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1 NOT FOR ATTRIBUTION; FOR DISCUSSION PURPOSES ONLY.

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1 1 NOT FOR ATTRIBUTION; FOR DISCUSSION PURPOSES ONLY

2 Case Studies on Good Environmental Management: A Contribution to WB CEA by Elmer Mercado,EnP November 2008

3 3 Case Study Sites and Themes Vigan City, Ilocos Sur – Air Quality Management (motorcycle engine conversion)Vigan City, Ilocos Sur – Air Quality Management (motorcycle engine conversion) Infanta, Quezon Province – Community Disaster Management, Rehabilitation and RecoveryInfanta, Quezon Province – Community Disaster Management, Rehabilitation and Recovery Ubay, Bohol – Coastal Resource Management and EnforcementUbay, Bohol – Coastal Resource Management and Enforcement Bayawan City, Negros Oriental – Sustainable Forest ManagementBayawan City, Negros Oriental – Sustainable Forest Management Nabunturan, Compostela Valley – Upland Rehabilitation and ManagementNabunturan, Compostela Valley – Upland Rehabilitation and Management

4 4 Vigan City – Air Quality Mangement for Cultural Historical Preservation (1) Overview UNESCO World Heritage SiteUNESCO World Heritage Site city vision to sustain cultural and historical legacy (physical, social, economic, cultural, and environmental)city vision to sustain cultural and historical legacy (physical, social, economic, cultural, and environmental) 3,000 tricycles-for-hire3,000 tricycles-for-hire air and noise pollution from 2-stroke engine and other vehiclesair and noise pollution from 2-stroke engine and other vehicles core heritage zone and traditional industry areas – burnayan and agricultural areascore heritage zone and traditional industry areas – burnayan and agricultural areas

5 5 Vigan City – Air Quality Mangement for Cultural Historical Preservation (2) Local Initiatives Local Initiatives strong local ordinance – anti-muffler (2003) and phased implementation of engine conversion (2006)strong local ordinance – anti-muffler (2003) and phased implementation of engine conversion (2006)

6 6 Vigan City – Air Quality Mangement for Cultural Historical Preservation (3) Complementary Initiatives: urban regreening and establishment passive air quality filters/zonesurban regreening and establishment passive air quality filters/zones pedestrianisation of core heritage zone and restrictions to vehicular movements in cultural zone during weekendspedestrianisation of core heritage zone and restrictions to vehicular movements in cultural zone during weekends strong enforcement of environmental ordinances, hiring of environmental guards and deputation of senior citizens, youth and city hall employees as environmental guardians and/or officersstrong enforcement of environmental ordinances, hiring of environmental guards and deputation of senior citizens, youth and city hall employees as environmental guardians and/or officers

7 7 Vigan City – Air Quality Mangement for Cultural Historical Preservation (4) Results: Results: significant reduction in air pollution in poblacion areasignificant reduction in air pollution in poblacion area 2/3 compliance within 18 months of implementation; full compliance Dec 20092/3 compliance within 18 months of implementation; full compliance Dec 2009 regional and national recognition/ awardsregional and national recognition/ awards

8 8 Infanta, Quezon – Community-based Disaster Rehabilitation and Recovery (1) Overview Overview Infanta wiped out and inundated from 4 typhoons in 2 week period in Nov-Dec 2004Infanta wiped out and inundated from 4 typhoons in 2 week period in Nov-Dec 2004 Typhoon Winnie poured 342mm of rainwater in 24hrs - most in 50yrsTyphoon Winnie poured 342mm of rainwater in 24hrs - most in 50yrs

9 9 Infanta, Quezon – Community-based Disaster Rehabilitation and Recovery (2) Effects : Effects : 176 casualties with (12 were recovered dead bodies, 53 missing persons) 12,000 households/families were left isolated176 casualties with (12 were recovered dead bodies, 53 missing persons) 12,000 households/families were left isolated 16/36 barangays were severely damaged.16/36 barangays were severely damaged. Almost 40% out of the 5,087 houses damage were totally damagedAlmost 40% out of the 5,087 houses damage were totally damaged Estimated PhP million or US$ 2.29 million (at US$1=PhP45) worth of crops, livestock, fisheries/aquaculture products;Estimated PhP million or US$ 2.29 million (at US$1=PhP45) worth of crops, livestock, fisheries/aquaculture products; PhP 300 million or US$6.67 million of public infrastructures and utilities/facilities were destroyedPhP 300 million or US$6.67 million of public infrastructures and utilities/facilities were destroyed

