3Piedmont Tidewater Superior Huron Ontario x x x x x x upper Michigan x BostonSaratogaAlbanyxxProvidencexxupperNewportHartfordMichiganNYCxTrentonEriexPhiladelphiaBaltimorexxxxWilliamsburgRichmondCharlottesvilleOhio RiverPiedmontTidewaterMississippi RiverxCharlottelowerxCharles Towne(Charleston)xSavannahNew Orleans
11Where would we find slaves in N.E.? New EnglandNames ofColonies:New HampshireMassachusettsRhode IslandConnecticutTypes ofSettlementCharter, Royal, Self-GoverningNH (Mass. Puritans, some dissenters)Mass. (Pilgrims/Puritans – dissenters from Engl. – Mayflower Compact – all agreed to “common consent” – one gov’t to govern them)R.I. – (Roger Williams – dissenter from Boston – Religious Tolerance and Separation of Church and State)Conn. – (Thomas Hooker – Fundamental Orders - a Constitution – est. free consent of the people)ChurchesPuritan/CongregationalFirst JewishSynagogue -Newport(R.I.)*Half-WayCovenantEconomyLumber/Timber*Shipbuilding (how?)*FishingTrading/Shipping Ports – Boston, Portsmouth, Newport, New Haven* Naval Stores* Rum*Slave TradeGrain/CattleFurs/Skins –where?Nat’l OriginEnglandEducation“Public Education”(why?)“Ivy League”N.H. – DartmouthMass – HarvardR.I. – BrownConn - YaleLabor/SlaveryWhere would we find slaves in N.E.?AgriculturePort cities – manufacturing – allowed in a colony?
13Literacy high amongst the wealthier/landed MiddleNames ofColonies:New YorkPennsylvaniaNew JerseyDelawareTypes of SettlementCharter, Royal, Self-GoverningNY – (Dutch-New Amsterdam – Peter Stuyvesant, Gov. Taken by Charles I 1664, named for Duke of York – James, brother of Charles – James II)NJ – (first two separate –East & West Jersey- colonies, united 1702)PA –William Penn est. in 1682 as a refuge for Quakers -land taken from NY as a “gift”(debt owed to Penn was paid) from the Duke of York. Penn paid the Natives well for the land) Del – (Three southern counties of PA, granted separation in 1704 as New Sweden Economy Agriculture – Cattle & Grain Tobacco Furs/Skins Ironworks Trading/Shipping Ports – New York, Philadelphia, & Wilmington DE – southern NJ Shipbuilding Nat’l OriginHolland/NetherlandsEnglandScotch-IrishGermanyFranceSwedenEducationIvy LeagueNY-Columbia(King’s College)NJ – PrincetonPA – PennPublic Education?Literacy high amongst the wealthier/landedIlliteracy high among the servant/working classLabor/SlaveryHead wright System -Indentured ServitudeQuakers and SlavesLanded vs. servantsSee Chesapeake Bay handoutChurchesDutch Reformed“Quakers”/Society of “Friends” – the “Inner Light”*Pacifism*Testifying rather than preachingFrench HuguenotGerman Reformed (Pennsylvania “Dutch”- deutsch)German Baptist-Mennonite/AmishAnglicanMethodist
17The South Names of Colonies: Maryland Virginia North Carolina South Carolina Georgia Types of SettlementCharter, Royal, Self-GoverningMD – James Calvert-Lord Baltimore, then Maryland (both Henrietta Marie – wife of Charles I and Mary Tudor)Toleration Act allowed Catholics to practice their faith – but Puritans became dominant later)VA – Jamestown – “profit motive”NC & SC – originally Province of Carolina with the southern portion more dominant – separated in 1729Georgia – est. by James Oglethorpe as a colony for worthy debtors - "Not for ourselves, but for others,"– a social experiment with individuals indentured initially, then, released would have a stake in the colony. Initially slavery was illegal.ChurchesAnglicanMethodistPresbyterianBaptistRoman CatholicEconomySlave –economyFew Ports – Baltimore, Charles Towne, & southern VA, central coastal NCTrading &ShippingAgriculture –TobaccoRice &Indigo (?)Cattle & GrainFurs & SkinsLumber & TimberNat’l OriginEngland* Scotch-IrishScotlandAfrica – various “nations” – non Christians could be enslaved.GermanyEducationWilliam & Mary – a Royal CollegePublic Education?Literacy high amongst the wealthier/landedIlliteracy high among the servant/working classLabor/SlaveryHead wright System – Indentured ServitudeSlavery – introduced by Dutch traders. Some of the first black slaves were given their freedom.