Presentation on theme: "Toll collection system in the Republic of Slovenia"— Presentation transcript:
1Toll collection system in the Republic of Slovenia Lado PrahManaging Director
2Capital: Ljubljana, 264.000 inhabitants Motorway: 465 km Basic facts about SLOVENIAArea: sq. kmPopulation:GDP per capita: € (2005)Settlements: ccaCapital: Ljubljana, inhabitantsMotorway: kmPublic road - total: kmLocal road: kmAADT: vehicles per day
3Ljubljana – Budapest (H) Network integration into TEN5th European Corridor:Trieste (I) – Koper –Ljubljana – Budapest (H)386 km in Slovenia10th European Corridor:Villach (A) – Tunnel Karavanke -Ljubljana – Zagreb (HR) – Thessalonica (G)177 km in Slovenia
41970 Start of Motorway construction in Slovenia Cronology of the toll collection in the Republic of Slovenia1970 Start of Motorway construction in Slovenia1970 – 1972 The first constructed Motorway section: Vrhnika – Postojna, length 32 km, closed toll system.1970 – km of Motorways were constructed, partly closed and partly open toll system.1993 – km of Motorways were constructed, mixed toll system (closed – open).1996 Start of the electronic toll collection system without a stop (ABC).
5Chronology of the Motorway Construction 1970 - 2006 Slovenia has been constructing motorways since 1970.In 24 years (1970 – 1994), before the beginning of the implementation of the National Motorway Construction Programme, a total of 198 km of four – and two – lane motorways were built.From to , a total of 370 km of four – and two – lane motorways were built and handed over to traffic.Since 31st of December 2006 a total of 465 km of four lane motorways and expressways, 3.5 km of two – lane motorway (Karavanke Tunnel) and 130 km of access roads to them are managed by DARS.
6Closed toll system – 109 km/23% SituationClosed toll system – 109 km/23%Open toll system – 278 km/60%Non-tolled – 78 km/17%
7Existing tolling system 26 toll stations, 181 toll lanes4 vehicle classes, measured and declared characteristicsPayment means: cash, petrol and credit cards, monthly passes, 2 types of DARS contact-less cards, ABC-EFC systemPre-payment and post-payment mode for DARS cards and ABC-EFC systemOn sections with open toll system the value of collected toll is 10% lower than on those with closed toll system.Only 75% of traffic on motorways and expressways is tolled (due to the open toll collection system, and partly non-tolled network).Approx. 150 mio EUR of toll is collected per year.99% of motorway user are tolled (approx. 1% of violators).
8 Toll classes Categories: Categories:Category I (R1): two axled vehicles with a maximum height above the front axle of less than 1.3 m.Category II (R2): vehicles with two or more axles, 1.3 m or more in height above the front axle, which maximum weight doesn't exceed 3.5 tonnes.Category III (R3): vehicles with two or three axles, 1.3 m or more in height above the front axle and maximum permitted weight over then 3.5 tonnes.Category IV (R4): vehicles with three or more axles, 1.3 m or more in height above the front axle and gross weight of more then 3.5 metric tonnes.
9Extension on heavy vehicles in preparation Main characteristics of existing EFC:EFC system, based on mikrowave link 2,45 GHzFirst installation in 1995 (Toll station Torovo)For personal vehicles (R1) only33% of all toll transactions41% of R1 transactionsOBU in usetransactions per dayExtension on heavy vehiclesin preparation
10Main characteristics of existing EFC (2): Fast (35) and combined (72) lanesPossibility of vehicle diversion from fast to combined laneReversible central lanes- because of traffic direction changes, especially in the summer
11Credit and petrol cards Payment means in existing systemVehicles < 3,5 tonnesUse of:Toll ticketsDARS contact-less cardsABC OBU (2,45 GHz)Payment means:CashCredit and petrol cardsUse of:Toll ticketsContact-less cards TRANSPORTERVehicles > 3,5 tonnesTRANSPORTER
12Implementation of EFC free flow system Guidelines and activities are defined by governmental “Action plan for introduction of EFC in free flow with conditions of interoperability in the European Union.Final vision:Completely closed system in free traffic flow where user pays on the principle of actually covered kilometers.Implementation of EFC free flow system with DSRC technology:Everything is prepared for upgrading existing ABC system for all vehicles up to the end of year 2007 and later on for implementation of a new EFC free flow system.
13EFC free flow system Main characteristics of EFC in free flow: Toll portals (charge points) between entriesTechnology: DSRC 5,8 GHz; RFID 900 MHzEquipment: Communication equipmentVideo EnforcementClasification SystemToll portalsContact points
14Payment means on distribution points Implementation of EFC free flow systemVehicles < 3,5 tonnesPayment means on distribution pointsOBU DSRC 5,8 GHZPre-paymentPost-paymentPassive electronic tagRFID 900 MHzPre-payment
15Payment means distribution points Implementation of EFC free flow systemVehicles > 3,5 tonnesPayment means distribution pointsPre-paymentPost-paymentOBU DSRC 5,8 GHZContract
16Present situation: Summary In Slovenia, toll has been collected since 1972.We have a mixture of open and closed toll system, in part of the road network we do not collect toll.A lot of foreign vehicles, specific traffic conditions during summer periodEFC (ABC) is very reliable but it has out of date frequency 2,45 GHz. It’s used only for the first vehicle category (personal cars); It’s not consistent with EU directive.
17Future course of system development: SummaryFuture course of system development:Gradual transition to EFC in (free flow system) with DSRC technology for all vehicle categories; later on some solutions with satellite tehnology will be added and combined with DSRC system.Transition from open to closed system on the whole motorway network.Introduction of toll collection system on non-tolled sections.Interoperability with neighbouring countries; in the first phase within the MEDIA project (A, I, Fr, SLO, some discussions have been held with Croatia, too).