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POPULATION PATTERNS Chapter 6 Section 1.

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1 POPULATION PATTERNS Chapter 6 Section 1

2 The People 5% of world’s pop.
Canada (2008): 33 million US (2008): 303 million 3rd largest What is the common tie b/w everyone in these countries? All are immigrants or descendants

3 Immigration 1st wave- across land bridge from Asia (Native Americans)
Several waves to follow- all grps. affected by push-pull factors of that time Timeline site Were they always accepted/appreciated?

4 Immigration 1998- 9% of population 2002- 11.8% of population
33.1 million All time high is 14.8% in 1890

5 Population density & distribution
Canada is lgr country…but 8 ppl/sq. mile Most is inhospitable  90% live on border with US/ middle prairies/ W. Coast

6 2002

7 Population density & distribution
US has 77 ppl/sq. mile (NJ is highest) Widely distributed NE/ Great Lakes = most dense (history & industry) Pacific coast  climate, resources, $ California #1 state in # (but also bigger) S and SW = fastest growing (climate, jobs, land space) Retirees, immigrants from LA

8 2000

9 2006

10 1990

11 1990

12 1990

13 1990

14 Cities Use of machines  large commercial farms  fewer farmers needed  urbanization Metropolitan area Pop. Of 50,000+ Outlying communities (suburbs) 81% of US (276 m.a.) and 60% of Canada (25 m.a.)

15 Cities Megalopolis Metropolis Suburbs AUSTIN Major city

16 Urban Sprawl Define urban sprawl. Define metropolitan area.
Rapid spread of cities & suburbs, often poorly planned due to speed Define metropolitan area. A major city & its surrounding suburbs (NYC, Toronto) Define Urban core. “walking city”: downtown business district, all bldgs are in walking distance of ea. other

17 Urban Sprawl What innovations led to the expansion of the urban core?
Electric street cars, commuter rails (trains/subways) build homes along rail lines (1890s) How did the invention of the car change the lives of city workers? Didn’t have to live along rails paved roads allowed ppl to build outside core and commute (20s)

18 Urban Sprawl Define urban fringe.
Suburbs forming on outer ring of city How does movement from city to suburbs impact city life/econ. wellbeing? Businesses move closer to homes (away from urban core $ decline in inner core Define rural fringe. Small towns/farms outside of suburbs, connected by roads  eventually develops

19 Urban Sprawl Diagram 8 Katy I 10 610 Urban Core 99 59 Urban Fringe
Rich/Rose SL Rural Fringe Suburbs Wharton

20 Urban Sprawl 3 arguments SUPPORTING growth
New homes on cheaper rural land (cost ) New job opportunities building houses, roads, etc. More $ spent in local stores Property taxes help schools & roads

21 Urban Sprawl 3 arguments AGAINST growth Destroys habitats/wildlife
Reliance on cars  traffic, pollution Taxes in rural areas as land develops Big businesses can move to rural areas & put sm. business out.

22 Cities Why do ppl settle on the coast/ rivers?
PORTS, trade, commercial links, natural resources What are Seattle & San Francisco known for? Silicon Valley- computer & aerospace industries Although DFW is a huge leader as well!

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