Presentation on theme: "Chapter Three Population and Culture"— Presentation transcript:
1Chapter Three Population and Culture Section OneThe Study of Human Geography
2Where People Live Over 6 billion people live on earth Some areas have high concentrations of peopleSome areas are sparsely populated
3People and Environments People have always adapted to their environmentsHuman activity has dramatically altered the earth’s physical landscapeExamples of this are: cutting trees, grazing their animals on wild grasses, plowing soils, and damming rivers
4Population DensityPopulation Density- the average number of people in a square mile or in a square kilometer
5Population GrowthThe earth’s population has increased dramatically in recent centuriesThe Effects of Growth:Predictions of famine, disease, natural resource depletionIncrease in levels of technology and creativity
6Comparing Growth Rates Birthrate- the number of live births each year per 1,000 peopleDeath rate- the number of deaths each year per 1,000 peopleImmigrants- people who move into a countryEmigrants- people who leave the country to live in other placesZero Population Growth- When the combined birthrate and immigration rate equals the combined death rate and emigration rate
7Patterns and Settlement The densest population areas on earth are: East Asia, South Asia, Europe, eastern North AmericaMetropolitan Areas- central cities surrounded by suburbsUrbanization- the growth of city populationsRural- countrysideMost North Americans and Europeans live in metropolitan areas
8The Nature of Culture Culture includes: Food Clothing Architecture ArtsTechnologyReligionLanguagePatterns of BehaviorGovernment SystemsEducation SystemsRoles of Women and Men
9Culture HearthsCulture Hearth- a place where important ideas begin and from which they spread to surrounding cultures
10Language Language is the cornerstone of culture All cultures have languagePeople who speak the same language often share the same customsSome societies have people who speak many different languages : India has over 700 languagesSee pgs. 92&93 in text
11Religion Religion answers basic questions about the meaning of life Religion supports basic values that a group of people consider importantMonotheism- the worship of one GodPolytheism- the worship of many godsReligion includes the use of prayers and ritualsSee pgs. 94&95 in text
12Cultural LandscapesAs people use natural resources, (technology), or alter the surface of the earth, they produce a unique cultural landscape
13Social OrganizationEvery culture is organized into smaller social unitsThe most important unit of social organization is the familySocial class ranks people in order of status based on:MoneyOccupationEducationAncestryToday in many cultures people can change their social class. This has not always been the case.
14Women and MinoritiesIn many cultures, social mobility is restricted. This restriction is often imposed on:WomenEthnic MinoritiesReligious MinoritiesSee pg. 96 of text for examples
15Cultural ConvergenceCultural Convergence- when the skills, arts, ideas, habits, and institutions of one culture come in contact with those of another cultureExamples:A hit music video in the U.S.A becomes a hit around the world when it is transmitted by cable and satellite.Mexican food in the United States was introduced by Mexicans bringing it to America.
16Cultural DiffusionCultural Diffusion- a process by which a cultural element is transmitted across some distance from one group to another.Example:Christianity being introduced to the Americas by Europeans over a period of many yearsNative American crops such as potatoes, corn, and beans, over time, became major sources of food in Europe
17Cultural DivergenceCultural Divergence- the restriction of a culture from outside cultural influencesSome governments seek to control transportation and communication to limit cultural contact. They limit free access to newspapers, internet links, radio and television transmissions.