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Civil War 1861-1865 North vs. South. U. S. went to war with itself during the Civil War. It was a war between the Northern and the Southern States. Americans.

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Presentation on theme: "Civil War 1861-1865 North vs. South. U. S. went to war with itself during the Civil War. It was a war between the Northern and the Southern States. Americans."— Presentation transcript:

1 Civil War 1861-1865 North vs. South

2 U. S. went to war with itself during the Civil War. It was a war between the Northern and the Southern States. Americans against Americans brother against brother

3 A house divided against itself cannot stand Abraham Lincoln

4 Abraham Lincoln honest eloquent courageous humble self-made man

5 Mary Todd Lincoln Abraham Lincoln

6 He ll be president of the United States one day. If I had not thought so, I never would have married him. For you can see, he is not pretty. Mary Todd Lincoln

7 One of the most important reasons for the Civil War was slavery. One of the most important reasons for the Civil War was slavery. Many people in the South owned slaves and they wanted to keep the practice of slavery. Many people in the South owned slaves and they wanted to keep the practice of slavery. The North wanted to abolish (end) slavery. The North wanted to abolish (end) slavery.

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9 I believe this government cannot endure permanently half slave and half free. Abraham Lincoln

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11 South Carolina seceded (separated) from the United States when Abraham Lincoln was elected president. South Carolina seceded (separated) from the United States when Abraham Lincoln was elected president. A total of 11 states seceded from the U. S. and formed their own country called the Confederate States of America or Confederacy. A total of 11 states seceded from the U. S. and formed their own country called the Confederate States of America or Confederacy.

12 The South Confederate States of America or Confederacy Confederate States of America or Confederacy Jefferson Davis was the president of the Confederacy. Jefferson Davis was the president of the Confederacy. General Robert E. Lee was the commander of the Confederate army. General Robert E. Lee was the commander of the Confederate army. the gray the gray Rebels Rebels agriculture agriculture

13 Jefferson Davis President of the Confederacy

14 Robert E. Lee Confederate Army General

15 The North United States or Union United States or Union Abraham Lincoln was president of the United States during the Civil War. Abraham Lincoln was president of the United States during the Civil War. General Ulysses S. Grant was the commander of the Union army. General Ulysses S. Grant was the commander of the Union army. the Blue the Blue Yankees Yankees industry (factories) industry (factories)

16 Abraham Lincoln 16 th President of the United States

17 Ulysses S. Grant Union Army General

18 Battles

19 Fort Sumter

20 The battle at Fort Sumter was the beginning of the Civil War. The battle at Fort Sumter was the beginning of the Civil War.

21 Battle of Antietam (Maryland) – It was the single bloodiest day of the war. Battle of Antietam (Maryland) – It was the single bloodiest day of the war. Both sides lost many soldiers. Both sides lost many soldiers. Battle of Antietam

22 At the Battle of Vicksburg in Mississippi, the Union took total control of the Mississippi River. At the Battle of Vicksburg in Mississippi, the Union took total control of the Mississippi River. Controlling the Mississippi meant that the Confederacy would be cut off from Texas, Louisiana and Arkansas. Controlling the Mississippi meant that the Confederacy would be cut off from Texas, Louisiana and Arkansas. Battle of Vicksburg

23 After the Battle of Gettysburg in Pennsylvania, President Lincoln gave a speech at a ceremony dedicating a cemetery where Union soldiers were buried. After the Battle of Gettysburg in Pennsylvania, President Lincoln gave a speech at a ceremony dedicating a cemetery where Union soldiers were buried. It is one of the most famous speeches in American history. It is one of the most famous speeches in American history. Battle of Gettysburg

24 Gettysburg Address

25 Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth upon this continent a new nation, conceived in Liberty and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal. Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth upon this continent a new nation, conceived in Liberty and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal.

26 Gettysburg Address government of the people, by the people, for the people shall not perish from the earth. government of the people, by the people, for the people shall not perish from the earth.

