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Fabriano, 180608 KEF VII, PL VI, Policies for Regional Innovation 1 The Role of industrial clusters in Local Economic and +Social Development: the Italian.

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Presentation on theme: "Fabriano, 180608 KEF VII, PL VI, Policies for Regional Innovation 1 The Role of industrial clusters in Local Economic and +Social Development: the Italian."— Presentation transcript:

1 Fabriano, 180608 KEF VII, PL VI, Policies for Regional Innovation 1 The Role of industrial clusters in Local Economic and +Social Development: the Italian Experience Some issues from the Marche Fabrizio Costa, Director Industry, Handicraft and Energy, The Marche Regional Administration

2 Fabriano, 180608 KEF VII, PL VI, Policies for Regional Innovation2 Summary The Marche Region development is often considered as a typical Italian cluster driven experience The cluster development path: main elements and a focus on the Marche Region model What kind of knowledge and warning may come from this experience? May a cluster be exported to other areas?

3 Fabriano, 180608 KEF VII, PL VI, Policies for Regional Innovation3 Framework of this presentation 1.A BRIEF PORTRAIT OF A SMALL BUT STRATEGIC REGION 2.THE MARCHE ECONOMY TODAY: STRUCTURE AND COMPARISON 3. FIRMS AND CLUSTERS IN THE MARCHE REGIONS DEVELOPMENT 4. AN OPEN ECONOMY: EXPORT AND FOREIGN INVESTMENTS AS A RESULT OF CLUSTERS 5. PORTABILITY OF THE CLUSTER DEVELOPMENT PATH Projects in course in Brazil 6. AN EXAMPLE OF COOPERATION: Projects in course in Brazil

4 Fabriano, 180608 KEF VII, PL VI, Policies for Regional Innovation4 1. A BRIEF PORTRAIT OF A SMALL BUT STRATEGIC REGION In Central Italy On the Adriatic Sea A gate to South and Eastern Europe An ancient link to Mediterranean Sea

5 Fabriano, 180608 KEF VII, PL VI, Policies for Regional Innovation5 1.1 The Marche Region: a few data Area: 9,700 km2 Population: 1.48 million Capital town: Ancona (~100,000 inhabitants) 4 Provinces (Pesaro e Urbino, Ancona, Macerata, Ascoli Piceno) 246 Municipalities

6 Fabriano, 180608 KEF VII, PL VI, Policies for Regional Innovation6 1.2 The Marche Region: the present situation Regional GDP: US$ 40 billion GDP per person : US$ 27,200 Life expectancy at birth: 81 years (male: 78 – female: 84, the higher in Italy)

7 Fabriano, 180608 KEF VII, PL VI, Policies for Regional Innovation7 2. THE MARCHE REGIONAL ECONOMY TODAY Low agriculture employment rate and GDP share Competitive manufacturing industries sector (the regional rate is higher than the national one) Extensive services and trade share

8 Fabriano, 180608 KEF VII, PL VI, Policies for Regional Innovation8 2.2 A Region focused on Europe Source: European Commission (2004), Third Report on Economic and Social Cohesion EU 25

9 Fabriano, 180608 KEF VII, PL VI, Policies for Regional Innovation9 2.3 Welfare and economic performance The Welfare index rank performs better than the economic index rank!

10 Fabriano, 180608 KEF VII, PL VI, Policies for Regional Innovation10 3. FIRMS AND CLUSTERS IN THE MARCHE REGIONS DEVELOPMENT MODEL. As shown in the previous slides, TODAY the Marche may be considered as a developed and rather well balanced Italian area, with a good population welfare. But UP TO WW2, the situation was very, very different: The Region was one among the least developed areas in Italy Underfeeding caused infant mortality Thousand of young people emigrated to Latin Americas pampas and North Europe mines.

