Presentation on theme: "Africas Export Credit Agency www.Africa-ECA.com 1 Understanding Political and Credit Risk Insurance Peter M. Jones Chief Executive Officer Making Finance."— Presentation transcript:
Africas Export Credit Agency 1 Understanding Political and Credit Risk Insurance Peter M. Jones Chief Executive Officer Making Finance Work for Africa 7-9 May 2007 Livingstone, Zambia
Africas Export Credit Agency 2 Objectives of Presentation Understand the benefits of Political Risk and Credit Insurance in support of regional and international trade and investment Understand how and what the The African Trade Insurance Agency can do to assist regional and international trade and investment
Africas Export Credit Agency 3 How Real is Cross Border Risk?
Africas Export Credit Agency 4 How Real is Cross Border Risk? Financial crises in a number of regions have confirmed that classical political risks do exist. Recent investor experience includes: - Repossession of privatised assets; - Defaults on government obligations; - Revocation of concessions given by previous governments; - Inability to convert or transfer local or foreign currency due to government action or inaction; and - Contract frustration due to inadequate legal & regulatory frameworks.
Africas Export Credit Agency 5 What is the Challenge? Public sector funding Accessing private funding opportunities Matching returns from projects with the cost of private capital and perceived risks Making the projects attractive to lenders, suppliers and investors through –Credible security package –Balanced allocation of attendant project risks –Acceptable rates of return –Good credit rating Discounting the opportunity cost (the return to be made from investments in other sectors which may have equal risk)
Africas Export Credit Agency 6 What are the Risks? The fundamental principle is that project specific risks should be allocated between the parties to a project who are best able to bear them; Risks within the control of the parties to a project: –completion risk; –cost overrun risk; and –performance risk.
Africas Export Credit Agency 7 What are the Risks? Risks outside the control of the parties to a project include: –regulatory risk (cancellation of concession, withdrawal of licences, non-economic tariffs); –currency risk (inconvertibility and non-transfer only); –confiscation, expropriation, nationalisation and deprivation (including creeping expropriation); –war and civil disturbance, terrorism and sabotage; –non-payment for services by sovereign and sub-sovereign obligors under a commercial contract.
Africas Export Credit Agency 8 Mitigating the Risks Basic rule: insurance is no panacea to a bad project. Political Risk Insurance: enhances the projects financiability by transferring political risks from the control of the parties associated with the project to a third party who can better bear the risks through: –specialised knowledge and portfolio diversification; and –sharing the risks through the use of reinsurance.
Africas Export Credit Agency 9 Mitigating the Risks Political Risk Insurance: –by reducing the degree of risk, the cost of capital is lowered; and –this is achieved by lengthening the term of the borrowing, reducing the capital charge and thus the loan margin, and potentially the amount of debt provided. Credit Risk Insurance: –protects the revenue stream.
Africas Export Credit Agency 10 Events, actions or omissions of a government that are outside the control of the parties to a commercial transaction Excludes force majeure events, currency depreciation or devaluation, events in the control of a party in the commercial transaction or lawful actions of a government Political Risk Insurance: Definition
Africas Export Credit Agency 11 Equity and quasi-equity Shareholder loans and loan guarantees Commercial loans Examples of other forms of investments: –management contracts; –Leases; –franchising and licensing agreements; –unfair calling of performance bonds. Political Risk Insurance: Trade and Investments Covered
Africas Export Credit Agency 12 Credit Risk Insurance Covers the exporter/lender against non payment and insolvency of commercial buyers Any company of any size is eligible for cover Africas Export Credit Agency
Africas Export Credit Agency 13 Credit Risk Insurance: Companies that would benefit With limited fixed assets That require more efficient debtor management Experiencing rapid growth Intend or need to offer longer payment terms to their customers (open account)
Africas Export Credit Agency 14 Credit Risk Insurance: 3 Missions of the Credit Insurer Prevention And Control - Of the inability of customers to meet their financial obligations Indemnification -Up to 90 % Recovery of unpaid invoices
