Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

German Nationalism and the creation of united Germany.

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "German Nationalism and the creation of united Germany."— Presentation transcript:

1 German Nationalism and the creation of united Germany

2 Napoleon's conquests destroyed the Holy Roman Empire and unified many German states in the Confederation of the Rhine.

3 Nationalism united the German states to defeat the French in 1813-15

4 The Congress of Vienna formed the German Confederation of 39 states where Austria dominated.

5 German students increased nationalist spirit in spite of the attempt to stop it in the Karlsbad Decrees

6 Unification could come under Austria or Prussia: But which one?

7 The Zollverein The Zollverein was created by Prussia to increase trade among the German states

8 1848: The Frankfurt Diet failed to form a constitutional monarchy under Prussian King Frederick William IV

9 King William I of Prussia (reigned ) was a strong monarch willing to oppose Austria and unify Germany

10 King William appointed Otto von Bismarck Chancellor; Bismarck led the unification process

11 Otto von Bismarck The less people know about how sausages and laws are made, the better they’ll sleep at night. Never believe in anything until it has been officially denied. The great questions of the day will not be settled by speeches and majority decisions—that was the mistake of —but by blood and iron.

12 Otto von Bismarck I am bored. The great things are done. The German Reich is made. A generation that has taken a beating is always followed by a generation that deals one. Some damned foolish thing in the Balkans will provoke the next war.

13 Bismarck’s plan: Eliminate Austria and unite Germany under the Prussian monarchy
How is this for high?

14 Bismarck and Realpolitik:
“Never believe anything in politics until it has been officially denied.” People never lie so much as after a hunt, during a war or before an election. “When a man says he approves of something in principle, it means he hasn't the slightest intention of carrying it out in practice..” “When you want to fool the world, tell the truth.”

15 Bismarck used nationalism to strengthen the monarchy and weaken his political opposition

16 Bismarck got Britain and Russia to agree to not interfere in any conflict between Prussia and Austria

17 Bismarck led Napoleon III to believe that he could gain territory for France by mediating between Prussia and Austria

18 Step #2: Austro-Prussian War [Seven Weeks’ War], 1866

19 In 1864, Prussia and Austria fought Denmark gaining the states of Schleswig and Holstein

20 Bismarck engineered a conflict between Prussia and Austria over the governing of Schlwesgig and Holstein

21 Denmark on the sidelines as Austria and Prussia prepare to fight, 1866
DENMARK AVENGED Denmark: “Fight it out, Gentlemen! I’ve the pleasure to look on!”

22 Battle of Sadowa (Königgrätz), 1866
Austria was defeated by Prussia in the Seven Weeks’ War, 1866 Battle of Sadowa (Königgrätz), 1866

23 Napoleon III failed to secure anything for France in the Seven Weeks’ War
Bismarck: “Pardon, mon ami, but we really can’t allow you to pick up anything here.” Napoleon III: “Pray, don’t mention it M’sier. It’s not of the slightest consequence.” PEACE AND NO PIECES!

24 Setting up Napoleon III and France
Napoleon III failed to gain anything for France after Prussia’s war with Denmark or the Seven Weeks’ War Queen Isabella of Spain abdicated; Bismarck nominated Prince Leopold von Hohenzollern, cousin to William I, to be King of Spain France protested; Leopold withdrew The French ambassador met William I at Bad Ems and asked for an apology Bismarck edited the report of the conference to insult France; the Ems Telegram was published on Bastille Day, 1870 War was declared by France on Prussia bringing the unification of the remaining German states

25 Bismarck edited the “Ems Telegram” to insult France and precipitate war

26 German Army crosses the Loire, 1870
The south German states united with Prussia in the Franco-Prussian War German Army crosses the Loire, 1870

27 Napoleon III was defeated and captured at Sedan
Napoleon III was defeated and captured at Sedan. It was the end of the Second Empire.

28 German troops march into Paris in 1870: France was defeated in 5 months

29 Siegfried (Germany) defeats Joan of Arc (France) in the Franco-Prussian War, 1870-71

30 The Coronation of Kaiser Wilhelm I
The German Empire was declared in the Palace of Versailles in January 1871 The Coronation of Kaiser Wilhelm I

31 Treaty of Frankfurt [1871] The Second French Empire collapsed and was replaced by the Third French Empire. The Italians took Rome and made it their capital. Russia put warships in the Black Sea [in defiance of the 1856 Treaty of Paris that ended the Crimean War] France paid a huge indemnity and was occupied by German troops until it was paid. France ceded Alsace-Lorraine to Germany [a region rich in iron deposits with a flourishing textile industry].

32 Consequences of the Franco-Prussian War
Germany unified under Prussian monarchy as the German Empire France established the Third Republic Uprising and defeat of Paris Commune Loss of Alsace-Lorraine leaves France bitter and wanting revenge Balance of power upset; Germany dominated Central Europe

33 The German Confederation

34 Austrian Empire Europe, 1860

35 Austro-Hungarian Empire
Europe, 1871

36 German Empire After 1871 the new German Empire was Prussia and 24 smaller states The popularly elected parliament was the Reichstag In 1870 Pope Pius XI had declared papal infallibility It seemed to ask Catholics to put loyalty of religion above country National liberals backed Bismarck’s attack on the Catholic church, the Kulturkampf Kulturkampf - “struggle for survival”

37 The End

Download ppt "German Nationalism and the creation of united Germany."

Similar presentations

Ads by Google