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Www.cdg.org 1 CDMA2000: An Overview of Trends, Drivers, and the State of 3G Technology Orange County IEEE ComSig February 12, 2002.

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Presentation on theme: "Www.cdg.org 1 CDMA2000: An Overview of Trends, Drivers, and the State of 3G Technology Orange County IEEE ComSig February 12, 2002."— Presentation transcript:

1 www.cdg.org 1 CDMA2000: An Overview of Trends, Drivers, and the State of 3G Technology Orange County IEEE ComSig February 12, 2002

2 www.cdg.org 2 Contents Introducing the CDG Overview of cdmaOne Drivers and Considerations in Deploying 3G Current State of 3G Deployment Concluding Remarks

3 www.cdg.org 3 Introducing the CDG

4 www.cdg.org 4 Information Distribution Conferences Newsletter Website Etc. Technical Service Development Wireless Local Loop Advanced Systems Evolution Etc. Deployment Assistance Time-to-Market Intl Roaming Interoperability Etc. To lead the rapid evolution and deployment of CDMA-based systems, based on open standards and encompassing all core architectures, to meet the needs of markets around the world in an emerging, information-intensive environment Charter

5 www.cdg.org 5 Interactions with Other Organizations Market Representation Partner (MRP) of Third Generation Partnership Project - 2 (3GPP2) Member of the International Telecommunications Union (ITU) Member of the Operator Harmonization Group (OHG) Strategic alliance with the Association of Telecommunications Enterprises of the Andean Community (ASETA) (Latin America) Member of the Cellular Telecommunications and Internet Association (CTIA) Member of CITEL (Latin America) Active with government entities (e.g., China, Korea, Japan, Latin America, U.S., etc.) Liaison to WAP Forum

6 www.cdg.org 6 Membership OperatorsSubscriberEquipment Network Infrastructure Network Enhancement/ Optimization Network Interface & Access The CDG is a consortium of 115 member companies from around the world. Members are involved in many aspects of CDMA system deployment and support. Components and Subsystems

7 www.cdg.org 7 CDG Membership Bell Mobility BellSouth International Celletra Ltd. China Unicom CIBERNET Corp. COM DEV Wireless CommWorks Corp. Compaq Computer Corporation Comverse Conductus, Inc. CTIA Denso International Ditrans Corporation Ericsson, Inc. 3G Cellular, Inc. AAPT Communications Access Systems America Acer Communications Acterna Airbiquity, Inc. AirPrime Inc. Airvana Inc. ALLTEL Alpine Electronics Angola Telecom Anritsu AnyData Corp. ArrayCom Audiovox Communications ETRI Fujitsu Network Gemplus Corp. Giga Telecom Inc. Glenayre Electronics Grayson Wireless GTRAN, Inc. Himachal Futuristic Communications Ltd. Hitachi Telecom (USA) Hutchison Telecom (HK) Hyundai CURITEL, Inc. InnovICs ISCO IUSACELL

8 www.cdg.org 8 CDG Membership (continued) KDDI Komunikasi Selular Indonesia Korea Telecom Freetel, Inc. Kyocera Corporation Leap LG Electronics, Inc. LG Telecom, Ltd. LinkAir Communications, Inc. Logica LSI Logic Lucent Technologies, Inc. MTNL Metapath Software Intl Metawave Communications Motorola Nextel Communications Nokia Corporation Nortel Networks Novatel Wireless Openwave Operadora Unefon Pacific Bangladesh Telecom Ltd. ParkerVision, Inc. Pegaso PCS Pele-Phone Communications Pixo QUALCOMM, Inc. QuickSilver Technology Qwest Racal Instruments Reliance Infocom Limited Repeater Technologies Research In Motion Rhode & Schwarz RITT Samsung Electronics Co. Ltd. Sanyo Fisher Company Schema Ltd. SchlumbergerSema ScoreBoard, Inc. Sharp Labs of America