Africas Export Credit Agency 15 Credit Risk Insurance: Challenges Facing Exporters Buyer & Seller unknown to each other Different language, customs, laws & regulations Cost and terms of bank finance Buyer wants time to pay Seller wants immediate payment Transfer/Payment in foreign currency Political Risks
Africas Export Credit Agency 16 Grow export business with minimal risk Professional checks on buyers and credit limits Offer more favourable terms (open account) Offer medium/long term supplier credit Pre-shipment cover Security for commercial bank financing Debt collection throughout the world Credit Risk Insurance: Benefits
Africas Export Credit Agency 17 Benefits of Political and Credit Risk Insurance
Africas Export Credit Agency 18 A Risk Management Tool Investors gain confidence Project risk/ return profile improves for all investors Greater interest from debt and equity investors More deals are closed Confidence Credit Enhancement Deterrence to adverse Government actions Prospect of compensation Reduction of both capital costs and financing cost
Africas Export Credit Agency 19 Understanding ATI
Africas Export Credit Agency 20 Understanding ATI A Multilateral Political Risk and Credit Risk Insurer Established at the initiative of COMESA and owned by African Member States Supported by the World Bank Partners with Lloyds of London and other major private insurance companies Partners with private and public credit insurers
Africas Export Credit Agency 21 ATI Mandate Facilitate private sector-led trade flows, investment and productive activities through the provision of insurance, coinsurance & reinsurance, financial instruments and related services.
Africas Export Credit Agency 22 African Member Countries Burundi Democratic Republic of Congo Kenya Madagascar Malawi Rwanda Tanzania Uganda Zambia *Djibouti and Eritrea are signatories (pending ratification) *Liberia and Sudan have been accepted into membership (pending signature and ratification) ATI is open to all African Union Member States Corporate & Regional Body Members Atradius, COMESA, PTA-Bank and ZEP RE ATIs Membership (As of March 2007)
Africas Export Credit Agency 23 Focus on new African Member Countries: Eastern and Southern Africa: Angola, Ethiopia, Mozambique and Sudan Western Africa: Ghana, Guinea (Conakry), Mali, Nigeria & Senegal Indian Ocean: Comoros, Mauritius and Seychelles Focus on new Regional Body Members: ECOWAS, SADC, AfDB,… Local, regional and international public and private donors, investors and financial institutions ATI: New Membership Recruitment
Africas Export Credit Agency 24 ATI: What is its rationale? The relatively small volumes of trade and investment in many ATI Member States do not merit the establishment of national insurers. ATI helps reduce the costs of doing business in Africa by: 1.Cost-effective use of underwriting capital 2.Reduced over-head costs 3.Regional integration through international cooperation and risk sharing 4.Enhanced possibilities for risk diversification by creating a regional risk portfolio (reducing the impact of an individual countrys volatilities and sector dependencies) 5.Encouraging private sector insurers to assume risk in Africa
Africas Export Credit Agency 25 ATIs Deterrence Effect The underlying countries obligation to make ATI whole for any political risk losses they cause, together with ATIs multilateral status and the strong support from IDA/World Bank create a very powerful deterrence effect; and ATIs African Member States having invested directly in ATIs capital enhances ATIs ability to resolve disputes without loss.
Africas Export Credit Agency 26 Political Risk Insurance for trade & investment Mobile assets insurance Unfair calling of bonds insurance Inter & Intra-regional and Domestic Whole Turnover Credit Insurance with typical payment terms of up to 12 months Comprehensive Nonpayment Cover for single (structured) credits to: -Private obligors; -Parastatal obligors; and -Sovereign obligors ATI: Product Offering
Africas Export Credit Agency 27 Investment and trade transactions (including expansions or privatizations of existing projects) Excluded sectors/goods follow World Bank Guidelines Private, Public or Sovereign Obligors Credit Risk: Buyer or Seller in ATI-Member Country Investment: Project in ATI-Member Country Environmental clearance required ATI-ACA ATI Eligibility Criteria
Africas Export Credit Agency 28 ATI: Most Common Terms Tenors up to 10 years No minimum transaction size Indemnity: - Up to 100% (Political Risks) - Up to 90% (Commercial Risks) Competitive risk-based pricing
Africas Export Credit Agency 29 Through the ATIs website via or By telephone +254 (0) ATI Contacts