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INCORPORATING IK INTO KERLA’S TENTH FIVE YEAR PLAN -A CASE STUDY

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Presentation on theme: "INCORPORATING IK INTO KERLA’S TENTH FIVE YEAR PLAN -A CASE STUDY"— Presentation transcript:

1 INCORPORATING IK INTO KERLA’S TENTH FIVE YEAR PLAN -A CASE STUDY
PROF. G. M. NAIR, DIRECTOR  Tropical Botanic Garden and Research Institute Pacha-Palode, Thiruvananthapuram 695562, Kerala, India

2 GENESIS OF THE PROGRAMME
ORGANISED A PRE-WORKSHOP BRAIN STORMING SESSION ON INDIGENOUS KNOWLEDGE STRATEGIES FOR KERALA, AT GOVERNMENT SECRETARIAT, THIRUVANANTHAPURAM, UNDER THE CHAIRMANSHIP OF HON’BLE CHIEF MINISTER OF KERALA SRI A. K. ANTONY , ON 20TH SEPTEMBER 2002 THROUGH ASSISTANCE FROM WORLD BANK IK GROUP SENIOR BUREAUCRATS OF GOVERNMENT OF KERALA, HEADS OF DEPARTMENTS, PLANNERS, SENIOR SCIENTISTS, REPRESENTATIVES FROM WORLD BANK IK GROUP AND DELEGATES FROM KENYA, UGANDA AND ETHIOPIA PARTICIPATED.

3 RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE BRAIN STORMING SESSION
IDENTIFY A NODAL AGENCY FOR ADVISING THE GOVERNMENT, FOR IMPLEMENTING IK PROGRAMMES PREPARE AN INVENTORY OF IK FROM DIFFERENT SECTIONS OF THE COMMUNITIES PRIORITISE IK FOR SHORT TERM AND LONG TERM PROJECT PROPOSALS EAR MARK A CERTAIN PERCENTAGE OF BUDGETARY PROVISION FROM CONCERNED DEPARTMENTAL ALLOCATIONS FOR IK RELATED ACTIVITIES SUBMIT TO THE GOVERNMENT OF KERALA AND THE KERALA STATE PLANNING BOARD, CONCRETE RECOMMENDATIONS FOR IMPLEMENTATION OF IK RELATED ACTIVITIES IN THE 10TH PLAN

4 FOLLOW UP PROGRAMME ORGANISED A WORKSHOP ON “INDIGENOUS KNOWLEDGE STRATEGIES FOR KERALA” FROM 7-9 OCTOBER 2002, AT THIRUVANANTHAPURAM, WITH THE SUPPORT OF IK PROGRAMME, WORLD BANK, WASHINGTON DC. WORKSHOP WAS INAUGURATED BY HON’BLE CHIEF MINISTER OF KERALA STATE, SRI A. K. ANTONY SRI V. RAMACHANDRAN, VICE-CHAIRMAN, KERALA STATE PLANNING BOARD DELIVERED THE KEY-NOTE ADDRESS SRI S. M. VIJAYANAND, SECRETARY, PLANNING AND ECONOMIC AFFAIRS, GOVERNMENT OF KERALA WAS ALSO PRESENT ON THE OCCASION ATTENDED BY ABOUT 120 INVITEES, WHO ARE EXPERTS IN THEIR RESPECTIVE AREAS. PLANNERS, BUREAUCRATS, SCIENTISTS, ACADEMICIANS, FARMERS, MEDIA-PERSONS, TECHNOLOGISTS, TRIBALS AND TRADITIONAL MEDICAL PRACTITIONERS.

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11 TRADITIONAL FIRE DANCE
FOLK DANCE

12 OBJECTIVE THE WORKSHOP WAS ORGANISED WITH A VIEW TO DEVELOP CONCRETE IK BASED PROPOSALS FOR SUBMISSION TO THE KERALA STATE PLANNING BOARD, SO THAT THESE PROPOSALS COULD BE INCORPORATED INTO THE 10TH FIVE YEAR PLAN. OUTCOME SPECIFIC SHORT-TERM AND LONG–TERM PROPOSALS, SUBMITTED AFTER DISCUSSION AND DEBATE BY VARIOUS GROUPS AND PANELS DURING THE WORKSHOP, WERE SUBMITTED TO THE GOVERNMENT OF KERALA.

