Presentation on theme: "INCORPORATING IK INTO KERLA’S TENTH FIVE YEAR PLAN -A CASE STUDY"— Presentation transcript:
1 INCORPORATING IK INTO KERLA’S TENTH FIVE YEAR PLAN -A CASE STUDY PROF. G. M. NAIR, DIRECTOR Tropical Botanic Garden and Research InstitutePacha-Palode, Thiruvananthapuram695562, Kerala, India
2 GENESIS OF THE PROGRAMME ORGANISED A PRE-WORKSHOP BRAIN STORMING SESSION ONINDIGENOUS KNOWLEDGE STRATEGIES FOR KERALA,AT GOVERNMENT SECRETARIAT, THIRUVANANTHAPURAM,UNDER THE CHAIRMANSHIP OF HON’BLE CHIEFMINISTER OF KERALA SRI A. K. ANTONY , ON20TH SEPTEMBER 2002 THROUGH ASSISTANCE FROMWORLD BANK IK GROUPSENIOR BUREAUCRATS OF GOVERNMENTOF KERALA, HEADS OF DEPARTMENTS, PLANNERS,SENIOR SCIENTISTS, REPRESENTATIVES FROM WORLDBANK IK GROUP AND DELEGATES FROM KENYA,UGANDA AND ETHIOPIA PARTICIPATED.
3 RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE BRAIN STORMING SESSION IDENTIFY A NODAL AGENCY FOR ADVISING THE GOVERNMENT, FOR IMPLEMENTING IK PROGRAMMESPREPARE AN INVENTORY OF IK FROM DIFFERENT SECTIONS OF THE COMMUNITIESPRIORITISE IK FOR SHORT TERM AND LONG TERM PROJECT PROPOSALSEAR MARK A CERTAIN PERCENTAGE OF BUDGETARY PROVISION FROM CONCERNED DEPARTMENTAL ALLOCATIONS FOR IK RELATED ACTIVITIESSUBMIT TO THE GOVERNMENT OF KERALA AND THE KERALA STATE PLANNING BOARD, CONCRETE RECOMMENDATIONS FOR IMPLEMENTATION OF IK RELATED ACTIVITIES IN THE 10TH PLAN
4 FOLLOW UP PROGRAMMEORGANISED A WORKSHOP ON “INDIGENOUS KNOWLEDGE STRATEGIES FOR KERALA” FROM 7-9 OCTOBER 2002, AT THIRUVANANTHAPURAM, WITH THE SUPPORT OF IK PROGRAMME, WORLD BANK, WASHINGTON DC.WORKSHOP WAS INAUGURATED BY HON’BLE CHIEF MINISTER OF KERALA STATE, SRI A. K. ANTONYSRI V. RAMACHANDRAN, VICE-CHAIRMAN, KERALA STATE PLANNING BOARD DELIVERED THE KEY-NOTE ADDRESSSRI S. M. VIJAYANAND, SECRETARY, PLANNING AND ECONOMIC AFFAIRS, GOVERNMENT OF KERALA WAS ALSO PRESENT ON THE OCCASIONATTENDED BY ABOUT 120 INVITEES, WHO ARE EXPERTS IN THEIR RESPECTIVE AREAS. PLANNERS, BUREAUCRATS, SCIENTISTS, ACADEMICIANS, FARMERS, MEDIA-PERSONS, TECHNOLOGISTS, TRIBALS AND TRADITIONAL MEDICAL PRACTITIONERS.
12 OBJECTIVETHE WORKSHOP WAS ORGANISED WITH A VIEW TO DEVELOP CONCRETE IK BASED PROPOSALS FOR SUBMISSION TO THE KERALA STATE PLANNING BOARD, SO THAT THESE PROPOSALS COULD BE INCORPORATED INTO THE 10TH FIVE YEAR PLAN.OUTCOMESPECIFIC SHORT-TERM AND LONG–TERM PROPOSALS, SUBMITTED AFTER DISCUSSION AND DEBATE BY VARIOUS GROUPS AND PANELS DURING THE WORKSHOP, WERE SUBMITTED TO THE GOVERNMENT OF KERALA.