11 Fabriano, 180608 KEF VII, PL VI, Policies for Regional Innovation11 3.1 Which reason for such a change? Basically, two main reasons have been singled out to explain this development path: 1. an original blending of creativity and entrepreneurial skill, often provided by the share-cropper (métayer or mezzadro) who firstly transformed himself into a craftsman and later into a small business-man, thanks to community values focused on aid exchange among families emphasis on savings and on hard work 2. many diffused local systems of Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) : the clusters or industrial/productive districts

12 Fabriano, 180608 KEF VII, PL VI, Policies for Regional Innovation12 3.2 The first character: a very entrepreneurial region Number of Firms (December 2005) : 175,413 (+1.06% vs. 2004)

13 Fabriano, 180608 KEF VII, PL VI, Policies for Regional Innovation13 3.3 COERENCE OF REGIONAL PLANNING TO SUPPORT SMEs: the Three Year Productive Activities Regional Plan

14 Fabriano, 180608 KEF VII, PL VI, Policies for Regional Innovation14 3.4 the Three Year Productive Activities Regional Plan the Three Year Productive Activities Regional Plan the Three Year Productive Activities Regional Plan The Plan, moving from an assessment of the local development perspectives (and difficulties) and the consequent analysis of enterprises need, is centred on identifying: The Plan, moving from an assessment of the local development perspectives (and difficulties) and the consequent analysis of enterprises need, is centred on identifying: Same strategic objectives of the regional policy, to be addresses by all specific measures: Same strategic objectives of the regional policy, to be addresses by all specific measures: Productive system competitiveness Productive system competitiveness Sustainable development Sustainable development Local GNP increase Local GNP increase Stable and better quality of job Stable and better quality of job As well as same specific objectives which represent the relevant factors for local competitiveness As well as same specific objectives which represent the relevant factors for local competitiveness Productive development Productive development R&D, quality and innovation R&D, quality and innovation Environmental innovation, energy saving, energy efficiency and renewable energy Environmental innovation, energy saving, energy efficiency and renewable energy Promotion of local production, internationalization and external investment attraction Promotion of local production, internationalization and external investment attraction SME Financial equilibrium and innovative finance SME Financial equilibrium and innovative finance Better relation with PA, simplification, liberalization and one store shop Better relation with PA, simplification, liberalization and one store shop An finally, operational objectives, both to better assess the SME support instruments efficiency and to facilitate the establishment of relations among companies (in particular policy related to productive clusters, networks and chain in connection with the new strategy adopted by the central government) An finally, operational objectives, both to better assess the SME support instruments efficiency and to facilitate the establishment of relations among companies (in particular policy related to productive clusters, networks and chain in connection with the new strategy adopted by the central government)

15 Fabriano, 180608 KEF VII, PL VI, Policies for Regional Innovation15 3.3 The share-crop or mezzadria: why is it so important in regional history? The share-crop (métayage or mezzadria) is a job contract between the land owner and the head of a family (often a large family) providing the labour. All the products coming from the labour had to be shared on a fifty-fifty basis between the two partners The farmer house was on the land property (not in the village) and it was provided with a stable, a small machinery and a joinery shop As a result, in order to increase his own half gain from agriculture and other rural activities, the farmer was stimulated to improve the yield

16 Fabriano, 180608 KEF VII, PL VI, Policies for Regional Innovation16 3.4 The second character: the cluster of SMEs The cluster (or industrial district) is an area where the scale economies (typical of bigger industries) are efficiently replaced by external economies Costs are cut down, thanks to a peculiar social and economical situation (such as workers availability, context knowledge, a diffuse entrepreneurship, frequent spin off, enhanced competition but also co-operation among firms, wide process innovation, wide imitation and emulation effects) This way of production allows to make up for vertical integration of bigger industries keeping safe the quality of life

17 Fabriano, 180608 KEF VII, PL VI, Policies for Regional Innovation17 3.5 The cluster impact A cluster involves a distribution of production phases among many firms, highly specialized in every step The firm specialization is usually linked to either a technological or an operating area Many industries are traditional and not hi-tech: this situation involves low entrance barriers, due to low plant costs The innovation jump is often allowed by a plant renewal The firm dimension remains small, but the high specialization allows good earnings