13 Diversity of Indigenous Knowledge (IK)
TOPICS DISCUSSED IK in Biodiversity Conservation and Utilization Agriculture Health care Animal husbandry Fisheries Art & Culture Architecture Rural technology etc.

14 FACILITATING INSTITUTIONS IN KERALA
ACTION INTEGRATING WITH 10TH FIVE YEAR PLAN, KERALA STATE PLANNING BOARD SANCTIONED A PROJECT ON PROMOTION OF TRADITIONAL TECHNICAL KNOWLEDGE VIDE ORDER NO. A1-7033/03/SPB. DATED 23/10/2003 AT A TOTAL COST OF RUPEES 30 LAKHS, DURING THE YEAR 2003 AND 2004 FACILITATING INSTITUTIONS IN KERALA TROPICAL BOTANIC GARDEN AND RESEARCH INSTITUTE, PALODE, THIRUVANANTHAPURAM. KERALA FOREST RESEARCH INSTITUTE, THRISSUR KERALA AGRICULTURAL UNIVERSITY, THRISSUR CENTRE FOR WATER RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT AND MANAGEMENT (CWRDM), KOZHIKODE KIRTADS, KOZHIKODE AHADS, PALAKKAD

15 knowledge system developed, preserved and refined by generations
INDIGENOUS KNOWLEDGE “ Indigenous Knowledge (IK) is a community based functional knowledge system developed, preserved and refined by generations of people through continuous interaction, observation and experimentation with their surrounding environment. It is a dynamic system, ever-changing,adapting and adjusting to the local situations and has close links with the culture, civilization and religious practices of the communities. IK covers all spheres of human activity such as art, literature, health, education, agriculture, environment etc.”

16 INDIGENOUS KNOWLEDGE Real observers/ protectors/ beneficiaries of Biodiversity is Indigenous/ local communities. Indigenous knowledge on biodiversity is the asset of the country which ensures the food, health and economic security of the nation.

17 IK related to traditional medicine in India
Source Classical Health Tradition (CHT) Oral Health Tradition (OHT) Traditionally trained folk healers/ village physicians Not traditionally trained but experienced in certain health practices (eg.Dai,bonesetters,specialists in treating poisons, jaundice, mental disorders) Aged people or different ethnic communities including women treating the patients based on the knowledge acquired from their predecessors. Individuals who acquired(educated group) certain knowledge from their predecessors. Tribal- tribal communities/ physicians/ aged individuals. Vedic / classical texts and treatise like Rigveda, Atharvaveda, Charakasamhita (Text on ancient Indian Medicine) Susrutha samhita (Text on ancient Indian surgery ),Ashtangahridaya ((Text on ancient Indian medicine & surgery) &other numerous related text books in both sanskrit and regional languages

18 PRECISE OBJECTIVES Survey, collection, inventory and documentation of tribal / local / folk medicines of the districts of Thiruvananthapuram, Kollam and Pathanamthitta. Recording of traditional use and knowledge system on the local flora. Study, analysis and organisation of the data and preparation of computerised database. Preparation of report on the indigenous / traditional use of medicinal plants.

19 METHODOLOGY TRAINING / AWARENESS ON DOCUMENTATION OF IK (INSTITUTE LEVEL) TRAINING/ AWARENESS ON IK DOCUMENTATION (PANCHAYATH LEVEL) RAPPORT ESTABLISHMENT WITH LOCAL BODY MEMBERS AND OWNERS OF IK TEAM BUILDING AND VISION DEVELOPMENT ENTRY TO PANCHAYATH INTERVIEW / MEETING WITH INDIVIDUALS/ IK HOLDERS IK DOCUMENTATION DATA POOLING AND ANALYSIS PREPARATION OF DATABASE SUGGESTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS

20 Documentation of Indigenous Knowledge (IK)
LOCATION OF THE STUDY AREA The study area is in the Southern Zone of Kerala, comprising the districts of Thiruvananthapuram, Kollam and Pathanamthitta Name of district Name of Gramapanchayath selected for study 1. Thiruvananthapuram 1.      Peringammala 2.      Vithura 3.      Perinkadavila 4.      Kuttichal Amboori 2. Kollam 1.      Sooranad North 2.      Pooyappalli 3.      Thevalakkara 4.      Thrikkaruva Aryankavu 3. Pathanamthitta 1.      Eraviperoor 2.      Ezhumattoor 3.      Konni 4.      Thannithodu Mailapra