13 Diversity of Indigenous Knowledge (IK) TOPICS DISCUSSEDIK inBiodiversity Conservation and UtilizationAgricultureHealth careAnimal husbandryFisheriesArt & CultureArchitectureRural technology etc.
14 FACILITATING INSTITUTIONS IN KERALA ACTIONINTEGRATING WITH 10TH FIVE YEAR PLAN, KERALA STATE PLANNING BOARD SANCTIONED A PROJECT ON PROMOTION OF TRADITIONAL TECHNICAL KNOWLEDGE VIDE ORDER NO. A1-7033/03/SPB. DATED 23/10/2003 AT A TOTAL COST OF RUPEES 30 LAKHS, DURING THE YEAR 2003 AND 2004FACILITATING INSTITUTIONS IN KERALATROPICAL BOTANIC GARDEN AND RESEARCH INSTITUTE, PALODE, THIRUVANANTHAPURAM.KERALA FOREST RESEARCH INSTITUTE, THRISSURKERALA AGRICULTURAL UNIVERSITY, THRISSURCENTRE FOR WATER RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT AND MANAGEMENT (CWRDM), KOZHIKODEKIRTADS, KOZHIKODEAHADS, PALAKKAD
15 knowledge system developed, preserved and refined by generations INDIGENOUS KNOWLEDGE“ Indigenous Knowledge (IK) is a community based functionalknowledge system developed, preserved and refined by generationsof people through continuous interaction, observation andexperimentation with their surrounding environment. It is a dynamicsystem, ever-changing,adapting and adjusting to the local situationsand has close links with the culture, civilization and religious practicesof the communities. IK covers all spheres of human activity such as art,literature, health, education, agriculture, environment etc.”
16 INDIGENOUS KNOWLEDGEReal observers/ protectors/ beneficiaries of Biodiversity isIndigenous/ local communities. Indigenous knowledge onbiodiversity is the asset of the country which ensures thefood, health and economic security of the nation.
17 IK related to traditional medicine in India SourceClassical HealthTradition (CHT)Oral HealthTradition (OHT)Traditionally trained folk healers/ village physiciansNot traditionally trained but experienced in certain health practices (eg.Dai,bonesetters,specialists in treating poisons, jaundice, mental disorders)Aged people or different ethnic communities including women treating the patients based on the knowledge acquired from their predecessors.Individuals who acquired(educated group) certain knowledge from their predecessors.Tribal- tribal communities/ physicians/ aged individuals.Vedic / classical texts and treatise likeRigveda, Atharvaveda, Charakasamhita(Text on ancient Indian Medicine)Susrutha samhita (Text on ancient Indian surgery ),Ashtangahridaya ((Text on ancient Indian medicine & surgery) &other numerous related text books in both sanskrit andregional languages
18 PRECISE OBJECTIVESSurvey, collection, inventory and documentation of tribal / local / folk medicines of the districts of Thiruvananthapuram, Kollam and Pathanamthitta.Recording of traditional use and knowledge system on the local flora.Study, analysis and organisation of the data and preparation of computerised database.Preparation of report on the indigenous / traditional use of medicinal plants.