9 www.cdg.org 9 CDG Membership (continued) Shinsegi Telecom, Inc. Shyam Telelink Limited Sierra Wireless, Inc. SignalSoft Corp. SK Telecom SmartServ Online, Inc. SmartTrust Sony Electronics Spirent Communications Sprint PCS Starent Networks Corporation Synertek, Inc. Tahoe Networks Tantivy Communications, Inc. Tata Teleservices Ltd. TDK Corporation Telecom Mobile Limited Telespree Communications Tellus Technology, Inc. Telstra Corporation Ltd. Telus Mobility Cellular, Inc. Texas Instruments U.S. Cellular Verizon Wireless WaterCove Networks Western Wireless Wherify Wireless Willtech, Inc. Winphoria Networks, Inc. Wireless Test Systems ZTE Corporation

10 www.cdg.org 10 Fundamental principles of the CDG Activities and requirements driven by the operators Ensures standards and systems meet market need Operators and manufacturers work closely together Maintain flexibility to quickly respond to operator needs Keep close relationships with standards organizations and other industry associations Facilitates standards development and implementation

11 www.cdg.org 11 Over-the-Air Activation (OTA) Handset Management International Roaming Interoperability Specification (IOS) Evolution/3G System Test Wireless Local Loop (WLL) Mobile Station Certification Technical initiatives Teams formed by Executive Board Active technical teams:

12 www.cdg.org 12 Technology Address technical aspects of deploying applications on CDMA, including: Interoperability New capabilities Etc. Address technical aspects of deploying applications on CDMA, including: Interoperability New capabilities Etc. Membership Grow and evolve the membership to ensure the organization has the composition to address what needs to be done (technically, business, etc.). Applications providers Platform providers Content providers Grow and evolve the membership to ensure the organization has the composition to address what needs to be done (technically, business, etc.). Applications providers Platform providers Content providers Marketing and Promotion Promote capabilities and other information relevant to developers. Promote what is being deployed on CDMA and impact on use. Applications initiative Purpose is to ensure CDMA and the industry address the evolution toward an applications-focused wireless market Complement existing industry and company initiatives Program has three main components:

13 www.cdg.org 13 Marketing, promotions, and education Includes the following: Website (for public promotion and members Intranet) Public relations/press/media Publications (contributed articles, member newsletter) E-mail blasts on CDMA worldwide status Conferences and forums Platform presentations Webcasts Brochures, position papers, advertorials, advertisements

14 www.cdg.org 14 Overview of cdmaOne

15 www.cdg.org 15 Public Wired Phone Network (PSTN) Wireline Telephone Other Cellular Switches Intelligent Add-On Functions and Databases IS-95 Mobile Stations IS-98 Base Stations IS-97 Switch IS-41 IS-124 WIN Base Stations Controller A IS-634 cdmaOne is: n A global technology designator for IS-95 based CDMA systems n A term representing the entire wireless system and specifications (e.g., air interface, network interfaces) n The CDMA technology deployed in mobile wireless systems today What is cdmaOne?

16 www.cdg.org 16 Location- based Local Events Weather Restaurants Personal PIM Personal Home Page News & Finance Photos M-Commerce Shopping Stock Trading Banking News & Publications Entertainment Movie Listings Tickets Sports Gaming Music Enterprise Email Calendar Enterprise Apps How is cdmaOne being used today? Like other technologies, voice remains a key driver for CDMA use Operators are expanding on voice with new capabilities, e.g.: –Voice command –Voice portal –Integrated offers In addition, there continues to be innovation in vocoder technology (I.e., selectable mode vocoder) Today CDMA operators are also providing wireless Internet and data, and will build on this with CDMA2000

17 www.cdg.org 17 Note: prior to March 1998 the Caribbean and Mexico are included in North America; after March 1998 they are included in Caribbean & Latin America What is cdmaOne presence in the market? Approximately 112 million subscribers at the end of 2001 North America represents the largest base of subscribers Asia Pacific is second highest region; China expected to contribute significantly in the next couple of years Latin America continues to be a strong growth region

18 www.cdg.org 18 Drivers and Considerations in Deploying 3G

19 www.cdg.org 19 A number of factors are driving the wireless Internet and wireless information... Societal trends Emerging computer literate society Increasing travel and mobility Desire for entertainment Need for enhanced productivity Technology enablers High speed, cost effective mobile systems Integrated multimedia applications Small, powerful, application-rich user devices Market trends Rapid growth in mobile Rapid Internet adoption Accelerating pace of electronic commerce (aka M-commerce) Rapid growth of portable and palmtop computers

