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Post war Europe Unstable new Democracies –Break up of A-H Coalition governments –Too many political parties.

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Presentation on theme: "Post war Europe Unstable new Democracies –Break up of A-H Coalition governments –Too many political parties."— Presentation transcript:

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3 Post war Europe Unstable new Democracies –Break up of A-H Coalition governments –Too many political parties

4 Europe in 1919

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6 From the German Point of View Lostbut not forgotten country. Into the heart You are to dig yourself these words as into stone: Which we have lost may not be truly lost!

7 Maimed German WW I Veteran

8 The Stabbed-in-the-Back Theory Disgruntled German WWI veterans

9 German Revolutions [1918]

10 Coalition Govt Unstable/ many political parties Some had more than a dozen Need a majority to set up a govt Temporary alliances formed

11 Friedrich Ebert: First President of the Weimar Republic

12 The German Government:

13 The German Mark

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15 The French in the Ruhr: 1923

16 The French Occupation of the Ruhr

17 The Dawes Plan (1924)

18 European Debts to the United States

19 Buying stocks on margin- borrow money for the stocks Works if value continues to rise Must pay loan if stock value drops

20 The Beer Hall Putsch: 1923

21 The Beer Hall Putsch Idealized

22 Hitler in Landesberg Prison

23 Mein Kampf [My Struggle]

24 Weimar Germany: Political Representation [ ] Political Parties in the Reichstag May 1924 Dec May 1928 Sep July 1932 Nov Mar Communist Party (KPD) Social Democratic Party (SDP) Catholic Centre Party (BVP) Nationalist Party (DNVP) Nazi Party (NSDAP) Other Parties

25 LOCARNO PACT EASES TENSIONS IN WESTERN EUROPE1925

26 Locarno Gustav Streseman- foreign minister Aristide Briand- foreign minister Promise no war with each other Spirit of Locarno

27 NATIONS OUTLAW WAR IN KELLOGG-BRIAND PACT 1928

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29 The Great Depression [ ] Paris in 1930 London in 1930

30 German Unemployment:

31 The Great Depression [ ]

32 Bankers call in foreign loans High protective tariffs put in place- idea that the American dollar should stay in America Result - world trade drops by 65% European banks fail- Austria largest bank US banks fail

33 What to Do? Britain –Lowered interest rate, raised taxes, high tariff –Avoided political extremes –Dole France –Less dependent and foreign trade –5 coalition govts formed and fall –Popular front coalition - moderates, socialists and communists- passes legis to help

34 Scandinavian countries –Socialistic Public works Raised pensions Increased unemployment benefits Higher taxes to pay US –Roosevelt- New Deal- public works Welfare Unemployment Regulations on stocks market and banking industry FDIC

35 German Election Results in 1933

36 The New Napoleons?


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