21 Shri.Ozhukupara Aziz,Member, Peringammala Gramapanchayath
CONTACT PROGRAMME AT INSTITUTE LEVEL ONE DAY SEMINAR ON IK AWARENESS HELD AT TBGRI ON 8TH DECEMBER 2003 Inaugural address Dr.G.M.Nair Director, TBGRI Presidential Address Shri.Ozhukupara Aziz,Member, Peringammala Gramapanchayath A view of the audience

22 Mrs.Ammukkutty amma (82), Birth attendant
Theme lecture Dr.S.Rajasekharan, TBGRI Introductory remarks Dr.V.George,TBGRI Mrs.Ammukkutty amma (82), Birth attendant A custodian of IK from Peringammala Gramapanchayath

23 CONTACT PROGRAMME AT PANCHAYAT LEVEL
ONE DAY SEMINAR ON IK AWARENESS

24 IK DOCUMENTATION

25 Sl. No Particulars Item/ Unit Target Achievement Remarks During the month Progressive total A PHYSICAL ACHIEVEMENTS 1. Preliminary training on team building and vision development (a) No.of trainings 1 Local body representatives and selected IK bearers including local healers - December 2003 Target achieved as per schedule Institute level at TBGRI (b) No.of participants 65 Local body representatives and selected IK bearers including local healers Target achieved as per plan Including TBGRI faculties

26 2 PRAs/Workshops/ meetings (specify) Panchayath level training (a)No. 3 Local body representatives and selected owners of IK including local healers December 2003 Target achieved as per plan Peringammala (Thiruvananthapuram) Sooranadu North (Kollam) Eraviperoor (Pathanamthitta) (b) No.of participants 275 January 2004 Target achieved as per plan. Vithura (Thiruvananthapuram) Pooyappalli (Kollam) Ezhumattoor (Pathanamthitta) 200 January 2004 Pooyappalli (Kollam)

27 (a)No. 3 Local body representatives and selected owners of IK including local healers February March 2004 Target achieved as per plan. Kuttichal (Thiruvananthapuram) Thevalakkara (Kollam) Konni (Pathanamthitta) (b) No.of participants 175 March April 2004 Amboori (Thiruvananthapuram) Thrikkaruva (Kollam) Mylapra (Pathanamthitta) 160

28 (a)No.of participants 3 Local body representatives and selected owners of IK including local healers April May 2004 Target achieved as per plan. Peringadavila (Thiruvananthapuram) Aryankavu (Kollam) Thannithodu (Pathanamthitta) (b) No.of participants 125 June 2004 Preparation and submission of final consolidated report

29 OBSERVATIONS / RESULTS
DETAILS OF THE CASE STUDIES RECORDED (DISEASE WISE) NAME OF THE DISTRICT NAME OF THE GRAMA PANCHAYAT NO. OF SPECIFIC CASE STUDIES NO. OF NON SPECIFIC CASE STUDIES OTHERS SINGLE DRUG COMBINATIO-NS TOTAL Thiruvananthapuram Peringammala 37 33 3 54 369 423 Vithura 51 14 138 282 420 Perinkadavila 25 31 19 97 116 213 Kuttichal 32 30 22 147 198 345 Amboori 35 12 184 166 350

30 OBSERVATIONS / RESULTS
DETAILS OF THE CASE STUDIES RECORDED (DISEASE WISE) NAME OF THE DISTRICT NAME OF THE GRAMA PANCHAYAT NO. OF SPECIFIC CASE STUDIES NO. OF NON SPECIFIC CASE STUDIES OTHERS SINGLE DRUG COMBINATIONS TOTAL Kollam  Sooranad North 44 50 31 388 353 741 Pooyappalli 36 32 47 247 84 331 Thevalakkara 42 35 23 333 192 525 Thrikkaruva 43 37 33 298 122 420 Aryankavu 40 25 150 95 245

31 OBSERVATIONS / RESULTS
DETAILS OF THE CASE STUDIES RECORDED (DISEASE WISE) NAME OF THE DISTRICT NAME OF THE GRAMA PANCHAYAT NO. OF SPECIFIC CASE STUDIES NO. OF NON SPECIFIC CASE STUDIES OTHERS SINGLE DRUG COMBINATIONS TOTAL Pathanamthitta  Eraviperoor    19 21 7 376 205 581 Ezhumattoor 52 43 36 67 381 448 Konni 44 57 454 336 790 Thannithodu 34 39 375 181 556 Mailapra 23 29 27 142 209

