Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Chapter Fourteen Revolution and Nationalism 1900-1939 Section Two Totalitarianism Stalinist Russia.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Chapter Fourteen Revolution and Nationalism 1900-1939 Section Two Totalitarianism Stalinist Russia."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter Fourteen Revolution and Nationalism Section Two Totalitarianism Stalinist Russia

2 Key Terms 1. Totalitarianism- describes a government that takes total, centralized control over every aspect of public and private life. 2. Great Purge- a campaign of terror directed at eliminating anyone who threatened Stalins power. 3. Command Economy- a system in which the government made all economic decisions. 4. Five-Year Plans- plans outlined by Joseph Stalin in 1928 for the development of the Soviet Unions economy. 5. Collective Farms- a large government controlled farm formed by combining many small farms.

3 Key Traits of Totalitarianism Ideology: Ideology: 1. Sets goals of the state 2. Glorifies aims of the state 3. Justifies government actions State Control of Individuals: State Control of Individuals: 1. Demands loyalty 2. Denies basic liberties 3. Expects personal sacrifice for the good of the state

4 Key Traits of Totalitarianism Methods of Enforcement: Methods of Enforcement: 1. Police terror 2. Indoctrination 3. Censorship 4. Persecution Modern Technology: Modern Technology: 1. Mass communication to spread propaganda 2. Advanced military weapons

5 Key Traits of Totalitarianism State Control of Society: State Control of Society: 1. Business 2. Labor 3. Housing 4. Education 5. Religion 6. The Arts 7. Personal Life 8. Youth Groups

6 Key Traits of Totalitarianism Dictatorship and One-Party Rule: Dictatorship and One-Party Rule: 1. Exercises absolute authority 2. Dominates the government Dynamic Leader: Dynamic Leader: 1. Unites people 2. Symbolizes government 3. Encourages popular support through force of will

7 Totalitarian Leaders in the 20 th Century 1. Adolf Hitler (Germany) Benito Mussolini (Italy) Joseph Stalin (Soviet Union) Kim Il Sung (North Korea) Saddam Hussein (Iraq)

8 State Terror The two most infamous examples of state terror in the 20 th century were in Nazi Germany and Stalinist Russia. The two most infamous examples of state terror in the 20 th century were in Nazi Germany and Stalinist Russia. Each killed an estimated 20 million people through the use of state terror. Each killed an estimated 20 million people through the use of state terror.

9 Totalitarianism Today There are many authoritarian regimes in the world today, but very few actual totalitarian governments. There are many authoritarian regimes in the world today, but very few actual totalitarian governments. In 2000, there were six totalitarian regimes identified by the U.S. government. In 2000, there were six totalitarian regimes identified by the U.S. government. 1. Afghanistan (removed from power 2001) 2. Cuba 3. North Korea 4. Laos 5. Vietnam 6. Iraq (removed from power 2003)

10 Quiz Review Know the following: Know the following: 1. Command Economy 2. Kulak 3. Five-Year Plan 4. Great Purge 5. Weapons of Totalitarianism


Download ppt "Chapter Fourteen Revolution and Nationalism 1900-1939 Section Two Totalitarianism Stalinist Russia."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google