20 www.cdg.org 20 Email, Intranet Access, Legacy Applications Access, Vertical Applications Weather, Travel, News, Gaming, Stock Quotes Enterprise Workgroup Specific IT Applications Business Verticals Group Chat, Email, Instant Messaging Wide Area Intranet Mobile Workforce Management (dispatch), Telematics Specific IT Applications Business Verticals Group Chat, Email, Instant Messaging Wide Area Intranet Mobile Workforce Management (dispatch), Telematics Mobile Professional Business General Horizontal Business Internet / Intranet Email, Chat, Instant Messaging Personal Information Management Business General Horizontal Business Internet / Intranet Email, Chat, Instant Messaging Personal Information Management Consumer Personal Interest Horizontal Consumer Internet Entertainment, Infotainment, Lottery, Sports Navigation, Map Search Electronic Cash (M- Commerce) Personal Interest Horizontal Consumer Internet Entertainment, Infotainment, Lottery, Sports Navigation, Map Search Electronic Cash (M- Commerce) …enabling exciting vertical and horizontal applications

21 www.cdg.org 21 0 200 400 600 800 1,000 1,200 Millions 1999200020012002200320042005 Data indicates that this convergence is creating enormous opportunity for the wireless industry Worldwide Wireless Subscribers Source: EMC Database, 2001 Source: The ARC Group, Wireless Internet Report, 2000 Wireless Data Users Millions 0 200 400 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800 1999200020012002200320042005

22 www.cdg.org 22 Certain factors are important in a 3G solution This section addresses each of these success factors Solutions that are globally recognized and meet adopted, international standards Solutions that work, enable quick time-to-market and meet industry expectations Spectrum flexibility, efficiency and cost Broad range of competitively priced devices for end users (consumers, enterprises) Broad range of applications for end users Seamless and cost effective migration from todays systems

23 www.cdg.org 23 IMT-2000CDMA Direct Spread IMT-2000CDMAMulti-CarrierIMT-2000CDMATDDIMT-2000TDMA Single Carrier IMT-2000FDMA/TDMA WCDMA (UMTS) CDMA2000UTRA TDD & TD-SCDMA UWC-136/ EDGE DECT IMT-2000 Terrestrial Radio Interfaces Although there are five terrestrial standards, most of the attention and energy in the industry has been toward the CDMA standards 3G CDMA The ITU formed the IMT-2000 program to coordinate standards to meet 3G needs

24 www.cdg.org 24 WCDMA and CDMA2000 What are some of the similarities and differences?

25 www.cdg.org 25 ANSI-41 Based Systems GSM-MAP Based Systems Analog 1x cdmaOne 1x TDMA 1x Current Spectrum GSM or GSM/GPRS GSM/GPRS 1x Or New Spectrum 1x 5 MHz CDMA2000 is defined to operate in existing and IMT spectrum: 450 MHz 700 MHz 800 MHz 900 MHz 1700 MHz 1800 MHz 1900 MHz 2100 MHz CDMA2000 is defined to operate in existing and IMT spectrum: 450 MHz 700 MHz 800 MHz 900 MHz 1700 MHz 1800 MHz 1900 MHz 2100 MHz Spectrum flexibility is a key consideration for any technology CDMA2000 3G services operate in a small amount of spectrum Effective use of spectrum, significant to all operators Effective both in overlay or greenfield deployments

26 www.cdg.org 26 What is the CDMA2000 evolution path? Voice Data up to 14.4 kbps Voice Data up to 115 kbps 2x increases in voice capacity Up to 307 kbps* packet data on a single (1.25 MHz) carrier First 3G system for any technology worldwide Optimized, very high-speed data, aka DO Up to 2.4 Mbps* packet data on a single (1.25 MHz) carrier Integrated voice and data, up to 4.8 Mbps, aka DV CDMA2000 is a solution for all operators, regardless of technology starting point * downlink

27 www.cdg.org 27 What is the CDMA2000 network architecture? Is quite clean, and does not require a parallel network. Uses the same core network standard as TDMA and AMPS. R-P IS634 PSDN MSC HLR/AUC Laptops with Cell Phones Cell Phones Smartphones and PDAs BSC AAA Server PSTNInternet IWF IP Router Core Elements Core Elements

