2Haploid (n)-- one set of chromosomes Diploid (2n)-- two sets of chromosomesMost plant and animal and adult cells are diploid (2n)Eggs and sperm are haploid (n)Meiosis is a process to convert a diploid cell to a haploid gamete, and cause a change in the genetic information to increase diversity in the offspring.
6Prophase 1Each chromosome then actively seeks out its homologous chromosome, as shown in the graphical representation. After the homologous chromosomes pair, the structure is referred to as a tetrad (four chromatids)
27Telophase2At the end of Telophase II, the nuclear envelopes forms around each set of DNA and the cytoplasm divides once again.As a result, four haploid cells have formed from one diploid cell. The chromosomal content of a haploid cell in one-half the chromosomal content of a diploid cell ( n as opposed to 2n )