Presentation on theme: "Chapter Fourteen Revolution and Nationalism"— Presentation transcript:
1Chapter Fourteen Revolution and Nationalism 1900-1939 Section TwoTotalitarianismStalinist Russia
2Key TermsTotalitarianism- describes a government that takes total, centralized control over every aspect of public and private life.Great Purge- a campaign of terror directed at eliminating anyone who threatened Stalin’s power.Command Economy- a system in which the government made all economic decisions.Five-Year Plans- plans outlined by Joseph Stalin in 1928 for the development of the Soviet Union’s economy.Collective Farms- a large government controlled farm formed by combining many small farms.
3Key Traits of Totalitarianism Ideology:Sets goals of the stateGlorifies aims of the stateJustifies government actionsState Control of Individuals:Demands loyaltyDenies basic libertiesExpects personal sacrifice for the good of the state
4Key Traits of Totalitarianism Methods of Enforcement:Police terrorIndoctrinationCensorshipPersecutionModern Technology:Mass communication to spread propagandaAdvanced military weapons
5Key Traits of Totalitarianism State Control of Society:BusinessLaborHousingEducationReligionThe ArtsPersonal LifeYouth Groups
6Key Traits of Totalitarianism Dictatorship and One-Party Rule:Exercises absolute authorityDominates the governmentDynamic Leader:Unites peopleSymbolizes governmentEncourages popular support through force of will
7Totalitarian Leaders in the 20th Century Adolf Hitler (Germany)Benito Mussolini (Italy)Joseph Stalin (Soviet Union)Kim Il Sung (North Korea)Saddam Hussein (Iraq)
8State TerrorThe two most infamous examples of state terror in the 20th century were in Nazi Germany and Stalinist Russia.Each killed an estimated 20 million people through the use of state terror.
9Totalitarianism Today There are many authoritarian regimes in the world today, but very few actual totalitarian governments.In 2000, there were six totalitarian regimes identified by the U.S. government.Afghanistan (removed from power 2001)CubaNorth KoreaLaosVietnamIraq (removed from power 2003)
10Quiz Review Know the following: Command Economy Kulak Five-Year Plan Great PurgeWeapons of Totalitarianism