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Spaceflight Management in the NAS Integrating Space Operations Into The National Airspace System IMPROVING SPACE OPERATIONS WORKSHOP NOAA Satellite Operations.

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Presentation on theme: "Spaceflight Management in the NAS Integrating Space Operations Into The National Airspace System IMPROVING SPACE OPERATIONS WORKSHOP NOAA Satellite Operations."— Presentation transcript:

1 Spaceflight Management in the NAS Integrating Space Operations Into The National Airspace System IMPROVING SPACE OPERATIONS WORKSHOP NOAA Satellite Operations Facility Suitland, MD Alan J. Hayes FAA Spaceflight Management Program Manager April 16, 2008 V. 4.1 Federal Aviation Administration

2 Spaceflight Management in the NAS - Integrating Space Operations Into The National Airspace System Federal Aviation Administration 1 Overview Introduction to the FAA Background/Problem Statement Current FAA Risk Mitigation Strategy Space and Air Traffic Management System (SATMS) Concept Space Shuttle Hazard Area to Aircraft Computation (SHAAC) Tool SpaceTrax and the Spaceflight Integration Tool Virtual Spaceflight Center KXAS Current & Future Spaceflight Management Architectures Conclusions Questions

3 Spaceflight Management in the NAS - Integrating Space Operations Into The National Airspace System Federal Aviation Administration 2 Introduction to the FAA The FAA is responsible for the safety of civil aviation. The Federal Aviation Act of 1958 created the agency under the name Federal Aviation Agency. We adopted our present name in 1967 when we became a part of the Department of Transportation. Our major roles include: Regulating civil aviation to promote safety Encouraging and developing civil aeronautics, including new aviation technology Developing and operating a system of air traffic control and navigation for both civil and military aircraft Researching and developing the National Airspace System and civil aeronautics Developing and carrying out programs to control aircraft noise and other environmental effects of civil aviation Regulating U.S. commercial space transportation

4 Spaceflight Management in the NAS - Integrating Space Operations Into The National Airspace System Federal Aviation Administration 3

5 Spaceflight Management in the NAS - Integrating Space Operations Into The National Airspace System Federal Aviation Administration 4 The Office of Commercial Space Transportation (AST) was established in 1984 as the Office of Commercial Space Transportation (OCST) in the Office of the Secretary of Transportation within the Department of Transportation. AST was transferred to the FAA in November 1995. The Office of Commercial Space Transportation: Regulates the commercial space transportation industry, to ensure compliance with international obligations of the United States and to protect the public health and safety, safety of property, and national security and foreign policy interests of the United States; Encourages, facilitates, and promotes commercial space launches and reentries by the private sector; Recommends appropriate changes in Federal statutes, treaties, regulations, policies, plans, and procedures; and Facilitates the strengthening and expansion of the United States space transportation infrastructure. AST issues FAA licenses for commercial launches of orbital rockets and suborbital rockets. The Office of Commercial Space Transportation (AST)

6 Spaceflight Management in the NAS - Integrating Space Operations Into The National Airspace System Federal Aviation Administration 5 The primary service of the Air Traffic Organization is to move air traffic safely and efficiently. Air Traffic Organization (ATO) System Operations Service Unit provides overall national guidance for air traffic procedures and airspace issues, traffic flow management for the National Airspace System (NAS), requirements for weather observation and reporting standards, and the focal point for interface with Department of Defense (DoD) and Department of Homeland Security (DHS) regarding air transportation security issues. Offices with Spaceflight responsibilities include: Air Traffic Control System Command Center (ATCSCC) Airspace & Aeronautical Information Management (AAIM) Spaceflight Management Program Safety Security Air Traffic Organization (ATO) System Operations Services

7 Spaceflight Management in the NAS - Integrating Space Operations Into The National Airspace System Federal Aviation Administration 6 Background The FAA expects unprecedented demands on the National Airspace System and the nations Air Traffic Control system over the next 10 years: Doubling of air traffic operations Increase in space operations R & D: Blue Origin, Armadillo Aerospace Space Tourism: Virgin Galactic, Rocketplane, etc. Prizes: X Prize Cup, Americas Space Prize, NASA Centennial Challenges NASA: Space Shuttle, Orion NASA Commercial Orbital Transportation Services: SpaceX