19 METHODOLOGYTRAINING / AWARENESS ON DOCUMENTATION OF IK (INSTITUTE LEVEL)TRAINING/ AWARENESS ON IK DOCUMENTATION (PANCHAYATH LEVEL)RAPPORT ESTABLISHMENT WITH LOCAL BODY MEMBERS AND OWNERS OF IKTEAM BUILDING AND VISION DEVELOPMENTENTRY TO PANCHAYATHINTERVIEW / MEETING WITH INDIVIDUALS/ IK HOLDERSIK DOCUMENTATIONDATA POOLING AND ANALYSISPREPARATION OF DATABASESUGGESTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
20 Documentation of Indigenous Knowledge (IK) LOCATION OF THE STUDY AREAThe study area is in the Southern Zone of Kerala, comprisingthe districts of Thiruvananthapuram, Kollam and PathanamthittaName of districtName of Gramapanchayathselected for study1. Thiruvananthapuram1. Peringammala2. Vithura3. Perinkadavila4. KuttichalAmboori2. Kollam1. Sooranad North2. Pooyappalli3. Thevalakkara4. ThrikkaruvaAryankavu3. Pathanamthitta1. Eraviperoor2. Ezhumattoor3. Konni4. ThannithoduMailapra
21 Shri.Ozhukupara Aziz,Member, Peringammala Gramapanchayath CONTACT PROGRAMME AT INSTITUTE LEVELONE DAY SEMINAR ON IK AWARENESS HELD AT TBGRI ON 8TH DECEMBER 2003Inaugural addressDr.G.M.NairDirector, TBGRIPresidential AddressShri.Ozhukupara Aziz,Member,Peringammala GramapanchayathA view of the audience
22 Mrs.Ammukkutty amma (82), Birth attendant Theme lectureDr.S.Rajasekharan, TBGRIIntroductory remarksDr.V.George,TBGRIMrs.Ammukkutty amma (82), Birth attendantA custodian of IK from Peringammala Gramapanchayath
23 CONTACT PROGRAMME AT PANCHAYAT LEVEL ONE DAY SEMINAR ON IK AWARENESS
25 Sl.NoParticularsItem/ UnitTargetAchievementRemarksDuring the monthProgressive totalAPHYSICAL ACHIEVEMENTS1.Preliminary training on team building and vision development(a) No.of trainings1Local body representatives and selected IK bearers including local healers -December 2003Target achieved as per scheduleInstitute level at TBGRI(b) No.of participants65Local body representatives and selected IK bearers including local healersTarget achieved as per planIncluding TBGRI faculties
26 2PRAs/Workshops/ meetings (specify)Panchayath level training(a)No.3Local body representatives and selected owners of IK including local healersDecember 2003Target achieved as per planPeringammala (Thiruvananthapuram)Sooranadu North (Kollam)Eraviperoor (Pathanamthitta)(b) No.of participants275January 2004Target achieved as per plan.Vithura (Thiruvananthapuram)Pooyappalli (Kollam)Ezhumattoor (Pathanamthitta)200January 2004Pooyappalli (Kollam)
27 (a)No.3Local body representatives and selected owners of IK including local healersFebruary March 2004Target achieved as per plan.Kuttichal (Thiruvananthapuram)Thevalakkara (Kollam)Konni (Pathanamthitta)(b) No.of participants175March April 2004Amboori (Thiruvananthapuram)Thrikkaruva (Kollam)Mylapra (Pathanamthitta)160
28 (a)No.of participants3Local body representatives and selected owners of IK including local healersApril May 2004Target achieved as per plan.Peringadavila (Thiruvananthapuram)Aryankavu (Kollam)Thannithodu (Pathanamthitta)(b) No.of participants125June 2004Preparation and submission of final consolidated report
29 OBSERVATIONS / RESULTS DETAILS OF THE CASE STUDIES RECORDED (DISEASE WISE)NAME OF THE DISTRICTNAME OF THE GRAMA PANCHAYATNO. OF SPECIFIC CASE STUDIESNO. OF NON SPECIFIC CASE STUDIESOTHERSSINGLE DRUGCOMBINATIO-NSTOTALThiruvananthapuramPeringammala3733354369423Vithura5114138282420Perinkadavila25311997116213Kuttichal323022147198345Amboori3512184166350