18 Fabriano, 180608 KEF VII, PL VI, Policies for Regional Innovation18 3.5 The cluster impact The rationale behind the rapid growth of the districts is that of bottom-up development logic, which constitutes the strategic component of this quality improvement: local environment greatly facilitated the possibility of establishing new enterprises, business ideas which have over the years contributed to the success of the Region, generating a virtual multiplier effect, which in turn has broadened the district development system. The rationale behind the rapid growth of the districts is that of bottom-up development logic, which constitutes the strategic component of this quality improvement: local environment greatly facilitated the possibility of establishing new enterprises, business ideas which have over the years contributed to the success of the Region, generating a virtual multiplier effect, which in turn has broadened the district development system. Moreover, companies in the districts may remain small as the environment provides the various resources, competences and services needed. While entrepreneurs only had to concentrate on their core business, being small (but often thinking great) for many years necessitated only a limited working capital while the income produced generated extra welfare. In the end, the many criticisms raised on the small business attitude of Italian enterprises underestimated this important feature: the industrial district is basically a nursery which not only feeds the companies in respect of their business needs but also constitutes a laboratory (the right or enabling environment….) for testing new schemes of social cohesion as well as innovative ideas in terms of labour organization especially with reference to succeeding generations. Moreover, companies in the districts may remain small as the environment provides the various resources, competences and services needed. While entrepreneurs only had to concentrate on their core business, being small (but often thinking great) for many years necessitated only a limited working capital while the income produced generated extra welfare. In the end, the many criticisms raised on the small business attitude of Italian enterprises underestimated this important feature: the industrial district is basically a nursery which not only feeds the companies in respect of their business needs but also constitutes a laboratory (the right or enabling environment….) for testing new schemes of social cohesion as well as innovative ideas in terms of labour organization especially with reference to succeeding generations.

19 Fabriano, 180608 KEF VII, PL VI, Policies for Regional Innovation19 3.7 Cluster and development routes: a valley model ? URBINO S.BENEDETTO DEL TRONTO CIVITANOVA MARCHE FABRIANO Wood - Furniture Mechanics Footwear - Clothing The Comb

20 Fabriano, 180608 KEF VII, PL VI, Policies for Regional Innovation20 3.8 Main clusters in the Marche Region Local Economic Systems Mechanics Mechanics Footwear and leather Footwear and leather Wood-furniture Wood-furniture Textile-clothing Textile-clothing Food-processing Food-processing Others (electronics, plastics, etc.) Others (electronics, plastics, etc.)

21 Fabriano, 180608 KEF VII, PL VI, Policies for Regional Innovation21 4. AN OPEN ECONOMY: EXPORT AND FOREIGN INVESTMENTS AS A RESULT OF CLUSTERS An open economy is a policy target for a Region focused on high production clusters The Marche economy is today very open, thanks to her manufacturing industries mostly involved in the made in Italy production An open economy may be a great opportunity, but it may also be a risk, if there isnt a control on the foreign capital used in the national territory

22 Fabriano, 180608 KEF VII, PL VI, Policies for Regional Innovation22 4.1 Foreign Direct Investment in regional development path In 60s and 70s, many firms came and settled in the Marche Region from other Italian regions or foreign countries, because of low labor costs The know-how acquired over time, the capability to set out small but incremental innovation, the relationship among local businesses (clusters) made a real new model, often named with the regions name: the Marche Region model In 90s many regional firms began participating in foreign businesses, most of all in their own manufacturing sectors, such as metal-mechanics industry, agricultural and industrial machinery, clothing and footwear, electrical material and supplies

23 Fabriano, 180608 KEF VII, PL VI, Policies for Regional Innovation23 5. PORTABILITY OF THE CLUSTER DEVELOPMENT PATH The Marche Region development path, in the last 60 years, appears to show some similarities with the present situation of many other geographical areas: A post-war situation Rural territory Large labor forces percentage in the agricultural sector Manufacturing and hand labor capability BUT What kind of knowledge and warning may come from this regional experience? May a cluster be exported to other areas?

