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THE ENGLISH PRE- REFORMATION DURING THE BABYLONIAN CAPTIVITY AND GREAT SCHISM, ENGLAND HAD CUT HER PAPAL TAXES TO ONLY 24% OF PREVIOUS AMOUNTS. EVEN ENGLISH.

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Presentation on theme: "THE ENGLISH PRE- REFORMATION DURING THE BABYLONIAN CAPTIVITY AND GREAT SCHISM, ENGLAND HAD CUT HER PAPAL TAXES TO ONLY 24% OF PREVIOUS AMOUNTS. EVEN ENGLISH."— Presentation transcript:

1

2 THE ENGLISH PRE- REFORMATION DURING THE BABYLONIAN CAPTIVITY AND GREAT SCHISM, ENGLAND HAD CUT HER PAPAL TAXES TO ONLY 24% OF PREVIOUS AMOUNTS. EVEN ENGLISH CLERGY HAD DEFENDED THE RIGHTS OF ROYALTY AGAINST THE POPE. (WILLIAM OF OCKHAM). DURING THE BABYLONIAN CAPTIVITY AND GREAT SCHISM, ENGLAND HAD CUT HER PAPAL TAXES TO ONLY 24% OF PREVIOUS AMOUNTS. EVEN ENGLISH CLERGY HAD DEFENDED THE RIGHTS OF ROYALTY AGAINST THE POPE. (WILLIAM OF OCKHAM).

3 King Henry VII

4 PRE-REFORMERS PEOPLE SUCH AS WYCLIFFE (LOLLARDS) PAVED THE WAY FOR THE ENGLISH REFORMATION. BUT LUTHERAN WORKS WERE SMUGGLED INTO ENGLAND, THE KING STOOD FIRM AGAINST A BREAK WITH THE CATHOLIC CHURCH. PEOPLE SUCH AS WYCLIFFE (LOLLARDS) PAVED THE WAY FOR THE ENGLISH REFORMATION. BUT LUTHERAN WORKS WERE SMUGGLED INTO ENGLAND, THE KING STOOD FIRM AGAINST A BREAK WITH THE CATHOLIC CHURCH.

5 Margaret Tudor [to Scotland], Henry VIIIs Sister

6 Arthur, Prince of Wales [1500] Young Henry VIII

7 Young Catherine of Aragon

8 Henry VIII [r ]

9 Mary I [28 years old]

10 Henry VIIIs CHildren 1510 Daughter - died 1511 Son - died 1513 Son - died 1514 Son - died 1516 Mary - survived 1518 Daughter - died 1533 Elizabeth - survived 1534 Son - died 1535 unknown - died 1536 Son - died 1537 Edward - survived

11 Henry Fitzroy, Duke of Richmond: Illegitimate Son of Henry VIII

12 #1--Catherine of Aragon [ ]

13 THE KINGS DIVORCE HENRY DECIDED HE WANTED TO DIVORCE CATHERINE AND MARRY ANNE. IN 1529, HE SENT CARDINAL WOLSEY TO THE POPE TO GET HIS MARRIAGE TO CATHERINE ANNULED. WOLSEY WAS UNSUCCESSFUL AND WAS FIRED. HENRY DECIDED HE WANTED TO DIVORCE CATHERINE AND MARRY ANNE. IN 1529, HE SENT CARDINAL WOLSEY TO THE POPE TO GET HIS MARRIAGE TO CATHERINE ANNULED. WOLSEY WAS UNSUCCESSFUL AND WAS FIRED.

14 Archbishop Thomas Cranmer Ruled in 1533 that the kings marriage Catherine was null and void. Validated H8s marriage to Anne

15 Henry VIII

16 THE REFORMATION PARLIAMENT 1531: HENRY STARTS HIS OWN CHURCH OF ENGLAND AND ENGLISH CLERGY SUPPORT HIM. 1533: PARLIAMENT GRANTS THE KINGS DIVORCE. 1531: HENRY STARTS HIS OWN CHURCH OF ENGLAND AND ENGLISH CLERGY SUPPORT HIM. 1533: PARLIAMENT GRANTS THE KINGS DIVORCE.

