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Sentences, Phrases, and Clauses What is a Sentence? A sentence is a group of words with a subject and predicate. –The subject of the sentence usually.

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Presentation on theme: "Sentences, Phrases, and Clauses What is a Sentence? A sentence is a group of words with a subject and predicate. –The subject of the sentence usually."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Sentences, Phrases, and Clauses

3 What is a Sentence? A sentence is a group of words with a subject and predicate. –The subject of the sentence usually tells what the sentence is about. –The predicate of a sentence tells about the subject or tells what the subject is doing. A sentence begins with a capitalized word, and it can end with a period, question mark, or exclamation point. Good sentences convey a complete thought.

4 Find the Subject His terror of spiders kept him out of the basement. There will be three concerts in the arts center tonight. Despite the storm's destructiveness, the ship, with its crew of amateurs, might have survived in more experienced hands. After the movie, Emma and her brother bought a birthday present for their mother.

5 Find the predicate His terror of spiders kept him out of the basement. There will be three concerts in the arts center tonight. Despite the storm's destructiveness, the ship, with its crew of amateurs, might have survived in more experienced hands. After the movie, Emma and her brother bought a birthday present for their mother.

6 Examples of Complete Sentences The large, red dog ran quickly down the path. ACT scores can be improved through study and practice. Fake fans like the Chicago Cubs.

7 What is a Phrase? A phrase is a part of a sentence which does not contain its own subject and predicate. –The subject of the sentence usually tells what the sentence is about. –The predicate of a sentence tells about the subject or tells what the subject is doing.

8 Examples of Phrases After school Before the boys basketball game While it was raining Inside my car Down the hall In the principals office

9 Review from Yesterday 1. Answer the questions on your sheet with a partner. ONLY a partner. 2. Go show Mr. Klein your sheet in order to be approved to move on. 3. If youre not approved, take a remediation sheet from the stack, fill it out, and redo your sheet.

10 What is a Clause? A clause is a group of words that includes a subject and a predicate.

11 Examples of a Clause The family stood in front of the helicopter. The father taught piano to his daughter.

12 What is an Independent (Main) Clause? An independent clause is a clause that can STAND ALONE as a sentence. It does NOT need to be attached to another clause. Therefore, an independent clause has a subject, predicate, and creates a complete thought.

13 Examples of an Independent Clause The boy played baseball all day. The cat chased the mouse around the house. I went to karate practice after school.

14 What is a Dependent (Subordinate) Clause? A dependent clause is a clause that does not complete a thought, and must be accompanied by an independent clause. This is different from a phrase because phrases do not have both a subject and a predicate. A clause does. Example: The baby was crying because he was hungry.

15 Examples of a Dependent Clause After class was over, I bounced the ball in the cafeteria. The baby was crying because he was hungry.

16 Quick Quiz! Independent Clause? Write your answers on a separate sheet of paper. 1. We went to the mall last week. 2. Because of your bad haircut. 3. After the fish jumped out of the bowl. 4. I cant believe our friends did that! 5. You need to leave. 6. When we left the restaurant.

17 Lets Check Our Answers! We went to the mall last week. Independent Clause Because of your bad haircut. Dependent Clause After the fish jumped out of the bowl. Dependent Clause I cant believe our friends did that! Independent Clause You need to leave. Independent Clause When we left the restaurant. Dependent Clause

18 Citation Page Check Out These Websites! _handbook/dependent_independent_clauses.htm _handbook/dependent_independent_clauses.htm Xwl0a1Bc0YzUFolTN9OsgMMF Xwl0a1Bc0YzUFolTN9OsgMMF

19 YOU MADE IT!


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