24 Fabriano, 180608 KEF VII, PL VI, Policies for Regional Innovation24 5.1 Some policy remarks (1, specific and, may be, exclusive, features) The cluster is mainly based on a cultural approach: creativity and entrepreneurship are the ground skills for the spin-off imitation and emulation effects push the newcomers competition & cooperation allow distribution of production phases among many firms traditional and not hi-tech industries involve low entrance barriers high specialization in each production step needs a low plant cost

25 Fabriano, 180608 KEF VII, PL VI, Policies for Regional Innovation25 5.2 Some policy remarks (2, a case of public-private partnership!) The cluster is an endogenous and self-governing phenomenon: the public role is rarely a decisive start-up factor Nevertheless, the policy maker may offer a strong support to strengthen the external economies (the core of a cluster!) External economies change continuously: establishment areas, basic services, workers availability and suitable education, material and immaterial infrastructures, quality and environment certificates… As the cluster grows, the governance becomes more and more relevant: in the Marche Region the Technological Center System as well as the District Council are composed by all local stakeholders (such as representatives of Public Boards and social and economic actors)

26 Fabriano, 180608 KEF VII, PL VI, Policies for Regional Innovation26 5.3 May an Italian-type industrial cluster be exported to other areas? Not likely! The cultural effects are strong: no public policy is able to change it in a short period A cluster is a typical local and bottom-up phenomenon The production sharing in many specialized steps depends on local needs Probably some policies! While we believe it is unlikely to export a cluster based on Marche Region experience we had several positive experiences in helping partner regions to build up industrial policy program, focused on qualified clusters of Micro, Small and Medium enterprises (SMEs) and based on the transfer of knowledge and associated policies, related to technological services The basic presumption is that, if the economic environment presents clusters of SMEs, organized to produce goods or services to be marketed outside the district, it is feasible to generate or accelerate the creation of externalities essential to the productivity or the value aggregation process – method on which Marche has an extensive experiencel.

27 Fabriano, 180608 KEF VII, PL VI, Policies for Regional Innovation27 5.3 A case of industrial cluster policy to be exported to other areas

28 Fabriano, 180608 KEF VII, PL VI, Policies for Regional Innovation28 A case of industrial cluster policy to be exported to other areas The strategic repositioning of the Centres really took place in light of backdrop changes in the last few years (globalization and growing integration of technological innovation processes; the development of the immaterial economy and of ICT services etc.).

29 Fabriano, 180608 KEF VII, PL VI, Policies for Regional Innovation29 An open economy: export and foreign investments as a result of clusters An open economy is a policy target for a Region focused on high production clusters The Marche economy is today very open, thanks to its manufacturing industries mostly involved in Made in Italy production An open economy may offer great opportunity, but it may also hold a risk, if there isnt control on the foreign capital used in the national territory

30 Fabriano, 180608 KEF VII, PL VI, Policies for Regional Innovation30 From General Services to Technology Transfer Market transformation resulting from globalization. Market transformation resulting from globalization. Move from local development of a defined territorial area to trans-local development in order to consolidate or create new conditions of competitiveness. Move from local development of a defined territorial area to trans-local development in order to consolidate or create new conditions of competitiveness. Move from an inward looking production and added value chain network to an outward looking network. Move from an inward looking production and added value chain network to an outward looking network. The Region of Marche and the Technological Centre System. The Region of Marche and the Technological Centre System.

31 Fabriano, 180608 KEF VII, PL VI, Policies for Regional Innovation31 The Rational The Technological Centre System intervenes to: analyse needs analyse needs propose solutions propose solutions in complex socio-economic situations, which present difficulties in the development of local industries with otherwise strong potential for growth at a national and international level linked to the locally available resources.

32 Fabriano, 180608 KEF VII, PL VI, Policies for Regional Innovation32 An External Economy The role of the Technological Centre System in the development of local industry: to be an operative local point of reference ; to be an operative local point of reference ; Facilitate the process of internationalisation of firms; Facilitate the process of internationalisation of firms; Offer firms experience and advanced competence. Offer firms experience and advanced competence.

