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Causes of the War What is nationalism? Look at the map! Any problem? Who were the slavs? Importance????? Balkan Mountains Where is Austria – Hungary?

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Presentation on theme: "Causes of the War What is nationalism? Look at the map! Any problem? Who were the slavs? Importance????? Balkan Mountains Where is Austria – Hungary?"— Presentation transcript:

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3 Causes of the War

4 What is nationalism? Look at the map! Any problem? Who were the slavs? Importance????? Balkan Mountains Where is Austria – Hungary?

5 PRESSURE!! Spending! Great Britain France Russia Germany

6 Why do nations seek colonies? What are have nations? have not nations? what are spheres of influence!!

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9 Balance of Power

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23 1.Tank 2.Airplane 3. U-boats 4. Gas 5. Machine gun

24 Little Willie Fiat Tipo British Whippet British Mark IV French Renault

25 Manfred Von Richtoffen San Mihiel

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31 French losses: 350, ,308 KIA & MIA German losses: 337, ,000 KIA & MIA Total: 714, ,308 KIA & MIA

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33 20,000 dead 57,000 Wounded & MIA Casualties 400,000 British 200,000 French 450,000 German

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40 "Torpedo Los!" "Feur!"

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42 Passengers Lost: 794 ( 63% ) Crew Lost: 407 ( 58% ) Total Lost: 1,201 ( 61 % ) U.S. Passengers Killed: 123

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44 March, 1916 Sussex Pledge - French unarmed steamer sunk - 3 Americans injured -U.S. threatens Germany: CUT IT OUT!!! -Pledge effectively stops submarine warfare

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47 It Aint Gonna Happen! antiwar societies –US had antiwar treaties with 21 nations worldwide markets $$$$$$$$$ professionals (scientists) working together humanitarian organizations (Red Cross) smaller world – similar to others

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49 Alfred Zimmerman

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52 January Germany resumes unrestricted sub. warfare - Plan: defeat G.B. in 5 or 6 months - Any U.S. help… TOO LATE TO HELP!

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56 Selective Service Act Men 21 – 30 Later

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59 Alvin York

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63 Woodrow Wilson Georges Clemenceau Vittorio Orlando David Lloyd George

64 The Post-War Settlement How did European allies wish to treat Germany? Italy (joined the Allies in 1915) Great Britain In 1919, leaders of various nations met in Paris, France, including the Big Four

65 Paris Peace Conference (1919) A general association of nations must be formed… for the purpose of affording mutual guarantees of political independence and territorial integrity to member states.

66 1. & 2.What happened to Germanys colonies? 3.What country was the BIG imperialist winner? 4. What countries were created by the treaty? 5. What is a demilitarized zone?? 6. What is a PLEBICITE?? 7. What was stated in the War Guilt Clause? 8. What are REPARATIONS? 9. Germany is to be permanently disarmed.

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68 Wilsons Fourteen Points No trade barriers: no tariffs Armaments reductions for all nations National self-determination Freedom of the seas Establishment of an independent Poland Establishment of a League of Nations

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70 Wilson appeals to the public! Travels 8,000 miles in 22 days Nationwide speaking tour Wilson suffers a stroke of a Fights isolationists

71 Wilson & Ratification Edith Wilson, the first female president, six weeks, Assisted the president while he was incapacitated

72 The Treaty of Versaillles Is defeated, Nov. 1919


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