30 OBSERVATIONS / RESULTS DETAILS OF THE CASE STUDIES RECORDED (DISEASE WISE)NAME OF THE DISTRICTNAME OF THE GRAMA PANCHAYATNO. OF SPECIFIC CASE STUDIESNO. OF NON SPECIFIC CASE STUDIESOTHERSSINGLE DRUGCOMBINATIONSTOTALKollam Sooranad North445031388353741Pooyappalli36324724784331Thevalakkara423523333192525Thrikkaruva433733298122420Aryankavu402515095245
31 OBSERVATIONS / RESULTS DETAILS OF THE CASE STUDIES RECORDED (DISEASE WISE)NAME OF THE DISTRICTNAME OF THE GRAMA PANCHAYATNO. OF SPECIFIC CASE STUDIESNO. OF NON SPECIFIC CASE STUDIESOTHERSSINGLE DRUGCOMBINATIONSTOTALPathanamthitta Eraviperoor19217376205581Ezhumattoor52433667381448Konni4457454336790Thannithodu3439375181556Mailapra232927142209
32 Specific Non-specific Others Example I CASE STUDIES - PERINGAMMALA GRAMAPANCHAYATHWe have recorded case studies on the following 37 specific diseases, 33 non-specificdiseases and 3 other conditions based on 423 (54 single formulations combinations)information gathered on 287 medicinal plants.SpecificNon-specificOthers1. Arthritis2. Asthma3. Blood cancer4. Burns5. Cataract6. Centipede bite7. Chicken pox8. Chronic wounds9. Conjunctivitis10. Diabetes11. Diarrhoea12. Fever13. Filariasis14. Goitre15. Hypertension16. Infant diarrhoea17. Insanity18. Intestinal parasites19. Jaundice1. Allergy2. Blood purifier3. Body pain4. Burning (chest region)5. Burning (scalp)6. Chest pain7. Cholesterol8. Cough9. Dandruff10. Dry cough11. Fatigue12. Gas trouble13. Hair tonic14. Head ache1. Health promotive2. Pre-natal care3. Post-natal care
34 Tropical Botanic Garden and Research Institute UndisclosedPartially disclosedDisclosedExample- DisclosedTropical Botanic Garden and Research Institute DATA SHEET FOR ETHNO-MEDICO-BOTANICAL SURVEY OF MEDICINAL PLANTSGeneral Information : 1 Name of tribal settlement and the adjoining forest area / place surveyed:Kochuvila – Peringammala Gramapanchayath2. Date of Survey171220033. Source:a. OralIndividualGroupb. Documental recordWritingDrawingc. Historical importance / mode of transmission of Indigenous Knowledge (IK).4. Botanical detailsa. Scientific name:GenusCassiaSpeciesoccidentalisAuhtorLinn.ssp.FamilyFabaceae (Leguminosae) subfamily: Caesalpinioideae
35 (i) Herbarium specimen - b. Tribal/ local nameOolan thakarac. Sanskrit named. State of plantWildCultivatedIntroducedSemi cultivatede. HabitHerbShrubTreeClimberf. HabitatOpen waste landg. Voucher specimen(i) Herbarium specimenFiled number-Place of collectionDate of collectionName of collectorSpecial collection if any:Herbarium deposit(ii) Photograph (Y/N):
36 5. Utility based categorization of the plant Fumigation Timber h. DistributionCommonRare5. Utility based categorization of the plantAromaticFumigationTimberConstructionGums and resinsMushroomsDyesMedicinalOrnamentsEdiblePesticideOilFibrePiscicideNarcoticsFodderRitualsToxicFuelMasticatorsOthersOthers specify…………………………….
37 Indigenous Knowledge 1. Part used Leaf Gum Pollen Thorn Flower RootLeafGumRoot barkPollenThornWhole plantFlowerAny other:NectarFruitStem barkSeedHeart woodResinIn combination(specify): 10 gm fresh leaves of Cassia occidentalis + 5 gm Allium cepa2. Collection/ Harvestinga.Plant partRoot, Leafb.Time of year for collectionNo specific timec.Time of day for collectiond.Harvesting methodse.Physical reaction if any (Allergic, Itching, boils, sneezing etc.)
