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NH Mass. R.I Conn NY Penn N.J Del MD VA N.C. S.C. GA New England Middle Southern.

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Presentation on theme: "NH Mass. R.I Conn NY Penn N.J Del MD VA N.C. S.C. GA New England Middle Southern."— Presentation transcript:

1 NH Mass. R.I Conn NY Penn N.J Del MD VA N.C. S.C. GA New England Middle Southern

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3 Boston Providence Newport Hartford Albany Saratoga NYC Trenton Philadelphia Baltimore Williamsburg Richmond Charlottesville Charlotte Charles Towne(Charleston) Savannah New Orleans x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x Piedmont Tidewater Mississippi River Ohio River upper lower Superior Michigan Huron Ontario Erie

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11 New England Names of Colonies: New Hampshire Massachusetts Rhode Island Connecticut Types of Settlement Charter, Royal, Self- Governing NH (Mass. Puritans, some dissenters) Mass. (Pilgrims/Puritans – dissenters from Engl. – Mayflower Compact – all agreed to common consent – one govt to govern them) R.I. – (Roger Williams – dissenter from Boston – Religious Tolerance and Separation of Church and State) Conn. – (Thomas Hooker – Fundamental Orders - a Constitution – est. free consent of the people) Churches Puritan/ Congregationa l First Jewish Synagogue- Newport (R.I.) *Half-Way Covenant Economy Lumber/Timber *Shipbuilding (how?) *Fishing Trading/Shipping Ports – Boston, Portsmouth, Newport, New Haven * Naval Stores * Rum *Slave Trade Grain/Cattle Furs/Skins – where? Natl Origin England Education Public Education (why?) Ivy League N.H. – Dartmouth Mass – Harvard R.I. – Brown Conn - Yale Labor/ Slavery Where would we find slaves in N.E.? Agriculture Port cities – manufacturing – allowed in a colony?

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13 Middle Names of Colonies: New York Pennsylvania New Jersey Delaware Types of Settlement Charter, Royal, Self-Governing NY – (Dutch- New Amsterdam – Peter Stuyvesant, Gov. Taken by Charles I 1664, named for Duke of York – James, brother of Charles – James II) NJ – (first two separate –East & West Jersey- colonies, united 1702) PA –William Penn est. in 1682 as a refuge for Quakers -land taken from NY as a gift(debt owed to Penn was paid) from the Duke of York. Penn paid the Natives well for the land) Del – (Three southern counties of PA, granted separation in 1704 as New Sweden Churches Dutch Reformed Quakers/Society of Friends – the Inner Light *Pacifism *Testifying rather than preaching French Huguenot German Reformed (Pennsylvania Dutch- deutsch) German Baptist- Mennonite/Amish Anglican Methodist Economy Agriculture – Cattle & Grain Tobacco Furs/Skins Ironworks Trading/Shipping Ports – New York, Philadelphia, & Wilmington DE – southern NJ Shipbuilding Natl Origin Holland/ Netherlands England Scotch-Irish Germany France Sweden Education Ivy League NY-Columbia (Kings College) NJ – Princeton PA – Penn Public Education? Literacy high amongst the wealthier/landed Illiteracy high among the servant/working class Labor/ Slavery Head wright System - Indentured Servitude Quakers and Slaves Landed vs. servants See Chesapeake Bay handout

14 The Ivy League of the American Colonies

15 Piedmont Tidewater

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17 The South Names of Colonies: Maryland Virginia North Carolina South Carolina Georgia Types of Settlement Charter, Royal, Self- Governing MD – James Calvert- Lord Baltimore, then Maryland (both Henrietta Marie – wife of Charles I and Mary Tudor) Toleration Act allowed Catholics to practice their faith – but Puritans became dominant later) VA – Jamestown – profit motive NC & SC – originally Province of Carolina with the southern portion more dominant – separated in 1729 Georgia – est. by James Oglethorpe as a colony for worthy debtors - "Not for ourselves, but for others,"– a social experiment with individuals indentured initially, then, released would have a stake in the colony. Initially slavery was illegal. Churches Anglican Methodist Presbyterian Baptist Roman Catholic Economy Slave – economy Few Ports – Baltimore, Charles Towne, & southern VA, central coastal NC Trading & Shipping Agriculture – Tobacco Rice & Indigo (?) Cattle & Grain Furs & Skins Lumber & Timber Natl Origin England * Scotch-Irish Scotland Africa – various nations – non Christians could be enslaved. Germany Education William & Mary – a Royal College Public Education? Literacy high amongst the wealthier/landed Illiteracy high among the servant/working class Labor/ Slavery Head wright System – Indentured Servitude Slavery – introduced by Dutch traders. Some of the first black slaves were given their freedom.

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