10 10 Infanta, Quezon – Community-based Disaster Rehabilitation and Recovery (3) Local initiatives Predict, Plan, Prepare and Practice – 4 Ps, YoYo Mobilising the citizenry because disaster management is everybodys concern - MDCCs, SCARRFC, SCPADS, etc YoYo (you are on your own) – 24hr emergency response programme

11 11 Infanta, Quezon – Community-based Disaster Rehabilitation and Recovery (4) Results and Benefits Increases in local revenue collections PhP million or US$ 176,422 (2004) to PhP million or US$ 212,066 (2006). Increases in local revenue collections PhP million or US$ 176,422 (2004) to PhP million or US$ 212,066 (2006). local tax collection (2006)= 41.19% (2005); > (2004) local tax collection (2006)= 41.19% (2005); > (2004) non-tax collection (2006)= 56% collection (2005); 30% (2004) non-tax collection (2006)= 56% collection (2005); 30% (2004) These tax-based revenue collections were generated mostly from real property taxes, business and sales taxes, and other local taxes while non-tax revenue includes local business and service fees, permits and licenses.These tax-based revenue collections were generated mostly from real property taxes, business and sales taxes, and other local taxes while non-tax revenue includes local business and service fees, permits and licenses. IRA dependence IRA dependence

12 12 Ubay, Bohol – Sustainable Coastal and Fishery Resource Management (1) Overview overfishing in coastal waters; located in most concentrated fishing area (northern Bohol) in Boholoverfishing in coastal waters; located in most concentrated fishing area (northern Bohol) in Bohol part of Danajon double barrier reef;part of Danajon double barrier reef; almost half of barangays/population in coastal areas; 70% of population fishing as livelihood;almost half of barangays/population in coastal areas; 70% of population fishing as livelihood; illegal and destructive methods, low fish catch, high poverty incidenceillegal and destructive methods, low fish catch, high poverty incidence

13 13 Ubay, Bohol – Sustainable Coastal and Fishery Resource Management (2) Local Initiatives Local Initiatives Recruitment of capable personnel, regular budgetary support and establishment of a strong implementing structureRecruitment of capable personnel, regular budgetary support and establishment of a strong implementing structure creation of coastal resource management office, coastal protection and enforcement unit (CPEU)creation of coastal resource management office, coastal protection and enforcement unit (CPEU) Establishing close coordination from within and with other LGUs and agencies.Establishing close coordination from within and with other LGUs and agencies. inter-LGU coordination, formation of provincial CLECinter-LGU coordination, formation of provincial CLEC Participatory fishery governance at the municipal and barangay LevelParticipatory fishery governance at the municipal and barangay Level barangay/municipal FARMCsbarangay/municipal FARMCs Local legislative policy framework and strong enforcementLocal legislative policy framework and strong enforcement no take areas, Municipal ICRM Plan; deputation of bantay dagat and fish wardens in all 19 coastal barangaysno take areas, Municipal ICRM Plan; deputation of bantay dagat and fish wardens in all 19 coastal barangays

14 14 Ubay, Bohol – Sustainable Coastal and Fishery Resource Management (3) Results: Results: PhP 2 million (inputs) = Php 10million (fisheries income); PhP 50-90million in over-all economic valuePhP 2 million (inputs) = Php 10million (fisheries income); PhP 50-90million in over-all economic value in monitored fish catch by manual gears and illegal and active gears in monitored fish catch by manual gears and illegal and active gears in fish biomass (6-8%) of pelagic fishes in 3 MPAs in fish biomass (6-8%) of pelagic fishes in 3 MPAs in arrests of illegal fishers and in collection of fines and fees (2007) by 180%. in arrests of illegal fishers and in collection of fines and fees (2007) by 180%.