33 Fabriano, 180608 KEF VII, PL VI, Policies for Regional Innovation33 The Methodology The Technological Centre System is actively involved in: coordinated processes for broaching entrepreneurial and managerial development in firms. coordinated processes for broaching entrepreneurial and managerial development in firms. development of new products/processes through investment in technology, quality, organisation/management, design, and human resources. development of new products/processes through investment in technology, quality, organisation/management, design, and human resources. development and organisation of permanent specialized structures aimed at offering firms continuity, stability and adaptability for initiatives of economic and local industrial development development and organisation of permanent specialized structures aimed at offering firms continuity, stability and adaptability for initiatives of economic and local industrial development

34 Fabriano, 180608 KEF VII, PL VI, Policies for Regional Innovation34 Example of Cooperation: Projects in course in Brazil Quality, technological innovation, specialized training, design for the Amazonian wood- furniture industry Quality, technological innovation, specialized training, design for the Amazonian wood- furniture industry Research, technological innovation, quality and specialized training for the mechanic industry in the state of Sao Paolo Research, technological innovation, quality and specialized training for the mechanic industry in the state of Sao Paolo

35 Fabriano, 180608 KEF VII, PL VI, Policies for Regional Innovation35 Projects in course in Brazil These projects were founded in an environment of initiative and collaboration between the Brazilian government and the four regions of Central Italy: Emilia Romagna, Marche, Tuscany, and Umbria. The initiative provides for social and economic cooperation aimed at transferring new models of local development. The Marche Region has launched under different national laws of cooperation (L. 212/92, L. 84/01, UE interregional Programme such as Interregg, TACIS IBPP etc.) several projects of cooperation and technical assistance with emerging and former command economies in Europe, North Africa and South America based on the transfer of some of the tools of industrial policy relative to the regional productive clusters (industrial district) experience.

36 Fabriano, 180608 KEF VII, PL VI, Policies for Regional Innovation36 A complex socio-economic situation with relative difficulty for the development of local industry due to various factors: cultural cultural technological technological infrastructure infrastructure financing financing logistic logistic with otherwise strong potential for growth at a national and international level linked to the availability of an immense natural resource. Context of the project

37 Fabriano, 180608 KEF VII, PL VI, Policies for Regional Innovation37 Increase the added value chain for local SMEs production within an environmentally sustainable situation, extending it to include the transformation phase, both of semi-manufactured products destined for a world scale market as well as final product, destined primarily for the Brazilian market and more generally the Central and South American market. Strategy

38 Fabriano, 180608 KEF VII, PL VI, Policies for Regional Innovation38 Promote and sustain development (technological, productive, commercial, organisational-managerial) of the wood- furniture firms in the Amazonian region, considering however the differentiation and specific conditions of departure relative to the area of Manaus in respect to that of Belém. Promote and sustain development (technological, productive, commercial, organisational-managerial) of the wood- furniture firms in the Amazonian region, considering however the differentiation and specific conditions of departure relative to the area of Manaus in respect to that of Belém. Guiding policies

39 Fabriano, 180608 KEF VII, PL VI, Policies for Regional Innovation39 Undertake interventions of a structural nature to activate and reinforce the endogenous factors of development to ensure continuity of the processes of economic, cultural and social growth apart from completion of the intervention; Undertake interventions of a structural nature to activate and reinforce the endogenous factors of development to ensure continuity of the processes of economic, cultural and social growth apart from completion of the intervention; Involve all significant elements of the socio- economic and institutional systems on the basis of sharing objectives and strategies for the attainment thereof within a vision of the medium long-term evolution of the territory itself. Involve all significant elements of the socio- economic and institutional systems on the basis of sharing objectives and strategies for the attainment thereof within a vision of the medium long-term evolution of the territory itself. Guiding policies

40 Fabriano, 180608 KEF VII, PL VI, Policies for Regional Innovation40 Coordinated processes for broaching entrepreneurial and managerial development in the wood-furniture sector ; Coordinated processes for broaching entrepreneurial and managerial development in the wood-furniture sector ; Differentiate the actions in Manaus (where fundamentally the objective is to create a local industry for semi-manufactured goods ) and Belém (where fundamentally the objective is to reinforce the local furniture industry ), within a commodity chain starting with the Amazonian resource wood and including machinery producers and working systems in the area of Sao Paolo; Differentiate the actions in Manaus (where fundamentally the objective is to create a local industry for semi-manufactured goods ) and Belém (where fundamentally the objective is to reinforce the local furniture industry ), within a commodity chain starting with the Amazonian resource wood and including machinery producers and working systems in the area of Sao Paolo; Line of Action

