It Aint Gonna Happen! antiwar societies –US had antiwar treaties with 21 nations worldwide markets $$$$$$$$$ professionals (scientists) working together humanitarian organizations (Red Cross) smaller world – similar to others
January Germany resumes unrestricted sub. warfare - Plan: defeat G.B. in 5 or 6 months - Any U.S. help… TOO LATE TO HELP!
Selective Service Act Men 21 – 30 Later
Woodrow Wilson Georges Clemenceau Vittorio Orlando David Lloyd George
The Post-War Settlement How did European allies wish to treat Germany? Italy (joined the Allies in 1915) Great Britain In 1919, leaders of various nations met in Paris, France, including the Big Four
Paris Peace Conference (1919) A general association of nations must be formed… for the purpose of affording mutual guarantees of political independence and territorial integrity to member states.
1. & 2.What happened to Germanys colonies? 3.What country was the BIG imperialist winner? 4. What countries were created by the treaty? 5. What is a demilitarized zone?? 6. What is a PLEBICITE?? 7. What was stated in the War Guilt Clause? 8. What are REPARATIONS? 9. Germany is to be permanently disarmed.
Wilsons Fourteen Points No trade barriers: no tariffs Armaments reductions for all nations National self-determination Freedom of the seas Establishment of an independent Poland Establishment of a League of Nations
Wilson appeals to the public! Travels 8,000 miles in 22 days Nationwide speaking tour Wilson suffers a stroke of a Fights isolationists
Wilson & Ratification Edith Wilson, the first female president, six weeks, Assisted the president while he was incapacitated
The Treaty of Versaillles Is defeated, Nov. 1919