6“He’ll be president of the United States one day “He’ll be president of the United States one day. If I had not thought so, I never would have married him. For you can see, he is not pretty.”Mary Todd Lincoln
7One of the most important reasons for the Civil War was slavery. Many people in the South owned slaves and they wanted to keep the practice of slavery.The North wanted to abolish (end) slavery.
11South Carolina seceded (separated) from the United States when Abraham Lincoln was elected president.A total of 11 states seceded from the U. S. and formed their own country called the Confederate States of America or Confederacy.
12The South Confederate States of America or Confederacy Jefferson Davis was the president of the Confederacy.General Robert E. Lee was the commander of the Confederate army.the grayRebelsagriculture
13President of the Confederacy Jefferson DavisPresident of the Confederacy
14Confederate Army General Robert E. LeeConfederate Army General
15The North United States or Union Abraham Lincoln was president of the United States during the Civil War.General Ulysses S. Grant was the commander of the Union army.the BlueYankeesindustry (factories)
1616th President of the United States Abraham Lincoln16th President of the United States
20The battle at Fort Sumter was the beginning of the Civil War.
21Battle of AntietamBattle of Antietam (Maryland) – It was the single bloodiest day of the war.Both sides lost many soldiers.
22Battle of VicksburgAt the Battle of Vicksburg in Mississippi, the Union took total control of the Mississippi River.Controlling the Mississippi meant that the Confederacy would be cut off from Texas, Louisiana and Arkansas.
23Battle of GettysburgAfter the Battle of Gettysburg in Pennsylvania, President Lincoln gave a speech at a ceremony dedicating a cemetery where Union soldiers were buried.It is one of the most famous speeches in American history.
37Emancipation Proclamation emancipation – to set freeEmancipation Proclamation – It was made by President Abraham Lincoln. It stated that all slaves in the South were free.Because the Emancipation Proclamation applied only to areas that the Confederacy controlled, it did not actually free anyone.
38Effects of the Emancipation Proclamation Lincoln hoped that when slaves would hear about the proclamation, they would run away.At the beginning of the war, blacks were not allowed to become soldiers.The South was afraid that slaves would rebel against the owners if they were given weapons.
39The Union decided to accept black soldiers after the Emancipation Proclamation. Near the end of the war, the Confederacy became desperate and also accepted blacks as soldiers.
40In 1865 Congress passed the Thirteenth Amendment which truly freed the slaves.
46President Lincoln’s Second Inaugural Address “With malice toward none, with charity for all…to bind up the nations wounds, to care for him who has borne the battle…to do all which may achieve and cherish a just and lasting peace among ourselves”
47Lincoln felt that the South should be treated with kindness. What was Abraham Lincoln’s view of how the South should be treated after the Civil War?Lincoln felt that the South should be treated with kindness.
48Lincoln’s Assassination Lincoln was shot by John Wilkes Booth in the back of the head while watching a play at Ford’s Theater.John Wilkes Booth was an actor and Confederate sympathizer.
57Samuel Arnold: sentenced to life George Atzerodt: sentenced to hangDavid Herold: sentenced to hangDr. Samuel Mudd: sentenced to lifeMichael O’Laughten: sentenced to lifeLewis Paine: sentenced to hangEdman Spangler: sentenced to 6 yearsJohn Surratt: escaped to CanadaMary Surratt: sentenced to hang
61He risked everything to save a young America from self-destruction, and paid the ultimate price.
62Mary Todd Lincoln Three of her four sons died. She tried to commit suicide by dinking poison.She was declared insane by a court.Her husband was assassinated.
63Civil War Amendments 13th Amendment (1865) – abolished (ended) slavery 14th Amendment (1868) – granted citizenship to African Americans15th Amendment (1870) – gave the right to vote to Black men (former slaves)
64North South President Abraham Lincoln General Ulysses S. Grant Union President Jefferson DavisGeneral Robert E. LeeConfederacy