduction of toll collection system on non-tolled sections. Interoperability with neighbouring countries; in the first phase within the MEDIA project (A, I, Fr, SLO, some discussions have been held with Croatia, too). Summary