41 Fabriano, 180608 KEF VII, PL VI, Policies for Regional Innovation41 Construct permanent structures for specialised services (Technological Centres for Quality and Innovation), differentiated for the areas of Manaus and Belém, to provide continuity, stability and adaptability for initiatives and to support economic development and local industry. Construct permanent structures for specialised services (Technological Centres for Quality and Innovation), differentiated for the areas of Manaus and Belém, to provide continuity, stability and adaptability for initiatives and to support economic development and local industry. Line of Action

42 Fabriano, 180608 KEF VII, PL VI, Policies for Regional Innovation42 Composed of a set of project lines, each interrelated and synergetic in a system logic; these lines are: Technology Technology Quality Quality Organization/company management Organization/company management Human Resources Human Resources Design Design Entrepreneurship Entrepreneurship Project proposals

43 Fabriano, 180608 KEF VII, PL VI, Policies for Regional Innovation43 Alongside a project line dedicated to: Social situation/Sustainability. Social situation/Sustainability. Each project line is in turn divided into a series of actions that, distributed in various ways, over time culminate in the realisation of permanent structures (Technological Centres for Quality and Innovation) dedicated to giving continuity to the actions for sustaining development of the wood furniture production systems in the Amazon. Project proposals

44 Fabriano, 180608 KEF VII, PL VI, Policies for Regional Innovation44 Local Entrepreneurial System with particular reference to small businesses in the Amazon wood-furniture commodity chain Local Entrepreneurial System with particular reference to small businesses in the Amazon wood-furniture commodity chain Local Public Administration Local Public Administration Education System at high school and university level Education System at high school and university level Small businesses in the Italian wood-furniture commodity chain Small businesses in the Italian wood-furniture commodity chain The duration of the project is 48 months. Direct and Indirect Beneficiaries Time Planning

45 Fabriano, 180608 KEF VII, PL VI, Policies for Regional Innovation 45 Research, technological innovation, quality and specialized training for the mechanic industry in the state of Sao Paolo

46 Fabriano, 180608 KEF VII, PL VI, Policies for Regional Innovation46 An interesting process guided by a few leading companies (international brands) in the automotive and electrical domestic appliance sectors, who serve as the motor in the local production system inducing technologically complex production processes. The demand for parts and components, often not met by the businesses in the local territorial system, is addressed elsewhere (foreign suppliers). Context of the project

47 Fabriano, 180608 KEF VII, PL VI, Policies for Regional Innovation47 The need to project local mechanic businesses into long relational networks (trans-local cooperation) in order to extend the production and added value chains so as to face the new conditions imposed by the international market. Context of the project

48 Fabriano, 180608 KEF VII, PL VI, Policies for Regional Innovation48 Increase the local added value production chain, in part through the creation of stable relationships of collaboration with Italian companies, within a situation of environmental sustainability in order to increase the critical volumes in terms of turnover, production specialization and organisational and managerial attention, capable of projecting the firms into the most ample and ambitious markets directly or indirectly (the large production companies for goods destined to the market) present in Sao Paolo or other states in Latin America. Strategy

49 Fabriano, 180608 KEF VII, PL VI, Policies for Regional Innovation49 Promote and sustain development (technological, productive, commercial, organisational-managerial) of business in the (extended) mechanic sector in the State of Sao Paolo. Promote and sustain development (technological, productive, commercial, organisational-managerial) of business in the (extended) mechanic sector in the State of Sao Paolo. Undertake structural interventions to activate and reinforce the endogenous factors of development so as to ensure continuity of the processes of economic, cultural and social growth apart from completion of the intervention. Undertake structural interventions to activate and reinforce the endogenous factors of development so as to ensure continuity of the processes of economic, cultural and social growth apart from completion of the intervention. Guiding policies