32 Specific Non-specific Others
  Example I CASE STUDIES - PERINGAMMALA GRAMAPANCHAYATH We have recorded case studies on the following 37 specific diseases, 33 non-specific diseases and 3 other conditions based on 423 (54 single formulations combinations) information gathered on 287 medicinal plants. Specific Non-specific Others 1.  Arthritis 2.  Asthma 3.  Blood cancer 4.  Burns 5.  Cataract 6.  Centipede bite 7.  Chicken pox 8.  Chronic wounds 9.  Conjunctivitis 10.  Diabetes 11.  Diarrhoea 12.  Fever 13.  Filariasis 14.  Goitre 15.  Hypertension 16.  Infant diarrhoea 17.  Insanity 18.  Intestinal parasites 19.  Jaundice 1.   Allergy 2.   Blood purifier 3.   Body pain 4.    Burning (chest region) 5.   Burning (scalp) 6.   Chest pain 7.   Cholesterol 8.   Cough 9.   Dandruff 10.  Dry cough 11.  Fatigue 12.  Gas trouble 13.  Hair tonic 14.  Head ache 1. Health promotive 2. Pre-natal care 3. Post-natal care

33 Specific Non-specific Others 20. Leucorrhoea 21. Measles 22. Migraine
23.  Oral cancer 24.  Psoriasis 25.  Scabies 26.  Scorpion bite 27.  Spider poison 28.  Stomatitis 39.  Stroke/ Cerebral haemorrhage 30.  Sinusitis 31.  TB 32.  Thyroid 33.  Tineapedis 34.  Tonsillitis 35.  Traumatic affections 36.  Ulcer/ Peptic ulcer 37. Vitiligo 15.  Inflammation/ swelling 16. Insect bite 17.  Intestinal colic 18.  Itching 19.  Joint pain 20.  Liver disorders 21.  Lumbago 22.  Nail infection 23.  Neurological disorders 24.  Otalgia 25.  Respiratory disorders 26.  Respiratory infection 27.  Retention of Urine (children) 28.  Rhinitis 29.  Skin diseases/ various dermatological conditions 30.  Sprain 31.  Tooth ache 32.  Vomiting 33. Wound due to snake bite

34 Tropical Botanic Garden and Research Institute
Undisclosed Partially disclosed Disclosed Example- Disclosed Tropical Botanic Garden and Research Institute  DATA SHEET FOR ETHNO-MEDICO-BOTANICAL SURVEY OF MEDICINAL PLANTS General Information :  1 Name of tribal settlement and the adjoining forest area / place surveyed: Kochuvila – Peringammala Gramapanchayath 2. Date of Survey 17 12 2003 3. Source: a. Oral Individual Group b. Documental record Writing Drawing c. Historical importance / mode of transmission of Indigenous Knowledge (IK). 4. Botanical details a. Scientific name: Genus Cassia Species occidentalis Auhtor Linn. ssp. Family Fabaceae (Leguminosae) subfamily: Caesalpinioideae

35 (i) Herbarium specimen -
b. Tribal/ local name Oolan thakara c. Sanskrit name d. State of plant Wild Cultivated Introduced Semi cultivated e. Habit Herb Shrub Tree Climber f. Habitat Open waste land g. Voucher specimen (i) Herbarium specimen Filed number - Place of collection Date of collection Name of collector Special collection if any: Herbarium deposit (ii) Photograph (Y/N):

36 5. Utility based categorization of the plant Fumigation Timber
h. Distribution Common Rare 5. Utility based categorization of the plant Aromatic Fumigation Timber Construction Gums and resins Mushrooms Dyes Medicinal Ornaments Edible Pesticide Oil Fibre Piscicide Narcotics Fodder Rituals Toxic Fuel Masticators Others Others specify…………………………….

37 Indigenous Knowledge 1. Part used  Leaf Gum Pollen Thorn Flower
Root Leaf Gum Root bark Pollen Thorn Whole plant Flower Any other: Nectar Fruit Stem bark Seed Heart wood Resin In combination(specify): 10 gm fresh leaves of Cassia occidentalis + 5 gm Allium cepa 2. Collection/ Harvesting a. Plant part Root, Leaf b. Time of year for collection No specific time c. Time of day for collection d. Harvesting methods e. Physical reaction if any (Allergic, Itching, boils, sneezing etc.)

