2 Haploid (n)-- one set of chromosomes Diploid (2n)-- two sets of chromosomesMost plant and animal and adult cells are diploid (2n)Eggs and sperm are haploid (n)Meiosis is a process to convert a diploid cell to a haploid gamete, and cause a change in the genetic information to increase diversity in the offspring.
6 Prophase 1Each chromosome then actively seeks out its homologous chromosome, as shown in the graphical representation. After the homologous chromosomes pair, the structure is referred to as a tetrad (four chromatids)
27 Telophase2At the end of Telophase II, the nuclear envelopes forms around each set of DNA and the cytoplasm divides once again.As a result, four haploid cells have formed from one diploid cell. The chromosomal content of a haploid cell in one-half the chromosomal content of a diploid cell ( n as opposed to 2n )