Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Imperialism. Motives for Imperialism Economic- need for new markets and raw materials Political– boost national pride, expand territory, exercise military.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Imperialism. Motives for Imperialism Economic- need for new markets and raw materials Political– boost national pride, expand territory, exercise military."— Presentation transcript:

1 Imperialism

2 Motives for Imperialism

3 Economic- need for new markets and raw materials Political– boost national pride, expand territory, exercise military force Social- racism, Social Darwinism, spread Christianity, white mans burden

4 Forms of Colonial Control Forms of Imperialism CharacteristicsAfrican Example ColonyCountry governed internally by a foreign power Somaliland by France ProtectorateCountry with its own internal government but under the control of an outside power Niger River Delta by Britain Sphere of InfluenceArea in which an outside power claims exclusive investment or trading privileges Liberia by the United States

5 Management Methods Indirect ControlDirect Control Characteristics -Local officials were used -Limited self-rule -Goal to develop future leaders -Govts based on European styles, but may have local rulers Characteristics -Foreign officials brought into rule - No self-rule -Gold assimilation -Govts institutions based only on European styles Examples -British colonies such as Nigeria, India, Burma -U.S. colonies on Pacific Islands Examples -French colonies such as Somaliland, Vietnam -German colonies such as Tanganyika

6 Scramble for Africa King Leopold II of Belgium claims the Congo –Claims to end slavery Scramble for Africa begins Berlin Conference in –Africa divided with little thought to how African ethnic or linguistic groups were distributed By 1914 only Liberia and Ethiopia remained free from European control

7 King Leopold

8 Scramble for Africa

9 Berlin Conference

10 Africa 1914

11 African Conflicts South Africa –1816- Shaka Zulu –Boers and the Great Trek –Boer War Ethiopia –Menelik II –Battle of Adowa- Ethiopians defeat Italians

12 Shaka Zulu

13 Menelik II

14 Heart of Darkness

15 Impacts on Africa Positive –Reduced Local Warfare –Improved Sanitation –Life Span and Literacy Rates Increased Negative –Loss of land and independence –Breakdown of traditional culture –Division of Continent

16 Imperialism in India Fall of Mughal Empire- Controlled by British East India Company (Jewel in the Crown) Negative Impacts –Loss of self-sufficiency –Cash crops leads to famine –Indian companies go out of business –Loss of traditional culture Positive Impacts –Industrialization –Education –Sanitation

17 Sepoy Rebellion Sepoys- Indian soldiers in British Army (mainly Muslim and Hindu) Rifle Cartridges greased with beef and pork fat Leads to Sepoy Rebellion Failed Rebellion leads to Direct Rule (Raj) New Direct Rule (Raj) paid by Salt Tax Growing Indian Nationalism / Modernization –Ram Mohun Roy –Indian National Congress –Muslim League

18

19 Southeast Asia PowerLands ClaimedMajor Trade Products DutchJava, Sumatra, Borneo, Bali Oil, Tin, rubber BritishMalaysia, BurmaTin, Rubber FrenchVietnam, Laos, Cambodia Rice AmericansPhilippines, Hawaii Sugar, Bananas, Pineapples

20 China Rejects Trade with the West

21 Opium War

22 Opium War effects Treaty of Nanjing –Britain given Hong Kong –Extraterritorial Rights Taiping Rebellion Empress Cixi self-strengthening movement China Carved into Spheres of Influence –Open Door Policy Boxer Rebellion

23

24 Japan Matthew Perry and the Treaty of Kanagawa Meiji Era –Modernized govt –Modernized army –Modernized education –Modernized economy / Industrialization

25

26 Imperial Japan Sino-Japanese War –Gained Taiwan and Pescadores Islands Russo-Japanese War –Disputed land of Manchuria and Korea –Defeated Russians (great humiliation) –Japan annexes Korea in 1910


Download ppt "Imperialism. Motives for Imperialism Economic- need for new markets and raw materials Political– boost national pride, expand territory, exercise military."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google