38 Processing materials (name if any) Final price By products (if any)
Equipments (if any) - Need for processing Processing materials (name if any) Final price By products (if any) g. Storage method h. Attack of pests/ insects (if any) i. Place of collection j. Seller (direct / indirect) k. Buyer (direct / indirect) l. Price m. Quantity per month / year 3. Ingredients Name of the plant Part Part condition 1. Cassia occidentalis Root Dried/ fresh 2. Cassia occidentalis Allium cepa Bulb Fresh

39 5. Administration of Drug. Dosage 10-15 gm paste Time and duration
4. Method of preparation   – 15 gm dried/ fresh root of Cassia occidentalis, prepared in the form of paste administered internally along with ml milk. gm fresh leaves of Cassia occidentalis + 5 gm Allium cepa in the form of pounded mass 5. Administration of Drug. a. Dosage 10-15 gm paste b. Time and duration Twice daily c. Mode of administration Oral d. Vehicle used if any Cow’s milk e. Therapeutic effect Preventive Corrective ON Humans Plants Promotive Curative Animals f. Status of use (Common, Unique etc.) Unique g. Restrictions prescribed (if any) Sugar free diet 6. Indications a. Local name of ailment Prameham b. Ayurvedic terminology Madhumeham c. Modern terminology Diabetes mellitus  7. Alternate plants used if the drug plant is not available (substitute)

40 Consent form

41 Tropical Botanic Garden and Research Institute
Undisclosed Partially disclosed Disclosed Example- undisclosed Tropical Botanic Garden and Research Institute  DATA SHEET FOR ETHNO-MEDICO-BOTANICAL SURVEY OF MEDICINAL PLANTS General Information :  1 Name of tribal settlement and the adjoining forest area / place surveyed: Elanjium Kani tribal settlement – Peringanmala Gramapanchayath 2. Date of Survey 26 12 2003 3. Source: a. Oral Individual Group b. Documental record Writing Drawing c. Historical importance / mode of transmission of Indigenous Knowledge (IK). 4. Botanical details a. Scientific name: Genus - Species Auhtor Ssp. Family

42 5. Administration of Drug. Dosage - Time and duration
4. Method of preparation  1. Decoction 2. Medicated oil 3. Pounded mass 5. Administration of Drug. a. Dosage - b. Time and duration c. Mode of administration d. Vehicle used if any e. Therapeutic effect Preventive Corrective ON Humans Plants Promotive Curative Animals f. Status of use (Common, Unique etc.) Unique g. Restrictions prescribed (if any) 6. Indications a. Local name of ailment Arbumdam, Rektha sammardam b. Ayurvedic terminology Arbudam, Rekthadi mardam c. Modern terminology Cancer, Hypertension  7. Alternate plants used if the drug plant is not available (substitute)

43 Consent form

44 Enumeration of Indigenous knowledge
Indigenous knowledge related to medicinal plants gathered from Thiruvananthapuram, Kollam and Pathanamthitta districts are enumerated Panchayat wise. Example-I (single drug) Botanical name: Ocimum sanctum Linn. Family: Lamiaceae Habit: Herb Vernacular name: Krishnatulsi (PML, VTR, KUT, AMB, PDL, SDN, PPL, TLK, TKR, AYK, EPR, EMR, KNI, MPA, TND)* Parts used: Roots Method of preparation: Paste form. Mode of administration: Oral Dosage: g, twice daily Vehicle: Cows milk Indication: Spider poison (SDN, TKR) During the survey we have collected 62 informations on Tulsi as a single drug to treat 55 specific and nonspecific diseased conditions from 15 Grama Panchayats. * PML-Peringammala, VTR-Vithura, KUT-Kuttichal, AMB-Amboori, PDL-Peringadavila, SDN- Sooranadu North, PPL-Pooyappalli, TLK-Thevalakkara, TKR-Trikkaruva, AYK-Aryankavu, EPR-Eraviperoor, EMR-Ezhuhattoor, KNI-Konni, MPA-Mailapra, TND-Thannithodu

45 Example-II combinations Example-III combinations
Ingredients: Tulsi (Ocimum sanctum) – Leaves Kudukkamooli (Aristolochia indica)- Roots Kurumulaku (Piper longum) – Seed Jaggery (Palm) Method of preparation: Decoction Mode of administration: Oral Dosage: 30 ml, thrice daily Vehicle: Indication: Fever (EMR) Example-III combinations Ingredients: Tulsi (Ocimum sanctum) – Leaves Kuzhimundan (Orthosiphon glabratus) – Leaves Cheriyaulli (Allium cepa) – Bulb Dosage: 60 ml, thrice daily Indication: Chickenpox (AMB) In combination, we have collected 154 information on Tulasi for treating 62 specific and nonspecific diseased conditions from 15 Grama Panchayats.

