2 Definition Reform efforts aimed to: Goals: return control of gov’t to the peoplerestore economic opportunity,and correct injustices in American life.Goals:Protect social welfarePromote moral improvementCreate economic reformFostering efficiency
3 Social Reform Settlement Houses Prohibition Women Workers Hull House- Jane AddamsProhibitionTemperance movementWomenHigher EducationSuffrage MovementWorkersSet minimum ageLimited work hoursProvide workers compensation
4 Economic Reform Muckrakers Corruption and public life Interstate Commerce Act (ICA)Prohibited railroad owners from high pricesInterstate Commerce Commission (ICC)Enforce the ICAMeat Inspection ActStrict cleanliness requirements for meatpackersPure food and Drug ActHalted sale of contaminated foods and medicinesConservationPreservation of wilderness
5 The Jungle (1906) by Upton Sinclair There would be meat that had tumbled out on the floor, in the dirt and sawdust, where the workers had tramped and spit uncounted billions of consumption [tuberculosis] germs. There would be meat stored in great piles in rooms;… and thousands of rats would race about on it… A man could run his hand over these piles of meat and sweep off handfuls of the dried dung of rats. These rats were nuisances and the packers would put poisoned bread out for them; they would die, and then rats, bread, and meat would go into the hoppers together.
6 Economic Reform Clayton Anti-trust Act (1914) Sought to strengthen the Sherman Antitrust Act (1890) and prohibited corporations from buying the stock of anotherLegalized strikes, peaceful picketing, boycotts, and collection of strike benefitsFederal Trade Commission (FTC)Investigates violations of regulatory statuesReports from corporationsStopped unfair business practices
7 Economic Reform Federal Reserve System Divided the nation into 12 districtsNational Banking system
8 Political Reform Democracy was expanded Aimed to stop Political machines and bosses16th Amendment: Federal income tax17th Amendment: Senators were directly elected18th Amendment: Prohibition19th Amendment: Women’s Suffrage
9 Political Reform Reform in government Secret Ballot Initiative- bill originated by peopleReferendum- voters accept or reject initiativeRecall- enable voters to remove public officials