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Progressivism: A reaction to the Industrial Age

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Presentation on theme: "Progressivism: A reaction to the Industrial Age"— Presentation transcript:

1 Progressivism: A reaction to the Industrial Age

2 Definition Reform efforts aimed to: Goals:
return control of gov’t to the people restore economic opportunity, and correct injustices in American life. Goals: Protect social welfare Promote moral improvement Create economic reform Fostering efficiency

3 Social Reform Settlement Houses Prohibition Women Workers
Hull House- Jane Addams Prohibition Temperance movement Women Higher Education Suffrage Movement Workers Set minimum age Limited work hours Provide workers compensation

4 Economic Reform Muckrakers Corruption and public life
Interstate Commerce Act (ICA) Prohibited railroad owners from high prices Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC) Enforce the ICA Meat Inspection Act Strict cleanliness requirements for meatpackers Pure food and Drug Act Halted sale of contaminated foods and medicines Conservation Preservation of wilderness

5 The Jungle (1906) by Upton Sinclair
There would be meat that had tumbled out on the floor, in the dirt and sawdust, where the workers had tramped and spit uncounted billions of consumption [tuberculosis] germs. There would be meat stored in great piles in rooms;… and thousands of rats would race about on it… A man could run his hand over these piles of meat and sweep off handfuls of the dried dung of rats. These rats were nuisances and the packers would put poisoned bread out for them; they would die, and then rats, bread, and meat would go into the hoppers together.

6 Economic Reform Clayton Anti-trust Act (1914)
Sought to strengthen the Sherman Antitrust Act (1890) and prohibited corporations from buying the stock of another Legalized strikes, peaceful picketing, boycotts, and collection of strike benefits Federal Trade Commission (FTC) Investigates violations of regulatory statues Reports from corporations Stopped unfair business practices

7 Economic Reform Federal Reserve System
Divided the nation into 12 districts National Banking system

8 Political Reform Democracy was expanded
Aimed to stop Political machines and bosses 16th Amendment: Federal income tax 17th Amendment: Senators were directly elected 18th Amendment: Prohibition 19th Amendment: Women’s Suffrage

9 Political Reform Reform in government Secret Ballot
Initiative- bill originated by people Referendum- voters accept or reject initiative Recall- enable voters to remove public officials

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