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Bojan Kovacic, MSc, Deputy Director Serbian Energy Efficiency Agency Fourth Poverty Reduction Strategies Forum, World Bank Institute, Athens, 26-27 th.

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Presentation on theme: "Bojan Kovacic, MSc, Deputy Director Serbian Energy Efficiency Agency Fourth Poverty Reduction Strategies Forum, World Bank Institute, Athens, 26-27 th."— Presentation transcript:

1 Bojan Kovacic, MSc, Deputy Director Serbian Energy Efficiency Agency Fourth Poverty Reduction Strategies Forum, World Bank Institute, Athens, 26-27 th June 2007 Energy Efficiency in Serbia - SEEA aproach and programmes

2 Current state of energy consumption in Serbia Low energy consumption per capita (vs EU) Up to 3 times less primary energy consumption Up to twice less electricity consumption High energy intensity Low energy efficiency at demand side but also low effectiveness of the economy High losses in energy conversion and transportation (FE to PE ratio = 56%) Import dependency (44%)

3 Reasons for action Increase security of energy supply Decreasing import dependency Diversifying energy sources and fuels Increase competitiveness at macro (state) and micro (enterprise) level Less energy costs New products and services Increase of employments Less pollution of the environment, in particular less CO 2 emission

4 Barriers Low motivation of energy consumers (relatively low energy prices, relatively high investment costs, low life standard) Lack of institutional capacities Expensive loans and non attractive loan conditions Low financial capability of industry and citizens Undeveloped market of new products and services Lack of knowledge – new approaches Lack of informations Specific demand side sector issues

5 Institutional capacity building New institutions were established Energy Efficiency Agency, Energy Agency (regulatory), Environmental Protection Agency, Environmental Protection Fund Capacity building of current institutions is needed Strengthening institutional cooperation is needed Strengthening cooperation between state administration and other institutions is needed Chamber of Engineers, professional associations, Chambers of Commerce, municipal associations, other Example: developing certification of energy auditors Serbian EE network – Regional EE centers

6 Legal Framework Improvement Energy Law (1.8.2004, revision ongoing) Establishment of EE & RES Fund proposed Lack of secondary legislation, ongoing Environmental Protection Law Environmental Protection Fund established Adjustment of legislation – system approach, division of responsibility, monitoring and reporting Results simulation – should be integral part of process for adoption of secondary legislation Further capacity building of state administration needed, means and technical assistance needed

7 Energy Policy Energy Law Privileged electricity producers Privileged heat producers Entitled to facilities/should be defined by other legislation Energy Development Strategy until 2015 Energy Efficiency increase and wider use of renewable energy sources (RES) – prioritized objectives Programmes Implementation Strategy until 2012 15 parts including Energy Efficiency and RES

8 Support programmes (1) Programmes of Serbian Energy Efficiency Agency, EU (EAR) grant from CARDS 2002, 3.8 mil, completed by 31 December 2006 Serbian Energy Efficiency Project, IDA credit $25 mil., social public buildings, implementation 2004-2010, Government of Serbia, continuation NEW $28 mil. National Energy Efficiency Programme, around 1 mil. annually, state budget, Ministry of science and environmental protection Energy Efficiency in households, NEW, Investment plan of Serbia, 10 mil. in 2007, Ministry of Mining and Energy Objective: Energy Efficiency Improvement

9 Support programmes (2) Mid Term programme of Environmental Protection Fund, 7-10 mil annually, 2006-2010. Renovation and refurbishment of school buildings, different sources, Ministry of Education Renovation and refurbishment of health buildings, different sources, Ministry of Health Rehabilitation of DH in Serbia, 20М, EU (ЕАR) Rehabilitation of DH in Serbia, 2 x 20M, KfW Although energy efficiency is improving, programmes have other objectives than energy efficiency (except 1 KfW programme)

10 About SEEA Established in 2002 by Decree of the Government with financial support of EU (EAR) Re-established under Energy Law (2004) Legal status: special governmental organisation Potential status PUBLIC AGENCY Task defined by Energy Law Capacity building of Agency needed – new employees (currently 11), new expertise (juridical) Demand sector energy efficiency programmes Buildings, Industry, Municipal energy, RES Within 4 years 55 contracts Public procurement under EU, WB and Serbian rules

11 SEEA programmes nature (1) Programmes funded by EU (EAR) grant Training, demonstration, information Capacity building of SEEA Service market development - indirectly Serbian Energy Efficiency Project – WB loan Demonstration of EE in social public buildings Capacity building of SEEA and other institutions Unique Technical and Social monitoring of the results Grant of Kingdom of Norway Training, capacity building (REECs, SIEEN) Grant of Kingdom of Spain Capacity building of SEEA in RES field

12 SEEA programmes nature (2) Participation in FP7 project, RES, NEW Partnership with CRES (Helenic Aid programm), RES – buildings, NEW Participation in BIOM-ADRIA project, RES, NEW

13 Training Municipal administration Energy Management (46) Energy balance and plan – demonstration (3 towns) Industry Energy auditing (30 trainees, 10 factories) Energy management (80 trainees, 3 factories) EMS in food industry (25 trainees, 5 factories) Business plans (20 trainees, 10 projects) RES 2 forums (200 participants)

14 Seminar - example (1) Seminar "Biomassa for Energy" Held on 29.-30. March 2005. in Vrnjačka banja About 60 participants 15 foreign and local lecturers

15 Seminar - example (2) Seminar Geothermal Energy" Held on 10.-11. November 2005. in Vrnjačka banja About 100 participants 17 foreign and local lecturers

16 Demonstration in buildings Investments projects - Grant EU (EAR) 16 public buildings 900,000 grants (max 70%) All completed School, kindergarten, cultural, health and administrative buildings

17 Serbian Energy Efficiency Project Investment projects WB IDA loan Phase 1 – 28 buildings 13 buildings completed 7 buildings – ongoing 7 buildings – tender procedure Maternity hospital - preparation Technical monitoring Social monitoring Consultancy: BDSP- London/Energoprojekt- Entel


19 Demonstration in Municipalities Investment projects 11 projects 381,000 grant (up to 75%) DH – 4 projects Street lighting – 5 projects Water supply – 2 projects Energy Plans 3 towns Sombor, Jagodina, Kraljevo

20 Demonstration in RES SHPP Kragujevac – demo SHPP Celije - FS Banja Rusanda - FS ES Katici - demo DH Negotin - FS Banja Bujanovac FS EU (EAR) grants 6 projects 2 investments (110,000 ) 4 Feasibility Studies (50,000 )

21 Renewable Energy Sources Energy Law and Law on Concession / basis Provide incentives through secondary legislation Provide transparency of the procedure (who, what, when, what requirements) through INFO pool Investigate potential (maps) and make it public Concession for construction at existing dams (example) Opportunity: 20 000 new employees till 2012

22 Potential 2,600,000 toe 60% agricultural production 40% forest mass Actual using individual and quite wide, but there aren`t precision data mainly for heating low efficiency Opportunities mainly for heating biofuels and co-generation Biomass (1)

23 Capacity building of SEEA is needed Secure stable source of financing for programmes and running of SEEA since 2007 year! Establish Fund for rational use of energy (EE & RES) Adopt Law on rational use of energy How to proceed ?

24 REPUBLIC OF SERBIA ENERGY EFFICIENCY AGENCY (SEEA) Omladinskih brigada 1 11070 Belgrade, Serbia Phone +381-11 31 31 957 Fax +381-11 311 16 49 Bojan Kovacic, MSc, Deputy Director

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