38 Processing materials (name if any) Final price By products (if any) Equipments (if any)-Need for processingProcessing materials (name if any)Final priceBy products (if any)g.Storage methodh.Attack of pests/ insects (if any)i.Place of collectionj.Seller (direct / indirect)k.Buyer (direct / indirect)l.Pricem.Quantity per month / year3. IngredientsName of the plantPartPart condition1. Cassia occidentalisRootDried/ fresh2. Cassia occidentalisAllium cepaBulbFresh
39 5. Administration of Drug. Dosage 10-15 gm paste Time and duration 4. Method of preparation – 15 gm dried/ fresh root of Cassia occidentalis, prepared in the form of paste administered internally along with ml milk.gm fresh leaves of Cassia occidentalis + 5 gm Allium cepa in the form of pounded mass5. Administration of Drug.a.Dosage10-15 gm pasteb.Time and durationTwice dailyc.Mode of administrationOrald.Vehicle used if anyCow’s milke.Therapeutic effectPreventiveCorrectiveONHumansPlantsPromotiveCurativeAnimalsf.Status of use (Common, Unique etc.)Uniqueg.Restrictions prescribed (if any)Sugar free diet6. Indicationsa.Local name of ailmentPramehamb.Ayurvedic terminologyMadhumehamc.Modern terminologyDiabetes mellitus 7. Alternate plants used if the drug plant is not available (substitute)
41 Tropical Botanic Garden and Research Institute UndisclosedPartially disclosedDisclosedExample- undisclosedTropical Botanic Garden and Research Institute DATA SHEET FOR ETHNO-MEDICO-BOTANICAL SURVEY OF MEDICINAL PLANTSGeneral Information : 1 Name of tribal settlement and the adjoining forest area / place surveyed:Elanjium Kani tribal settlement – Peringanmala Gramapanchayath2. Date of Survey261220033. Source:a. OralIndividualGroupb. Documental recordWritingDrawingc. Historical importance / mode of transmission of Indigenous Knowledge (IK).4. Botanical detailsa. Scientific name:Genus-SpeciesAuhtorSsp.Family
42 5. Administration of Drug. Dosage - Time and duration 4. Method of preparation 1. Decoction2. Medicated oil3. Pounded mass5. Administration of Drug.a.Dosage-b.Time and durationc.Mode of administrationd.Vehicle used if anye.Therapeutic effectPreventiveCorrectiveONHumansPlantsPromotiveCurativeAnimalsf.Status of use (Common, Unique etc.)Uniqueg.Restrictions prescribed (if any)6. Indicationsa.Local name of ailmentArbumdam, Rektha sammardamb.Ayurvedic terminologyArbudam, Rekthadi mardamc.Modern terminologyCancer, Hypertension 7. Alternate plants used if the drug plant is not available (substitute)
44 Enumeration of Indigenous knowledge Indigenous knowledge related to medicinal plants gathered from Thiruvananthapuram, Kollam and Pathanamthitta districts are enumerated Panchayat wise.Example-I (single drug)Botanical name: Ocimum sanctum Linn.Family: LamiaceaeHabit: HerbVernacular name: Krishnatulsi (PML, VTR, KUT, AMB, PDL, SDN, PPL, TLK, TKR, AYK, EPR, EMR, KNI, MPA, TND)*Parts used: RootsMethod of preparation: Paste form.Mode of administration: OralDosage: g, twice dailyVehicle: Cows milkIndication: Spider poison (SDN, TKR)During the survey we have collected 62 informations on Tulsi as a single drug to treat 55 specific and nonspecific diseased conditions from 15 Grama Panchayats.* PML-Peringammala, VTR-Vithura, KUT-Kuttichal, AMB-Amboori, PDL-Peringadavila, SDN- Sooranadu North, PPL-Pooyappalli, TLK-Thevalakkara, TKR-Trikkaruva, AYK-Aryankavu, EPR-Eraviperoor, EMR-Ezhuhattoor, KNI-Konni, MPA-Mailapra, TND-Thannithodu
45 Example-II combinations Example-III combinations Ingredients: Tulsi (Ocimum sanctum) – LeavesKudukkamooli (Aristolochia indica)- RootsKurumulaku (Piper longum) – SeedJaggery (Palm)Method of preparation: DecoctionMode of administration: OralDosage: 30 ml, thrice dailyVehicle:Indication: Fever (EMR)Example-III combinationsIngredients: Tulsi (Ocimum sanctum) – LeavesKuzhimundan (Orthosiphon glabratus) – LeavesCheriyaulli (Allium cepa) – BulbDosage: 60 ml, thrice dailyIndication: Chickenpox (AMB)In combination, we have collected 154 information on Tulasi for treating 62 specific and nonspecific diseased conditions from 15 Grama Panchayats.
