Plagiarism - Latin plagiarius San Jose State University, Plagiarism Tutorial, 1): to steal and pass off the ideas or words of another as one's own (2): to commit literary theft : present as new and original an idea or product derived from an existing source (Merriam Webster Dictionary)
Why is plagiarism important? Who really cares ? Plagiarism is theft of intellectual property. Plagiarism is cheating. Plagiarism may result in receiving an F or zero for the assignment. In some instances, the case may be brought before the Student Life Committee for disciplinary action. (see the JSerra Parent Student Handbook pages 39-40)
Why should you not plagiarize? Your educational experiences; Intellectual growth; You will lack necessary skills
Carnegie Mellon University, Enhancing Education, Plagiarism and the Web. Things you know about plagiarism may be wrong
People who plagiarized Kaavya: Harvard articleHarvard article How she did it: Wikipedia articleWikipedia article Results: Harvard article 2Harvard article 2 Former Vice President, Joe BidenJoe Biden Costly fines for copyright violation: LATimesLATimes Journalist, Tim RyanTim Ryan Journalist, Maureen DowdMaureen Dowd
Wikipedia – the faith-based encyclopediafaith-based encyclopedia Not a citable source – User generatedNot a citable source Becoming an "editor Vandals and FraudsVandalsFrauds Is it worth it? Colleges opinionsopinions The mess of Wikipediamess Use for references at bottom
Avoid plagiarism by Paraphrasing We paraphrase when: 1. We want to use anothers ideas as expert evidence in our writing. 2. We want to ensure we understand what another person wrote. 3. We want to discuss someones information directly in our writing. 4. We want to provide opposing points of view that we wish to refute.
What is a good paraphrase? --It conveys the meaning of the quote --It is not too close to the authors original words --It is cited correctly Review Handout
How to paraphrase It is more than simply rewording the original material -Use synonyms: Synonym.comSynonym.com -Exact words used -- put in quotes -Sentence structure should be yours LINKS FOR HELP: OWLOWL OWL Paraphrasing
Paraphrase Help Make sure you understand its meaning Write down main idea in your own words on a note card Reread Make sure you have not kept the same structure or merely changed a few words
Example of Improper Paraphrase: Source: Unless steps are taken to provide a predictable and stable energy supply in the face of growing demand, the nation may be in danger of sudden power losses or even extended blackouts, thus damaging our industrial and information-based economies. – John Doe, p.231. Inadequate paraphrase: Doe recommends that the government take action to provide a predictable and stable energy supply because of constantly growing demand. Otherwise, we may be in danger of losing power or even experiencing extended blackouts. These circumstances could damage our industrial and information-based economy (231).
Source: Unless steps are taken to provide a predictable and stable energy supply in the face of growing demand, the nation may be in danger of sudden power losses or even extended blackouts, thus damaging our industrial and information-based economies. – John Doe, p.231. Proper paraphrase: Doe believes that we must find a more reliable source of energy if we are to have a dependable electricity supply. Without this, the nations economic base may be damaged by blackouts (231). Harris, Robert A. Using Sources Effectively: Strengthening Your Writing and Avoiding Plagiarism. Los Angeles: Pyrczak Publishers, 2002.
Free stuff on the web? NOT free use Free = no costNOT free use, unless that is stated
Term Paper Mills REMEMBER, IF YOU CAN FIND IT, SO CAN YOUR TEACHER!
Copyright Copyright Costly Fines: LA Times LA TimesLA Times Copyright law Copyright law is very complex. Under the terms of Fair Use, you may use quotes and ideas for your class work without getting permission of the authors IF you give proper citations. If you are writing or creating for profit, you must get permission from others to use their ideas even if you use citations.
Common Knowledge Easily observed – The sky is blue. --but not a detailed explanation of why the sky is blue. Common facts – George Washington was the 1st President of the U.S. --but not the information that historians have to say about Washington. Common sayings Waste not, want not. Look before you leap.
WHEN IN DOUBT, USE A CITATION!! (please)
FOR MORE INFORMATION : UCLA: Online interactive tutorials: UCLA.UCLA The Copyright Crash Course, by Georgia K. Harper, 2001, University of Texas at Austin, This site explains copyright and fair use in easy to understand language.http://www.utsystem.edu/ogc/IntellectualProperty/cprtindx.htm Online! A reference guide to using Internet sources, by Andrew Harnock and Eugene Kleppinger, 2003, This site includes links to many citation styles.http://www.bedfordstmartins.com/online/index.html OWL, Online Writing Lab, Purdue University, Research and Documenting Sources, This site contains explanations and examples of many aspects of writing a paper.http://owl.english.purdue.edu/handouts/research
Plagiarism Sites, English Department, Jacksonville State University, Alabama, A compiled list of sites dealing with plagiarism. Plagiarism in the News, Bridgewater College Online Writing Lab, Bridgewater, Virginia, ses.htm. A discussion of recent legal cases involving plagiarism. This presentation has been prepared by Joyce A. Brannan, Julia Tutwiler Library, University of West Alabama, Livingston, Alabama, ses.htm This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.5 License.Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.5 License