28 www.cdg.org 28 CDMA2000 for GSM: CDMA2000 1X-MAP (IS-833) –CDMA2000 1X lower layers using GSM signaling Developed by 3GPP2 with support from 3GPP GSM operators can also migrate to CDMA2000 GSM carriers can use CDMA2000 1X-MAP (IS-833) 1X-MAP (IS-833) applies the CDMA2000 radio interface to GSM-MAP networks –Allows GSM operators to retain international roaming capability 1X-MAP is an ITU standard, developed by 3GPP2 with support from 3GPP 3GPP also included changes in Release 99 for 1X-MAP support

29 www.cdg.org 29 A look at expected pricing for handsets Notes: 1.Average Q4 wholesale pricing for CDMA2000 is based on 300,000 unit shipments. 2.WCDMA pricing is based on smaller volume shipments since Gartner does not expect volume order for WCDMA until after 2003. 3.WCDMA pricing represents single mode 2.1 GHz and multimode dual band terminals for W. Europe and Asia. 4.GSM/GPRS pricing represents 900 MHz and 900/800 MHz terminals for W. Europe and Asia, plus GSM 1900 MHz terminals for N. America. 5.CDMA2000 1X pricing represents 800 MHz and 1.9 GHz, single mode, dual mode and tri-mode handsets for Asia and N. America. Source: Gartner Group, April 2001 Q4 00Q4 01Q4 02 Q4 03 $0 $200 $400 $600 $800 $1000 WCDMA handsets capable of peak data rates of 2 Mbps (stationary) 1X handsets capable of peak data rates of 144 kbps to 2.4 Mbps (mobile) $1200 * Mid Tier and Entry Level WCDMA handsets are not expected to be commercially available in volume until 2004 WCDMA* GPRS High Tier Mid Tier Entry Level GPRS handsets capable of peak data rates of 19.2 kbps to 38.4 kbps CDMA2000 1X

30 www.cdg.org 30 CDMA enables the kind of capabilities needed to realize significant advancements in services 0 32 64 9.6 128 144 384 2,000 Data Transmission Speed - kbps 1G Analog2G CDMA 3G CDMA Telephone (Voice)Voice Data Weather, Traffic, News, Sports, Stock updates Fax Voice Mail

31 www.cdg.org 31 Telephone (Voice) Electronic Newspaper E-Mail Electronic Publishing Voice Text Messaging Audio Streaming 0 32 64 9.6 128 144 384 2,000 Data Transmission Speed - kbps 1G Analog2G CDMA 3G CDMA Data Weather, Traffic, News, Sports, Stock updates Mobile Radio Fax Voice Mail CDMA enables the kind of capabilities needed to realize significant advancements in services (cont.)

32 www.cdg.org 32 Telephone (Voice) Electronic Newspaper E-Mail Electronic Publishing Voice Text Messaging Audio Streaming Video Streaming High-speed Internet 0 32 64 9.6 128 144 384 2,000 Data Transmission Speed - kbps Remote Medical Service (Medical image) Video Surveillance, Video Mail, Travel Mobile TV M-Commerce 1G Analog2G CDMA 3G CDMA Data Weather, Traffic, News, Sports, Stock updates Video Conference (High quality) Mobile Radio Fax Voice Mail CDMA enables the kind of capabilities needed to realize significant advancements in services (cont.)

33 www.cdg.org 33 Current State of 3G Deployment

34 www.cdg.org 34 (thousands) 3G subscribers 3.5 million CDMA2000 users at the end of 2001 Approximately 27 thousand subscribers on WCDMA (Japan)* Source: Gartner Group, as of 12/31/01 thousands

35 www.cdg.org 35 CDMA2000 products Approximately 40 CDMA2000 products in the market

36 www.cdg.org 36 3G deployments CDMA2000 deployments 11 commercial networks deployed 26 more commercial launches planned for 2002

37 www.cdg.org 37 Concluding Remarks

38 www.cdg.org 38 Summary The wireless industry is on the verge of enabling applications and services never before imagined Several factors are critical to the rapid adoption of 3G, including: Current economic pressures and cost-effective solutions Compelling and useful applications Well-understood value proposition for the marketplace Comparable experience with the wired network (as applicable) Operators are faced with different alternatives for enabling capabilities and addressing these factors CDMA2000 is making early successes in this new world


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