17 SUCCESSION 1534: ELIZABETH IS BORN TO HENRY AND ANNE. 1534: PARLIAMENT GRANTS THE ACT OF SUCCESSION--ALL OF ANNES CHILDREN WILL COME 1ST IN SUCCESSION. 1534: ELIZABETH IS BORN TO HENRY AND ANNE. 1534: PARLIAMENT GRANTS THE ACT OF SUCCESSION--ALL OF ANNES CHILDREN WILL COME 1ST IN SUCCESSION.

18 #2--Anne Boleyn [ ]

19 THE NEW CHURCH 1534: PARLIAMENT PASSES THE ACT OF SUPREMACY--HENRY IS THE SUPREME RULER OF THE CHURCH. 1536: ACT OF DISSOLUTION ( OF THE MONESTARIES) -confiscated by king- solved financial problems of H8. (Cromwell idea) 1534: PARLIAMENT PASSES THE ACT OF SUPREMACY--HENRY IS THE SUPREME RULER OF THE CHURCH. 1536: ACT OF DISSOLUTION ( OF THE MONESTARIES) -confiscated by king- solved financial problems of H8. (Cromwell idea)

20 Sir Thomas More, Lord Chancellor of England Act of Succession- treason punishable by death to deny the king was the supreme head of the church. Beheaded 1535

21 Queen Elizabeth I [1546]

22 HENRYS WIVES 1536: ANNE BOLEYN EXECUTED FOR ADULTERY. ELIZ. DECLARED ILLEGITIMATE. 1536: H. MARRIES JANE SEYMOUR-- SHE BEARS EDWARD VI IN : JANE DIES AFTER CHILDBIRTH. 1536: ANNE BOLEYN EXECUTED FOR ADULTERY. ELIZ. DECLARED ILLEGITIMATE. 1536: H. MARRIES JANE SEYMOUR-- SHE BEARS EDWARD VI IN : JANE DIES AFTER CHILDBIRTH.

23 Tower of London from the Air

24 Tower of London: Traitors Gate

25 Tower Green [Where Anne Boleyn was Executed]

26 #3--Jane Seymour [ ]

27 Baby Edward VI

28 Henry VIIIs Family

29 Henry VIII

30 #4--Anne of Cleves [ ] 1537: HENRY MARRIES ANNE OF CLEVES SIGHT UNSEEN ON THE ADVICE OF THOMAS CROMWELL. 1538: HENRY DIVORCES ANNE, SAYING SHE RESEMBLES A HORSE.

31 Thomas Cromwell

32 Anne of Cleves

33 Henry VIII at Middle Age

34 #5--Katherine Howard [ ] 1541: HENRY MARRIES CATHERINE HOWARD. 1542: CATHERINE IS EXECUTED FOR ADULTERY.

35 Hampton Court [Where Katherine Howard Was Arrested]

36 #6--Katherine Parr [ ] 1542: HENRY MARRIES CATHERINE PARR. SHE OUTLIVES HIM.

37 Edward VI [r ] EDWARD succeeds his father at age 10 Council of regents- Thomas Cromwell and Cramner ADOPT PROTESTANT DOCTRINE FOR THE CHURCH OF ENGLAND. Priests marry No images Book of Common Prayer Prot liturgy

38 Lady Jane Grey Ruled England from July 10–19, 1553

39 Queen Mary I or Bloody Mary [r – 1558]

40 BLOODY MARY I (TUDOR) RETURNS ENGLAND TO CATHOLICISM. THE ENGLISH INQUISITION. RELIGIOUS WAR IN ENGLAND 1554: MARY MARRIES PRINCE PHILIP II OF SPAIN. MARY BURNED 282 HERETICS AT THE STAKE AND EXILED MANY MORE, INCLUDING JOHN KNOX. BLOODY MARY I (TUDOR) RETURNS ENGLAND TO CATHOLICISM. THE ENGLISH INQUISITION. RELIGIOUS WAR IN ENGLAND 1554: MARY MARRIES PRINCE PHILIP II OF SPAIN. MARY BURNED 282 HERETICS AT THE STAKE AND EXILED MANY MORE, INCLUDING JOHN KNOX.

