Presentation on theme: "Cornell Notes = 2 sheets of paper"— Presentation transcript:
1 Cornell Notes = 2 sheets of paper Please organize your notesTake out your research paperStaple itPass it forward along with any late work
2 Lasted approx. 677 years (Rome began 509 BC – 476 AD) Why Rome Fell Problems within the EmpireLarge size made communication difficultCorruption became commonRich citizens left Rome for country estatesTaxes and prices roseProblems Outside the Empire5. Barbarians invaded the empire6. Attila, the leader of the Huns (Asia)7. Goths from Germany sacked (destroyed) Rome
3 (Middle Ages)Medieval PeriodDarkAgesFall of Roman Empire (476)
4 (Middle Ages) Medieval Period Dark Ages Fall of Roman Empire (476) Fall of Roman Empire (476)
6 Ch. 9-2: pgsAfter the fall of Rome, groups moved into Europe and divided the lands among themselves.2. The leaders of these groups called themselves kings.3.The creation of kingdoms marked thebeginning of the Middle Ages, aperiod lasting from 500 to 1500.4. Another name for this age is the medieval period.1. Fall of Rome2. kings3. Middle Ages
7 Christianity spread to northern Europe through the work of missionaries and monks. 5. a term used to describe the period between 400 and 1000 AD in Europe. After the collapse of Roman rule, there was a societal and cultural decline in Western Europe. This period brought barbarian invasions, sacked cities, decline in art and learning, and the feudal system.6. The most powerful force that helped spread Christianity was the pope.7. the main authority or the head ofthe Catholic Church5. The Dark Ages6. missionariespg. 2357. pope
8 8. The pope sent missionaries out to convert people to Christianity(to get other to follow hisreligion)9. Were sent by the pope to helpspread Christianity throughoutnorthern Europe.10. Many missionaries were called saints11. a monk who converted the Irish toChristianity8. Pope9. Missionary10. Saints11. Saint Patrick
9 St. PatrickA Christian monk who traveled from Britain to Ireland and converted the Irish to ChristianityYes, St. Patrick’s Day is named after him to honor him.St. Patrick died on March 17, 460 A.D.
13 copy Cornell Notes Style Contributions of Monksspread Christianityran schoolscopied bookscollected & saved ancient writingsserved as scribes (writers) to local rulersprovided aid such as health careMonastery RULES:Benedictine Rulewhat to eathow to dresshow to be good Christians
14 Cornell Notes = 2 sheets of paper Please organize your notesTurn in late worka) grade sheets,b) research paperc) China storyboard, etc3. All other assignments for ch. 9 turn in next Friday
15 Please take out your planner Friday, Feb. 19Please take out your plannerHappy V-Day!Europe mapCharlemagne and ClovisTime Magazine CoverFeudalism book (we will make it today)Feudal Society (late)Mind your manors (late)Feudalism and Manor Life Definitions.
16 Wed. 17th ch. 9 test All class notes are due ch. 9 Clovis and Charlemagen dueCh. 9 study guide due
17 Please be seatedPlease take out your spiral notebooks or notebook papersTwistables, markers, etc.We are going to take Cornell NotesPlease begin creating your notes
18 We are going to create a book about feudalism These notes for our book will also be used for the test that we will have next week
19 Christianity spread into northern Europe 2. The 480’s, the Franks conquered Gaul3. The ruler’s name was ClovisIn the 700’s, he became king of GaulHelped build a huge empire included France, Germany, Austria, Italy and northern Spain3. Also a Frankish, Christian king
20 4. Because of Clovis, Franks became Christian5. A powerful Frankish, Christian king6. Gaul = France & Germany4. Also a Frankish, Christian king5. He spend money on warfare, education, art, religion/schools
21 Additional Facts7. Muslims and Vikings invaded and destroyed the empire8. Vikings invaded the coastlines and built small ships to travel along the rivers so that they can destroy towns and villages
23 TIMEdue next FridayDIRECTIONS: create a magazine cover of Clovis, Charlemagne, Viking or Muslim raids, any topic mentioned between pgsDraw and color a pictureInclude 3-5 facts on the cover
24 Front covera) title is Feudalismb) pg. 24314. feudalism
25 The inside cover (left-hand side) 15. Copy these notes at the very bottom of your bookNotesFeudalism began in the1000’s when Frankish knightsintroduced it to northern Italy,Spain, and Germany. Later, itspread into eastern Europe.15. FeudalismBegan = title*see pg. 244
26 Feudalism BeganFeudalism began in the 1000’s when Frankish knights introduced itto northern Italy, Spain and Germany. Later, it spread into easternEurope.draw a picture here
27 The right-hand side16. Copy these notes at the bottom of the page and draw and color a picture above the notesNotes to copyWilliam the Conqueror was a frenchnoble who introduced feudalism toFrance. William was also known fordefeating the English at the Battle ofHastings. Later, he became king ofEngland.16. William the Conqueror and the Battle of Hastings= the titlePg. 244
28 The Back of the BookNotes to CopyWhen a knight received land from his lord, the land was called a fief. Many knights had legal contracts with peasants who worked on the land. These peasants were called serfs. Their legal tie or contract meant that they could not run off and work somewhere else. They had to work at the manor they had a contract with.17. Manor Life= titlePg. 244
29 Book directionsTitleCopy the facts at the bottom of the page