50 Fabriano, 180608 KEF VII, PL VI, Policies for Regional Innovation50 Involve all significant elements of the socio- economic and institutional systems on the basis of sharing objectives and strategies for the attainment thereof within a vision of the medium long-term evolution of the territory itself. Involve all significant elements of the socio- economic and institutional systems on the basis of sharing objectives and strategies for the attainment thereof within a vision of the medium long-term evolution of the territory itself. Guiding policies

51 Fabriano, 180608 KEF VII, PL VI, Policies for Regional Innovation51 Coordinated processes for broaching entrepreneurial and managerial development in the enlarged mechanic sector aimed at three principal categories (integrated businesses, specialized businesses, small and medium businesses with a technological base), acting primarily with specific initiatives. Coordinated processes for broaching entrepreneurial and managerial development in the enlarged mechanic sector aimed at three principal categories (integrated businesses, specialized businesses, small and medium businesses with a technological base), acting primarily with specific initiatives. Construct permanent structures for specialised services (Technological Centres for Quality and Innovation), capable of translating basic research into applied research and pre- competitive development, Construct permanent structures for specialised services (Technological Centres for Quality and Innovation), capable of translating basic research into applied research and pre- competitive development, Line of Action

52 Fabriano, 180608 KEF VII, PL VI, Policies for Regional Innovation52 supplying rapid and efficient innovative service on specific themes and technology in order to guarantee effective initiative to support economic development and local industry. The Centre operates as a technological translator on a twofold level and between different actors: between the large specialised companies with heavy technological needs and the embedded network of autogenous or localised foreign small and medium sized businesses; between the basic research undertaken in universities and the technological requirements expressed by the firms. The Centre operates as a technological translator on a twofold level and between different actors: between the large specialised companies with heavy technological needs and the embedded network of autogenous or localised foreign small and medium sized businesses; between the basic research undertaken in universities and the technological requirements expressed by the firms. Line of Action

53 Fabriano, 180608 KEF VII, PL VI, Policies for Regional Innovation53 The areas for intervention: Technological innovation, Engineering and Design Technological innovation, Engineering and Design Research and development Research and development Quality Quality Organization/company management Organization/company management Human Resources Human Resources Internationalisation Internationalisation Social Situation/environmental sustainability Social Situation/environmental sustainability Project proposals

54 Fabriano, 180608 KEF VII, PL VI, Policies for Regional Innovation54 The centre is to serve as a referent for rapid and cost effective responses based on the following factors: possibility of rapidly and efficiently drawing on basic research sources possibility of rapidly and efficiently drawing on basic research sources possibility of utilising instrumentation and laboratory equipment already present in the territory possibility of utilising instrumentation and laboratory equipment already present in the territory possibility of acquiring instrumentation that is either inadequate or not present in the territory possibility of acquiring instrumentation that is either inadequate or not present in the territory Project proposals

55 Fabriano, 180608 KEF VII, PL VI, Policies for Regional Innovation55 presence of highly capable technological staff capable of elaborating technical responses immediately utilisable presence of highly capable technological staff capable of elaborating technical responses immediately utilisable relational capacity with local/national institutions aimed at promoting specific programs of intervention for sustaining the diffusion of research and technological innovation in the small and medium businesses of the state relational capacity with local/national institutions aimed at promoting specific programs of intervention for sustaining the diffusion of research and technological innovation in the small and medium businesses of the state Project proposals

56 Fabriano, 180608 KEF VII, PL VI, Policies for Regional Innovation56 Small, medium and large mechanic businesses in the State of Sao Paolo Small, medium and large mechanic businesses in the State of Sao Paolo Local Public Administration Local Public Administration Local system of research, technological development and specialized training Local system of research, technological development and specialized training Small and medium sized Italian businesses of the sub-supply chain in mechanics; electrics and electronics; instrumental machinery; moulds and pressing; agricultural machinery; lighting technology; industrial fridges etc. Small and medium sized Italian businesses of the sub-supply chain in mechanics; electrics and electronics; instrumental machinery; moulds and pressing; agricultural machinery; lighting technology; industrial fridges etc. The duration of the project is 30 months. Direct and Indirect Beneficiaries Time Planning


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