41 Philip II & Mary Tudor

42 Sir Francis Walshingham Trusted advisor Espianage, foreign affairs, Spoke his mind ot Elizabeth

43 Elizabeth I, Queen at last! r

44 ELIZABETH I 1558: ELIZABETH I BECOMES THE NEW QUEEN. SHE IS A POLITIQUE WHO SUBORDINATES RELIGIOUS CONFLICTS FOR POLITICAL UNITY. ELIZABETHAN SETTLEMENT CHURCHES RETAINED LARGELY CATHOLIC APPEARANCES (ART, STATUES OF SAINTS, SONGS, ETC.) ACTUAL DOCTRINE OF CHURCHES FOLLOWED A CALVINIST MODEL WITH NO RECOGNITION OF THE POPE OR CATHOLIC CHURCH COUNCILS. 1558: ELIZABETH I BECOMES THE NEW QUEEN. SHE IS A POLITIQUE WHO SUBORDINATES RELIGIOUS CONFLICTS FOR POLITICAL UNITY. ELIZABETHAN SETTLEMENT CHURCHES RETAINED LARGELY CATHOLIC APPEARANCES (ART, STATUES OF SAINTS, SONGS, ETC.) ACTUAL DOCTRINE OF CHURCHES FOLLOWED A CALVINIST MODEL WITH NO RECOGNITION OF THE POPE OR CATHOLIC CHURCH COUNCILS.

45 Sir William Cecil

46 SETTLEMENT (CONT) THE ARCHBISHOP OF CANTERBURY WAS REAFFIRMED AS THE RELIGIOUS LEADER OF THE CHURCH OF ENGLAND, BUT THE MONARCH STILL HAD ULTIMATE CONTROL IN RELGIOUS DECISIONS. REACTIONS MOST BRITISH PEOPLE ACCEPTED THE COMPROMISE AND TURNED THEIR ATTENTION TO TRADE, SKILLED PRODUCTION, AND THE ENGLISH RENAISSANCE. THE ARCHBISHOP OF CANTERBURY WAS REAFFIRMED AS THE RELIGIOUS LEADER OF THE CHURCH OF ENGLAND, BUT THE MONARCH STILL HAD ULTIMATE CONTROL IN RELGIOUS DECISIONS. REACTIONS MOST BRITISH PEOPLE ACCEPTED THE COMPROMISE AND TURNED THEIR ATTENTION TO TRADE, SKILLED PRODUCTION, AND THE ENGLISH RENAISSANCE.

47 Queen Elizabeth I [ ]

48 Time Frame Check 1572 Bartholomews Day Massacre 1581 Union of Utrecht 1586 Mary Queen of Scots Eliz 1 heir *****Catholic****** 1572 Bartholomews Day Massacre 1581 Union of Utrecht 1586 Mary Queen of Scots Eliz 1 heir *****Catholic******

49 REACTIONS EXTREMIST PURITANS AND CATHOLICS UNHAPPY WITH THE COMPROMISE PROTESTED. MANY WERE JAILED.

50 Sir Robert Dudley LOVE??

51 Miniature of Sir Robert Dudley

52 Elizabeth I [1572]

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55

56 Elizabeth I [1580]

57 Elizabeth I [1592]

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59 Elizabeth I [1600]

60 Elizabeth I [1603]

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62 Map of the Spanish Armada Route

63 Mary of Guise James V of Scotland Mary of Scotlands Parents

64 Young Mary Stuart

65 Mary Stuart in Captivity

66 Mary, Queen of Scots [Before Her Execution]

67 Execution of Mary of Scotland

68 Miniature of James I / VI

69 James I [r ]


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