8 Spaceflight Management in the NAS - Integrating Space Operations Into The National Airspace System Federal Aviation Administration 7 Background The NAS was not designed to handle high- speed spacecraft. Different tools, processes, and procedures will be necessary to minimize the impact of space operations in the NAS. FL4000 FL600 Class E Airspace (continued)

9 Spaceflight Management in the NAS - Integrating Space Operations Into The National Airspace System Federal Aviation Administration 8 Background – The Columbia Accident Prior to the Columbia accident, FAA Air Traffic procedures for supporting Space Shuttle operations did not take into account the potential debris hazard to aircraft during a Shuttle reentry Debris Footprint DFW N

10 Spaceflight Management in the NAS - Integrating Space Operations Into The National Airspace System Federal Aviation Administration 9 The FAA needs to safely accommodate spacecraft transitioning to and from space through the National Airspace System (NAS). To accomplish this, space and air traffic operations will need to be seamlessly integrated under the current and future FAA Air Traffic infrastructure. Problem Statement

11 Spaceflight Management in the NAS - Integrating Space Operations Into The National Airspace System Federal Aviation Administration 10 Notices to Airmen (NOTAMs) –Temporary Flight Restrictions (TFRs) Special Use Airspace (SUA) –Restricted Areas –Warning Areas Central Altitude Reservation Function (CARF) –Altitude Reservation (ALTRV) Command Center Advisories (CCA) Traffic Situation Display –Manual Entry of Lat/Long prior to and during Shuttle Landing to create Flow Evaluation Areas (FEAs) Current FAA Risk Mitigation Strategy

12 Spaceflight Management in the NAS - Integrating Space Operations Into The National Airspace System Federal Aviation Administration 11 Impacts Existing Special Use Airspace (SUA) is sized for the largest vehicles that may use them, with fixed boundaries Typically activated for extended periods of time Spaceflight Operations are handled as an exception to normal NAS operations (i.e. no Flight Plans, ATO flight tracking is handled manually, etc.) Require extensive advanced coordination with various Air Traffic entities Can be difficult to accommodate launch/landing delays and scrubs Goals Reduce the amount of airspace that is restricted for each launch/landing and the amount of time that the restriction needs to be in effect Schedule the restriction so as to accommodate conventional air traffic while still achieving the safety and space mission objectives Accommodate launch/landing delays, scrubs, and incidents (continued) Current FAA Risk Mitigation Strategy

13 Spaceflight Management in the NAS - Integrating Space Operations Into The National Airspace System Federal Aviation Administration 12 The SATMS Concept & Toolkit The FAA has developed a Concept of Operations (CONOPS) for a future Space and Air Traffic Management System (SATMS). This concept: Represents a framework for seamlessly integrating space vehicles on their way to and from space with more traditional air traffic operations Calls for assured separation between space and air traffic Will require new space and air traffic management tools and enhanced communications, navigation, and surveillance services The SATMS Toolkit is currently under development by the FAA. It consists of: The legacy Space Shuttle Hazard Area to Aircraft Computation (SHAAC) The SpaceTrax trajectory tool, and The Spaceflight-wide Interactive Flight Tool (SWIFT)

14 Spaceflight Management in the NAS - Integrating Space Operations Into The National Airspace System Federal Aviation Administration 13 The Space Shuttle Hazard Area to Aircraft Computation (SHAAC) tool was developed by AST to identify hazard areas of potential debris produced by the Space Shuttle should a breakup occur during re-entry. Designed to reduce FAA dependence on NASA and increase FAA capabilities by replicating functionality of the existing NASA tool. SHAAC Capabilities Utilizing complex algorithms and modeling techniques, SHAAC: 1.Utilizing trajectory data from NASA, to identify potentially affected airspace in advance of a Shuttle reentry to increase air traffic control situational awareness 2.In the event of an accident, determines the extent of the effected airspace 3.Serves as a Proof-of-Concept for SpaceTrax and the Spaceflight-wide Interactive Flight Tool (SWIFT) The SHAAC tool was first used at the Air Traffic Control System Command Center (ATCSCC) in FY08 to support Shuttle Flight STS-120. Space Shuttle Hazard Area to Aircraft Computation (SHAAC) Tool

15 Spaceflight Management in the NAS - Integrating Space Operations Into The National Airspace System Federal Aviation Administration 14 (continued) Generates file of latitude/longitude coordinates of hazard area corners in same format as data previously provided by NASA. Graphical depictions of hazard areas plotted on maps with political and airspace boundaries Latitude/longitude coordinates of hazard areas manually entered into the Traffic Situational Display PC-based (Thick Client) application Output & Display Features Space Shuttle Hazard Area to Aircraft Computation (SHAAC) Tool

