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Turn in 3.1 and 7.2 homework Pick up papers off bookshelf Write down homework in agenda
Aryans Invaders Notes
Aryans, a group of Indo-European people, came through NW mountain passes into the Indus River Valley around 1500 BCE Left almost no archaeological record, but their sacred text, the Vedas, left an accurate picture
Mahabharata, a great epic, reflects struggles that took place in India as Aryans moved south
Called the Indians “dasas” (dark), who were shorter and spoke a different language Formed the caste system, with the top three levels composing of Aryans, then the Indians
Social System Notes
Brahmins (priests) Warriors Peasants or traders Laborers Untouchables (Butchers, gravediggers, trash collectors)
India Empires Notes
Chandragupta Maurya : gathered an army, killed Nanda king, in 321 BCE claimed the throne Kautilya : advisor who wrote the ruler’s handbook, Arthasastra
Asoka : Chandragupta’s grandson who claimed the throne in 269 BCE and brought Mauryan Empire to its greatest heights; kept India politically unifed
divided into four provinces, each with a prince and local districts Asoka was violent at first, switched to Buddhist idea of “peace to all beings”
extensive roads, watering places and rest houses for travelers, religious toleration Free hospitals and veterinary clinics
Asoka died in 232 BCE Regional princes challenged imperial government a flood of new people fleeing from Asia, who introduced new languages and customs
Chandra Gupta I: came to power by marrying an old royal family, took control in 320 CE - his son, Samudra Gupta, became king in 335 CE, expanded the empire through war and conquest
his son, Chandra Gupta II, added Mediterranean trade to empire and used peaceful means to expand, like treaties and marriage
perfected stable village life with specific districts for merchants, irrigation, and reservoirs expanded throughout the Indian subcontinent and spread Hindu culture
advancements in astronomy, modern numerals, the zero, the decimal system, and the value of pi important medical guides were compiled
Chandra Gupta II died a wave of Hunas invaders came into northern India split into smaller kingdoms that were eventually overrun by Huns and other central Asian nomads
India's First Empires.
India’s First Civilizations
The Indo-Aryans The Shaping of Indian Culture c B.C.
Chapter 7 : India and China
Ancient India Empires of India. Mauryan Empire ► In 320 BC, the military leader Chandragupta Maurya took control of the entire northern part of India.
India's Rulers and Society
Importance of ideological control of a populace.
The Indo-Europeans. Indo-Europeans Migrate The Indo-Europeans were a nomadic group coming from the steppes north of the Caucasus Mountains, between the.
Indo-Europeans migrate into Europe, India, and Southwest Asia and interact with peoples living there.
By: Victoria Silva And Elizabeth Sutton. Polytheistic- Belief in many gods. Maya- Illusory world of the senses; according to the Hinduism. Monsoons- Winds.
The Golden Ages. Empires of India The Maurya Empire 322 B.C.E – 185 B.C.E TTYN – What is an empire?
Indian Empires Bell Work Spread of Buddhism Answer in complete sentences and use the textbook ( ) 1)Why did the Buddhist’s ideas’ spread.
I. General Information India is bordered to the North by the Himalayan and Hindu Kush Mts. Passes allowed with contact with other people groups
Persian King Darius I Darius I came through the Khyber Pass and conquered northwestern India. For 200 years, Indus Valley was ruled by Persian satrap,
Ancient India – Geography & Early Civilizations
Indus River Valley. Classical Indian Civilization Began in the Indus River Valley Spread into the Ganges River Valley Then spread through the Indian.
Section IV: Ancient Indian Dynasties (Pages 65-69)
Section 3 Rulers United India and Began a Golden Age.
Section 2: India. Introductions Physical barriers- Himalayas, the Hindu Kush, and the Indian ocean (made invasion difficult) Mountain passes provided.
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