What does Migration Mean? Theme = movement / connection Migration- a permanent move to a new location –A form of relocation diffusion Emigration- migration from a location Immigration- migration to a location
Chain Migration Chain Migration- migration of people to a specific location, because relatives or members of the nationality previously migrated there
Push and Pull Factors A lot of factors influence migration decisions Push factor- induces people to move out of their present location –Refugees- people forced to move from there homes for fear of persecution due to race, religion, nationality, membership in social group, or political opinion
Pull factor- induces people to move into a new location –Migrant worker- individuals who travel to areas based on seasonal work –Guest worker- typically migrants who migrated to developed countries in search of higher paying jobs
Barriers of Migration Physical Barriers – Physical Barriers include mountains – Vast expanses of places that are too cold such as tundra or too hot such as deserts discourage the movement of populations. – The vast expanse of oceans on both sides of the United States discouraged Europeans and others from invading North America. Economic Barriers – Economic barriers to migration include poverty and high unemployment. – Economic decline often encourages further decline Political Barriers – Political barriers may keep people physically in-or out of a nation. – Or political barriers may exist in the form of laws that restrict the movement of people between places. Cultural Barriers – Linguistic (language) barrier – Cultural barriers discourage practices that may violate social norms, values and beliefs.