16 Spaceflight Management in the NAS - Integrating Space Operations Into The National Airspace System Federal Aviation Administration 15 SpaceTrax and SWIFT Tools SpaceTrax and SWIFT are being developed by the FAA (ATO-R) to assist air traffic controllers in managing airspace and the risk to aircraft from space operations, by providing improved situational awareness. Capabilities of Both Tools: Track spacecraft movement within the NAS Create and file ICAO Flight Plans for spaceflight operations Should an incident occur: Identifies potentially affected airspace Identifies affected airways, sectors, and airports. Generate NOTAMs and Command Center Advisories

17 Spaceflight Management in the NAS - Integrating Space Operations Into The National Airspace System Federal Aviation Administration 16 Utilizes Trajectory Files from NASA and Output Files from SHAAC/Others, SpaceTrax will: Display the planned trajectory (Launch/Landing) as received from NASA Identify Entry Points (Time, Altitude, and Velocity) into Controlled Airspace, ARTCC, and Political Boundaries for plan and actual data Display graphical depictions and reports of hazard areas plotted on maps with political and airspace boundaries Provide a 2D and 3D display capability Generate Latitude/Longitude, Altitude, and Speed data for entry into an ICAO Flight Plan Automatically Generate Reports currently being prepared manually Process real-time data and provides Latitude/Longitude information every 30 seconds (adjustable) for manual entry into the TSD PC-based (Thick Client) Application SpaceTrax

18 Spaceflight Management in the NAS - Integrating Space Operations Into The National Airspace System Federal Aviation Administration 17 SpaceTrax Prototype

19 Spaceflight Management in the NAS - Integrating Space Operations Into The National Airspace System Federal Aviation Administration 18 Planning Mode Identify the airspace restriction requirements, potential impacts to other NAS users, and options to mitigate those impacts Allow decision makers to make informed risk reduction decisions SWIFT Graphical depictions of hazard areas plotted on maps with political and airspace boundaries. Generate Reports Web-Based (Thin Client) Application

20 Spaceflight Management in the NAS - Integrating Space Operations Into The National Airspace System Federal Aviation Administration 19 Input Real-Time Data from space carrier conducting spaceflight operations following an FAA-defined Interface Requirements Document (IRD) Compute rectangular hazard areas that bound the locations of potential debris and outputs their latitude/longitude coordinates and space vehicle real- time location directly to TFM-M for display on the Traffic Situational Display (TSD) File ICAO Flight Plans with HCS/ERAM/ETMS Generates TFR NOTAMs and Command Center Advisories Utilizes Web Services for Data Transfer SWIM and NextGen Compliant Real-time Mode Display the space vehicles trajectory and estimates of the potentially hazardous airspace against current air traffic data In the event of an accident, provide information to Air Traffic Controllers identifying potential hazardous airspace due to falling debris (continued) SWIFT

21 Spaceflight Management in the NAS - Integrating Space Operations Into The National Airspace System Federal Aviation Administration 20 SATMS Toolkit Implementation Space Shuttle Hazard Area Space Shuttle Hazard Area to Aircraft Computation (SHAAC) Tool SpaceTrax Tool Versions 1.x – 2.x Spaceflight-wide Interactive Flight Tool (SWIFT) Versions 1.x – 4.x FY2008FY2009FY2010FY2011FY2012FY2013FY2014FY2015+ O&M* O&M Decommissioned @ End of Shuttle Program Decommissioned FY2012 Initial Operating Capability (IOC) FY2008 IOC FY2008 IOC FY2009 Phase 1 (PC- based) Phase 2 (Server- based) { { * Period TBD

22 Spaceflight Management in the NAS - Integrating Space Operations Into The National Airspace System Federal Aviation Administration 21 To support SpaceTrax and the Spaceflight-wide Interactive Flight Tool (SWIFT), a virtual Spaceflight Center is being created that will: Issue all Spaceflight-related Flight Plans. All Spaceflight Operations will have a flight plan automatically created for them Issue Modifications to existing Spaceflight-related Flight Plans Send Position Reports to ETMS/TFM-M Issue Spaceflight-related NOTAM messages Issue Command Center Advisories Send and Receive Service B Messages Provide Spaceflight-related information to FAA and Commercial Users. Virtual Spaceflight Center - KXAS

