# Chapter 7.1 & 7.2 Notes: The Pythagorean Theorem and its Converse

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Chapter 7.1 & 7.2 Notes: The Pythagorean Theorem and its Converse
Goal: To use the Pythagorean Theorem and its Converse.

Right Triangles: In a right triangle, the side opposite the right angle is the longest side, called the hypotenuse. The other two sides are the legs of a right triangle. Theorem 7.1 Pythagorean Theorem: In a right triangle, the sum of the squares of the lengths of the legs is equal to the square of the length of the hypotenuse. a2 + b2 = c2

Ex.1: Ex.2: Ex.3: A 16-foot ladder rests against the side of the house, and the base of the ladder is 4 feet away. Approximately how high above the ground is the top of the ladder?

Common Pythagorean Triples and Some of Their Multiples:
When the lengths of the sides of a right triangle are integers, the integers form a Pythagorean Triple. Common Pythagorean Triples and Some of Their Multiples: 3, 4, 5 5, 12, 13 8, 15, 17 7, 24, 25 3x, 4x, 5x 5x, 12x, 13x 8x, 15x, 17x 7x, 24x, 25x 6, 8, 10 10, 24, 26 16, 30, 34 14, 48, 50 9, 12, 15 15, 36, 39 24, 45, 51 21, 72, 75 30, 40, 50 50, 120, 130 80, 150, 170 70, 240, 250

Ex.4: Find the area of the isosceles triangle with side lengths 10 meters, 13 meters, and 13 meters.

Theorem 7.2 Converse of the Pythagorean Theorem:
If the square of the length of the longest side of a triangle is equal to the sum of the squares of the lengths of the other two sides, then the triangle is a right triangle. If c2 = a2 + b2, then ∆ABC is a right triangle.

Tell whether a triangle with the given side lengths is a right triangle.
Ex.7: 5, 6, Ex.8: 10, 11, 14 Ex.9: 8 4

If c2 > a2 + b2, then the triangle is an obtuse triangle.
The Converse of the Pythagorean Theorem is used to determine if a triangle is a right triangle, acute triangle, or obtuse triangle. If c2 = a2 + b2, then the triangle is a right triangle. If c2 > a2 + b2, then the triangle is an obtuse triangle. If c2 < a2 + b2, then the triangle is an acute triangle.

Determine if the side lengths form a triangle
Determine if the side lengths form a triangle. If so, classify the triangle as acute, right, or obtuse. Ex.10: 15, 20, and Ex.11: 6, 11, and 14 Ex.12: 8, 10, and Ex.13: 4.3, 5.2, and 6.1

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