Presentation on theme: "Learning About Contraception Lesson 5"— Presentation transcript:
1 Learning About Contraception Lesson 5 Drawing the LineLearning About ContraceptionLesson 5
2 Ground Rules To create a safe environment: Do not use put downs. Be sensitive to others.You have the right to privacy/confidentiality.Use correct terminology.Do not divulge private information.There are no dumb questions.Talk to your parents for more information.
3 IntroductionThis lesson will focus on contraceptive methods that are used by young people.California law allows anyone to purchase contraception, regardless of age.Contraception, or preventing pregnancy, is not something that happens automatically.We will review the contraceptive process so you can see what is involved.
4 The Contraceptive Process Using contraception is a learning process that includes the following steps:Acknowledge desire or intention to be sexually active (sex doesn’t just happen).Recognize the possibility of pregnancy and STDs.Talk about and plan methods of prevention.Obtain a contraceptive method for personal use.Keep the contraceptive available.Use method correctly and consistently.
5 Methods of Contraception Contraceptive methods fall into four categories:AbstinenceIntrauterine DevicesBarrier MethodsHormonal MethodsEach method has an effectiveness rate that tells how well it can work when used correctly.The best contraceptive method is the one that you will use consistently and correctly.
6 Abstinence Abstinence means not having oral, vaginal or anal sex. Abstinence always prevents pregnancy and protects against STDs and HIV.Plans for remaining abstinent should be discussed with your partner in advance.
7 Intrauterine Contraception Prevents sperm from fertilizing an egg or stops egg from attaching to uterus.Copper T Intrauterine Device (IUD)T-shaped device inserted into uterus by doctorRemains in place up to 10 years99% effective at preventing pregnancyLevonorgestrel Intrauterine System (IUS)Releases progestin each dayRemains in place up to 5 years
8 Barrier Methods Condoms A sheath of latex, synthetic material or lambskin that covers the penis and prevents sperm from fertilizing an eggIf lubricated with spermicide, immobilizes spermAvailable without a prescription at drugstores or clinics82–98% effective at preventing pregnancy when used during each act of intercourseLatex and synthetic material condoms may prevent transmission of many STDs and HIVLambskin condoms may not provide protection against STDs and HIV
9 Correct Condom UseUse a new latex condom for each new act of anal, oral or vaginal sex.Put the condom on as soon as the penis is erect and before any contact with the vagina, anus or mouth.Hold the tip of the condom and unroll it to the base of the penis.Leave a half-inch at the tip of the condom for the ejaculate; squeeze the tip to make sure that no air is trapped in the condom.Use only water-based lubricants. Lotions and oils can cause the condom material to disintegrate and tear.Immediately after ejaculation, withdraw the penis, holding the condom firmly at the base to avoid it slipping off or spilling.Remove the condom from the penis away from partner.Never use two condoms at the same time.
10 Barrier Methods Female Condoms A plastic sheath with rings at both ends that is inserted into the vaginaPrevent sperm from fertilizing an eggAvailable without a prescription at drugstores or clinics79–95% effective at preventing pregnancyMay prevent transmission of many STDs and HIV
11 Barrier Methods Dental Dams A thin sheet of latex originally used for dental proceduresCan be used to protect mucosa during oral sexAvailable without a prescription at drugstores or clinicsNot a birth control method, but used to prevent transmission of STDs and HIV
12 Barrier Methods Spermicides Products such as foam, gel or film that contain chemicals that kill spermAvailable without a prescription at drugstores or clinicsIncreases effectiveness of male and female condoms72–82% effective at preventing pregnancy when used alone
13 Hormonal Methods Injection Shot of the hormone progestin given in the arm or buttocks every 12 weeks by doctorPrevents sperm from joining the egg, or may prevent release of eggAvailable by prescription94–99 % effective at preventing pregnancy
14 Hormonal Methods Birth Control Pills Taken daily and may contain the hormones estrogen and progestin while others are progestin-onlyPrevents the release of an egg or prevents sperm from joining eggAvailable by prescription91–99% effective at preventing pregnancy
15 Hormonal Methods Patch Thin plastic patch placed on the buttocks, stomach, upper outer arm, or upper torso once a week for three out of four weeksCombined hormones prevent the release of an eggAvailable by prescription91–99% effective at preventing pregnancy
16 Hormonal Methods Vaginal Ring Small, flexible ring that is inserted into the vagina and remains there for three out of four weeksReleases synthetic hormones to prevent pregnancyAvailable by prescription91–99% effective at preventing pregnancy
17 Hormonal Methods Implants Soft, thin rod placed under the skin by a doctorLasts up to three yearsReleases synthetic hormones to prevent pregnancyAvailable by prescription99% effective at preventing pregnancy
18 Emergency Contraception (E.C.) Prevents pregnancy after unprotected sex, or when birth control fails.Does not work if someone is already pregnant; does not harm fetus.Prevents fertilized egg from being released, or attaching to uterine lining.Can be taken up to 3 days (72 hours) after unprotected sex.Available at clinics or pharmacies:Plan B One-Step is a brand of E.C. availablewithout a prescription for women of all ages (updated 11/12/13).If you are under 15 years, you may need aprescription for other brands.
19 Protection from STDs and HIV Hormonal and intrauterine methods of contraception DO NOT offer protection against STDs, including HIV.Using a condom with these methods can reduce the risk of pregnancy and contracting STDs.
20 CONTRACEPTION COMPARISON CHART MethodDescriptionEffectivenessLength of ProtectionProtection Against STDsAbstinenceNot having intercourse100%ContinuousYESIntrauterineImplanted into uterus by a doctor99%IUD 10 yrs.; IUS 5 yrs.NOCondomLatex or polyurethane sheath that covers the penis82–98%One sex actFemale CondomPolyurethane tube with flexible ring that fits the cervix79–95%InjectionsProgestin shot given every 12 weeks (prescription)94–99%3 monthsPillsHormones taken daily (prescription)91–99%1 monthPatchHormone patch placed on skin for 3 weeks (prescription)1 weekRingHormone ring inserted in vagina for 3 weeks (prescription)ImplantsHormone rods place under skin for 3 years (prescription)3 yearsSpermicideFoams, jellies, films inserted into vagina72–82%Up to 24 hours
21 Following Through with Abstinence Abstinence is the most effective way to prevent pregnancy and protect against HIV and STDs, and it is available to everyone.Here are some ways to plan for abstinence:Talk with your partner.Discuss different ways to show affection.Find activities you can do with other couples.Stay away from alcohol and drugs.
22 Safely Surrendered Baby Law Parent or legal guardian can surrender a newborn within the first 72 hours of birth to a person at a designated “safe surrender site” such as a hospital or fire department.Parent may claim physical custody of newborn within 14 days of surrender.More Information: (877) or
23 Please refer to your HOT CARD for youth friendly resources. Discussion QuestionsHow does a person know when he/she is ready for sex?Why do people choose not to use contraception?Is it difficult for teens to discuss contraception with their partners? Why/why not?Where can you get information?Please refer to your HOT CARD for youth friendly resources.