27 What type of government was President Abraham Lincoln describing in his Gettysburg Address? Democracy

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37 Emancipation Proclamation emancipation – to set free emancipation – to set free Emancipation Proclamation – It was made by President Abraham Lincoln. It stated that all slaves in the South were free. Emancipation Proclamation – It was made by President Abraham Lincoln. It stated that all slaves in the South were free. Because the Emancipation Proclamation applied only to areas that the Confederacy controlled, it did not actually free anyone. Because the Emancipation Proclamation applied only to areas that the Confederacy controlled, it did not actually free anyone.

38 Effects of the Emancipation Proclamation Lincoln hoped that when slaves would hear about the proclamation, they would run away. Lincoln hoped that when slaves would hear about the proclamation, they would run away. At the beginning of the war, blacks were not allowed to become soldiers. At the beginning of the war, blacks were not allowed to become soldiers. The South was afraid that slaves would rebel against the owners if they were given weapons. The South was afraid that slaves would rebel against the owners if they were given weapons.

39 The Union decided to accept black soldiers after the Emancipation Proclamation. The Union decided to accept black soldiers after the Emancipation Proclamation. Near the end of the war, the Confederacy became desperate and also accepted blacks as soldiers. Near the end of the war, the Confederacy became desperate and also accepted blacks as soldiers.

40 In 1865 Congress passed the Thirteenth Amendment which truly freed the slaves. In 1865 Congress passed the Thirteenth Amendment which truly freed the slaves.

41 Emancipation Proclamation

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44 End of Civil War - 1865 Robert E. Lee surrendered to Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Court House in Virginia. Robert E. Lee surrendered to Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Court House in Virginia.

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46 President Lincolns Second Inaugural Address With malice toward none, with charity for all…to bind up the nations wounds, to care for him who has borne the battle…to do all which may achieve and cherish a just and lasting peace among ourselves

47 What was Abraham Lincolns view of how the South should be treated after the Civil War? Lincoln felt that the South should be treated with kindness.

48 Lincolns Assassination Lincoln was shot by John Wilkes Booth in the back of the head while watching a play at Fords Theater. Lincoln was shot by John Wilkes Booth in the back of the head while watching a play at Fords Theater. John Wilkes Booth was an actor and Confederate sympathizer. John Wilkes Booth was an actor and Confederate sympathizer.

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51 Booth had been planning for some time to kidnap Lincoln. Booth had been planning for some time to kidnap Lincoln. Booth was a fanatic for the Southern cause. Booth was a fanatic for the Southern cause. He believed Abraham Lincoln was an evil man. He believed Abraham Lincoln was an evil man.

52 John Wilkes Booth

53 Our country owed all her troubles to him, and God simply made me the instrument of his punishment. John Wilkes Booth

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56 Booths Capture

57 Samuel Arnold: sentenced to life George Atzerodt: sentenced to hang David Herold: sentenced to hang Dr. Samuel Mudd: sentenced to life Michael OLaughten: sentenced to life Lewis Paine: sentenced to hang Edman Spangler: sentenced to 6 years John Surratt: escaped to Canada Mary Surratt: sentenced to hang

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61 He risked everything to save a young America from self- destruction, and paid the ultimate price.

62 Mary Todd Lincoln Three of her four sons died. Three of her four sons died. She tried to commit suicide by dinking poison. She tried to commit suicide by dinking poison. She was declared insane by a court. She was declared insane by a court. Her husband was assassinated. Her husband was assassinated.

63 Civil War Amendments 13 th Amendment (1865) – abolished (ended) slavery 13 th Amendment (1865) – abolished (ended) slavery 14 th Amendment (1868) – granted citizenship to African Americans 14 th Amendment (1868) – granted citizenship to African Americans 15 th Amendment (1870) – gave the right to vote to Black men (former slaves) 15 th Amendment (1870) – gave the right to vote to Black men (former slaves)

64 President Abraham Lincoln President Abraham Lincoln General Ulysses S. Grant General Ulysses S. Grant Union Union President Jefferson Davis President Jefferson Davis General Robert E. Lee General Robert E. Lee Confederacy Confederacy NorthSouth


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