23 Spaceflight Management in the NAS - Integrating Space Operations Into The National Airspace System Federal Aviation Administration 22 Current Spaceflight Management Architecture Draft NOTAM Messages CARF HCS/ ERAM NOTAMs FNS ETMS TFM-M TSD / WSD Display Flight Plans & Aircraft Position Reports NOTAM Entry (NES) Flight Plans Draft NOTAM Messages AISR Published NOTAM Messages NASA Web Site Altitude Requests ATCSCC Advisory NASA Real-Time Trajectory Data SHAAC (Debris Field Reports & Files) ATCSCC ARTCCs Latitude, Longitude, Altitude, & Speed Data for Draft NOTAM Messages For TSD Adaptations DSR Advisories Key: Manual Automatic NASA Planned Trajectory Files NASA Planned Trajectory Files

24 Spaceflight Management in the NAS - Integrating Space Operations Into The National Airspace System Federal Aviation Administration 23 SATMS Phase 1 Architecture SpaceTrax (at ATCSCC) Virtual Spaceflight Center KXAS NOTAM Report (SpaceTrax) Flight Plan Report (SpaceTrax) Spacecraft Location Report (SpaceTrax) NASA Real-Time Trajectory Data Altitude Requests SHAAC (Debris Field Reports & Files) Flight Plan Messages CARF HCS/ ERAM NOTAMs FNS ETMS TFM-M TSD / WSD Display Flight Plans & Aircraft Position Reports NOTAM Entry (NES) Flight Plans AISR Published NOTAM Messages Draft NOTAM Messages Plan & Actual Flight Display (SpaceTrax) Altitude Requests ATCSCC Advisory Debris Fields NASA Planned Trajectory Files For TSD Adaptations NASA Planned Trajectory Files DSR Advisories Draft NOTAM Messages ATCSCC ARTCCs Data for Draft NOTAM Messages

25 Spaceflight Management in the NAS - Integrating Space Operations Into The National Airspace System Federal Aviation Administration 24 CARF HCS/ ERAM NOTAMs FNS ETMS TFM-M TSD / WSD Display Flight Plans & Aircraft Position Reports NOTAM Entry (NES) Flight Plans Draft NOTAM Messages Flight Plan Messages (Phase 3) Command Center Advisories (CCA), Flight Movement Messages, and TSD Adaptations (Phase 3) AISR Altitude Requests (Phase 3) Published NOTAM Messages ATCSCC Advisory SpaceTrax & SWIFT (at ATCSCC) Virtual Spaceflight Center KXAS Plan & Actual Flight Display (SpaceTrax) Real-Time Trajectory Data DSR ARTCCs ATCSCC Draft NOTAM Messages Planned Trajectory Files SATMS Phase 2/3 Architecture

26 Spaceflight Management in the NAS - Integrating Space Operations Into The National Airspace System Federal Aviation Administration 25 SATMS Toolkit will be implemented over the next 3-5 years: Year 1 (FY2008) SpaceTrax 1.0 SWIFT Proof-of-Concept Year 2 (FY2009) SWIFT 1.0 SpaceTrax 2.0 Real-Time Data Interface 1.0 TFM-M Interface Prototype Year 3 (FY2010) SWIFT 2.0 SpaceTrax 3.0 Real-Time Data Interface 2.0 TFM-M Interface 1.0 Year 4+ (FY2011 and later) Satellite Orbit/Re-entry Tracking Continuing updates to the Toolkit FY08 – FY12 Implementation

27 Spaceflight Management in the NAS - Integrating Space Operations Into The National Airspace System Federal Aviation Administration 26 Conclusions Space operations will continue to increase, as will the challenges of accommodating operations safely in the NAS. Experience gained in support of Shuttle reentries has helped to identify and refine SpaceTrax and SWIFT requirements and implementation strategies. The toolset and associated Air Traffic procedures will enhance situational awareness for Controllers and help them identify airspace restrictions, while providing mitigation options for potential impacts.

28 Spaceflight Management in the NAS - Integrating Space Operations Into The National Airspace System Federal Aviation Administration 27 For More Information Please Contact: Alan Hayes, FAA Program Manager Telephone: (202) 493-1406 Email: Alan.Hayes@faa.gov Thank You!


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