46 CONCLUSIONS / SUGGESTIONS & RECOMMENDATIONS To conserve / preserve / protect the IK, various awareness programmes have to be designed and implemented among the people. It is urgent, otherwise these knowledge will be wiped out gradually due to the changing lifestyle and social set up of the people.Since scientific documentation of IK is a continuing programme, a sectoral wise IK documentation wing should be established in the respective R&D organization currently involved in the documentation work.A Coordinating Centre may be established at TBGRI for coordinating the documentation work and also for providing guidelines for preparing new policies / legislations, programmes etc to protect the IK of Kerala State.Digitalizing the IK is the need of the hour to save the same from piracy. New policies / programmes may be formulated for the preservation and protection of IK.
47 CONCLUSIONS / SUGGESTIONS & RECOMMENDATIONS Develop new programmes / models to integrate IK into the planning process through effective participation of people at grass root level.Develop new models / legislations for protecting IK under sui-generis system.Encourage and give priority to conduct scientific research on IK for developing new technologies / new scientifically validated herbal drugs / nutraceuticals / other plant based products like cosmetics, functional food etc. This will help to generate additional income at local / National and even at Global level and further it will improve our health, food and economic security.For patenting the new products arising of IK based research studies, a fast track policy may be evolved at Govt. level.
48 CONCLUSIONS / SUGGESTIONS & RECOMMENDATIONS 9. Explore the possibilities of identifying suitable funding agencies for the implementation of IK related activities including documentation at state level.10. During the survey we have come across interesting informations such as preparation of Thulasi pillow, Thevalakkara Puttu (a traditional / ethnic food item), several medicated oil for external application, single / simple herbal formulations etc. As an out come of the survey, can we think of a small scale / large scale production centre for thulasi pillows having some therapeutic effect like relieving stress / tension, ensure good sleep, remove lice etc. as claimed by the people of Peringamala Panchayat. Can we take up a popularization programme for production of traditional food items like ‘Thevalakkara puttu’ for relieving back ache as claimed by the people of Thevalakkara. Can we go for preparing single /simple herbal combinations for effective management of primary health care.11. Another notable factor recorded was the keen interest shown by the people during the documentation work of the IK. Majority of them believe that IK is very important and it should be conserved / preserved and should be effectively utilized. Therefore a separate budgetary provisions may be provided to the Panchayats to enable them to implement IK related programmes.
49 CONCLUSIONS / SUGGESTIONS & RECOMMENDATIONS 12. The local body members also showed their keen interest and welcomed the integration of IK into the planning process. This is to be encouraged and supported.13. Documentation of IK should be undertaken at Panchayat level involving students, NGOs, Youth and Nature Clubs. Necessary funds should be made available to them.14. Whenever IK is utilized for a profitable / money generating venture, the IPR of the original custodians should be respected and there should be a just and equitable sharing of the benefit.15. IK is chiefly applied for problem solving and as such has sufficient proven technical and scientific content. This should be expanded and developed and applied at a larger scale by creating necessary infrastructure and facilities.