15 15 Bayawan City, Negros Oriental: Sustainable Forest Management (1) Overview Overview perennial flashfloods and inundation of vast agricultural lands – 67% of total land area of 70,000 hectares (largest in whole of Region 7);perennial flashfloods and inundation of vast agricultural lands – 67% of total land area of 70,000 hectares (largest in whole of Region 7); 20,245 hectares forestlands, 70% open access20,245 hectares forestlands, 70% open access low revenue collection rate for agriculture; merely half of PhP 15 million in RPT collectedlow revenue collection rate for agriculture; merely half of PhP 15 million in RPT collected

16 16 Bayawan City, Negros Oriental: Sustainable Forest Management (2) Initiatives Forest Land Use Plan; co-management arrangement with DENRForest Land Use Plan; co-management arrangement with DENR Establishment of regular FMU; FLUP implementation committee headed by Vice MayorEstablishment of regular FMU; FLUP implementation committee headed by Vice Mayor 100% budget allocation for FLUP implementation100% budget allocation for FLUP implementation LGU issuance of tenurial instruments for forestland occupants, i.e. agroforestry management agreementLGU issuance of tenurial instruments for forestland occupants, i.e. agroforestry management agreement Link of FLUP with other LGU plans, i.e. CLUP, SWP, CRMP, Climate change mitigation planLink of FLUP with other LGU plans, i.e. CLUP, SWP, CRMP, Climate change mitigation plan

17 17 Bayawan City, Negros Oriental: Sustainable Forest Management (3) Results Results No immediate economic results yet (long-gestating) only 3-years implementationNo immediate economic results yet (long-gestating) only 3-years implementation Reduction in occurrence of flooding; shorter period of flood water recedenceReduction in occurrence of flooding; shorter period of flood water recedence 500 HH actual beneficiaries; 2k families by end of FLUP in HH actual beneficiaries; 2k families by end of FLUP in km riverbank protection, 220 km forestline delineated, 14 km forest firelines established/maintained134 km riverbank protection, 220 km forestline delineated, 14 km forest firelines established/maintained

18 18 Nabunturan, Compostela Valley: Land Rehabilitation and Development (1) Overview Overview land degradation of upland areas (18/28 barangays); poor productivity and high poverty incidence among rural upland dwellers (PhP 13.8/annum), including IPs;land degradation of upland areas (18/28 barangays); poor productivity and high poverty incidence among rural upland dwellers (PhP 13.8/annum), including IPs; 70% of total land area is agricultural; 20% are uplands (30% slope+); 80% of population dependent on agriculture;70% of total land area is agricultural; 20% are uplands (30% slope+); 80% of population dependent on agriculture; continuing insurgencycontinuing insurgency lack of tenure security; high incidence of flooding and landslides due to deforestaton, siltation and effects of mining operationslack of tenure security; high incidence of flooding and landslides due to deforestaton, siltation and effects of mining operations

19 19 Nabunturan, Compostela Valley: Land Rehabilitation and Development (2) Initiatives land use based BDP; community-based support structures; barangay forest protection and livelihood enterprisesland use based BDP; community-based support structures; barangay forest protection and livelihood enterprises inter-agency and intra-LGU convergence teaminter-agency and intra-LGU convergence team budget support from municipal and provincial LGUsbudget support from municipal and provincial LGUs strong local and community policy frameworkstrong local and community policy framework deputation of barangay environment and natural resources officers (BENROs)deputation of barangay environment and natural resources officers (BENROs)

20 20 Nabunturan, Compostela Valley: Land Rehabilitation and Development (3) Results Results 60-80% increase in yields for all crops planted in SUD barangays; 30% reduction in farm production costs60-80% increase in yields for all crops planted in SUD barangays; 30% reduction in farm production costs increase revenue collections (in real property taxes) in SUD barangays; 100% by 2007increase revenue collections (in real property taxes) in SUD barangays; 100% by HH beneficiaries in 6 SUD barangays453 HH beneficiaries in 6 SUD barangays triggered more external investments from other agenciestriggered more external investments from other agencies dynamic local governance systemdynamic local governance system

21 21 Success Factors Strong political and development- oriented leadershipStrong political and development- oriented leadership Community participation and partnershipCommunity participation and partnership Building strong implementation structure and networks of organisationsBuilding strong implementation structure and networks of organisations Need for sound science and research for good environmental management practiceNeed for sound science and research for good environmental management practice

22 22 Lessons Learned Environmental management is a long- term investment for future economic growth and productivityEnvironmental management is a long- term investment for future economic growth and productivity Environmental management has to be linked to other local development plans and goalsEnvironmental management has to be linked to other local development plans and goals Environmental management is a vehicle for good local governanceEnvironmental management is a vehicle for good local governance

23 23 Mabuhay!


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