Find Your Corner Corner A: Oldest Child Corner B: Youngest Child Corner C: Only Child Corner D: Somewhere in the middle
Corner A: Medical Tower Corner B: Professional Tower Corner C: Technical Tower
Corner A: Have lived in another country Corner B: Always lived in Nevada Corner C: Have lived in another state but not outside the US
Corner A: Immediate Family in the home Corner B: Step family in the home Corner C: Multi-generational home
How do you identify yourself: Corner A: Hispanic Corner B: Asian Corner C: White Corner D: African American Middle of the room: Other
Sociological Perspective Stresses the social contexts in which people live and examines how these contexts influence people’s lives. Social Location- the corners in life where people are located in a society. Consider how being identified with a group called males or a group called females shapes our ideas of who we are and what we should attain in life.
Biography and History The society in which we grow up, and our particular location in that society, lie at the center of what we do and how we think.
Sociological Perspective People around the globe take their particular views of the world for granted. What is “normal” as… An American? As a Las Vegan? As a Palo student? youryour How have your social groups shaped your ideas and desires?
Where did sociology come from? Response to the industrial revolution Answers of tradition became inadequate as industry and democracy grew. Imperialism- why do cultures differ? The Scientific Method! Objective systematic observations to test theories– began applying this to social life.
Auguste Comte 1798-1857, French Coined the terms sociology to describe the study of society Focused on two areas of study -Social order and Social Change “What creates order instead of anarchy or chaos?” “What causes society to change?”
Herbert Spencer 1820-1903, English Societies evolve from lower (barbarian) to higher (civilized) forms. As time passes, the most capable and intelligent (the fittest) members of society survive while the less capable die out. Strongly influenced by Darwin, an evolutionist from the 1800s. Don’t help the lower classes – survival of the fittest SOCIAL DARWINISM
Karl Marx 1818-1883, German People should change society. The engine of human history is class conflict The structure of society is influenced by how its economy is organized Bourgeoisie proletariat Bourgeoisie- the capitalist- are locked in conflict with the proletariat – the workers This struggle will last until the proletariat unite in revolution Goal is a classless society where you will work according to your ability and receive goods/services according to your needs.
Three Main Sociological Approaches Functionalist Perspective Based on ideas of Comte, Spencer, Durkheim Society is a set of interrelated parts that work together and therefore create a stable social system Write 2 more facts regarding this perspective
Three Main Sociological Perspectives Conflict Perspective o Deals with the forces in society that promote change and competition o Competition over resources creates social conflict o Write 2 more facts regarding this perspective
Three Main Sociological Perspectives Interactionist Perspective Focus is on how individuals interact with each other in society Interested in the role of symbols Focus on how individuals use symbols when interacting Give 2 examples of symbols
Women of Sociology Select one of the following women. In 4-5 sentences give a brief overview of their life and discuss their contributions to the early development of sociology. Harriet Martineau – in book Jane Addams – in book Emily Greene Balch Jessie Bernard Florence Kelley
Chapter 1 Vocabulary 1 – Unit 2 1.Social Darwinism 2.Function 3.Verstehen 4.Ideal type 5.Theory 6.3 theories – in notes 7.Dysfunctional 8.Manifest function 9.Latent function 10.Symbol 11.Symbolic interaction 12. Theoretical Perspective
Ticket out the door Think about and respond either individually or with a partner… How can sociology assist you in everyday life? Seeing people as social beings Finding balance between personal desires and the demands or expectations of your social environment Viewing your life within a larger social and historical context, rather than just you as one individual in the world