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Treaty of Versailles 1919. Wilsons 14 Points 1. No more secret agreements ("Open covenants openly arrived at"). 2. Free navigation of all seas. 3. An.

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Presentation on theme: "Treaty of Versailles 1919. Wilsons 14 Points 1. No more secret agreements ("Open covenants openly arrived at"). 2. Free navigation of all seas. 3. An."— Presentation transcript:

1 Treaty of Versailles 1919

2 Wilsons 14 Points 1. No more secret agreements ("Open covenants openly arrived at"). 2. Free navigation of all seas. 3. An end to all economic barriers between countries. 4. Countries to reduce weapon numbers. 5. All decisions regarding the colonies should be impartial 6. The German Army is to be removed from Russia. Russia should be left to develop her own political set-up. 7. Belgium should be independent like before the war. 8. France should be fully liberated and allowed to recover Alsace- Lorraine

3 9. All Italians are to be allowed to live in Italy. Italy's borders are to "along clearly recognizable lines of nationality." 10. Self-determination should be allowed for all those living in Austria- Hungary. 11. Self-determination and guarantees of independence should be allowed for the Balkan states. 12. The Turkish people should be governed by the Turkish government. Non- Tur Turkish Empire should govern themselves. 13. An independent Poland should be created which should have access to the sea. 14. A League of Nations should be set up to guarantee the political and territorial independence of all states. NOTE- 6-13 SELF- DETERMINATION

4 Negotiations Big Four –Pres. WilsonU.S. –David Lloyd GeorgeGB –ClemenceauFrance –OrlandoItaly Others –Japan –28 lesser nations

5 III. Vengence & Greed 1.SECRET TREATIES DURING THE WAR 2.What do you think was their reaction to Wilsons 14 Point Plan for Peace? George Clemenceau French Prime Minister David Lloyd George British Prime Minister FR & GRBR Agreed to Divide up Germanys Colonies & Take Territory Away Election Campaign Slogan Make Them Pay The only way to ensure a secure France is to Crush Them

6 III. Revenge? 3. PRESIDENT WILSON 4. IF TOO HARSH What Does This Mean? In 1919, the Big 4 met in Paris to negotiate the Treaty: Lloyd George of Britain, Orlando of Italy, Clemenceau of France, and Woodrow Wilson of the U.S. Go EasyOn GR / AU. Peace Without Victory

7 Idealism vs. Security

8 President Wilsons Task What does this cartoon show?

9 Territorial Changes France –Alsace & Loraine –Saar region15years Poland –Polish Corridor –Danzig Italy –Trentino & Trieste

10 Territorial Changes Romania –TransylvaniaHungary –BessarabiaRussia Bulgaria –Lost land to Greece & Yugoslavia

11 Territorial Changes New Nations –Austria –Hungary –Czechoslovakia –Yugoslavia –Baltic States Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia, & Finland

12 Pre WWI Europe Click On Map To Go To Source: www.worldwar1.comwww.worldwar1.com

13 Post WWI Map 1920: Restructured

14 Mandates France –Syria & Lebanon Great Britain –Palestine & Iraq

15 Germanys colonies Africa –France, Great Britain, Belgium, & South Africa Asia & Pacific –Japan, Australia, & New Zealand Mandates

16 Disarmament & Demilitarization

17 Germany Resented treaty Lost: –Territory & colonies Demilitarized Impossible reparation bill

18 Treaty = League of Nations 60 Nations Settle disputes Prevent future war

19 Controversy

20 France feels insecure Germany felt wrongly punished No peace w/out victory Imperialism? Nationalism? Self-determination ?

21 Worlds Future


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