46 CONCLUSIONS / SUGGESTIONS & RECOMMENDATIONS
To conserve / preserve / protect the IK, various awareness programmes have to be designed and implemented among the people. It is urgent, otherwise these knowledge will be wiped out gradually due to the changing lifestyle and social set up of the people. Since scientific documentation of IK is a continuing programme, a sectoral wise IK documentation wing should be established in the respective R&D organization currently involved in the documentation work. A Coordinating Centre may be established at TBGRI for coordinating the documentation work and also for providing guidelines for preparing new policies / legislations, programmes etc to protect the IK of Kerala State. Digitalizing the IK is the need of the hour to save the same from piracy. New policies / programmes may be formulated for the preservation and protection of IK.

47 CONCLUSIONS / SUGGESTIONS & RECOMMENDATIONS
Develop new programmes / models to integrate IK into the planning process through effective participation of people at grass root level. Develop new models / legislations for protecting IK under sui-generis system. Encourage and give priority to conduct scientific research on IK for developing new technologies / new scientifically validated herbal drugs / nutraceuticals / other plant based products like cosmetics, functional food etc. This will help to generate additional income at local / National and even at Global level and further it will improve our health, food and economic security. For patenting the new products arising of IK based research studies, a fast track policy may be evolved at Govt. level.

48 CONCLUSIONS / SUGGESTIONS & RECOMMENDATIONS
9. Explore the possibilities of identifying suitable funding agencies for the implementation of IK related activities including documentation at state level. 10. During the survey we have come across interesting informations such as preparation of Thulasi pillow, Thevalakkara Puttu (a traditional / ethnic food item), several medicated oil for external application, single / simple herbal formulations etc. As an out come of the survey, can we think of a small scale / large scale production centre for thulasi pillows having some therapeutic effect like relieving stress / tension, ensure good sleep, remove lice etc. as claimed by the people of Peringamala Panchayat. Can we take up a popularization programme for production of traditional food items like ‘Thevalakkara puttu’ for relieving back ache as claimed by the people of Thevalakkara. Can we go for preparing single /simple herbal combinations for effective management of primary health care. 11. Another notable factor recorded was the keen interest shown by the people during the documentation work of the IK. Majority of them believe that IK is very important and it should be conserved / preserved and should be effectively utilized. Therefore a separate budgetary provisions may be provided to the Panchayats to enable them to implement IK related programmes.

49 CONCLUSIONS / SUGGESTIONS & RECOMMENDATIONS
12. The local body members also showed their keen interest and welcomed the integration of IK into the planning process. This is to be encouraged and supported. 13. Documentation of IK should be undertaken at Panchayat level involving students, NGOs, Youth and Nature Clubs. Necessary funds should be made available to them. 14. Whenever IK is utilized for a profitable / money generating venture, the IPR of the original custodians should be respected and there should be a just and equitable sharing of the benefit. 15. IK is chiefly applied for problem solving and as such has sufficient proven technical and scientific content. This should be expanded and developed and applied at a larger scale by creating necessary infrastructure and facilities.

50 Pittosporum neelgherensis
(Analivegom) Snake bite

51 Barringtonia acutangula
(Samudrakai) Sinusitis, Head ache

52 Hibiscus rosa-sinensis (Adukkuchemparuthi)
Scalp & Hair cleaning (as shampoo / medicated oil)

53 Lawsonia inermis (Mylanchi) Jaundice

54 Lumbago, Nervous disorders
Vitex nigundo (Karunochi) Lumbago, Nervous disorders

55 Wrightia tinctoria (Dandapala) Skin diseases

56 Eclipta alba (Kaithonni) Anaemia, Hair tonic

57 Insect bite / Insect repellent
Zingiber zerumbet (Kattuchanna) Insect bite / Insect repellent

58 Health promotive (edible)
Cycas circinalis (Kalanga) Health promotive (edible)

59 Caesalpinia bonducella (Kayatti) Intestinal colic / Hernia

60 Snake bite / Immuno enhancer
Pellionia heyneana (Chakklipplan) Snake bite / Immuno enhancer

61 THANK YOU


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