3 JOSEF STALIN NOT HIS REAL NAME, HE’S NOT EVEN A RUSSIAN. BORN IN GEORGIA (CAUCUSUS) IN 1879.IOSIF DZHUGASHVILI.FATHER WAS A SHOEMAKER AND A DRUNK.HE GREW UP IN A HUT.ENROLLS IN SEMINARY;IS THROWN OUT FORREADING MARX
4 “COMRADE” STALIN AS REVOLUTIONARY DOES LITTLE DURING RUSSIAN REVOLUTIONAPPOINTED BOLSHEVIK COMMISSAR OF NATIONALITIES AFTER THE REVOLUTION
6 Stalin supported Lenin’s takeover After Lenin dies, uses his influence to assume Lenin’s roleConstantly afraid of outside attack by other countries“They know communism is better, so they’re jealous”Believes only way to protect USSR was by dramatically increasing military might and increasing industrialization….At any cost!Does this by establishing “5 year plans”
7 FIVE YEAR PLANS Central government planners set goals - Soviet industryAlmost catches up toRest of Europe in lessThan 15 yearsHappy Peasants
8 5 year plans Stalin would look at production amounts set an extreme goal for factories, etc….Example192519351930Electricity, coal, steel, food, etc...
18 Kulaks not the only sent to Siberia Anyone found not contributing/doing their fair shareAnyone complaining about Stalin/governmentSiberia=“Labour Camps”, c-o-l-d...= dreadful conditions…early deathSample Siberianoutcasts(noticechains)
19 PURGES STALIN REMOVED ANYONE HE PERCEIVED AS A THREAT EVENTUALLY, ALMOST ALL THE “OLD BOLSHEVIKS” OF THE REVOLUTION WERE REPLACED BY “LITTLE STALINS”
20 SHOW TRIALS Public humiliation of Those being purged. Started with killing ofKirov, a loyal followerOf Stalin. LiquidationsSometimes amountedTo hundreds a day.
21 Eliminates any political competition via exile/death/Siberia Stalin is ruthless.Eliminates any political competition via exile/death/SiberiaDoes this on a regular basis…called “purges”Secret police (NKVD) would round up suspected “traitors”given “show trials”, then sent “away”….
23 Example….Trotsky exiled. Trotsky builds villa-fortress in Mexico with high security.Eventually Stalin finds Trotsky, sends an agent.Agent works his way into compound, becomes an employeeOne night agent sneaks into bedroom, stabs Trotsky in back of skull with anicepick
24 Voting allowed…but only for communist party:-) “One-party-rule” eventually becomes“One-person-rule.”Stalin eventually becomes a dictator with full controlStalin has complete, total control of the country.Forces USSR to become very powerful…Many human costs.Estimates of 5-25 million deaths.Many claim his purges and excessive work plans killed more Russians than WW1&2 combined!?How does he get away with all this???
36 GENOCIDES Chechens, Kalmyks and Balkars Small Caucasian peoples accused of cooperating with NazisRounded up and sent into desert in dead of winter to die.
37 DEATH OF STALIN1953“DOCTORS’ PLOT”NO CLEAR SUCCESSION
38 Results?USSR becomes one of the mightiest powers on the planet, 2nd only to USAFirst to get a satellite in spaceEventually helps other countries become communist (Cuba, etc.)Costs???? Millions of dead civiliansIncreased tensions between countriesCold War