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CHAPTER 16 WHAT IS MATTER?
SECTION 16.2 Measuring MatterA review on measuring the volume and mass of matter.
Liquid volume measurements:Easy to do… simply pour liquid into a marked container… …and read the volume mark.
To get the greatest accuracy, keep two things in mind:First, read the mark at eye level.
Second, read the volume at the bottom of the meniscus, (the curve in the surface of the liquid) if the curve is downward.
If the meniscus curves upward, then read it at the top of the curve.
Solid volume measurements:Calculate the volume of regular solids by using a formula. So, what’s a regular solid?
Check out page 272 in your IPC textbook:
Use the displacement method to find the volume of an object with an irregular shape.
Submerge the object in water and measure how much water the object displaces or pushes aside.
Let’s measure the volume of a small object like a key…Step 1: Fill a 100 ml graduated cylinder with water to the halfway point – 50 ml.
Step 2: Gently slide the key into the water.The water level in the graduated cylinder will rise as the key displaces some of the water.
Step 3: Take a new volume reading.The difference in the two volume readings is the volume of the key. (53 ml – 50 ml = 3 ml)
Mass is the amount of matter in an object.Mass is measured on a balance. Mass is measured in units of grams (g).
A balance measures the mass of an object by comparing it to objects whose masses are known.
Mass is independent of the force of gravity.Would a balance function correctly on the moon? Why or why not?
A scale measures the gravitational force (weight) between an object and Earth.Would a scale function correctly on the moon? Why or why not?
How do you measure quantities of matter that are very small or very large?
We can use indirect measurement:Obtain a sample of the matter that is a measurable size. Measure its volume and mass.
Estimate or measure either the mass or the volume of the matter.Set up a proportion. Example: mass of sample = mass of matter volume of sample volume of matter
Solve for the unknown quantity.mass of matter = mass of sample x volume of matter volume of sample
Metric Standards and Measurement Tools. Length Distance from one point to another Unit – meter (m) Tool – meterstick or metric ruler.
Chapter 2 The Properties of Matter. Section 1: What is Matter? Matter – anything that has mass and takes up space –Examples: air, water, books, hair,
A Characteristic Property of Matter
Section 2: Measuring Matter Chapter 1: Introduction to Matter.
SCIENCE SKILLS. Chapter Two: Science Skills 2.1 Mass and Volume 2.2 Density 2.3 Graphing 2.4 Solving Problems.
MEASURING MASS AND VOLUME. WHAT IS MASS? Mass measures the amount of matter or “stuff” an item contains. Mass is different from weight. On the moon where.
Length Length - the distance from end to end of an object Tools: Meter Stick, Metric Ruler Units: Meter (m), Centimeter (cm)
ml ml ) Measure the volume of liquid in a graduated cylinder. – make sure you read the measurement at the bottom of the meniscus 3 m.
Learning Goals Explain the meaning of mass and describe the units for measuring mass. Distinguish between mass and weight. Define volume and explain.
READING A GRADUATED CYLINDER Instructions and Practice.
Chapter 1 – Section 2 p Measuring Matter. I. Weight – a measure of the force of gravity A. Changes if you go to the moon or another planet since.
Measurement. Volume – Regular Shaped Object You can find the volume of a solid by multiplying length, width, and height together. Formula : V = l x w.
Measurement-A Common Language Length Measuring Length.
Matter Chapter Twelve: The Physical Properties of Matter 12.1 Density 12.2 Buoyancy 12.3 Properties of Materials.
Property- a characteristic that helps identify an object *Some common properties are: color, shape, size, feel, taste, smell, mass, volume.
Mass is the amount of matter (“stuff”) in an object.
Matter Activity 2: Measuring Volume. Recap SI (International System of Units) What does it mean? Why is it important?
(Riders) Rider Beams. Triple Beam Balance A triple beam balance is a type of lever that is used to measure mass, or the amount of matter in an object.
CHAPTER 1: MATTER. 1.1 MATTER HAS MASS AND VOLUME.
16.1 – Classifying Matter Matter describes anything that has mass and takes up space. Different kinds of matter have different characteristics. Matter.
Measuring Volume and Finding the Volume of Irregular Solids.
What is Matter? Matter is anything that has volume and mass. All matter takes up space. The amount of space taken up, or occupied, is known as the object’s.
Measurement-A Common Language EQ: How do I define mass, weight and density?
What is Matter? Chapter 2 Section 1.
Matter Definition - anything that has mass and takes up space ex. everything Everything around you is matter… even things you do not see like air.
Properties of Matter Mass Volume Density. Mass Mass is the amount of matter in an object. It is measured with a Triple Beam Balance The unit of measurement.
Applying the Metric System METRIC CONVERSIONS, DENSITY, AND DISPLACEMENT.
On page 10 of your notebook, predict how the layers will form. Which one will go at the bottom? Which one will go on top?
Chapter 2 The Properties of Matter Integrated Lab Physical Science Mrs. Campbell Fall 2009.
“The Density Equation” Mass (g) Volume (mL or cm 3 ) Density (g/mL or g/cm 3 )
Warm Up.095 Km = ____ dm.095 Km = ____ dm 0.50 mg = _____ g 0.50 mg = _____ g 23 L = ______mL 23 L = ______mL 62.5 decameter= _____cm 62.5 decameter= _____cm.
Properties of Matter Physical and Chemical Properties Mass and Volume Density.
Density. Different substances have different densities. The density of a material does not depend on the size or amount of the substance you have. Density.
Properties of Matter. Classifying Matter Matter- anything that has mass and takes up space 2 categories 1.Mixtures- contain more than one kind of matter.
Mass, Volume and Density. Metric System Developed by the French in the late 1700’s. Based on powers of ten, so it is very easy to use. Used by almost.
Notes on Volume Compiled by Woodruff. Volume: The amount of 3- dimensional space an object takes up.
Reading a Graduated Cylinder And All about the Meniscus.
C HAPTER 14: M ATTER 1. Y OU ARE L IVING. Y OU OCCUPY SPACE. Y OU M ATTER ! What is matter? Matter- Anything that has mass and volume. Matter exists ordinarily.
Metric System Scientific Measurements- Review. Metric System Developed by the French in the late 1700’s. Based on powers of ten, so it is very easy.
Density. Definitions: Mass per unit volume How much matter is in a given space. D = m/v Mass – the amount of matter Volume – how much space.
Vocabulary - Measurement 2 nd part of measurement unit.
What is Matter? Section Object comparison How are the following alike? – Rock – Paper clip – Book – Pencil – Box How do their sizes compare? Which.
MatterVolume Measuring Volume Mass and Weight Mass, Weight, and Inertia
Mass, Volume and Density. Mass Mass is a measurement of the amount of matter an object contains. (g)
January 27, 2014 A solution was measured in this graduated cylinder. If the mass of the solution is grams, what is the density of the solution?
Properties of Matter Structure and Properties of Matter.
Unit 2:What is Matter? All Matter has 2 Types of Properties of Matter Physical Properties and Chemical Properties.
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