Presentation on theme: "A Growing Nation America: 1800-1870. Major Historical Events 1803 Louisiana Purchase (LA to Rocky Mountains) 1812 US declares war on Great Britain- no."— Presentation transcript:
Major Historical Events 1803 Louisiana Purchase (LA to Rocky Mountains) 1812 US declares war on Great Britain- no longer the little kid 1820 Missouri Compromise bans slavery in parts of new territories 1838 US Army marches Cherokee on Trail of Tears 1846-48 Mexican War; issues over lines crossed when Texas became a state, fight over CA: Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo 1848 Womens Rights Convention in Seneca Falls, NY- women still couldnt vote 1850 CA admitted to the Union, The Scarlet Letter is published
History In-Depth Alexis de Tocqueville thought America was a bustling new nation full of individuals optimistically pursuing their destinies. Rapid growth inspired a surge in national pride and self-awareness. CA gold rush drew hundreds of thousands to the new land of promise.
History cont. By 1869, iron horses railroads linked east and west Industrial Revolution brought a lot of progress and helpful tools. Factories sprang up everywhere. All this technology helped develop the growing nation but it wasnt without flaws Writers reacted with a vengeance.
Literature of the Period Writers of this era defined the American voice, personal and bold. Primary theme: the quest of the individual to define him- or herself. Romanticism- an artistic movement that dominated Europe and America during the 19 th century Not about love- writers elevated the imagination and intuition over reason and fact. Celebrated nature, the heros quest, and the fantastic.
Famous Writers and Their Work Washington Irving- The Legend of Sleepy Hollow James Fenimore Cooper- The Last of the Mohicans Edgar Allen Poe, The Raven, The Tell-Tale Heart Nathaniel Hawthorne- The Scarlet Letter, Young Goodman Brown Herman Melville- Moby Dick
Transcendentalism The American Renaissance 1840-1855 Going beyond the tangible and physical, transcending the regular day-to-day American experience and looking beyond the mundane. Social, political, philosophical critique of what America was becoming because of all of this progress. Ralph Waldo Emerson and Henry David Thoreau key players in this movement. (more to come)
The Possibility of Evil Not everyone was as optimistic as the Transcendentalists. Hawthorne and Melville explored the dark side of human nature i.e. sin, guilt, hypocrisy, insanity, depression, tortured souls Emily Dickinson- recluse, poetry focused on death, immortality, the soul, conflicting views on religion
Walt Whitman Leaves of Grass 1855- Oh captain! My captain! in reference to Abe Lincoln First edition sold fewer than 20 copies but his legacy is considered the quintessential American voice. Barbaric yawp!- frank in your face social commentary on life, celebration of self Worked as a nurse during the Civil War and incorporated those images in his later poetry, not so happy.