30 14. feudalism Front cover a) title is Feudalism b) pg. 243 c) copy the picture14. feudalism
36 the Franks (“the bold”) led by King Clovis (becomes King at 15) conquers what is now France & GermanyEurope stayed mostly Christian732. AD – Battle of Tours, FranceCharles Martel defeated MuslimsMAP
37 Charlemagne’s Empire puts great value on learning Europe stayed mostly Christian732. ADCharles Martel defeated MuslimsTours, FranceWho was Charlemagne and what did he accomplish?Charlemagne’s EmpireCharles Martel’s grandsonbecomes king in 768wages wars of conquestmakes losers accept Roman church800 AD declared emperor by church“Holy Roman Empire”Strengthens Christian churchunifies worship servicesforces church leaders to learn to read & writeputs great value on learningmany books destroyed by warshas scholars copy books to preserve for futureMAP
38 puts great value on learning - many books destroyed by wars- has scholars copy books to preserve for futureMedieval EnglandScandinavian Vikings attack Europe and England (throughout 800s)English King: Alfred the Greatfights and repels Vikings for 30 yearsAfter Alfred’s deathWilliam Duke of Normandy claims throne1066 defeats English under King Haroldcalled battle of HastingsKing “William the Conqueror”descendant of Vikings who settled in FranceWilliam uses “feudalism”gives fiefs (land) to vassals (loyal soldiers)vassals swear an oath of fealty (allegiance)vassals use knights (soldiers) to support kinga hierarchy (ranks, levels) of authority / loyaltyWhat is feudalism?Viking MapMAP
47 Ch. 2, remember when Rome fell, it was destroyed by barbarian invaders from Europe and Asia. They completely burned and destroyed the empire. Attila was the leader of the Huns who were barbarians from Asia.
48 Spread of Christianity Some missionaries traveled great distances to spread Christianity.
49 MonksMonks were religious men who lived apart from society in isolated communities.Monks were very dedicated to their faith and spent time in prayer, work, and meditation.Communities of monks, or monasteries, were built all over Europe.Most European monasteries followed the rules created by Saint Benedict, an Italian monk.
50 Influence of MonksAlthough monks lived in isolated communities, they performed many services.The monks gave aid to the poor and needy.They ran schools and copied books.The monks collected and saved writings from Greece and Rome.Some monks served as scribes and advisers for local rulers.
51 The Franks, led by Charlemagne, created a huge Christian empire and brought together scholars from around Europe.As Christianity spread, political changes also took place. In the 480s a powerful group called the Franks conquered Gaul. Their influence would extend far beyond Gaul in the coming years.
52 Charlemagne Charlemagne came to power in the 700s. He was the leader of the Franks.Charlemagne was a fierce warrior and a strong king.As a warrior, he conquered many kingdoms.As a king, his reign included France, Germany, Austria, Italy, and northern Spain.
53 Accomplishments of Charlemagne He led the Franks in building a huge empire.The pope crowned Charlemagne the king of the Holy Roman Empire.He was a great administrator of schools.Scholars were brought in during his reign to teach in his kingdom.
54 Invaders of Europe Muslims Muslim armies poured into southern France and northern Italy.MagyarsMagyars were fierce warriors who swept into Europe, attacking towns and destroying fields.VikingsVikings came from Scandinavia and raided Britain, Ireland, and western Europe.
55 Lords Lords sent help to the vassals if they were attacked. They built castles to defendthemselves against attack.The lords could not punish the vassals without good reason.If a lord failed to do what he was supposed to, the vassal could break all ties with him.
56 Vassals Served their lords in times of war Gave money to their lords on special occasions such as weddingsGave their lords food and shelter whenever they came to visit.
57 William the ConquerorA French noble named William was the duke of Normandy when it decided to conquer England.The duke invaded England in 1066 and became known as William the Conqueror.William and his men defeated the English, and William declared himself king of England.He gave his knights land in return for their loyalty.This was the beginning of feudalism in England.
58 The Manor SystemA large estate owned by a knight or lord was called a manor.The manor included a large house or castle, pastures, fields, and forests.Most medieval lords kept one-half to one-third of the land for themselves.The rest of the land was divided among peasants and serfs, workers who were tied to the land on which they lived.
60 The Manor SystemA large estate owned by a knight or lord was called a manor.The manor included a large house or castle, pastures, fields, and forests.Most medieval lords kept one-half to one-third of the land for themselves.The rest of the land was divided among peasants and serfs, workers who were tied to the land on which they lived.
62 Kings and Queens = Lords Nobles & Knights = Vassals of the king and queenVassal = a noble or a knight who received land from a king or queenLord = a knight or a noble who received his own land
63 Lords and VassalsKings and lords were like the emperors and daimyo, or landowners, of Japan.They controlled the lands and had warriors who helped them defend their property.In Europe the warriors were known as knights. In Japan they were known as samurai.