JOSEF STALIN NOT HIS REAL NAME, HES NOT EVEN A RUSSIAN. BORN IN GEORGIA (CAUCUSUS) IN 1879. IOSIF DZHUGASHVILI. FATHER WAS A SHOEMAKER AND A DRUNK. HE GREW UP IN A HUT. ENROLLS IN SEMINARY; IS THROWN OUT FOR READING MARX
COMRADE STALIN AS REVOLUTIONARY DOES LITTLE DURING RUSSIAN REVOLUTION APPOINTED BOLSHEVIK COMMISSAR OF NATIONALITIES AFTER THE REVOLUTION
Stalin supported Lenins takeover After Lenin dies, uses his influence to assume Lenins role Constantly afraid of outside attack by other countries They know communism is better, so theyre jealous Believes only way to protect USSR was by dramatically increasing military might and increasing industrialization…. At any cost! Does this by establishing 5 year plans
FIVE YEAR PLANS Central government planners set goals - Soviet industry Almost catches up to Rest of Europe in less Than 15 years Happy Peasants
5 year plans Stalin would look at production amounts set an extreme goal for factories, etc…. Example 1925 1930 1935 Electricity, coal, steel, food, etc...
5 year plans Forces people to move from countryside to cities Huge display boards showing output Begin paying harder, more skilled workers more $ It worked…. http://www.cyberussr.com/rus/col-graph.html
Stalin reforms Farmers forced to work as a group collectivization http://www.parl.gc.ca/information/library/idb/forsey/images/farm_fr.gif Old methods to new... http://www.esu9.org/~xrchs/farm/tractor.jpeg
ELIMINATING THE KULAKS KULAKS WERE PROSPEROUS PEASANTS, WHO SOMETIMES LENT MONEY AND SEED TO OTHER PEASANTS ACCUSED OF SABOTAGE STALIN LAUNCHES A CLASS WAR
Stalin resentful of Kulaks (Farmers with more land/$/resources Confiscates their lands Exiles many to forced labour camps in Siberia http://www.casp.cam.ac.uk/projects/siberia-flyer.gif
Kulaks not the only sent to Siberia Anyone found not contributing/doing their fair share Anyone complaining about Stalin/government Siberia=Labour Camps, c-o-l-d... = dreadful conditions…early death http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/RUSsiberia.htm Sample Siberian outcasts (notice chains)
PURGES STALIN REMOVED ANYONE HE PERCEIVED AS A THREAT EVENTUALLY, ALMOST ALL THE OLD BOLSHEVIKS OF THE REVOLUTION WERE REPLACED BY LITTLE STALINS
SHOW TRIALS Public humiliation of Those being purged. Started with killing of Kirov, a loyal follower Of Stalin. Liquidations Sometimes amounted To hundreds a day.
Stalin is ruthless. Eliminates any political competition via exile/death/Siberia Does this on a regular basis…called purges Secret police (NKVD) would round up suspected traitors given show trials, then sent away…. http://blogs.salon.com/0001137/images/2003/07/09/slate-scapegoat.gif
http://imagediggers.netfirms.com/gallery_images/newspapers.html Example….Trotsky exiled. Trotsky builds villa-fortress in Mexico with high security. Eventually Stalin finds Trotsky, sends an agent. Agent works his way into compound, becomes an employee One night agent sneaks into bedroom, stabs Trotsky in back of skull with an icepick
Voting allowed…but only for communist party:-) One-party-rule eventually becomes One-person-rule. Stalin eventually becomes a dictator with full control Stalin has complete, total control of the country. Forces USSR to become very powerful… Many human costs. Estimates of 5-25 million deaths. Many claim his purges and excessive work plans killed more Russians than WW1&2 combined!? How does he get away with all this???
http://www.maristas.com.ar/champagnat/imagenes/poli/ingles/sec/josefina/Stalin.jpg Sample Propoganda Poster What headline would be used by Stalin for this image?
Why wouldnt this image be allowed? http://www.straightdope.com/columns/020614.html
Even other countries were impressed... http://i.timeinc.net/time/magazine/archive/covers/1941/1101411027_400.jpg
GENOCIDES Chechens, Kalmyks and Balkars Small Caucasian peoples accused of cooperating with Nazis Rounded up and sent into desert in dead of winter to die.
DEATH OF STALIN 1953 DOCTORS PLOT NO CLEAR SUCCESSION
Results? USSR becomes one of the mightiest powers on the planet, 2nd only to USA First to get a satellite in space Eventually helps other countries become communist (Cuba, etc.) Costs???? Millions of dead civilians Increased tensions between countries Cold War