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Changes in U.S. Electoral History. 15th Amendment 1870.

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Presentation on theme: "Changes in U.S. Electoral History. 15th Amendment 1870."— Presentation transcript:

1 Changes in U.S. Electoral History

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3 15th Amendment 1870

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5 What did the 15th Amendment really do? Poll Taxes Grandfather Clause Literacy Tests White Primaries 24 th Amendment V.Rs. Act 1965 Smith v. Allwright (1944)

6 17th Amendment17th Amendment

7 19th Amendment (1920)

8 26th Amendment (1971)

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12 The 23rd Amendment D.C. Voters 1960

13 The 24th Amendment Outlawed Poll Taxes 1964 Harper v. Virginia State B.O.E. (1966)

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38 Bloody Sunday at the Edmund Pettus Bridge

39 When you pray, move your feet.

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41 Less than five months after the last of the three marches, President Lyndon Johnson signed the Voting Rights Act of 1965

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44 "This time when I looked there were women's faces and there were black faces among the troopers. And this time when we faced them, they saluted." -Hon. John Lewis

45 Voting Rights Act of 1965 Suspended the use of literacy tests. Federal Examiners and Poll Watchers

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48 Voter Turnout in the U.S.

49 Voter Turnout in the United States (recent) Presidential Elections– 49% - 62% State and Local Elections– 20% to 25% Midterm (Congressional) Elections– 40% Austria and Sweden-- +90%

50 2010 Midterm turnout rate to 40.3% OHIO- VEP- 46.0% VAP- 44.7% 18 and older- 8,880,1202.2% Prisoners- 51,606

51 A little over a century ago, voter participation in these United States was outstanding. Nearly 80% of eligible voters turned out to vote Indiana had 97% turnout states had over 90% turnout In the last few decades, turnout has hovered around 50%

52 Decline in Voting: Apparent or Real??? Parties Printed Ballots and Counted Votes Floaters and Repeaters

53 In Counting there is strength.

54 The decline in turnout was in response to things other then voter lethargy, apathy, and just plain slothiality!

55 Progressive Era Reforms Australian Ballot Longer residency requirements Aliens could no longer vote Registration was made burdensome

56 The Australian Ballot Residency Requirements Registration Made More Difficult

57 Practical Impact of Reform Participation Rates Fell Dramatically

58 Participation in presidential elections fell by 10%

59 Voters in the United States have the opportunity to vote in more elections and more often than any other democracy in the world. Voter Fatigue

60 Motor-Voter Bill Registration made less burdensome 1995

61 1996 Turnout fell below 50% %

62 %Turnout

63 %Turnout

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