Presentation on theme: "NH Mass. R.I Conn NY Penn N.J Del MD VA N.C. S.C. GA New England Middle Southern."— Presentation transcript:
NH Mass. R.I Conn NY Penn N.J Del MD VA N.C. S.C. GA New England Middle Southern
Boston Providence Newport Hartford Albany Saratoga NYC Trenton Philadelphia Baltimore Williamsburg Richmond Charlottesville Charlotte Charles Towne(Charleston) Savannah New Orleans x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x Piedmont Tidewater Mississippi River Ohio River upper lower Superior Michigan Huron Ontario Erie
New England Names of Colonies: New Hampshire Massachusetts Rhode Island Connecticut Types of Settlement Charter, Royal, Self- Governing NH (Mass. Puritans, some dissenters) Mass. (Pilgrims/Puritans – dissenters from Engl. – Mayflower Compact – all agreed to common consent – one govt to govern them) R.I. – (Roger Williams – dissenter from Boston – Religious Tolerance and Separation of Church and State) Conn. – (Thomas Hooker – Fundamental Orders - a Constitution – est. free consent of the people) Churches Puritan/ Congregationa l First Jewish Synagogue- Newport (R.I.) *Half-Way Covenant Economy Lumber/Timber *Shipbuilding (how?) *Fishing Trading/Shipping Ports – Boston, Portsmouth, Newport, New Haven * Naval Stores * Rum *Slave Trade Grain/Cattle Furs/Skins – where? Natl Origin England Education Public Education (why?) Ivy League N.H. – Dartmouth Mass – Harvard R.I. – Brown Conn - Yale Labor/ Slavery Where would we find slaves in N.E.? Agriculture Port cities – manufacturing – allowed in a colony?
Middle Names of Colonies: New York Pennsylvania New Jersey Delaware Types of Settlement Charter, Royal, Self-Governing NY – (Dutch- New Amsterdam – Peter Stuyvesant, Gov. Taken by Charles I 1664, named for Duke of York – James, brother of Charles – James II) NJ – (first two separate –East & West Jersey- colonies, united 1702) PA –William Penn est. in 1682 as a refuge for Quakers -land taken from NY as a gift(debt owed to Penn was paid) from the Duke of York. Penn paid the Natives well for the land) Del – (Three southern counties of PA, granted separation in 1704 as New Sweden Churches Dutch Reformed Quakers/Society of Friends – the Inner Light *Pacifism *Testifying rather than preaching French Huguenot German Reformed (Pennsylvania Dutch- deutsch) German Baptist- Mennonite/Amish Anglican Methodist Economy Agriculture – Cattle & Grain Tobacco Furs/Skins Ironworks Trading/Shipping Ports – New York, Philadelphia, & Wilmington DE – southern NJ Shipbuilding Natl Origin Holland/ Netherlands England Scotch-Irish Germany France Sweden Education Ivy League NY-Columbia (Kings College) NJ – Princeton PA – Penn Public Education? Literacy high amongst the wealthier/landed Illiteracy high among the servant/working class Labor/ Slavery Head wright System - Indentured Servitude Quakers and Slaves Landed vs. servants See Chesapeake Bay handout
The Ivy League of the American Colonies
The South Names of Colonies: Maryland Virginia North Carolina South Carolina Georgia Types of Settlement Charter, Royal, Self- Governing MD – James Calvert- Lord Baltimore, then Maryland (both Henrietta Marie – wife of Charles I and Mary Tudor) Toleration Act allowed Catholics to practice their faith – but Puritans became dominant later) VA – Jamestown – profit motive NC & SC – originally Province of Carolina with the southern portion more dominant – separated in 1729 Georgia – est. by James Oglethorpe as a colony for worthy debtors - "Not for ourselves, but for others,"– a social experiment with individuals indentured initially, then, released would have a stake in the colony. Initially slavery was illegal. Churches Anglican Methodist Presbyterian Baptist Roman Catholic Economy Slave – economy Few Ports – Baltimore, Charles Towne, & southern VA, central coastal NC Trading & Shipping Agriculture – Tobacco Rice & Indigo (?) Cattle & Grain Furs & Skins Lumber & Timber Natl Origin England * Scotch-Irish Scotland Africa – various nations – non Christians could be enslaved. Germany Education William & Mary – a Royal College Public Education? Literacy high amongst the wealthier/landed Illiteracy high among the servant/working class Labor/ Slavery Head wright System – Indentured Servitude Slavery – introduced by Dutch traders. Some of the first black slaves were given their freedom.