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A Growing Nation America: 1800-1870.

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Presentation on theme: "A Growing Nation America: 1800-1870."— Presentation transcript:

1 A Growing Nation America:

2 Major Historical Events
1803 Louisiana Purchase (LA to Rocky Mountains) 1812 US declares war on Great Britain- no longer the little kid 1820 Missouri Compromise bans slavery in parts of new territories 1838 US Army marches Cherokee on “Trail of Tears” Mexican War; issues over lines crossed when Texas became a state, fight over CA: Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo 1848 Women’s Rights Convention in Seneca Falls, NY- women still couldn’t vote 1850 CA admitted to the Union, The Scarlet Letter is published

3 History In-Depth Alexis de Tocqueville thought America was a bustling new nation full of individuals optimistically pursuing their destinies. Rapid growth inspired a surge in national pride and self-awareness. CA gold rush drew hundreds of thousands to “the new land of promise.”

4 History cont. By 1869, “iron horses” railroads linked east and west
Industrial Revolution brought a lot of progress and helpful tools. Factories sprang up everywhere. All this technology helped develop the growing nation but it wasn’t without flaws Writers reacted with a vengeance.

5 Literature of the Period
Writers of this era defined “the American voice”, personal and bold. Primary theme: the quest of the individual to define him- or herself. Romanticism- an artistic movement that dominated Europe and America during the 19th century Not about love- writers elevated the imagination and intuition over reason and fact. Celebrated nature, the hero’s quest, and the fantastic.

6 Famous Writers and Their Work
Washington Irving- “The Legend of Sleepy Hollow” James Fenimore Cooper- The Last of the Mohicans Edgar Allen Poe, “The Raven”, “The Tell-Tale Heart” Nathaniel Hawthorne- The Scarlet Letter, “Young Goodman Brown” Herman Melville- Moby Dick

7 Transcendentalism The American Renaissance 1840-1855
Going beyond the tangible and physical, transcending the regular day-to-day American experience and looking beyond the mundane. Social, political, philosophical critique of what America was becoming because of all of this “progress”. Ralph Waldo Emerson and Henry David Thoreau key players in this movement. (more to come) 

8 The Possibility of Evil
Not everyone was as optimistic as the Transcendentalists. Hawthorne and Melville explored the dark side of human nature i.e. sin, guilt, hypocrisy, insanity, depression, tortured souls Emily Dickinson- recluse, poetry focused on death, immortality, the soul, conflicting views on religion

9 Walt Whitman Leaves of Grass “Oh captain! My captain!” in reference to Abe Lincoln First edition sold fewer than 20 copies but his legacy is considered the quintessential American voice. “Barbaric yawp!”- frank “in your face” social commentary on life, celebration of self Worked as a nurse during the Civil War and incorporated those images in his later poetry, not so happy.

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